Last visit was: 22 Jul 2024, 23:37 It is currently 22 Jul 2024, 23:37
Toolkit
GMAT Club Daily Prep
Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History
Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

# The emerging field of architectural climatology centers on t

SORT BY:
Tags:
Show Tags
Hide Tags
Manager
Joined: 16 Jul 2018
Posts: 213
Own Kudos [?]: 68 [0]
Given Kudos: 261
Volunteer Expert
Joined: 16 May 2019
Posts: 3507
Own Kudos [?]: 6982 [1]
Given Kudos: 500
Manager
Joined: 16 Jul 2018
Posts: 213
Own Kudos [?]: 68 [0]
Given Kudos: 261
Volunteer Expert
Joined: 16 May 2019
Posts: 3507
Own Kudos [?]: 6982 [2]
Given Kudos: 500
Re: The emerging field of architectural climatology centers on t [#permalink]
2
Kudos
UNSTOPPABLE12 wrote:
AndrewN wrote:
UNSTOPPABLE12 wrote:
Hello experts,
I was wondering if somebody could help me with answer choice B, specifically I want to make sure that I have understood why the second part (after the semi-colon) is not considered an independent one.

My analysis is that, "could prevent" could be considered the verb of "that" , so artificial reefs remain without a verb, thus the sentence is not an independent one.

That is exactly right, UNSTOPPABLE12. The subject of the second supposed clause, artificial "reefs," lacks a verb.

for example, artificial "reefs" of precisely shaped marine platforms that could prevent hurricanes from forming

From of on is an extended prepositional phrase, and the embedded that clause takes its own verb: [platforms] could prevent hurricanes from forming. Although it would make sense to say that the reefs could prevent the same, we would then be left with a that clause marker that would need to be deleted.

for example, artificial "reefs" of precisely shaped marine platforms that could prevent hurricanes from forming

Since you cannot negotiate the that, you know that the part after the semicolon is not an independent clause. Well done.

- Andrew

ANDREW first of all thank you for your prompt reply and the superb explanation ,

Just to make sure that I have completely understood the role of "that" in this sentence, so basically "that" in our case could refer to either "platforms" or "reefs" (of precisely shaped marine platforms is the modifier of reefs so "that" could modify reefs remotely) . If, that modifies "platform" then "could prevent" would be the verb of the sentence and the sentence would not be independent, but if somehow we knew that "that" modifies reefs (and in that case I suppose the existence of "that" would be optional , or even needs to be deleted to not make the sentence ambiguous ) then the sentence could be considered independent?

The that in the sentence at hand must refer to marine platforms; otherwise, there is an extraneous that in the sentence. But, of course, this creates a problem with semicolon usage: a phrase cannot be placed in the slot of a second independent clause in this construct. If the word in question were deleted, then yes, could prevent would reach back to artificial "reefs," and there would be no problem whatsoever. Since you have to go by what is on the screen, you know that that cannot be ignored, and that means that the second "independent clause" is actually incomplete, and the use of the semicolon is incorrect.

- Andrew
Intern
Joined: 26 Nov 2022
Posts: 37
Own Kudos [?]: 1 [0]
Given Kudos: 22
Re: The emerging field of architectural climatology centers on t [#permalink]
can someone please explain why the first sentence is an IC ?
Intern
Joined: 23 Jun 2022
Posts: 29
Own Kudos [?]: 3 [0]
Given Kudos: 79
Re: The emerging field of architectural climatology centers on t [#permalink]
AndrewN will you please explain the non underlined portion of the sentence, I'm unable to understand it's meaning & find the verb also.

Thanks
GMAT Club Legend
Joined: 31 Jan 2020
Posts: 4469
Own Kudos [?]: 1336 [0]
Given Kudos: 16
Re: The emerging field of architectural climatology centers on t [#permalink]
The emerging field of architectural climatology centers on the potential of as-yet-undeveloped architecture and landscaping to alter, redirect, or dissipate weather systems; for instance, hurricanes prevented from forming by artificial "reefs" of precisely shaped marine platforms.

The field of climatology CENTERS on the potential of architecture to alter weather systems.

CENTERS - > Verb
Volunteer Expert
Joined: 16 May 2019
Posts: 3507
Own Kudos [?]: 6982 [1]
Given Kudos: 500
Re: The emerging field of architectural climatology centers on t [#permalink]
1
Kudos
GMATmona07 wrote:
AndrewN will you please explain the non underlined portion of the sentence, I'm unable to understand it's meaning & find the verb also.

Thanks

Well, GMATmona07, since a non-AndrewN felt the need to jump in and point out verbs, I will say on that point that centers is, in fact, the verb. As for the non-underlined portion, how about we see if we can break it down? I will include the word systems at the end for clarity.

Quote:
The emerging field of architectural climatology centers on the potential of as-yet-undeveloped architecture and landscaping to alter, redirect, or dissipate weather systems.

The sentence describes a new field of study, architectural climatology, and what that field is interested in achieving: essentially, changing the weather. How so? By using architecture and landscaping techniques that have not yet been developed. That is the gist of the sentence, which is not the easiest to follow.

Thank you for thinking to ask, and good luck with your studies.

- Andrew
Re: The emerging field of architectural climatology centers on t [#permalink]
1   2
Moderators:
GMAT Club Verbal Expert
6991 posts
GMAT Club Verbal Expert
236 posts