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The results of two recent unrelated studies support the idea

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The results of two recent unrelated studies support the idea [#permalink]

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The results of two recent unrelated studies support the idea that dolphins may share certain cognitive abilities with humans and great apes; the studies indicate dolphins as capable of recognizing themselves in mirrors—an ability that is often considered a sign of self-awareness—and to grasp spontaneously the mood or intention of humans.

A. dolphins as capable of recognizing themselves in mirrors—an ability that is often considered a sign of self-awareness—and to grasp spontaneously

B. dolphins' ability to recognize themselves in mirrors—an ability that is often considered as a sign of self-awareness—and of spontaneously grasping

C. dolphins to be capable of recognizing themselves in mirrors—an ability that is often considered a sign of self-awareness—and to grasp spontaneously

D. that dolphins have the ability of recognizing themselves in mirrors—an ability that is often considered as a sign of self-awareness—and spontaneously grasping

E. that dolphins are capable of recognizing themselves in mirrors—an ability that is often considered a sign of self-awareness—and of spontaneously grasping
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: The results of two recent unrelated studies support the idea [#permalink]

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New post 26 Dec 2005, 11:56
Agree with duttsit, E it is

Indicate "that" is needed. ||ism...."of....of"

P.s. Hope all of you guys had a wonderful X'mas! :-D
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Re: The results of two recent unrelated studies support the idea [#permalink]

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New post 26 Dec 2005, 17:20
E for m(E) too.

A/B/C have no verb
D. "ability of" is not idiomatic. Also parallelism is lost.

About E, can't say anything better than duttsit and TeHCM.

capable of X .... and of Y is the right construction
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Last edited by giddi77 on 26 Dec 2005, 18:51, edited 1 time in total.

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Re: The results of two recent unrelated studies support the idea [#permalink]

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New post 27 Dec 2005, 09:07
OA is "E"

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Re: The results of two recent unrelated studies support the idea [#permalink]

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New post 27 Dec 2005, 10:32
Just like all the Robertos, I also got E. :beer

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Re: The results of two recent unrelated studies support the idea [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jun 2006, 02:08
giddi77 wrote:
E for m(E) too.

A/B/C have no verb
D. "ability of" is not idiomatic. Also parallelism is lost.

About E, can't say anything better than duttsit and TeHCM.

capable of X .... and of Y is the right construction


I guess Abiity of NOUN is right usage

Here since its a verb Ability to is the usage

Am i right
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Re: The results of two recent unrelated studies support the idea [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jun 2006, 07:01
Six months late, but (E)

Where art thou Duttsit????

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Re: The results of two recent unrelated studies support the idea [#permalink]

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New post 06 Feb 2012, 13:11
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+1 E

Splits:
"Indicate" requires "that". A, B, and C out.
"Consider" doesn't need "as". D out.
Parallelism. A, B.and C out.

E is the answer.
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Re: The results of two recent unrelated studies support the idea [#permalink]

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New post 07 Feb 2012, 03:51
Its a subjunctive sentence ,so we can straight away elminate A,BandC . D can be eliminated because of wrong idimatic usage and parallelism error. E remains and is the answer .
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Re: The results of two recent unrelated studies support the idea [#permalink]

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New post 24 Oct 2012, 13:26
the official ans states that--"In the context of the sentence ,the studies indicate must introduce a clause"
my question is- is there any rule like the above,why it MUST introduce a clause??

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Re: The results of two recent unrelated studies support the idea [#permalink]

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wontgiveup wrote:
the official ans states that--"In the context of the sentence ,the studies indicate must introduce a clause"
my question is- is there any rule like the above,why it MUST introduce a clause??


Hi @wontgiveup:

Any survey, study, or research talks about some finding. Generally, this finding is not a single object but some fact. Hence, it is obvious to write that fact in a clause, giving us some information about it. This is the reason why the explanation states that “indicate” must be followed by a clause because here we are talking about a study supporting some idea.

