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The governor of state X in a speech to the Chamber of Commerce in stat

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The governor of state X in a speech to the Chamber of Commerce in stat  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Apr 2019, 09:34
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76% (02:00) correct 24% (01:58) wrong based on 85 sessions

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The governor of state X in a speech to the Chamber of Commerce in state Y:

Many businesspeople in state Y who have never traveled to state X believe that we have inadequate airports. However, these people are mistaken. State X has spent more money per airport on improvements than has any other state in the country over the last five years. Because of this, our on-time flight percentage has risen 5 points in the last five years, and passenger complaints are down 10 percent over the same time period.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously undermines the reasoning in the governor's argument?

A) In the governor's state, spending on airport improvements has been growing more slowly over the last five years than in several other states, including state Y.

B) Businesspeople care more about the quality of hotels in the locations they visit than about the quality of the airports.

C) Over the last five years, many businesses have relocated out of state X, but a similar number have relocated into state X.

D) The business taxes in state X are higher than they are in state Y.

E) States spending the largest amount per airport on improvements are those with airports that typically cannot be made adequate.

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Re: The governor of state X in a speech to the Chamber of Commerce in stat  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Apr 2019, 03:30
weaken conclusion State X has spent more money per airport on improvements than has any other state in the country over the last five year

COrrect option E ; States spending the largest amount per airport on improvements are those with airports that typically cannot be made adequate

CAMANISHPARMAR wrote:
The governor of state X in a speech to the Chamber of Commerce in state Y:

Many businesspeople in state Y who have never traveled to state X believe that we have inadequate airports. However, these people are mistaken. State X has spent more money per airport on improvements than has any other state in the country over the last five years. Because of this, our on-time flight percentage has risen 5 points in the last five years, and passenger complaints are down 10 percent over the same time period.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously undermines the reasoning in the governor's argument?

A) In the governor's state, spending on airport improvements has been growing more slowly over the last five years than in several other states, including state Y.

B) Businesspeople care more about the quality of hotels in the locations they visit than about the quality of the airports.

C) Over the last five years, many businesses have relocated out of state X, but a similar number have relocated into state X.

D) The business taxes in state X are higher than they are in state Y.

E) States spending the largest amount per airport on improvements are those with airports that typically cannot be made adequate.

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Re: The governor of state X in a speech to the Chamber of Commerce in stat  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Apr 2019, 02:55
Please post the correct answer for this question. I am confused among options B,D, and E.
However, if I were to mark one answer I would have marked E because B and D do indicate a reasoning why travelers from City Y do not visit City X. But do not directly hit on the point of inadequacy of the airports. It will be really helpful if you can provide a option wise reasoning for this question.
Thank You.
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Re: The governor of state X in a speech to the Chamber of Commerce in stat  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Apr 2019, 14:00
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ShreshthaGupta wrote:
Please post the correct answer for this question. I am confused among options B,D, and E.
However, if I were to mark one answer I would have marked E because B and D do indicate a reasoning why travelers from City Y do not visit City X. But do not directly hit on the point of inadequacy of the airports. It will be really helpful if you can provide a option wise reasoning for this question.
Thank You.

Conclusion:
    Since the airports of X has Benefits in on-time flight percentage & passenger complaints. -----------> The Belief of Y, regarding the airports of X of being inadequate, is NOT right(mistaken).

Reasoning of the Governor's argument:
    Spending more money on airports ------ led to ------> The Benefits in on-time flight percentage & passenger complaints ------ leading to ------> Adequacy
    - Because of this(Spending), our on-time flight percentage has risen 5 points in the last five years, and passenger complaints are down 10 percent over the same time period.

Pre-thinking:
    Assumption - The spending is responsible for the Benefits, resulting in the adequacy of the airports.

Q-Argument:
      Which of the following, if true, most seriously undermines the reasoning in the governor's argument?
    Q-Meaning: We need to weaken the reasoning of the argument on which the conclusion is based. - We need to target the Reasoning, NOT the Conclusion

Answer choice analysis:
Quote:
A) In the governor's state, spending on airport improvements has been growing more slowly over the last five years than in several other states, including state Y.
    Even though the spending is growing more slowly, the amount spent by X is HIGHER THAN that by any other state in the country over the last five years.
    Let's say before 5 years -
      X spent: 1000 B$ | Other states: 500 B$
      During these 5 years -
      X spent 1200 B$ - an increase of 20% | Other states: 900 B$: - an increase of 80%
    The above metrics does NOT provide a reason to doubt the reasoning.
Quote:
B) Businesspeople care more about the quality of hotels in the locations they visit than about the quality of the airports.
    We do NOT care about what Businesspeople care. - It's irrelevant in refuting the reasoning.
Quote:
C) Over the last five years, many businesses have relocated out of state X, but a similar number have relocated into state X.
    Since the numbers are similar, NO impact on the reasoning.- Neutral
Quote:
D) The business taxes in state X are higher than they are in state Y.
    This option is NOT addressing the reasoning of the argument. - It's irrelevant in refuting the reasoning.
Quote:
E) States spending the largest amount per airport on improvements are those with airports that typically cannot be made adequate.
    Aha! It states that even though huge spendings are done by X in the airports, the airports are still NOT sufficient(adequate).
    Thus, Raising a DOUBT on the entire LOGIC chain of the argument. - A Weakener

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Re: The governor of state X in a speech to the Chamber of Commerce in stat  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Apr 2019, 20:30
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Thanks a lot Xylan. This is really helpful.

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Re: The governor of state X in a speech to the Chamber of Commerce in stat   [#permalink] 10 Apr 2019, 20:30
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The governor of state X in a speech to the Chamber of Commerce in stat

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