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The largest trade-book publisher in the United States has announced th

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New post 05 Apr 2013, 00:39
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The largest trade-book publisher in the US has announced the creation of a new digital imprint division, under which it will publish about 20 purely digital works to be sold online as either electronic books or downloadable copies that can be printed upon purchase.

A) works to be sold online as either electronic books or - CORRECT
B) works to sell them online, either as electronic books or - WRONG - either as X.... or Y (should be either as X or as Y)
C) works and it will sell them online as either electronic books or as - WRONG - as either X .... or as Y (should be as either X or Y)
D) works, and selling them online as either electronic books or as - WRONG - as either X....or as (should be as either X or Y)
E) works, and it will sell them online as either electronic books or - WRONG - same subject, so "it" is redundant. Moreover, never use a comma before and to link two dependent clauses.
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New post 18 Apr 2013, 22:47
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The largest trade-book publisher in the US has announced the creation of a new digital imprint division, under which it will publish about 20 purely digital works to be sold online as either electronic books or downloadable copies that can be printed upon purchase.

A) works to be sold online as either electronic books or
Right idiom: as either X or Y.

B) works to sell them online, either as electronic books or
Wrong idiom: either as X or Y.

C) works and it will sell them online as either electronic books or as
Wrong idiom: as either X or as Y.

D) works, and selling them online as either electronic books or as
Wrong. "will publish" and "selling" are not parallel.

E) works, and it will sell them online as either electronic books or
Wrong. The use of "it" is redundant because same subject.
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New post 30 Sep 2014, 09:08
arps wrote:
The largest trade-book publisher in the US has announced the creation of a new digital imprint division, under which it will publish about 20 purely digital works to be sold online as either electronic books or downloadable copies that can be printed upon purchase.

A. works to be sold online as either electronic books or
B. works to sell them online, either as electronic books or
C. works and it will sell them online as either electronic books or as
D. works, and selling them online as either electronic books or as
E. works, and it will sell them online as either electronic books or


Why is C incorrect

Can someone explain why E is incorrect?
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New post 30 Sep 2014, 12:28
1
dransa wrote:
arps wrote:
The largest trade-book publisher in the US has announced the creation of a new digital imprint division, under which it will publish about 20 purely digital works to be sold online as either electronic books or downloadable copies that can be printed upon purchase.

A. works to be sold online as either electronic books or
B. works to sell them online, either as electronic books or
C. works and it will sell them online as either electronic books or as
D. works, and selling them online as either electronic books or as
E. works, and it will sell them online as either electronic books or


Why is C incorrect

Can someone explain why E is incorrect?


E is wrong because:

1. Structure problem: A will do X and do Y
+ No comma before "and" because there are ONLY TWO items in the list. X and Y --> correct; X, and Y --> wrong.
+ Redundant: A will do X, and A will do Y --> Repeat subject and auxiliary. GMAT prefers A will do X and (will) do Y.

2. Intended meaning:
+ By separating a clause into two different clauses, E does not convey the plan/intention of action "publish 20 digital works"

Thus, E is incorrect.

Hope it helps.
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New post 15 Sep 2015, 00:54
arps wrote:
The largest trade-book publisher in the US has announced the creation of a new digital imprint division, under which it will publish about 20 purely digital works to be sold online as either electronic books or downloadable copies that can be printed upon purchase.

A. works to be sold online as either electronic books or
B. works to sell them online, either as electronic books or
C. works and it will sell them online as either electronic books or as
D. works, and selling them online as either electronic books or as
E. works, and it will sell them online as either electronic books or


Why is C incorrect


why E is wrong, the hardest thing

in generla english, " and" is used to make the second clause and to say that the action in second clause have some meaning relation with the first action. on gmat land, this meaning relation is not accepted by gmat. gmat consider "and" is used to connect two actions which are separate and have no meaning relation

E means
under which, it sell book and it publish books. there is no meaning relation and no time relation-no subsequent actions- between the two actions. NO LOGIC

in C, the meaning relation is close.
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New post 13 Apr 2016, 20:32
daagh wrote:
The important thing to note in this context is that by using the passive voice ‘to be sold’ the text does not say who is going to sell the digital works. To assume that the company itself is going to sell them is a significant change of meaning. That is the reason choices B, C, D, and E fall by the wayside. D in addition is a fragment. Then add to this the additional grammar requirement of correlative conjunction parallelism and you will find A glaring as the right choice, even dispelling the close E.


