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The results of two recent unrelated studies support the idea

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The results of two recent unrelated studies support the idea [#permalink]

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New post 30 Nov 2011, 17:01
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  5% (low)

Question Stats:

79% (00:51) correct 21% (00:59) wrong based on 284 sessions

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The results of two recent unrelated studies support
the idea that dolphins may share certain cognitive
abilities with humans and great apes; the studies
indicate dolphins as capable of recognizing
themselves in mirrors—an ability that is often
considered a sign of self-awareness—and to grasp
spontaneously
the mood or intention of humans.


(A) dolphins as capable of recognizing themselves
in mirrors—an ability that is often considered a
sign of self-awareness—and to grasp
spontaneously
(B) dolphins’ ability to recognize themselves in
mirrors—an ability that is often considered as a
sign of self-awareness—and of spontaneously
grasping
(C) dolphins to be capable of recognizing
themselves in mirrors—an ability that is often
considered a sign of self-awareness—and to
grasp spontaneously
(D) that dolphins have the ability of recognizing
themselves in mirrors—an ability that is often
considered as a sign of self-awareness—and
spontaneously grasping
(E) that dolphins are capable of recognizing
themselves in mirrors—an ability that is often
considered a sign of self-awareness—and of
spontaneously grasping














































although the correct answer makes sense, I have a more general question about parallelism. I use the MGMAT guide for SC and it talks a lot about the various elements that can be parallel. It's easy to identify the element that should be parallel if it follows "and", as in the below example. What's confusing to me is the parallel element before the and.


that dolphins are capable of recognizing
themselves in mirrors—an ability that is often
considered a sign of self-awareness—and of
spontaneously grasping


i underlined both elements to be parallel, and it's obvious it's a prepositional phrase.

what I want to know is, could you also make the following parallel?

that dolphins are capable of recognizing themselves in mirrors ..... and able to spontaneously grasping

i just changed the initial parallel element to the adjective, so the second one follows

likewise
that dolphins are capable of recognizing themselves in mirrors ..... and are not able to spontaneously grasp

again i just moved it even earlier to the verb part.

those all seem like correct parallel sentences. then why can't i do

that dolphins are capable of recognizing .... and grasping

i understand that you would generally have a prepositional phrase for each element, but what if I started my first parallel element AT the word recognizing? how do we delimit the first parallel element from the stuff that precedes it?

if you notice, answer choice D actually has this last possibility.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: need explanation for this OG problem [#permalink]

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New post 30 Nov 2011, 18:42
The general rule of concision states the following preference

V>A>N (Verb usage preferred over Adjective usage preferred over Noun Usage).

Please refer to the latest version of MGMAT SC guide for clarification.

Crick

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Re: need explanation for this OG problem [#permalink]

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New post 30 Nov 2011, 19:04
crick20002002 wrote:
The general rule of concision states the following preference

V>A>N (Verb usage preferred over Adjective usage preferred over Noun Usage).

Please refer to the latest version of MGMAT SC guide for clarification.

Crick


i have the 4th edition mgmat. can you elaborate on the general rule of concision? How does it apply to my parallelism question?

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Re: need explanation for this OG problem [#permalink]

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New post 30 Nov 2011, 22:40
I think that "of recognizing and grasping" is confusing. Specially, when we have a gerund. Remember the MGMAT SC book, a simple gerund can only be parallel with other simple gerund.

In this case, it could seem that we are comparing a simple gerund with a prepositional phrase. What is the number of the question in the og?
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Re: need explanation for this OG problem [#permalink]

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New post 01 Dec 2011, 03:34
pinchharmonic wrote:
although the correct answer makes sense, I have a more general question about parallelism. I use the MGMAT guide for SC and it talks a lot about the various elements that can be parallel. It's easy to identify the element that should be parallel if it follows "and", as in the below example. What's confusing to me is the parallel element before the and.


that dolphins are capable of recognizing
themselves in mirrors—an ability that is often
considered a sign of self-awareness—and of
spontaneously grasping


i underlined both elements to be parallel, and it's obvious it's a prepositional phrase.

what I want to know is, could you also make the following parallel?

that dolphins are capable of recognizing themselves in mirrors ..... and able to spontaneously grasping

i just changed the initial parallel element to the adjective, so the second one follows

likewise
that dolphins are capable of recognizing themselves in mirrors ..... and are not able to spontaneously grasp

again i just moved it even earlier to the verb part.

those all seem like correct parallel sentences. then why can't i do

that dolphins are capable of recognizing .... and grasping

i understand that you would generally have a prepositional phrase for each element, but what if I started my first parallel element AT the word recognizing? how do we delimit the first parallel element from the stuff that precedes it?

if you notice, answer choice D actually has this last possibility.


