GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 15 Oct 2018, 18:34

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

The city government should invest surplus funds in improving the city'

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
Joined: 19 Nov 2009
Posts: 253
The city government should invest surplus funds in improving the city'  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post Updated on: 19 Sep 2018, 03:52
5
14
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  75% (hard)

Question Stats:

54% (01:47) correct 46% (01:44) wrong based on 554 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

The city government should invest surplus funds in improving the city's transportation network. Most of the network was put in place at a time when the city was much smaller in both area and population. The subway system is outdated and understaffed. The buses rarely run on schedule and their routes are inconvenient. If the city does not make changes soon to the network, it will see many of its prized industries relocate to more convenient cities and, as a result, the city's financial health will be jeopardized.

In the argument above, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?


A. The first is an explanation of a current state of affairs; the second is a prediction based on that state of affairs

B. The first is a statement of fact in opposition to the author's conclusion; the second is that conclusion.

C. The first emphasizes an existing problem; the second offers a proposal to solve that problem.

D. The first is information the author suggests has been overlooked in the situation at hand; the second describes that situation.

E. The first is a justification of an impending problem; the second describes the consequences of that problem.


This question is part of the GMAT Club Critical Reasoning: Boldface Revision Project.

Originally posted by nsp007 on 11 Apr 2010, 02:02.
Last edited by Bunuel on 19 Sep 2018, 03:52, edited 3 times in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
Intern
Intern
User avatar
Joined: 18 Feb 2010
Posts: 17
Re: The city government should invest surplus funds in improving the city'  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 12 Apr 2010, 00:06
3
1
A
A. The first provides context for a current state of affairs; the second is a prediction based on that state of affairs.[correct. The statement provides a set of facts (read context) for the current state of affairs. and then predicts what could happen)
B. The first is a statement of fact in opposition to the author's conclusion; the second is that conclusion. (Wrong. the two statements are not opposing)
C. The first emphasizes an existing problem; the second offers a proposal to solve that problem. (Wrong. There is no proposal)
D. The first is information the author suggests has been overlooked in the situation at hand; the second describes that situation. (Wrong. I dont see author suggesting any "overlook"ing happening here)
E. The first is a justification of an impending problem; the second describes the consequences of that problem. (Wrong. the first statement is not justifying anything, It is simply stating a fact.)
_________________

If you like my post, shower kudos :)

Believe that something extraordinary is possible

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 06 Jun 2009
Posts: 290
Location: USA
WE 1: Engineering
Re: The city government should invest surplus funds in improving the city'  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 13 Sep 2010, 15:01
1
Started with POE.

A. The first provides context for a current state of affairs; the second is a prediction based on that state of affairs.

B. The first is a statement of fact in opposition to the author's conclusion; the second is that conclusion.
Irrelevant. Nothing is been opposed here.

C. The first emphasizes an existing problem; the second offers a proposal to solve that problem.
Second is not a proposal. Second is the result, if nothing is done.

D. The first is information the author suggests has been overlooked in the situation at hand; the second describes that situation.
Nothing was overlooked. Irrelevant.

E. The first is a justification of an impending problem; the second describes the consequences of that problem.
First is not an impending problem. Irrelevant.


Only A is left, and makes the best sense - First part is stating how/why things were done initially and this has resulted in the current situation. Second, is a warning, if nothing is done, we will end up in this situation (prediction)
_________________

All things are possible to those who believe.

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 10 Jul 2011
Posts: 102
GMAT 1: 700 Q50 V34
GMAT 2: 710 Q50 V35
Re: The city government should invest surplus funds in improving the city'  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 10 Oct 2012, 08:24
2
IMO A, though E also seems to be a good option.

I think the problem with E is that it uses the word "consequence" for the second bold part while option A uses the word "prediction". I think the second bold part is more of a prediction as consequence is something which is certain (given the stated conditions are met) while prediction is something which is likely but not certain

Please let me know in case I am missing something.
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 22 Dec 2011
Posts: 240
Re: The city government should invest surplus funds in improving the city'  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 13 Oct 2012, 21:59
4
aditi1903 wrote:
The city government should invest surplus funds in improving the city’s transportation network. Most of the
network was put in place at a time when the city was much smaller in both area and population.
The
subway system is outdated and understaffed. The buses rarely run on schedule and their routes are inconvenient.
If the city does not make changes soon to the network, it will see many of its prized industries
relocate to more convenient cities and, as a result, the city’s financial health will be jeopardized.
In
the argument above, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?
• The first is an explanation of a current state of affairs; the second is a prediction based on that state of affairs.
• The first is a statement of fact in opposition to the author’s conclusion; the second is that conclusion.
• The first emphasizes an existing problem; the second offers a proposal to solve that problem.
• The first is information the author suggests has been overlooked in the situation at hand; the second describes
that situation.
• The first is a justification of an impending problem; the second describes the consequences of that problem.


I'll go with A.

WHY NOT E?
1st part is not impending problem (impending problem means a problem yet to occur and soon to occur, but the problem is already there (Most of the
network was put in place at a time), expressed correctly in Answer A
2nd is not consequences of that problem, it is a caution that is If u don't do X then Y will happen ( expressed correctly in Answer A)

WHY NOT B?
2nd bold face is not the conclusion. the conclusion is "The city government should invest surplus funds in improving the city’s transportation network."

