GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

 It is currently 14 Oct 2019, 11:47

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# There is speculation that increasing cold weather was what

 new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics
Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Manager
Joined: 13 Aug 2009
Posts: 111
WE 1: 4 years in IT
There is speculation that increasing cold weather was what  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

Updated on: 02 Jan 2018, 23:49
3
9
00:00

Difficulty:

25% (medium)

Question Stats:

68% (01:04) correct 32% (01:17) wrong based on 260 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

There is speculation that increasing cold weather was what may have been responsible for the Anasazi move from Mesa Verde to sites in other canyons.

(A) that increasing cold weather was what may have been

(B) whether increasing cold weather was what was

(C) that increasingly cold weather was what had been

(D) whether increasingly cold weather may have been what was

(E) that increasingly cold weather may have been

Originally posted by raghavs on 07 Apr 2010, 10:16.
Last edited by hazelnut on 02 Jan 2018, 23:49, edited 2 times in total.
OA added
Director
Joined: 17 Feb 2010
Posts: 893
Re: There is speculation that increasing cold weather was what  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

07 Apr 2010, 11:27
There is speculation that increasing cold weather was what may have been responsible for the Anasazi move from Mesa Verde to sites in other canyons.

(A) that increasing cold weather was what may have been
(B) whether increasing cold weather was what was
(C) that increasingly cold weather was what had been
(D) whether increasingly cold weather may have been what was
(E) that increasingly cold weather may have been

subjunctive mood....so "speculation.....that" is needed

that takes (B) and (D) out.

(A) is wrong because of "increasing cold weather"

Between (B) and (E), I liked (E) because the sentence is about speculation and so should have "may". But I thought "have" is wrong because "have" is used for plural subjects and so picked (B).

can someone explain why (E) is correct and if I need any thought readjustment.
Retired Moderator
Status: Darden Class of 2013
Joined: 28 Jul 2009
Posts: 1789
Schools: University of Virginia
Re: There is speculation that increasing cold weather was what  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

07 Apr 2010, 12:54
E is right because it uses the correct advert.

"Increasingly", in this case, is modifying the the word "cold". "Cold" is then modifying the word "weather". By saying "increasing cold weather", one can literally take it as the weather is "increasing", which in this case, doesn't make sense at all. What is increasing? The coldness is increasing; therefore, to modify "cold", one has to use "increasingLY". Hope this helps!
_________________
Manager
Joined: 04 Apr 2010
Posts: 77
Schools: UCLA Anderson
Re: There is speculation that increasing cold weather was what  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

07 Apr 2010, 13:13
1
seekmba wrote:

Between (B) and (E), I liked (E) because the sentence is about speculation and so should have "may". But I thought "have" is wrong because "have" is used for plural subjects and so picked (B).

can someone explain why (E) is correct and if I need any thought readjustment.

"May have been" can be used with a singular subject. For example, "The dog may have been..." or "The student may have been..." It this case "may have been" is correct to use with the subject "weather."

bakfed gives a good explanation of why B is wrong as well.
_________________
If this post was helpful, please give Kudos.
Director
Joined: 17 Feb 2010
Posts: 893
Re: There is speculation that increasing cold weather was what  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

07 Apr 2010, 18:21
Sorry...I meant to say that I picked (C).

I knew (A), (B) and (D) are straight out.

I was struggling between (C) and (E).

I picked (C) because "increasingly cold weather had been responsible for the move" ...seemed correct.

What is wrong with (C)?
Intern
Joined: 15 Feb 2010
Posts: 41
Location: Tokyo
Schools: Insead
Re: There is speculation that increasing cold weather was what  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

07 Apr 2010, 20:17
seekmba wrote:
Sorry...I meant to say that I picked (C).

I knew (A), (B) and (D) are straight out.

I was struggling between (C) and (E).

I picked (C) because "increasingly cold weather had been responsible for the move" ...seemed correct.

What is wrong with (C)?

