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Re: The number of citations issued to convenience stores for selling tobac [#permalink]
B.

To say that decrease was because the enforcement was not good, is to assume that the decrease in citations didn't occur because of ANY OTHER ALTERNATE CAUSE (In our scenario, perhaps the minors stopped using tobacco.)

Thus, author assumes that no other cause exists & the only reason is reduction in degree of enforcement.
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Re: The number of citations issued to convenience stores for selling tobac [#permalink]
The number of citations issued to convenience stores for selling tobacco products to minors has dramatically decreased in recent years. Between the years 1985-1990, a total of 5,511 citations were issued to convenience stores for this infraction. For the period 1990-1995, however, only 3,189 citations were issued. These statistics prove that local enforcement agencies have seriously neglected their inspection and surveillance of tobacco sales practices since 1990. > We need an assumption that defends the argument from other possibilities, in other words closes alternative ways to conclusion

Which one of the following does the author assume in reaching his conclusion?


(A) Monitoring and enforcement of tobacco violations became more lax due to a change in the political climate in Washington, D.C. > Irrelevant.

(B) The decrease in the number of citations was not due to a reduction in the number of tobacco sales actually made to minors. > Aha> This is a possible alternative way in case it happened. Answer choice dismisses this possibility leaving room only to the conclusion

(C) Authorities focused more on enforcing the ban on liquor sales to minors than the ban on the sale of tobacco products to minors. Irrelevant

(D) Local enforcement agencies suffered from a reduction in personnel during the period 1990-1995. > Doesn't influence the reality

(E) For several years prior to 1985, in excess of 1,500 citations per year were issued in connection with tobacco sales to minors. > Irrelevant
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Re: The number of citations issued to convenience stores for selling tobac [#permalink]
The number of citations issued to convenience stores for selling tobacco products to minors has dramatically decreased in recent years. Between the years 1985-1990, a total of 5,511 citations were issued to convenience stores for this infraction. For the period 1990-1995, however, only 3,189 citations were issued. These statistics prove that local enforcement agencies have seriously neglected their inspection and surveillance of tobacco sales practices since 1990.

Which one of the following does the author assume in reaching his conclusion?


(A) Monitoring and enforcement of tobacco violations became more lax due to a change in the political climate in Washington, D.C. Reason to issue fewer citations

(B) The decrease in the number of citations was not due to a reduction in the number of tobacco sales actually made to minors author assumes there is no alternate cause to issuance fewer citations

(C) Authorities focused more on enforcing the ban on liquor sales to minors than the ban on the sale of tobacco products to minors. Reason to issue fewer citations

(D) Local enforcement agencies suffered from a reduction in personnel during the period 1990-1995. Reason to issue fewer citations

(E) For several years prior to 1985, in excess of 1,500 citations per year were issued in connection with tobacco sales to minors. Irrelevant
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Re: The number of citations issued to convenience stores for selling tobac [#permalink]
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