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The line of descent of apes and humans is believed by most

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Senior Manager
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Joined: 01 May 2004
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The line of descent of apes and humans is believed by most [#permalink]

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New post 09 Nov 2004, 15:59
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

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The line of descent of apes and humans is believed by most paleontologists that it split into several branches some time between 20 million and 5 million years ago.

A. that it split
B. to have split
C. to split
D. that they were split
E. to be split

Please explain your reasoning.
Thanks

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Senior Manager
Senior Manager
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Joined: 01 May 2004
Posts: 335

Kudos [?]: 116 [0], given: 0

Location: USA
 [#permalink]

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New post 09 Nov 2004, 16:15
I picked E as well, but this is not the OA :roll:

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Director
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 [#permalink]

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New post 09 Nov 2004, 16:18
I think believe to is the correct idiom here so A and D are out.

The second part of the phrase occurs in the past so for tense coherence we must keep the underlined part in the past, so E is out.

I guess split in C is an infinitive form while we are looking for the past form of B

So B

Kudos [?]: 147 [0], given: 0

Senior Manager
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Kudos [?]: 116 [0], given: 0

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 [#permalink]

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New post 09 Nov 2004, 18:56
I need more compelling argument. Why is the answer B? And what's wrong with E?

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 [#permalink]

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New post 09 Nov 2004, 19:28
B it is.
Choice E uses verb split in simple present form. What you really need here is a verb in it's base form. Only Choice B provides that.
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Praveen

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tense of action [#permalink]

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New post 09 Nov 2004, 20:25
it is nice to see you, (when you see you friend, and about to start to have chat)

it is nice to have seen you (when you finish the chat and about leaving)

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tense of action   [#permalink] 09 Nov 2004, 20:25
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The line of descent of apes and humans is believed by most

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