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The anticipated retirement of tens of thousands of baby boomers will

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New post Updated on: 25 Sep 2018, 04:20
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The anticipated retirement of tens of thousands of baby boomers will create an unprecedented opportunity to move significant numbers of people into career-track jobs at family-supporting incomes. Major industries, from health care and construction to automotive repair, will soon face deep shortages of workers as a result of projected growth and boomer retirements. Fortunately, many of these jobs have relatively low barriers to entry and could be filled by out-of-work young people. To achieve this result, the city government should convene employers and educators to determine how best to create paths of upward mobility in these fields.

Which of the following, if true, most weakens the argument?


A) Immigration reform will limit the pool of available workers.

B) Government efforts have been shown to affect employment trends only rarely.

C) The best available positions require skills not possessed by the vast majority of the unemployed.

D) A small proportion of baby boomers will not retire as soon as is anticipated.

E) Many out-of-work young people are unaware of these looming employment opportunities.

Originally posted by crejoc on 15 Aug 2009, 01:56.
Last edited by Bunuel on 25 Sep 2018, 04:20, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: The anticipated retirement of tens of thousands of baby boomers will  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Nov 2010, 11:09
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anilnandyala wrote:
The anticipated retirement of tens of thousands of baby boomers will create an unprecedented opportunity to move significant numbers of people into career-track jobs at family-supporting incomes. Major industries, from health care and construction to automotive repair, will soon face deep shortages of workers as a result of projected growth and boomer retirements. Fortunately, many of these jobs have relatively low barriers to entry and could be filled by out-of-work young people. To achieve this result, the city government should convene employers and educators to determine how best to create paths of upward mobility in these fields.

Which of the following, if true, most weakens the argument?

a) Immigration reform will limit the pool of available workers.
b) Government efforts have been shown to affect employment trends only rarely.
c) The best available positions require skills not possessed by the vast majority of the unemployed.
d) A small proportion of baby boomers will not retire as soon as is anticipated.
e) Many out-of-work young people are unaware of these looming employment opportunities.


We identify a weakening question. Similar to assumption questions, our task is to:

1) paraphase the conclusion;
2) summarize the evidence; and
3) identify the missing link between the two.

Once we've identified the author's assumption, we then predict an answer that attacks it.

Here, the author's conclusion is a plan to deal with an upcoming issue; plans and proposals are common GMAT conclusions. In every plan or proposal, the author is making two key assumptions:

1) the plan/proposal is practical; and
2) the stated result of the plan/proposal is desirable.

Accordingly, to weaken a plan we predict that the correct answer will do one of two things: either

1) present a reason why the plan is unlikely to succeed; or
2) provide an objection to the final result of the plan, i.e. a negative effect of the result.

Armed with those prediction, we attack the choices.

a) does limiting the pool of workers affect the plan? No, it's just another reason why we need a plan.

b) is the ineffectiveness of government efforts relevant to the plan? Yes, since the entire plan is a government effort. If (b) is true, we have a concrete reason to believe that the plan is impractical - choose (b).

On test day, we'd choose (b) and move on. Let's slip into "review mode":

c) always watch for qualifiers in choices. Do we know what proportion of all jobs fall into the category of "best available positions"? Nope, could be .0001% for all we know. Since we don't know whether (c) is relevant, it MUST be wrong.

d) similar to (c), "a small proportion" is far too weak to jeopardize the plan.

e) similar to (a), (e) is another reason why a plan is required; definitely not a weakener.
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Re: The anticipated retirement of tens of thousands of baby boomers will  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Aug 2009, 01:51
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crejoc wrote:
The anticipated retirement of tens of thousands of baby boomers will create an unprecedented opportunity to move significant numbers of people into career-track jobs at family-supporting incomes. Major industries, from health care and construction to automotive repair, will soon face deep shortages of workers as a result of projected growth and boomer retirements. Fortunately, many of these jobs have relatively low barriers to entry and could be filled by out-of-work young people. To achieve this result, the city government should convene employers and educators to determine how best to create paths of upward mobility in these fields.