Hope this helps. :)
Thanks.
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Re: The results of two recent unrelated studies support the idea [#permalink]

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New post 25 Oct 2012, 11:48
Thanks a lot shradda,learnt something new today!!!:)..

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Re: The results of two recent unrelated studies support the idea [#permalink]

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New post 27 Oct 2013, 06:53
egmat wrote:
wontgiveup wrote:
the official ans states that--"In the context of the sentence ,the studies indicate must introduce a clause"
my question is- is there any rule like the above,why it MUST introduce a clause??


Hi @wontgiveup:

Any survey, study, or research talks about some finding. Generally, this finding is not a single object but some fact. Hence, it is obvious to write that fact in a clause, giving us some information about it. This is the reason why the explanation states that “indicate” must be followed by a clause because here we are talking about a study supporting some idea.

Hope this helps. :)
Thanks.
Shraddha


Hi Shraddha,
Can you please tell me why option D is wrong? I'm not really convinced with the OG explanation.

Please share your thoughts.
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Re: The results of two recent unrelated studies support the idea [#permalink]

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Hi there,

There are three errors in option D.

1. The correct idiom is 'ability to', not 'ability of'.
2. 'Consider as' is also an idiom error. 'Consider' should not be followed by 'as' or 'to be'.
3. 'Of' should be repeated to make the parallelism clear.

I hope this helps to clarify your doubts!

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Re: The results of two recent unrelated studies support the idea [#permalink]

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New post 22 Feb 2014, 00:17
egmat wrote:
Hi there,

There are three errors in option D.

1. The correct idiom is 'ability to', not 'ability of'.
2. 'Consider as' is also an idiom error. 'Consider' should not be followed by 'as' or 'to be'.
3. 'Of' should be repeated to make the parallelism clear.

I hope this helps to clarify your doubts!

Regards,
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Can you please explain why "of" is required. I eliminated D on the basis of "as".

of recognizing and (of) grasping - is correct. Can you please provide some examples to make things clear.
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Re: The results of two recent unrelated studies support the idea [#permalink]

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kinjiGC wrote:
Can you please explain why "of" is required. I eliminated D on the basis of "as".

of recognizing and (of) grasping - is correct. Can you please provide some examples to make things clear.


Hi Kinjal,

It's fine to eliminate option D on the basis of "as". Since this part of the sentence is pretty long, it just helps to make the parallelism clear when "of" is repeated.

In fact, the OG explanation states that the two items on the list are not parallel if "of" is not repeated. While it's possible to say that ellipsis can be applied in this case and "of" can be omitted, it's clear from sentences such as this one that official questions prefer to repeat prepositions in parallel items.

Hope this helps. :)

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Re: The results of two recent unrelated studies support the idea [#permalink]

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Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Re: The results of two recent unrelated studies support the idea [#permalink]

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New post 31 Aug 2016, 20:54
"Considered" is never used with a preposition such as "as" or with an infinitive form such as"to be". It is on its own. This helps eliminate B and D.

Parallelism helps eliminate A and C

Hence, E
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Re: The results of two recent unrelated studies support the idea [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jun 2017, 21:52
A. dolphins as capable of recognizing themselves in mirrors—an ability that is often considered a sign of self-awareness—and to grasp spontaneously Awkward as capable
B. dolphins' ability to recognize themselves in mirrors—an ability that is often considered as a sign of self-awareness—and of spontaneously grasping themselves has to refer back to dolphins but here it is referring back to ability.
C. dolphins to be capable of recognizing themselves in mirrors—an ability that is often considered a sign of self-awareness—and to grasp spontaneously wordy and awkward
D. that dolphins have the ability of recognizing themselves in mirrors—an ability that is often considered as a sign of self-awareness—and spontaneously grasping wordy
E. that dolphins are capable of recognizing themselves in mirrors—an ability that is often considered a sign of self-awareness—and of spontaneously grasping correct
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Re: The results of two recent unrelated studies support the idea   [#permalink] 20 Jun 2017, 21:52

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