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# The economy’s ability to generate and support new businesses — agents

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Math Expert
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 64068
The economy’s ability to generate and support new businesses — agents  [#permalink]

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19 Jun 2019, 23:04
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Difficulty:

15% (low)

Question Stats:

82% (00:44) correct 18% (01:22) wrong based on 103 sessions

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The economy’s ability to generate and support new businesses — agents of creative destruction that bring new products and methods into the marketplaceappear to be faltering not only in the United States and Europe, but also China and India.

A. appear to be faltering not only in the United States and Europe, but also China and India

B. appear to be faltering in not only the United States and Europe, but also China and India

C. appear to be faltering in not only the United States and Europe, but also in China and India

D. appears to be faltering not only in the United States and Europe, but also in China and India

E. appears to be faltering not only in the United States and Europe, but also China and India

Spoiler: :: VERITAS PREP OFFICIAL EXPLANATION:
This problem can be attacked fairly quickly, as the two decision points are easy to find and assess: the subject-verb agreement choice of “appear” vs. “appears” at the start of each choice and the different choices of structure in the “not only, but also” construction. Start with the subject-verb agreement choice: the subject of the sentence the singular “the ability” but be careful as there are many plural nouns in the garbage afterwards that you need to remove with the slash-and-burn technique. Since “the ability…appear” is incorrect you can confidently eliminate (A), (B), and (C).

The only difference between the remaining two choices is the “but also in” in (D) vs. “but also” in (E). Since these constructions require strict parallelism between the parts following “not only” and “but also” you see that (D) is correct: “faltering not only IN these places, but also IN these places.” (E) lacks the necessary “in” in the second portion and is thus incorrect.

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Re: The economy’s ability to generate and support new businesses — agents  [#permalink]

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20 Jun 2019, 01:50
Subject - Ability - Singular.
Verb - Appears.
Eliminate A, B and C.

In D and E.
Only D is parallel.
Not only in,..........but also in.....

CrackVerbal Verbal Expert
Joined: 04 Sep 2018
Posts: 177
Re: The economy’s ability to generate and support new businesses — agents  [#permalink]

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20 Jun 2019, 02:01
Quote:
The economy’s ability to generate and support new businesses — agents of creative destruction that bring new products and methods into the marketplace — appear to be faltering not only in the United States and Europe, but also China and India.

A. appear to be faltering not only in the United States and Europe, but also China and India

B. appear to be faltering in not only the United States and Europe, but also China and India

C. appear to be faltering in not only the United States and Europe, but also in China and India

D. appears to be faltering not only in the United States and Europe, but also in China and India

E. appears to be faltering not only in the United States and Europe, but also China and India

The correct answer here should be D. As with many SC questions, there are two major concepts at play here, Subject Verb Agreement and Parallelism.

First, you wanna note that the part of the sentence between the em-dash is just a descriptor for "new businesses". So really, what we want to say is that "the economy's ability to blah-blah-blah appears to ...." Everything in between is a red herring.Immediately, this helps us eliminate Options A, B, C

In E, the sentence goes "not only in US and Europe, but also <in???> China and India". The missing 'in' breaks the parallelism of the sentence, making Option E incorrect.

Fortunately, D fixes this parallelism issue as well.

- Matoo
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Re: The economy’s ability to generate and support new businesses — agents  [#permalink]

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20 Jun 2019, 05:10
First -> quick look at the choice -> spotted "appear vs. appears" indicating subject-verb agreement; "not only...but also..." indicating idioms/ parallelism of comparing phases

Subject is "The economy’s ability to generate and support new businesses" -> Singular
So eliminate choice (A) (B) (C)

Looking at idiom -> after "not only" has preposition "in" so if "in" is in the first part, "in" will also be in the second part
(D) not only in the United States and Europe, but also in China and India
Has "in" for both first half and second half -> consistent

(E) not only in the United States and Europe, but also China and India
The two parts are not aligned -> eliminate

Re: The economy’s ability to generate and support new businesses — agents   [#permalink] 20 Jun 2019, 05:10