Which of the following, if true, most weakens the argument?

A) Immigration reform will limit the pool of available workers.

B) Government efforts have been shown to affect employment trends only rarely.

C) The best available positions require skills not possessed by the vast majority of the unemployed.

D) A small proportion of baby boomers will not retire as soon as is anticipated.

E) Many out-of-work young people are unaware of these looming employment opportunities.

OA:
EXPLAIN..


Read the question stem then look at the answer choices only B and E weaken the conclusion. The conclusion is the city government should convene employers and educators to determine how best to create paths of upward mobility in these fields.
So if the ex efforts are not succesful any effort which will now be implemented will be unsuccesful.
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Re: The anticipated retirement of tens of thousands of baby boomers will  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Oct 2009, 07:00
The anticipated retirement of tens of thousands of baby boomers will create an unprecedented opportunity to move significant numbers of people into career-track jobs at family-supporting incomes. Major industries, from health care and construction to automotive repair, will soon face deep shortages of workers as a result of projected growth and boomer retirements. Fortunately, many of these jobs have relatively low barriers to entry and could be filled by out-of-work young people. To achieve this result, the city government should convene employers and educators to determine how best to create paths of upward mobility in these fields.

Which of the following, if true, most weakens the argument?

A. Immigration reform will limit the pool of available workers. ...Workforce not necessarily has to be insourced
B. Government efforts have been shown to affect employment trends only rarely...Could be possible but not conclusive
C. The best available positions require skills not possessed by the vast majority of the unemployed...No need for best available jobs.The bulk jobs can go to them
D. A small proportion of baby boomers will not retire as soon as is anticipated...Does not affect the city's plans
E. Many out-of-work young people are unaware of these looming employment opportunities...MOST LIKELY


IMO its E
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Re: The anticipated retirement of tens of thousands of baby boomers will  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Oct 2010, 11:59
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I just failed on that question. It appeared in MGMAT CAT #4.

Honestly, what in hell is that explanation? We work hard to brush up our CR skills and the answer to that problem is "hmm in the past government failed, so it will fail in the future", no that's not how CR works. Is it because of the "have been shown" which is present perfect and means that today government actions cannot affect employment trends? Come on Manhattan, this is about logic, not about grammar and trap words.

I picked E, because for me if unemployed young people aren't aware of these jobs, then even if the government to improve upward mobility, the young job seekers won't hear about opening positions, hence the effort of the government will be vain.

This problem does not mimic typical CR questions we find in the Official Guide and Official Guide for Verbal Review. We see, that from the answers provided by previous posters, there is no consensus on the answer. Therefore this problem has no value and doesn't help improve one's CR skills.
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Re: The anticipated retirement of tens of thousands of baby boomers will  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Mar 2012, 14:42
The anticipated retirement of tens of thousands of baby boomers will create an unprecedented opportunity to move significant numbers of people into career-track jobs at family-supporting incomes. Major industries, from health care and construction to automotive repair, will soon face deep shortages of workers as a result of projected growth and boomer retirements. Fortunately, many of these jobs have relatively low barriers to entry and could be filled by out-of-work young people. To achieve this result, the city government should convene employers and educators to determine how best to create paths of upward mobility in these fields.

Which of the following, if true, most weakens the argument?

A) Immigration reform will limit the pool of available workers.

B) Government efforts have been shown to affect employment trends only rarely. This means any attempt by the government will fail , weakens the conclusion of the argument directly and effectively.

C) The best available positions require skills not possessed by the vast majority of the unemployed.

D) A small proportion of baby boomers will not retire as soon as is anticipated.

E) Many out-of-work young people are unaware of these looming employment opportunities.

