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The government of Donia has required catalytic converters, devices

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The government of Donia has required catalytic converters, devices [#permalink]

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New post 11 Nov 2016, 23:38
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A
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C
D
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Difficulty:

  35% (medium)

Question Stats:

57% (01:37) correct 43% (00:57) wrong based on 12 sessions

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The government of Donia has required catalytic converters, devices designed to reduce nitrogen dioxide emissions, in all new cars in Donia since 1993,and as a result, nitrogen dioxide emissions have been significantly reduced throughout most of the country.

A. The government of Donia has required catalytic converters,devices designed to reduce nitrogen dioxide emissions, in all new cars in Donia since 1993
B. Since 1993, the government of Donia required catalytic converters,which are designed to reduce nitrogen dioxide emissions, on all new cars in Donia
C. Catalytic converters,devices designed to reduce nitrogen dioxide emissions,have been required in all new cars in Donia since 1993
D. Catalytic converters are devices that are designed to reduce nitrogen dioxide emissions and have been requiring to all new cars in Donia since 1993
E. Since 1993, catalytic converters are devices that are designed to reduce nitrogen dioxide emissions, which have been required into all new cars in Donia.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: The government of Donia has required catalytic converters, devices [#permalink]

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New post 12 Nov 2016, 13:35
moved to the right forum.

ClarkXiao wrote:
The government of Donia has required catalytic converters,devices designed to reduce nitrogen dioxide emissions, in all new cars in Donia since 1993,and as a result, nitrogen dioxide emissions have been significantly reduced throughout most of the country.
A.The government of Donia has required catalytic converters,devices designed to reduce nitrogen dioxide emissions, in all new cars in Donia since 1993
B.Since 1993, the government of Donia required catalytic converters,which are designed to reduce nitrogen dioxide emissions, on all new cars in Donia
C.Catalytic converters,devices designed to reduce nitrogen dioxide emissions,have been required in all new cars in Donia since 1993
D.Catalytic converters are devices that are designed to reduce nitrogen dioxide emissions and have been requiring to all new cars in Donia since 1993
E.Since 1993, catalytic converters are devices that are designed to reduce nitrogen dioxide emissions, which have been required into all new cars in Donia.


required - is a subjunctive verb. it requires a "that".
A and B make a subjunctive mode error. Moreover, A sounds a little bit odd... Government of D required that X be installed on all new cars in D...
C looks good.
D changes the focus from the requirement to "being devices"
E same thing.

C seems to be the best.

I believe it is a self-made question. I found it here, in CR:
some-verbal-questions-6-cr-questions-31134.html

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Re: The government of Donia has required catalytic converters, devices [#permalink]

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New post 12 Nov 2016, 20:08
Yeah,you are right, this is a self-made question, and I got it on a reference book.
The answer is C, but I don't understand the book's explain, but I can understand your method.Thank you.

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Re: The government of Donia has required catalytic converters, devices [#permalink]

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New post 09 Sep 2017, 06:03
ClarkXiao wrote:
The government of Donia has required catalytic converters, devices designed to reduce nitrogen dioxide emissions, in all new cars in Donia since 1993,and as a result, nitrogen dioxide emissions have been significantly reduced throughout most of the country.

A. The government of Donia has required catalytic converters,devices designed to reduce nitrogen dioxide emissions, in all new cars in Donia since 1993
B. Since 1993, the government of Donia required catalytic converters,which are designed to reduce nitrogen dioxide emissions, on all new cars in Donia
C. Catalytic converters,devices designed to reduce nitrogen dioxide emissions,have been required in all new cars in Donia since 1993
D. Catalytic converters are devices that are designed to reduce nitrogen dioxide emissions and have been requiring to all new cars in Donia since 1993
E. Since 1993, catalytic converters are devices that are designed to reduce nitrogen dioxide emissions, which have been required into all new cars in Donia.


Whats wrong with A?
Is it because " devices designed ...." may be referring to the government rather than to "catalytic converters,"

" Require " can take both a subjunctive and an infinitive hence that should not be the real reason for eliminating A.
Isn't C passive ?
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Re: The government of Donia has required catalytic converters, devices   [#permalink] 09 Sep 2017, 06:03
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The government of Donia has required catalytic converters, devices

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