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# The numbers of muggings – the acts of threatening a person with a weap

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Hitotsubashi ICS School Moderator
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The numbers of muggings – the acts of threatening a person with a weap  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 23 Jul 2019, 22:02
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Difficulty:

95% (hard)

Question Stats:

25% (02:25) correct 75% (02:14) wrong based on 431 sessions

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The numbers of muggings – the acts of threatening a person with a weapon and robbing on the street – that were reported in Denver and Pasadena were approximately equal last year. The total money reported as robbed in such instances in Denver was about 20% less than that reported in Pasadena. Considering that Denver is home for much more affluent people than Pasadena is, wealthier people on average are less likely to carry more cash on person while traveling on the road.

Which of the following statements, if true, provides the best support for the argument?

A. The wealthier a person is the more likely he/she is to report a higher amount as robbed than the actual in an act of seeking retribution for the wrong done to them.
B. People from Denver are more likely to travel in luxury cars while people from Pasadena are more likely to travel in cheaper ones.
C. The primary weapon of choice in a typical mugging incident in Denver is a sharp object such as a knife whereas that in Pasadena is a gun.
D. Less affluent people cannot afford a license to possess a weapon for protection and are therefore, at a greater risk of getting mugged.
E. Wealthier people are more likely to pay using a card in any transaction irrespective of the cash they have in their wallet.

Originally posted by BoundMan on 23 Jul 2019, 04:41.
Last edited by BoundMan on 23 Jul 2019, 22:02, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: The numbers of muggings – the acts of threatening a person with a weap  [#permalink]

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23 Jul 2019, 20:36
@e-gmat or any expert,
could you please provide the explanation why A is incorrect?
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Re: The numbers of muggings – the acts of threatening a person with a weap  [#permalink]

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23 Jul 2019, 22:23
1
I think E is the correct answer. E eliminates the possibility that wealthier people carry lot of cash but spend more by cash and as the result they have less cash left in the purses.

I can not see how A connects to the conclusion that the wealthier carry less cash.
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The numbers of muggings – the acts of threatening a person with a weap  [#permalink]

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24 Jul 2019, 02:46
1
akash7gupta11 wrote:
The numbers of muggings – the acts of threatening a person with a weapon and robbing on the street – that were reported in Denver and Pasadena were approximately equal last year. The total money reported as robbed in such instances in Denver was about 20% less than that reported in Pasadena. Considering that Denver is home for much more affluent people than Pasadena is, wealthier people on average are less likely to carry more cash on person while traveling on the road.

Which of the following statements, if true, provides the best support for the argument?

How can A be the answer ?
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24 Jul 2019, 03:02
1
Some please explain how A is correct and E is wrong.
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Re: The numbers of muggings – the acts of threatening a person with a weap  [#permalink]

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24 Jul 2019, 04:02
1
akash7gupta11 wrote:
The numbers of muggings – the acts of threatening a person with a weapon and robbing on the street – that were reported in Denver and Pasadena were approximately equal last year. The total money reported as robbed in such instances in Denver was about 20% less than that reported in Pasadena. Considering that Denver is home for much more affluent people than Pasadena is, wealthier people on average are less likely to carry more cash on person while traveling on the road.

Which of the following statements, if true, provides the best support for the argument?

A. The wealthier a person is the more likely he/she is to report a higher amount as robbed than the actual in an act of seeking retribution for the wrong done to them.
B. People from Denver are more likely to travel in luxury cars while people from Pasadena are more likely to travel in cheaper ones.
C. The primary weapon of choice in a typical mugging incident in Denver is a sharp object such as a knife whereas that in Pasadena is a gun.
D. Less affluent people cannot afford a license to possess a weapon for protection and are therefore, at a greater risk of getting mugged.
E. Wealthier people are more likely to pay using a card in any transaction irrespective of the cash they have in their wallet.

