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# The body has two lines ofdefense against invaders such as ba

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Director
Joined: 14 Dec 2012
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The body has two lines ofdefense against invaders such as ba  [#permalink]

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12 Aug 2013, 07:23
1
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35% (medium)

Question Stats:

72% (01:51) correct 28% (02:15) wrong based on 397 sessions

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The body has two lines of defense against invaders such as bacteria, viruses and fungi: innate immunity and adaptive immunity. The first can destroy invaders partly by triggering inﬂammation that helps block the assault. lf germs breach that line of defense, adaptive immunity kicks in. Hence, it is possible to tackle cancer if adaptive immunity can be stimulated through an external mechanism, such as by artiﬁcially injecting a stimulating agent.

Which of tine Following will be most relevant to investigating the authors claim in the argument above?
1. Whether the most common stimulating mechanisms can trigger adaptive immunity that once triggered counters cancer.
2. Whether once triggered, the body‘: adaptive immunity is strong enough to tackle cancer.
3. Whether other deadly diseases such as AIDS. diabetes, etc be tackled in the same manner as cancer.
4. Whether tackling cancer would have a signiﬁcant enough impact on overall health care costs to offset the expense to develop the stimulant.
5. Whether is it possible to strengthen innate immunity to tackle cancer.

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Re: The body has two lines ofdefense against invaders such as ba  [#permalink]

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12 Aug 2013, 09:09
1
This is an evaluate type argument so we you are basically looking for an assumption that the author makes. begin reading the passage looking for the conclusion and the premises.

The conclusion of this argument is "it is possible to tackle cancer if adaptive immunity can be stimulated.."

The premise is that adaptive immunity is one of our body's defenses against invaders.

The assumption of this argument is that cancer is an invader similar to those listed and that adaptive immunity will work against it. (stated in another way, the assumption is that there is no problem with the plan to tackle cancer with adaptive immunity.)
blueseas wrote:
The body has two lines of defense against invaders such as bacteria, viruses and fungi: innate immunity and adaptive immunity. The first can destroy invaders partly by triggering inﬂammation that helps block the assault. lf germs breach that line of defense, adaptive immunity kicks in. Hence, it is possible to tackle cancer if adaptive immunity can be stimulated through an external mechanism, such as by artiﬁcially injecting a stimulating agent.

Which of tine Following will be most relevant to investigating the authors claim in the argument above?
1. Whether the most common stimulating mechanisms can trigger adaptive immunity that once triggered counters cancer.the question does not talk about most common and thus limiting the answer choice means that the answer is not correct[color=#0000ff][color=#0000ff][/color][/color]
2. Whether once triggered, the body‘: adaptive immunity is strong enough to tackle cancer.this is the correct answer and directly deals with the assumption
3. Whether other deadly diseases such as AIDS. diabetes, etc be tackled in the same manner as cancer.the passage is concerned with cancer, not other deadly diseases so this is beyond the argument and not the correct answer
4. Whether tackling cancer would have a signiﬁcant enough impact on overall health care costs to offset the expense to develop the stimulant.this argument does not
5. Whether is it possible to strengthen innate immunity to tackle cancer.this is a good second choice, but B is better because it discusses the triggering as well

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Joined: 17 Jun 2013
Posts: 159
Re: The body has two lines ofdefense against invaders such as ba  [#permalink]

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12 Aug 2013, 09:10
This is an evaluate type argument so we you are basically looking for an assumption that the author makes. begin reading the passage looking for the conclusion and the premises.

The conclusion of this argument is "it is possible to tackle cancer if adaptive immunity can be stimulated.."

The premise is that adaptive immunity is one of our body's defenses against invaders.

The assumption of this argument is that cancer is an invader similar to those listed and that adaptive immunity will work against it. (stated in another way, the assumption is that there is no problem with the plan to tackle cancer with adaptive immunity.)
blueseas wrote:
The body has two lines of defense against invaders such as bacteria, viruses and fungi: innate immunity and adaptive immunity. The first can destroy invaders partly by triggering inﬂammation that helps block the assault. lf germs breach that line of defense, adaptive immunity kicks in. Hence, it is possible to tackle cancer if adaptive immunity can be stimulated through an external mechanism, such as by artiﬁcially injecting a stimulating agent.