I think the usage of the tense in C is wrong. I don't think we need "Had been" structure in this context and also the "may" structure in E matches "speculations" much better.
Manager
Joined: 07 Jan 2010
Posts: 145
Re: There is speculation that increasing cold weather was what  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

08 Apr 2010, 11:28
I will go for E.

past perfect is not necessary for two past events. It is used when there is a need to establish chronology.
Senior Manager
Joined: 02 Oct 2009
Posts: 382
GMAT 1: 530 Q47 V17
GMAT 2: 710 Q50 V36
WE: Business Development (Consulting)
Re: There is speculation that increasing cold weather was what  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

08 Apr 2010, 15:48
increasing cold weather

here i feel increasing(a ADJ) is modifying "cold weather"

but can some give a Ex: of ADJ2 ADJ1 NOUN(adj1 modifying NOUN and ADJ2 modify ADJ1)
Senior Manager
Joined: 03 Nov 2005
Posts: 267
Location: Chicago, IL
Re: There is speculation that increasing cold weather was what  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

08 Apr 2010, 15:51
I'll go with E. I still think that, on top of everything, option C unnecessary changes the meaning of the original sentence.
_________________
Hard work is the main determinant of success
SVP
Joined: 06 Sep 2013
Posts: 1573
Concentration: Finance
Re: There is speculation that increasing cold weather was what  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

06 Sep 2013, 13:49
Isn't speculation....may redundant?
Senior Manager
Joined: 02 Mar 2012
Posts: 275
Schools: Schulich '16
Re: There is speculation that increasing cold weather was what  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

13 Jul 2016, 23:53
jlgdr wrote:
Isn't speculation....may redundant?

yes i am thinking the same.

Marked C.

cold weather had been responsible for the move.

that move is finished with the cold weather described.I thought 'had' had more energy here.
Manager
Joined: 22 Feb 2016
Posts: 84
Location: India
Concentration: Economics, Healthcare
GMAT 1: 690 Q42 V47
GMAT 2: 710 Q47 V39
GPA: 3.57
Re: There is speculation that increasing cold weather was what  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

17 Dec 2016, 21:02
First step 2/3 split: when there is a speculation then it should be followed by That specially in this case where we are determining the speculation. This eliminates the options with weather.

Now E is the only option which depicts the entire case in a lucid way without fancy gibberish.
Director
Joined: 09 Jun 2010
Posts: 715
Re: There is speculation that increasing cold weather was what  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

10 Jan 2017, 06:21
raghavs wrote:
3. There is speculation that increasing cold weather was what may have been responsible for the Anasazi move from Mesa Verde to sites in other canyons.
(A) that increasing cold weather was what may have been
(B) whether increasing cold weather was what was
(C) that increasingly cold weather was what had been
(D) whether increasingly cold weather may have been what was
(E) that increasingly cold weather may have been

OA E

let me try to say something.
in a and b, "increasing" modify "wheather" grammatically. this modification is not logic. it should modify "cold" and become "increasingly". this error is easy.
"speculation" must go with "that-clause", and can not go with "whether-clause. we can remember this idiom through the meaning of "whether-clause". d is gone.

in c, "had been" is not justified. we need a sequence to use had done. grammatically, "what had been" must happen before "was what". but this is not logic. c can be correct if a shorter version is " cold weather was responsible...".

in "that-clause" after "speculation" both confirmation verb "was" or " possibility" verb can be used, I think. This point can not be explained in grammar books but must be infered by us.
Director
Joined: 24 Oct 2016
Posts: 529
GMAT 1: 670 Q46 V36
GMAT 2: 690 Q47 V38
There is speculation that increasing cold weather was what  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

23 Feb 2019, 12:27
raghavs wrote:
There is speculation that increasing cold weather was what may have been responsible for the Anasazi move from Mesa Verde to sites in other canyons.

(A) that increasing cold weather was what may have been

(B) whether increasing cold weather was what was

(C) that increasingly cold weather was what had been

(D) whether increasingly cold weather may have been what was

(E) that increasingly cold weather may have been

Main Issues:

1) Adjective vs Adverb: We need an adverb "increasingly" instead of an adjective "increasing" since it is modifying an adjective "cold". Using an adjective to modify "cold weather" distorts the meaning.
2) Concision: Fewer words to imply the same meaning are preferred on GMAT.

(A) that increasing cold weather was what may have been - Wrong: Need "increasingly" instead of "increasing"

(B) whether increasing cold weather was what was - Wrong: Need "increasingly" instead of "increasing"

(C) that increasingly cold weather was what had been - Wrong: Concision

(D) whether increasingly cold weather may have been what was - Wrong: Concision

(E) that increasingly cold weather may have been - Correct
_________________

If you found my post useful, KUDOS are much appreciated. Giving Kudos is a great way to thank and motivate contributors, without costing you anything.
There is speculation that increasing cold weather was what   [#permalink] 23 Feb 2019, 12:27
Display posts from previous: Sort by

# There is speculation that increasing cold weather was what

 new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics

 Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne