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The profession of engineering—which, by the way, is merely the

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New post Updated on: 22 Dec 2018, 21:27
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The profession of engineering—which, by the way, is merely the
adapting of discoveries in science and art to the uses of mankind
-is
a peculiarly isolated one. But very little is known about it among
those outside of the profession. Laymen know something about law,
a little about medicine, quite a lot—nowadays—about metaphysics.
But laymen know nothing about engineering. Indeed, a source
of common amusement among engineers is the peculiar fact that
the average layman cannot differentiate between the man who runs
a locomotive and the man who designs a locomotive. In ordinary
parlance both are called engineers. Yet there is a difference between
them—a difference as between day and night.
For one merely operates the results of the creative genius of the other.
This almost universal ignorance as to what constitutes an engineer serves to show to
what broad extent the profession of engineering is isolated.
Yet it is a wonderful profession. I say this with due regard for all
other professions. For one cannot but ponder the fact that,
if engineers started the greatest war—the world war—the world has ever
known—and engineers as a body freely admit that if they did not
start it they at least made it possible—they also stopped it, thereby
proving themselves possessed of a power greater than that of any
other class of professional men—diplomats and lawyers and divinities not excepted.
That engineering is a force fraught with stupendous possibilities,
therefore, nobody can very well deny. That it is a force generally exercised for good—
despite the world war—I myself, as an engineer,
can truly testify. With some fifteen years spent on the creative end of
the work—the drafting and designing end—I have yet to see, with
but two or three rare exceptions, the genius of engineers turned into
any but noble channels.
Thus, engineering is not only a wonderful profession, with the activities of
its followers of utmost importance, but also it is a profession
the individual work of whose pioneers, from Watt to Westinghouse
and from Eiffel to Edison, has been epoch-making.
1. What is the primary purpose of the author in writing the passage?
(A) To describe the contributions of engineering to improving the lives of mankind.
(B) To analyse why the layman knows more about other
professions than he does about engineering.
(C) To evaluate the good and bad results made possible by
the engineering profession.
(D) To explain how engineering is different from other
professions.
(E) To discuss a unique aspect of the engineering profession and highlight the importance of engineering.


2. Which of the following assertions is supported by the information in the passage?
(A) A layman probably knows more about law than he
does about engineering.
(B) Engineering has been put to as many noble uses as evil
ones.
(C) A layman has considerable knowledge of subjects such
as law and medicine.
(D) Engineers played no role in starting the world war.
(E) Had it not been for the efforts of engineers, the world
war would have not ended.

3. In the passage, why does the author mention the man who
runs a locomotive?
(A) To show how engineering has different possible uses
(B) To explain how his expertise is different from that of
the engineer who designed the locomotive
(C) To highlight the differing nature of expertise required
by different types of engineers
RC Practice Passages
(D) To emphasise his point that the layman knows almost
nothing about engineering
(E) To describe how certain classes of engineers are unaware of the achievements of other classes of engineers.


Originally posted by parijit on 22 Dec 2018, 08:23.
Last edited by parijit on 22 Dec 2018, 21:27, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: The profession of engineering—which, by the way, is merely the  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Dec 2018, 21:14
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Joined: 10 Mar 2016
Posts: 74
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Concentration: Finance, Real Estate
GMAT 1: 550 Q44 V23
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Re: The profession of engineering—which, by the way, is merely the  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Dec 2018, 10:32
1. What is the primary purpose of the author in writing the passage?
(A) To describe the contributions of engineering to improving the lives of mankind. - Partial scope. Passage is about the profession.
(B) To analyse why the layman knows more about other
professions than he does about engineering.
- Partial scope. The primary purpose was not specifice about the laymen
(C) To evaluate the good and bad results made possible by
the engineering profession.
- Out of scope. No evaluation is done
(D) To explain how engineering is different from other
professions.
- out of scope. No comparison is done
(E) To discuss a unique aspect of the engineering profession and highlight the importance of engineering. - This is the summary of whole passage

2. Which of the following assertions is supported by the information in the passage?
(A) A layman probably knows more about law than he does about engineering. - As stated in the passage
(B) Engineering has been put to as many noble uses as evil ones.- Inconsistent. Cannot be concluded
(C) A layman has considerable knowledge of subjects such as law and medicine. - Insconsistent.
(D) Engineers played no role in starting the world war. - Inconsistent. Extreme
(E) Had it not been for the efforts of engineers, the world war would have not ended. - opposite

3. In the passage, why does the author mention the man who runs a locomotive?
(A) To show how engineering has different possible uses - out of scope
(B) To explain how his expertise is different from that of the engineer who designed the locomotive - out of scope
(C) To highlight the differing nature of expertise required by different types of engineers - out of scope
(D) To emphasise his point that the layman knows almost nothing about engineering - That's what the author meant
(E) To describe how certain classes of engineers are unaware of the achievements of other classes of engineers. - out of scope
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Re: The profession of engineering—which, by the way, is merely the &nbs [#permalink] 23 Dec 2018, 10:32
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