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The stable functioning of a society depends upon the relatively long-

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New post 27 Oct 2018, 11:43
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The stable functioning of a society depends upon the relatively long-term stability of the goals of its citizens. This is clear from the fact that unless the majority of individuals have a predictable and enduring set of aspirations, it will be impossible for a legislature to craft laws that will augment the satisfaction of the citizenry, and it should be obvious that a society is stable only if its laws tend to increase the happiness of its citizens.

The claim that a society is stable only if its laws tend to increase the happiness of its citizens plays which one of the following roles in the argument?

(A) It is the conclusion of the argument
(B) It helps to support the conclusion of the argument
(C) It is a claim that must be refuted if the conclusion is to be established
(D) It is a consequence of the argument
(E) It is used to illustrate the general principle that the argument presupposes

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New post 27 Oct 2018, 12:53
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nightblade354 wrote:
The stable functioning of a society depends upon the relatively long-term stability of the goals of its citizens. This is clear from the fact that unless the majority of individuals have a predictable and enduring set of aspirations, it will be impossible for a legislature to craft laws that will augment the satisfaction of the citizenry, and it should be obvious that a society is stable only if its laws tend to increase the happiness of its citizens.

The claim that a society is stable only if its laws tend to increase the happiness of its citizens plays which one of the following roles in the argument?

(A) It is the conclusion of the argument
(B) It helps to support the conclusion of the argument
(C) It is a claim that must be refuted if the conclusion is to be established
(D) It is a consequence of the argument
(E) It is used to illustrate the general principle that the argument presupposes


+1 for B.
Lets understand the structure of the argument:
Premise: Unless the majority of individuals have a predictable and enduring set of aspirations, it will be impossible for a legislature to craft laws that will augment the satisfaction of the citizenry.
Premise: A society is stable only if its laws tend to increase the happiness of its citizens.
Conclusion: Hence, the stable functioning of a society depends upon the relatively long-term stability of the goals of its citizens. (predictable aspirations --> satisfactory laws --> stable society).

Now, since the sentence 'a society is ....' is acting as a premise in the above argument therefore option B is the clear choice as it states that the sentence helps to support the conclusion of the argument.
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New post 30 Oct 2018, 13:51
Quote:
The stable functioning of a society depends upon the relatively long-term stability of the goals of its citizens. This is clear from the fact that unless the majority of individuals have a predictable and enduring set of aspirations, it will be impossible for a legislature to craft laws that will augment the satisfaction of the citizenry, and it should be obvious that a society is stable only if its laws tend to increase the happiness of its citizens.

The claim that a society is stable only if its laws tend to increase the happiness of its citizens plays which one of the following roles in the argument?

(A) It is the conclusion of the argument
(B) It helps to support the conclusion of the argument
(C) It is a claim that must be refuted if the conclusion is to be established
(D) It is a consequence of the argument
(E) It is used to illustrate the general principle that the argument presupposes


The question is moderately hard due to the fact that most people would be confused while figuring out the conclusion of the argument. The argument starts with the sentence "The stable functioning of a society depends upon the relatively long-term stability of the goals of its citizens." which is the conclusion of the argument and the second sentence "This is clear from the fact that unless the majority of individuals have a predictable and enduring set of aspirations, it will be impossible for a legislature to craft laws that will augment the satisfaction of the citizenry, and it should be obvious that a society is stable only if its laws tend to increase the happiness of its citizens." is the premise which strengthens the claim that the stable functioning of a society does depend on the long-term stability of the goals of its citizens.

The question stem asks to identify the role of the claim that "a society is stable only if its laws tend to increase the happiness of its citizens."This is a part of the second sentence which is the premise and is used to support the conclusion of the argument. It says that making laws that the majority likes is essential for the satisfaction of the citizenry, and making such laws is only possible when the majority of individuals have predictable and enduring set of aspirations, that is when they have similar goals, the last part of the second sentence rephrases that a society would be considered stable only if its laws tend to increase the happiness of its citizens. Hence, the role of the claim is to indirectly strengthen the conclusion of the argument. Hence, B
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New post 31 Oct 2018, 05:38
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I understand why B can be perceived as correct, but I don't understand how E can be incorrect. Can someone please provide with an explanation for the same?
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New post 31 Oct 2018, 06:08
Hello Experts,

GMATNinja, gmat1393, GMATNinjaTwo, broall, nightblade354

Can you please help? I also have same doubt. I understand the rationale behind selecting Bbut cannot understand why E is wrong.

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New post 31 Oct 2018, 11:51
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E is saying that the argument "presupposes," or assumes, some principle that is illustrated by the statement in question. However, the statement is itself a clear expression of a principle. It is not an illustration or example of some unstated principle. For E to be right, the sentence would have to be describing some concrete situation that illustrated the principle.
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New post 02 Nov 2018, 06:38
DmitryFarber wrote:
E is saying that the argument "presupposes," or assumes, some principle that is illustrated by the statement in question. However, the statement is itself a clear expression of a principle. It is not an illustration or example of some unstated principle. For E to be right, the sentence would have to be describing some concrete situation that illustrated the principle.


DmitryFarber Thanks for the response. So option E is wrong because the statement is not an illustration of any general principle but rather a general principle itself.


Regards,
Arup.
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Re: The stable functioning of a society depends upon the relatively long-   [#permalink] 02 Nov 2018, 06:38
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