I guess other answer choices can be eliminated too for the aforementioned reasons.

Wordup!

HTH
Current Student
User avatar
V
Joined: 19 Mar 2012
Posts: 4479
Location: India
GMAT 1: 760 Q50 V42
GPA: 3.8
WE: Marketing (Non-Profit and Government)
Re: The city government should invest surplus funds in improving the city'  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post Updated on: 19 Sep 2018, 03:51
1

OFFICIAL EXPLANATION:



The conclusion of the argument is that the city will see many of its prized industries relocate to more convenient cities and the city's financial health will be jeopardized if the city does not make changes soon to the transportation network. This is also the second bolded sentence. The first bolded sentence states that most of the network was put in place at a time when the city was much smaller in both area and population. We need to find a choice that correctly describes both of these bolded statements.


(A) CORRECT. This choice states that the first statement is an explanation of a current state of affairs. This explanation is consistent with the passage. The answer choice goes on to describe the second bolded statement as a prediction based on that state of affairs. This is also consistent with the passage: the second bolded statement predicts what will happen as a result of the inadequacy of the current transportation network.

(B) The first statement is indeed a statement of fact, but the author cites it in order to bolster his or her claim; thus the statement is not in opposition to the conclusion. The second statement is the conclusion of the argument.

(C) The first statement does not "emphasize an existing problem" but rather explains that existing problem (of an overtaxed subway). Moreover, the second statement does not "offer a proposal to solve that problem" but rather warns of what will happen if the problem is not solved.

(D) The first statement arguably presents information that "the author suggests has been overlooked in the situation at hand"; however, the second statement does not describe that situation, but rather proposes a hypothetical outcome in the future.

(E) The first statement is not really "justification" (a term that implies approval on the part of the author) but rather an "explanation"; nor does it refer to an "impending problem" but rather an existing problem. Also, the second statement does not describe "consequences" exactly but rather "potential consequences" if the problem is left unchecked. The correct answer is A.
_________________

Have an MBA application Question? ASK ME ANYTHING!

My Stuff: Four Years to 760 | MBA Trends for Indian Applicants

My GMAT Resources
V30-V40: How to do it! | GMATPrep SC | GMATPrep CR | GMATPrep RC | Critical Reasoning Megathread | CR: Numbers and Statistics | CR: Weaken | CR: Strengthen | CR: Assumption | SC: Modifier | SC: Meaning | SC: SV Agreement | RC: Primary Purpose | PS/DS: Numbers and Inequalities | PS/DS: Combinatorics and Coordinates

My MBA Resources
Everything about the MBA Application | Over-Represented MBA woes | Fit Vs Rankings | Low GPA: What you can do | Letter of Recommendation: The Guide | Indian B Schools accepting GMAT score | Why MBA?

My Reviews
How I got into five schools from zero - Applicant Lab Review
Veritas Prep Live Online


Originally posted by souvik101990 on 29 Mar 2015, 20:01.
Last edited by Bunuel on 19 Sep 2018, 03:51, edited 1 time in total.
Formatted.
Director
Director
User avatar
G
Joined: 26 Oct 2016
Posts: 643
Location: United States
Concentration: Marketing, International Business
Schools: HBS '19
GMAT 1: 770 Q51 V44
GPA: 4
WE: Education (Education)
Re: The city government should invest surplus funds in improving the city'  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 18 Apr 2017, 23:23
The conclusion of the argument is that the city will see many of its prized
industries relocate to more convenient cities and the city's financial health will be
jeopardized if the city does not make changes soon to the transportation network.
This is also the second bolded sentence. The first bolded sentence states that
most of the network was put in place at a time when the city was much smaller in
both area and population. We need to find a choice that correctly describes both
of these bolded statements.
Overview of problem :-
1) gov't should invest funds in transport network
2) network is really old, when city was smaller
3) subway outdated
4) buses bad
5) if no changes are made, then companies will move away, and the city will go downhill

I think you could argue that statements 1 and 5 are both conclusions: one's about what we "should" do and the other is about what will happen if we don't do what we "should" do. You'll notice that the answer doesn't change either way.

Most of the network was put in place at a time when the city was much smaller in both area and population
This doesn't oppose or support the author's conclusion
This doesn't tell you that it is a problem
This just describe the curent situation

The use of the words if and will in the second boldface suggest a prediction.

Based on this analysis, the answer = A


(A) CORRECT. This choice states that the first statement is an explanation of a
current state of affairs. This explanation is consistent with the passage. The
answer choice goes on to describe the second bolded statement as a prediction
based on that state of affairs. This is also consistent with the passage: the
second bolded statement predicts what will happen as a result of the inadequacy
of the current transportation network.
_________________

Thanks & Regards,
Anaira Mitch

Non-Human User
User avatar
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 3177
Premium Member
Re: The city government should invest surplus funds in improving the city'  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 19 Sep 2018, 03:36
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
_________________

-
April 2018: New Forum dedicated to Verbal Strategies, Guides, and Resources

GMAT Club Bot
Re: The city government should invest surplus funds in improving the city' &nbs [#permalink] 19 Sep 2018, 03:36
Display posts from previous: Sort by

The city government should invest surplus funds in improving the city'

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


Copyright

GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.