The numbers were approximately equal last year( say 10 cases)
Total money reported as robbed( say \$180)
in Pasadena Say X(\$100) then in Denver 0.8 X(\$80)
Out of 10 cases/person in PASADENA, Money reported as robbed (say \$100)
\$10 per person( NOT ALL AFFLUENT SAY 6) but in DENVER it is \$8 per person( MAXIMUM ARE AFFLUENT SAY 8)
Despite Denver is home for much more affluent people than Pasadena is, the money robbed is lesser than that robbed in PASADENA. In fact in choice A it says this \$8 is also an inflated value(actual is say \$6).
Choice E does not let us to come to this juncture which we got from A. "It says irrespective of the cash they have in their wallet" -It means in one way that wealthy people can carry cash.
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24 Jul 2019, 07:14
1
I think the OA was updated from E to A.
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Re: The numbers of muggings – the acts of threatening a person with a weap  [#permalink]

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24 Jul 2019, 07:29
1
If wealthier people claim more cash, then in reality they would have carried lesser cash. Hence option A.
Realized this explanation not in the first go though.
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24 Jul 2019, 08:52
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The numbers of muggings – the acts of threatening a person with a weap  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 24 Jul 2019, 10:03
1
dhruvasv5 wrote:
If wealthier people claim more cash, then in reality they would have carried lesser cash. Hence option A.
Realized this explanation not in the first go though.

dhruvasv5

Conclusion is "Considering that Denver is home for much more affluent people than Pasadena is, wealthier people on average are less likely to carry more cash on person while traveling on the road."

Basically author of argument is assuming that if average amount robbed from a wealthier place is less, then people carry less money while traveling on the road.

Talking about cases when this might not be the case:

1)Thing about a scenario where in wealthier people have some apprehension about reporting that they have been robbed. Or 2) Wealthier people have better security arrangements.

So, a rightly anwer choice will state that above scenario(s) do not apply to case at hand. Because if they apply then conclusion will fall apart.

Now armed with above information, you try to solve the question again. Let me know if that helps.

Originally posted by KaranB1 on 24 Jul 2019, 09:56.
Last edited by KaranB1 on 24 Jul 2019, 10:03, edited 1 time in total.
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24 Jul 2019, 10:00
I think the answer must be E. Could you please provide the explanation for OA?
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Re: The numbers of muggings – the acts of threatening a person with a weap  [#permalink]

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24 Jul 2019, 10:32
1
Alisha412 wrote:
I think the answer must be E. Could you please provide the explanation for OA?

OA is A.

E is wrong. Conclusion states wealthier people carry less cash. Answer choice E states- Wealthier people are more likely to pay using a card in any transaction irrespective of the cash they have in their wallet.

Had the answer the choice implied rich people carry less cash, answer choice E would have been correct . But, in reality it is narrating a different story.
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Re: The numbers of muggings – the acts of threatening a person with a weap  [#permalink]

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31 Jul 2019, 21:55
I am still not clear why A is the correct choice. Can someone please explain clearly?
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Re: The numbers of muggings – the acts of threatening a person with a weap  [#permalink]

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03 Aug 2019, 00:17
generis

Need your help on this. I know all the other options are incorrect and only A remains but how do we arrive at A is I what I would like to know.

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Re: The numbers of muggings – the acts of threatening a person with a weap  [#permalink]

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05 Aug 2019, 06:41
1
Alisha412 wrote:
I think the answer must be E. Could you please provide the explanation for OA?

The main focus should be on, which of the following 'if true'. This means you are to assume every statement to be true and see what inference you could make from it.
Statement A: wealthier people report a greater amount than the actual amount stolen. Since the number of people robbed is same, and the wealthier people of Denver reported more than what was stolen from them and yet the total amount reported in Denver was less. How is this possible if people reported a much higher amount in the first place? The only explanation is if the amount stolen was so less that even after falsely reporting it the total was not high enough. This means they had very little money on them hence strengthening

Posted from my mobile device
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14 Sep 2019, 01:32
karishma
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Re: The numbers of muggings – the acts of threatening a person with a weap  [#permalink]

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05 Nov 2019, 00:04
Argument analysis:
1. Comparison of number of muggings - same in D and P
2. Comparison of amount robbed - 20% lower in D than in P
3. Comparison of number of affluent people - more in D than P

Conclusion - On an average wealthier people carry less cash than normal people while travelling on road
Question type - strengthen

Option analysis
Option A: Wealthier person likely report more cash to be stolen than actual
Let us consider that the reported average value of cash stolen was 100\$ in D. In P the average cost would be 80\$.
The choice states that the wealthier person reports a higher value than actual stolen value. We can say that the cash stolen was close to 60\$. Thus we can see that the average value of cash carried by wealthier people is 60\$ instead of 100\$. This strengthens the conclusion that wealthier people carry less cash while travelling.
Re: The numbers of muggings – the acts of threatening a person with a weap   [#permalink] 05 Nov 2019, 00:04

# The numbers of muggings – the acts of threatening a person with a weap

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