Your usage simultaneously "capable of" and "able to" is redundant, although the grammar is correct. It will not prefer. And about the parallelism without "of" in the second part, I agree with Metallicafan. Thank guys.
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Re: need explanation for this OG problem [#permalink]

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New post 01 Dec 2011, 22:21
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pinchharmonic wrote:
crick20002002 wrote:
The general rule of concision states the following preference

V>A>N (Verb usage preferred over Adjective usage preferred over Noun Usage).

Please refer to the latest version of MGMAT SC guide for clarification.

Crick


i have the 4th edition mgmat. can you elaborate on the general rule of concision? How does it apply to my parallelism question?

verb form is better than adj which is better than noun

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Re: need explanation for this OG problem [#permalink]

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New post 02 Dec 2011, 09:20
I second tuanquang269 ...and also keep it simple and clear which is E
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Re: need explanation for this OG problem [#permalink]

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New post 23 Dec 2011, 09:54
be capable of correct idiom
ability to.. correct
help this help
E wins

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Re: The results of two recent unrelated studies support the idea [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jul 2014, 22:46
the results of two recent unrelated studies support the idea that dolphins may share certain cognitive abilities with humans and great apes; the studies indicate dolphins as capable of recognizing themselves in mirrors—an ability that is often considered a sign of self-awareness—and to grasp spontaneously the mood or intention of humans.
A.dolphins as capable of recognizing themselves in mirrors—an ability that is often considered a sign of self-awareness—and to grasp spontaneously

B.dolphins' ability to recognize themselves in mirrors—an ability that is often considered as a sign of self-awareness—and of spontaneously grasping

C.dolphins to be capable of recognizing themselves in mirrors—an ability that is often considered a sign of self-awareness—and to grasp spontaneously

D. that dolphins have the ability of recognizing themselves in mirrors—an ability that is often considered as a sign of self-awareness—and spontaneously grasping

E. that dolphins are capable of recognizing themselves in mirrors—an ability that is often considered a sign of self-awareness—and of spontaneously grasping


I rejected option d because ability of is unidiomatic.But the explanation in the Og says that there is one more error in the sentence that of recognizing is not parallel to grasping.
I think that they are parallel. of can be taken as comman as it is taken in many of the other OG questions.

eg.
Lawmakers are examining measures that would require banks to disclose all fees and account requirements in writing, provide free cashing of government checks, and to create basic savings accounts to carry minimal fees and require minimal initial deposits.

(A) provide free cashing of government checks, and to create basic savings accounts to carry
(B) provide free cashing of government checks, and creating basic savings accounts carrying
(C) to provide free cashing of government checks, and creating basic savings accounts that carry
(D) to provide free cashing of government checks, creating basic savings accounts to carry
(E) to provide free cashing of government checks, and to create basic savings accounts that carry
The explanation of this question says that both "to disclose,to provide ,and to create" and "to disclose,provide ,and create" are correct.

please help.


Also wanted to know that which one of the following questions is correct.
1)sid thinks that rahul is the best batsman and that nayan is he best bowler.
2)sid thinks that rahul is the best batsman and nayan(is) the best bowler.

i think that the 2nd sentence is correct as the clause starts from rahul and that is only a connector.

please help.

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Re: The results of two recent unrelated studies support the idea [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jul 2014, 02:57
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SidKaria wrote:
The explanation of this question says that both "to disclose,to provide ,and to create" and "to disclose,provide ,and create" are correct.

While in this case, both are correct, but we cannot have a blanket rule that in every case, we can remove the preposition, and the sentence would still be correct. For example:

i) Rahul is as comfortable with Shoaib as with Shane Warne.

The above sentence is not the same, when the second preposition with is removed:

ii) Rahul is as comfortable with Shoaib as Shane Warne.

Statement ii) has two interpretations:

a) Rahul is as comfortable with Shoaib as (Rahul is comfortable with) Shane Warne
b) Rahul is as comfortable with Shoaib as Shane Warne (is comfortable with Shoaib)

Coming on to this question, I would agree that there does not seem to be an explicit need of repeating the of with spontaneously grasping, since there does not seem to be any ambiguity in the sentence. However, if you notice, there is another preposition in before spontaneously grasping, and so, by repeating of, the sentence just becomes very easy and unambiguous to read.

Also, I noticed that none of the posters above pointed out that D uses the incorect idiomatic construct considered as. The correct idiom is just considered.
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Re: The results of two recent unrelated studies support the idea [#permalink]

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New post 14 Sep 2017, 11:10
'E' is the correct choice - That introduces the subordinate clause necessary to complete this sentence properly; of recognizing and of spontaneously grasping are parallel.

Correct usage of idiom: indicate 'that', so eliminate the choices 'A', 'B' and 'C'.
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Re: The results of two recent unrelated studies support the idea   [#permalink] 14 Sep 2017, 11:10
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