Hello daagh,

Can you please explain what kind of verb tense is 'To be sold' and how does it fit in this sentence?
I eliminated this choice considering, it will sell (future) in E fits well with the announcement.

Thanks
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New post 16 Apr 2016, 13:20
rachitshah wrote:
daagh wrote:
The important thing to note in this context is that by using the passive voice ‘to be sold’ the text does not say who is going to sell the digital works. To assume that the company itself is going to sell them is a significant change of meaning. That is the reason choices B, C, D, and E fall by the wayside. D in addition is a fragment. Then add to this the additional grammar requirement of correlative conjunction parallelism and you will find A glaring as the right choice, even dispelling the close E.


Hello daagh,

Can you please explain what kind of verb tense is 'To be sold' and how does it fit in this sentence?
I eliminated this choice considering, it will sell (future) in E fits well with the announcement.

Thanks


"to be sold" is not a verb at all, and hence it does not have any tense as such. It is an infinitive in passive form.

Nonetheless, I cannot make out convincingly why E would not be the correct answer - probably because A is more economical with words to express the same meaning.
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New post 24 Aug 2017, 05:20
This question is a case of parallelism error. The construction is 1. as either A or B 2. either as A or as B

A) Works to be sold online as either electronic books or
B) Works to sell them online, either as electronic books or
C) Works and it will sell them online as either electronic books or as
D) Works, and selling them online as either electronic books or as
E) Works, and it will sell them online either as electronic books or

All the options but A use the wrong construction.
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New post 28 Aug 2017, 09:36
The largest trade-book publisher in the United States has announced the creation of a new digital imprint division, under which it will publish about 20 purely digital works to be sold online as either electronic books or downloadable copies that can be printed upon purchase.

(A) works to be sold online as either electronic books or
Either X or Y : Correct
(B) works to sell them online, either as electronic books or
Either as X or Y : Incorrect
(C) works and it will sell them online as either electronic books or as
Either X or as Y : Incorrect
(D) works, and selling them online as either electronic books or as
Either X or as Y : Incorrect
(E) works, and it will sell them online either as electronic books or
Either as X or Y : Incorrect
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New post 31 Aug 2017, 14:15
The largest trade-book publisher in the United States has announced the creation of a new digital imprint division, under which it will publish about 20 purely digital works to be sold online as either electronic books or downloadable copies that can be printed upon purchase.

(A) works to be sold online as either electronic books or - Correct
(B) works to sell them online, either as electronic books or - Either X or Y - parallelism issue
(C) works and it will sell them online as either electronic books or as - Either X or Y - parallelism issue; changes meaning
(D) works, and selling them online as either electronic books or as - Either X or Y - parallelism issue
(E) works, and it will sell them online either as electronic books or - Either X or Y - parallelism issue ; change in meaning

Answer A
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New post 26 Aug 2018, 18:48
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pi10t wrote:
The largest trade-book publisher in the United States has announced the creation of a new digital imprint division, under which it will publish about 20 purely digital works to be sold online as either electronic books or downloadable copies that can be printed upon purchase.

(A) works to be sold online as either electronic books or
(B) works to sell them online, either as electronic books or
(C) works and it will sell them online as either electronic books or as
(D) works, and selling them online as either electronic books or as
(E) works, and it will sell them online either as electronic books or

Burning down to A and E
In grammatically correct option E, there is distortion of meaning. In A- actual choice, it is clearly stated that the purpose of inprint is to sell books online. Who will sell these books is not given. However in E, it is stating that manufacturer/publisher will sell these books- This distorts the meaning of original sentence.
Hence A
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New post 28 Aug 2018, 21:05
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egmat wrote:
This is a very good question that exemplifies the importance of understanding the meaning of the sentence in order to arrive at the correct answer:
Check out this video for detailed explanation. Note that I have only discussed choices A and E in the video.


Let me know if you have any other doubts about this :)

Payal



I dont see the video link.
pls, show.
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New post 28 Aug 2018, 21:15
thangvietnam wrote:
egmat wrote:
This is a very good question that exemplifies the importance of understanding the meaning of the sentence in order to arrive at the correct answer:
Check out this video for detailed explanation. Note that I have only discussed choices A and E in the video.


Let me know if you have any other doubts about this :)

Payal



I dont see the video link.
pls, show.


pm-ed the author. Hope it will be fixed soon. Thank you.
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New post 25 Jan 2019, 21:42
pi10t wrote:
The largest trade-book publisher in the United States has announced the creation of a new digital imprint division, under which it will publish about 20 purely digital works to be sold online as either electronic books or downloadable copies that can be printed upon purchase.