Which of tine Following will be most relevant to investigating the authors claim in the argument above?
1. Whether the most common stimulating mechanisms can trigger adaptive immunity that once triggered counters cancer.the question does not talk about most common and thus limiting the answer choice means that the answer is not correct[color=#0000ff][color=#0000ff][/color][/color]
2. Whether once triggered, the body‘: adaptive immunity is strong enough to tackle cancer.this is the correct answer and directly deals with the assumption
3. Whether other deadly diseases such as AIDS. diabetes, etc be tackled in the same manner as cancer.the passage is concerned with cancer, not other deadly diseases so this is beyond the argument and not the correct answer
4. Whether tackling cancer would have a signiﬁcant enough impact on overall health care costs to offset the expense to develop the stimulant.this argument does not
5. Whether is it possible to strengthen innate immunity to tackle cancer.this is a good second choice, but B is better because it discusses the triggering as well

_________________

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Joined: 27 Jul 2011
Posts: 54
Re: The body has two lines ofdefense against invaders such as ba  [#permalink]

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14 Aug 2013, 05:53
Please comment on explanation:
Artificial stimulation leads to Adaptive immunity leads to treat cancer
Artificial stimulation leads to Adaptive immunity leads to NOT treating cancer.
Answer B provides such alternatives
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Re: The body has two lines ofdefense against invaders such as ba  [#permalink]

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14 Aug 2013, 10:11
Conclusion of the argument: Hence, it is possible to tackle cancer if adaptive immunity can be stimulated through an external mechanism, such as by artiﬁcially injecting a stimulating agent.

So what fact do we need to validate this conclusion ? - that after injecting the agent the adaptive immunity is capable enough to fight cancer. Only then we can say that the injecting of agent was productive.

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Re: The body has two lines ofdefense against invaders such as ba  [#permalink]

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02 Feb 2015, 05:04
BeckyRobinsonTPR wrote:
This is an evaluate type argument so we you are basically looking for an assumption that the author makes. begin reading the passage looking for the conclusion and the premises.

The conclusion of this argument is "it is possible to tackle cancer if adaptive immunity can be stimulated.."

The premise is that adaptive immunity is one of our body's defenses against invaders.

The assumption of this argument is that cancer is an invader similar to those listed and that adaptive immunity will work against it. (stated in another way, the assumption is that there is no problem with the plan to tackle cancer with adaptive immunity.)
blueseas wrote:
The body has two lines of defense against invaders such as bacteria, viruses and fungi: innate immunity and adaptive immunity. The first can destroy invaders partly by triggering inﬂammation that helps block the assault. lf germs breach that line of defense, adaptive immunity kicks in. Hence, it is possible to tackle cancer if adaptive immunity can be stimulated through an external mechanism, such as by artiﬁcially injecting a stimulating agent.

Which of tine Following will be most relevant to investigating the authors claim in the argument above?
1. Whether the most common stimulating mechanisms can trigger adaptive immunity that once triggered counters cancer.the question does not talk about most common and thus limiting the answer choice means that the answer is not correct[color=#0000ff][color=#0000ff][/color][/color]
2. Whether once triggered, the body‘: adaptive immunity is strong enough to tackle cancer.this is the correct answer and directly deals with the assumption
3. Whether other deadly diseases such as AIDS. diabetes, etc be tackled in the same manner as cancer.the passage is concerned with cancer, not other deadly diseases so this is beyond the argument and not the correct answer
4. Whether tackling cancer would have a signiﬁcant enough impact on overall health care costs to offset the expense to develop the stimulant.this argument does not
5. Whether is it possible to strengthen innate immunity to tackle cancer.this is a good second choice, but B is better because it discusses the triggering as well

I am confused .I think that the argument also assumes that Cancer will breach innate immunity?? so in that case even B is good.
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Re: The body has two lines ofdefense against invaders such as ba  [#permalink]

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24 Mar 2017, 08:13
Hence, it is possible to tackle cancer if adaptive immunity can be stimulated through an external mechanism, such as by artiﬁcially injecting a stimulating agent.

Which of tine Following will be most relevant to investigating the authors claim in the argument above?
1. Whether the most common stimulating mechanisms can trigger adaptive immunity that once triggered counters cancer.
most common- strong word ?
2. Whether once triggered, the body‘: adaptive immunity is strong enough to tackle cancer.
Correct.
3. Whether other deadly diseases such as AIDS. diabetes, etc be tackled in the same manner as cancer.
O O scope.
4. Whether tackling cancer would have a signiﬁcant enough impact on overall health care costs to offset the expense to develop the stimulant.
OO scope.
5. Whether is it possible to strengthen innate immunity to tackle cancer.
talking about strengthening of adaptive immunity not innate immunity.
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Re: The body has two lines ofdefense against invaders such as ba &nbs [#permalink] 24 Mar 2017, 08:13
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# The body has two lines ofdefense against invaders such as ba

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