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The agreement, the first to formally require industrialized

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The agreement, the first to formally require industrialized  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jan 2009, 16:53
7
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

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Question Stats:

74% (00:39) correct 26% (00:51) wrong based on 461 sessions

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The agreement, the first to formally require industrialized countries to cut emissions of gases linked to global warming, is a formal protocol by which 38 industrialized countries must reduce emissions of these gases by 2012 or face heavy penalties.

(A) by which
(B) for which
(C) under which
(D) such that
(E) wherein

https://www.nytimes.com/2001/07/24/world/178-nations-reach-a-climate-accord-us-only-looks-on.html

Still, the agreement is a binding contract among nations -- excluding the United States -- under which 38 industrialized countries must reduce those emissions by 2012 or face tougher emissions goals. Those countries now account for close to half of the emissions. The agreement now moves to a complex ratification process that calls for approval from the biggest polluting countries, which can be achieved even with United States opposition.
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Re: The agreement, the first to formally require industrialized  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jan 2009, 18:36
weird one. Looks like an idiom test.
C sounds ok. "agreement is a protocol under which". I am not sure of the usage of wherein.

C/E. Would pick C since I am not sure of E.
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Re: The agreement, the first to formally require industrialized  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jan 2009, 19:12
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1
C. It's a little ugly, but grammar comes first... protocols, agreements, contracts should be coupled with under
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Re: The agreement, the first to formally require industrialized  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jan 2009, 19:41
A is my pick.
"under the agreement", "by the protocol".
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Re: The agreement, the first to formally require industrialized  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jan 2009, 20:09
"We are under an agreement". C sounds right.
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Re: The agreement, the first to formally require industrialized  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jan 2009, 20:14
Agree, that C is the only one that seems to be gramattically correct
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Re: The agreement, the first to formally require industrialized  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jan 2009, 20:38
I think C is the best answer because "under a protocol"
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Re: The agreement, the first to formally require industrialized  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jan 2009, 21:49
1
1
GMAT TIGER wrote:
The agreement, the first to formally require industrialized countries to cut emissions of gases linked to global warming, is a formal protocol by which 38 industrialized countries must reduce emissions of these gases by 2012 or face heavy penalties.

a. by which
b. for which
c. under which
d. such that
e. wherein


linau1982 wrote:
C. It's a little ugly, but grammar comes first... protocols, agreements, contracts should be coupled with under


ConkergMat wrote:
I am not sure of the usage of wherein


1.wherein = in which

2. keep in mind that "protocol under which", so no matter whether it is "in, for or by which"

C is the best
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Re: The agreement, the first to formally require industrialized  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jan 2009, 16:18
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a. by which - whatever follows by will tell you the process...so A is out
b. for which - changes the meaning of the sentence
c. under which - correct
d. such that - I guess such that and such as is used for list
e. wherein - changes the meaning.

IMO C
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Re: The agreement, the first to formally require industrialized  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jun 2010, 05:45
Cute question ! though E looks yummy as we use it to often . C . In GMAT land
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Re: The agreement, the first to formally require industrialized  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jun 2010, 04:32
onedayill wrote:
+1 C
This one was easy

In this case, I only used my ear - sounds and common usage.
"under the Federal constitution...it is illegal to...";

wherein: functions as a conjunction (Merriam Webster Dictionary) => "in which" and answers the question
"where?" for example;
this is my hometown wherein I was born.

Also answers the question "how"
for example;
I'd be glad if you could show me wherein I can locate the goldmine
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Re: The agreement, the first to formally require industrialized  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Aug 2010, 04:05
One question regarding the not underlined part of the sentence: "To formally require" is not a split infinitive, which is never accepeted in the GMAT?
please clarify.
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Re: The agreement, the first to formally require industrialized  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Nov 2011, 21:46
noboru wrote:
noboru wrote:
One question regarding the not underlined part of the sentence: "To formally require" is not a split infinitive, which is never accepeted in the GMAT?
please clarify.


nobody wants to clarify this?



not sure ... mostly not allowed I guess... anyone else has the answer ?
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Re: The agreement, the first to formally require industrialized  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Nov 2011, 07:53
Got it wrong :) as usual in idioms. Thought it would be A
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Re: The agreement, the first to formally require industrialized  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Sep 2015, 03:48
Can you please explain reasoning of A. I did not quite get that.

If I say,
"In India, some of the best monuments were created by Mughals."

Here Mughals is Noun. What is the process over here?

reply2spg wrote:
a. by which - whatever follows by will tell you the process...so A is out
b. for which - changes the meaning of the sentence
c. under which - correct
d. such that - I guess such that and such as is used for list
e. wherein - changes the meaning.

IMO C

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Re: The agreement, the first to formally require industrialized  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Sep 2018, 15:55
1
1
GMAT TIGER wrote:
The agreement, the first to formally require industrialized countries to cut emissions of gases linked to global warming, is a formal protocol by which 38 industrialized countries must reduce emissions of these gases by 2012 or face heavy penalties.

a. by which
b. for which
c. under which
d. such that
e. wherein


This question is actually very logic based. Each choice means something unique, and the most logical choice is the correct answer.

a. by which - This choice does not make sense. It is not the case that the countries must reduce emissions BY the protocol.

b. for which - This choice does not make sense. It is not the case that the countries must reduce emissions FOR the protocol.

c. under which - This choice makes complete sense. UNDER the protocol, the countries must reduce emissions. Yes, "under" is idiomatically correct. At the same time, none of the other answers make sense.

d. such that - This choice does not make sense. When we use "such that", what follows should describe what comes before "such that". While, under the protocol, countries must reduce emissions, saying that countries must reduce emissions does not really describe the protocol. The following would make more sense:

    ... a formal protocol such that, under it, industrialized countries must reduce emissions ...

e. wherein - This choice almost sounds right, but it doesn't actually make sense. It is not the case that the countries must reduce emissions IN the protocol.

So, logic dictates that choice (C) is the correct answer.
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Re: The agreement, the first to formally require industrialized  [#permalink]

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Re: The agreement, the first to formally require industrialized   [#permalink] 12 Sep 2019, 09:55
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