(A) works to be sold online as either electronic books or
(B) works to sell them online, either as electronic books or
(C) works and it will sell them online as either electronic books or as
(D) works, and selling them online as either electronic books or as
(E) works, and it will sell them online either as electronic books or



As I was going through this question I found the replies slightly confusing. Some people wrote of E as wrong due to parallelism issue, whereas some others gave a different explanation and all this while I was wondering why cant these experts see the glaring parallelism issue in E.

However, after checking on different forums I released that there are two versions with minor difference in option E. SO if you had similar doubts with the explanation , here is the other version , which some of the experts may be referring to. (Difference in bold)

Version 2 -

The largest trade-book publisher in the US has announced the creation of a new digital imprint division, under which it will publish about 20 purely digital works to be sold online as either electronic books or downloadable copies that can be printed upon purchase.

A) works to be sold online as either electronic books or
B) works to sell them online, either as electronic books or
C) works and it will sell them online as either electronic books or as
D) works, and selling them online as either electronic books or as
E) works, and it will sell them online as either electronic books or
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New post 13 Feb 2019, 22:22
pi10t wrote:
The largest trade-book publisher in the United States has announced the creation of a new digital imprint division, under which it will publish about 20 purely digital works to be sold online as either electronic books or downloadable copies that can be printed upon purchase.

(A) works to be sold online as either electronic books or
(B) works to sell them online, either as electronic books or
(C) works and it will sell them online as either electronic books or as
(D) works, and selling them online as either electronic books or as
(E) works, and it will sell them online either as electronic books or



the issue is the parallelism required by the 'either ... or' construction. in particular, because that construction has a leading word ('either'), it involves two clearly defined parts: the words coming between 'either' and 'or', and the words coming after 'or'. those two parts must have exactly the same grammatical construction.

so, the following are acceptable:
either as electronic books or as downloadable copies
as either electronic books or downloadable copies

the following are not acceptable:
as either electronic books or as downloadable copies (one 'as' outside, one inside)
either as electronic books or downloadable copies (one 'as' present, one absent)

Eliminate B, C, D and E.

B)
if you use this construction - "they VERB1 to VERB2" - then you're implying that verb2 is the PURPOSE of doing verb1.

for instance:

the band created ten albums in five years, making several million dollars during that time --> the adverbial modifier just describes a consequence that occurred during that time

the band created ten albums in five years to make several million dollars during that time --> this means that making money was WHY the band created all these albums.

In B, this doesn't make sense here (and also contradicts the meaning of the original). the selling of the books online is not the reason WHY the publisher is publishing the books.



E)
e is wrong because it changes the meaning of the sentence.
* the original - which, remember, you can't change unless it's total nonsense - says that the publisher is making things which will subsequently be sold online, but it doesn't say by whom.
* choice e, on the other hand, asserts that the publisher itself is going to sell the things. that's an immense change in meaning (and moreover, how many publishers sell their own books online?).

you are also correct that the construction 'to be sold' is passive voice. in fact, the passive voice is necessary here, because you don't know who is going to be selling the books. (compare the analogous sentence 'there is still plenty of food left to be eaten').

two considerations:

1/
the sentence is concerned with the activities of a "digital imprint" division. the word "imprint" strongly implies that we are talking about creating, but not necessarily distributing/selling, stuff.

2/
if you insert choice (e), you get a weird non-parallelism overall.
the publisher has announced the creation of a new division ...
and
it will sell [books] online...
remember, when you have any kind of parallel structure, you should be able to represent the parallel things reasonably as "#1 and #2", or as "(a) and (b)", or etc. these two things don't really pass that test.

more examples:
i have decided to take a new job, and i will make $100 per hour.
--> these don't make sense as "#1 and #2".
i like my new job, and i make $100 per hour.
--> these do.

The core structure of choice E is in boldface here:
The largest trade-book publisher in the US has announced the creation of a new digital imprint division, under which it will publish about 20 purely digital works, and it will sell them online as either electronic books or downloadable copies that can be printed upon purchase.

Those two things don't make sense in parallel.

If you're looking ONLY at mechanics (always a bad idea), then, sure, those things look parallel.

The problem is that they shouldn't be parallel.