Answer is B .
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New post 03 Sep 2013, 22:58

OFFICIAL EXPLANATION:



This argument concludes that the city should convene a conference of relevant parties to create opportunities for out of work young people. The argument's premise is that the retirement of the baby boomers will create shortages. The argument assumes the efficacy of its conclusion -- in other words, that the conference will actually be effective in creating job opportunities. Attacking an assumption is an effective way to weaken an argument.

(A) If anything, this choice strengthens the argument. If immigration does not provide a labor pool, it is more likely that a shortage will ensue.

(B) CORRECT. The argument assumes that it is feasible to affect employment patterns by government encouragement and/or action. If that assumption is denied, the conclusion is weakened, as the conference would be pointless.

(C) This choice makes an irrelevant distinction. It doesn’t matter if the best positions require skills, as long as the majority are available to the unskilled unemployed in question.

(D) Knowing that a small proportion of baby boomers will not retire on schedule does not significantly weaken the argument. The argument relies on general estimates, not on exact numbers.

(E) If anything, this choice strengthens the argument. If these people are unaware of these opportunities, it would be positive to convene to plan how to reach them.
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Re: The anticipated retirement of tens of thousands of baby boomers will  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Sep 2013, 00:24
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The anticipated retirement of tens of thousands of baby boomers will create an unprecedented opportunity to move significant numbers of people into career-track jobs at family-supporting incomes. Major industries, from health care and construction to automotive repair, will soon face deep shortages of workers as a result of projected growth and boomer retirements. Fortunately, many of these jobs have relatively low barriers to entry and could be filled by out-of-work young people. To achieve this result, the city government should convene employers and educators to determine how best to create paths of upward mobility in these fields.


retirement of boomers --> significant people into career-track jobs --> shortage of workers in major industries
low barriers in workers jobs in these industries --> filled by out-of-work young people
to fill these jobs by out-of-work young people --> city government should increase paths of upward mobility in these fields



Which of the following, if true, most weakens the argument?

A. Immigration reform will limit the pool of available workers.
this, if true, will strengthen the argument that the city government should increase paths of upward mobility in these fields


B. Government efforts have been shown to affect employment trends only rarely.
correct. if government efforts affect employment rarely, then the argument that the government city should do something will be weaken

C. The best available positions require skills not possessed by the vast majority of the unemployed.
not relevant


D. A small proportion of baby boomers will not retire as soon as is anticipated.
this, if true, will not significant weaken the premise that retirement of boomers will cause significant number of people more into career-track jobs

E. Many out-of-work young people are unaware of these looming employment opportunities.
this, if true, will strengthen the argument that the city government should increase paths of upward mobility in these fields
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Re: The anticipated retirement of tens of thousands of baby boomers will  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Apr 2017, 20:05
The argument concludes that the city should convene a conference of relevant parties to create opportunities for out of work young people.

1. Immigration reform will limit the pool of available workers. -
INCORRECT : THIS STRENGTHENS THE ARGUMENT BY SHOWING THERE WILL BE SHORTAGE OF AVAILABLE WORKERS

2. Government efforts have been shown to affect employment trends only rarely.
CORRECT : WEAKENS THE ARGUMENT BY SHOWING THAT EVEN WHEN THE CAUSE OCCURS (govt efforts) the EFFECT DOES NOT OCCUR

3. The best available positions require skills not possessed by the vast majority of the unemployed.
INCORRECT : THIS IS CLEARLY OUT OF SCOPE, ARGUMENT IS NOT SPECIFICALLY ABOUT 'BEST AVAILABLE POSITIONS' but POSITIONS IN GENERAL

4. A small proportion of baby boomers will not retire as soon as is anticipated.
INCORRECT : THIS ACTUALLY STRENGTHENS THE ARGUMENT BY INFERRING THAT THERE MIGHT NOT B A 'DEEP SHORTAGE OF WORKERS'

5. Many out-of-work young people are unaware of these looming employment opportunities.
INCORRECT : THIS AGAIN STRENGTHENS THE ARGUMENT
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