A "digital imprint division" does just that-- imprinting. Publishing.
An imprint division doesn't sell books.

an imprint division does what it says -- it publishes books. it doesn't sell them.

therefore:
Under its imprint division, the company will publish books. —> makes sense
Under its imprint division, the company will sell books. —> nonsense
Under its imprint division, the company will publish and sell books. —> nonsense
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New post 20 Feb 2019, 10:44
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New post 21 Mar 2019, 02:54
pi10t wrote:
The largest trade-book publisher in the United States has announced the creation of a new digital imprint division, under which it will publish about 20 purely digital works to be sold online as either electronic books or downloadable copies that can be printed upon purchase.

(A) works to be sold online as either electronic books or
(B) works to sell them online, either as electronic books or
(C) works and it will sell them online as either electronic books or as
(D) works, and selling them online as either electronic books or as
(E) works, and it will sell them online either as electronic books or


look at choice e
grammatically, "it will sell..." is parallel to "publisher has announced". this parallelism is meaningless.
"and under which it will sell them...." is a better version regarding this parallelism.
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New post 21 Mar 2019, 05:15
thangvietnam wrote:
"and under which it will sell them...." is a better version regarding this parallelism.

However, this will change the meaning of the original sentence. This is one of those SC questions where the passive voice (to be sold online) is actually preferred over active voice (it will sell them).

This is because in the original sentence, we are not told as to who will sell the books.

So, if we choose an option that says it will sell them, we are basically suggesting that the publisher will sell the books.

This is not what the original sentence suggests.
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New post 21 Mar 2019, 19:55
The largest trade-book publisher in the United States has announced the creation of a new digital imprint division, under which it will publish about 20 purely digital works to be sold online as either electronic books or downloadable copies that can be printed upon purchase.
(A) works to be sold online as either electronic books or
(B) works to sell them online, either as electronic books or

"it" here is "a new digital imprint division". Below options, the subject is "division" while verb is mainly "sell"? It does not make sense. ( Subject-verb agreement error)
(C) works and it will sell them online as either electronic books or as
(D) works, and selling them online as either electronic books or as ( lacking subject here )
(E) works, and it will sell them online either as electronic books or
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New post 21 Mar 2019, 21:19
greenbear wrote:
The largest trade-book publisher in the United States has announced the creation of a new digital imprint division, under which it will publish about 20 purely digital works to be sold online as either electronic books or downloadable copies that can be printed upon purchase.
(A) works to be sold online as either electronic books or
(B) works to sell them online, either as electronic books or

"it" here is "a new digital imprint division". Below options, the subject is "division" while verb is mainly "sell"? It does not make sense. ( Subject-verb agreement error)
(C) works and it will sell them online as either electronic books or as
(D) works, and selling them online as either electronic books or as ( lacking subject here )
(E) works, and it will sell them online either as electronic books or
I'm not sure whether you're asking a question, but the verb in the other options is not sell, at least not in the portions that you're focusing on, so we can't look at subject-verb agreement with sell. I've marked the subject-verb pairs (apart from the that clauses) in all 5 options:

A The largest trade-book publisher in the United States has announced the creation of a new digital imprint division, under which it will publish about 20 purely digital works to be sold online as either electronic books or downloadable copies that can be printed upon purchase.

Here, to be sold is an infinitive.

B The largest trade-book publisher in the United States has announced the creation of a new digital imprint division, under which it will publish about 20 purely digital works to sell them online, either as electronic books or downloadable copies that can be printed upon purchase.

Here, to sell is an infinitive.

C The largest trade-book publisher in the United States has announced the creation of a new digital imprint division, under which it will publish about 20 purely digital works and it will sell them online as either electronic books or as downloadable copies that can be printed upon purchase.

Here, will sell is a verb.

D The largest trade-book publisher in the United States has announced the creation of a new digital imprint division, under which it will publish about 20 purely digital works, and selling them online as either electronic books or as downloadable copies that can be printed upon purchase.

Here, selling is not a verb.

E The largest trade-book publisher in the United States has announced the creation of a new digital imprint division, under which it will publish about 20 purely digital works, and it will sell them online either as electronic books or downloadable copies that can be printed upon purchase.

Here, will sell is a verb.

No matter which one we take (infinitive/verb), we'll not be able to apply subject-verb agreement with sell to take any of these options out.

In the sentences below, the verb does change with the subject, but the verb is has been asked.
The division has been asked to sell X. (singular subject, but sell does not change)
The divisions have been asked to sell X (plural subject, but sell does not change)

In these sentences, we have a will in the verb. With a will, the verb will not change.
The division will sell X. (singular subject, but sell does not change)
The divisions will sell X. (plural subject, but sell does not change)
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