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There is speculation that increasing cold weather was what

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There is speculation that increasing cold weather was what  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 02 Jan 2018, 23:49
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A
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There is speculation that increasing cold weather was what may have been responsible for the Anasazi move from Mesa Verde to sites in other canyons.

(A) that increasing cold weather was what may have been

(B) whether increasing cold weather was what was

(C) that increasingly cold weather was what had been

(D) whether increasingly cold weather may have been what was

(E) that increasingly cold weather may have been

Originally posted by raghavs on 07 Apr 2010, 10:16.
Last edited by hazelnut on 02 Jan 2018, 23:49, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: There is speculation that increasing cold weather was what  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Apr 2010, 11:27
There is speculation that increasing cold weather was what may have been responsible for the Anasazi move from Mesa Verde to sites in other canyons.

(A) that increasing cold weather was what may have been
(B) whether increasing cold weather was what was
(C) that increasingly cold weather was what had been
(D) whether increasingly cold weather may have been what was
(E) that increasingly cold weather may have been

subjunctive mood....so "speculation.....that" is needed

that takes (B) and (D) out.

(A) is wrong because of "increasing cold weather"

Between (B) and (E), I liked (E) because the sentence is about speculation and so should have "may". But I thought "have" is wrong because "have" is used for plural subjects and so picked (B).

can someone explain why (E) is correct and if I need any thought readjustment.
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Re: There is speculation that increasing cold weather was what  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Apr 2010, 12:54
E is right because it uses the correct advert.

"Increasingly", in this case, is modifying the the word "cold". "Cold" is then modifying the word "weather". By saying "increasing cold weather", one can literally take it as the weather is "increasing", which in this case, doesn't make sense at all. What is increasing? The coldness is increasing; therefore, to modify "cold", one has to use "increasingLY". Hope this helps!
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Re: There is speculation that increasing cold weather was what  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Apr 2010, 13:13
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seekmba wrote:

Between (B) and (E), I liked (E) because the sentence is about speculation and so should have "may". But I thought "have" is wrong because "have" is used for plural subjects and so picked (B).

can someone explain why (E) is correct and if I need any thought readjustment.


"May have been" can be used with a singular subject. For example, "The dog may have been..." or "The student may have been..." It this case "may have been" is correct to use with the subject "weather."

bakfed gives a good explanation of why B is wrong as well.
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Re: There is speculation that increasing cold weather was what  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Apr 2010, 18:21
Sorry...I meant to say that I picked (C).

I knew (A), (B) and (D) are straight out.

I was struggling between (C) and (E).

I picked (C) because "increasingly cold weather had been responsible for the move" ...seemed correct.

What is wrong with (C)?
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Re: There is speculation that increasing cold weather was what  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Apr 2010, 20:17
seekmba wrote:
Sorry...I meant to say that I picked (C).

I knew (A), (B) and (D) are straight out.

I was struggling between (C) and (E).

I picked (C) because "increasingly cold weather had been responsible for the move" ...seemed correct.

What is wrong with (C)?


I think the usage of the tense in C is wrong. I don't think we need "Had been" structure in this context and also the "may" structure in E matches "speculations" much better.
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Re: There is speculation that increasing cold weather was what  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Apr 2010, 11:28
I will go for E.

past perfect is not necessary for two past events. It is used when there is a need to establish chronology.
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Re: There is speculation that increasing cold weather was what  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Apr 2010, 15:48
increasing cold weather

here i feel increasing(a ADJ) is modifying "cold weather"

but can some give a Ex: of ADJ2 ADJ1 NOUN(adj1 modifying NOUN and ADJ2 modify ADJ1)
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Re: There is speculation that increasing cold weather was what  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Apr 2010, 15:51
I'll go with E. I still think that, on top of everything, option C unnecessary changes the meaning of the original sentence.
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Re: There is speculation that increasing cold weather was what  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Sep 2013, 13:49
Isn't speculation....may redundant?
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Re: There is speculation that increasing cold weather was what  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jul 2016, 23:53
jlgdr wrote:
Isn't speculation....may redundant?


yes i am thinking the same.

Marked C.

cold weather had been responsible for the move.

that move is finished with the cold weather described.I thought 'had' had more energy here.
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Re: There is speculation that increasing cold weather was what  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Dec 2016, 21:02
First step 2/3 split: when there is a speculation then it should be followed by That specially in this case where we are determining the speculation. This eliminates the options with weather.

Now E is the only option which depicts the entire case in a lucid way without fancy gibberish.
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Re: There is speculation that increasing cold weather was what  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jan 2017, 06:21
raghavs wrote:
3. There is speculation that increasing cold weather was what may have been responsible for the Anasazi move from Mesa Verde to sites in other canyons.
(A) that increasing cold weather was what may have been
(B) whether increasing cold weather was what was
(C) that increasingly cold weather was what had been
(D) whether increasingly cold weather may have been what was
(E) that increasingly cold weather may have been

OA E


let me try to say something.
in a and b, "increasing" modify "wheather" grammatically. this modification is not logic. it should modify "cold" and become "increasingly". this error is easy.
"speculation" must go with "that-clause", and can not go with "whether-clause. we can remember this idiom through the meaning of "whether-clause". d is gone.

in c, "had been" is not justified. we need a sequence to use had done. grammatically, "what had been" must happen before "was what". but this is not logic. c can be correct if a shorter version is " cold weather was responsible...".

in "that-clause" after "speculation" both confirmation verb "was" or " possibility" verb can be used, I think. This point can not be explained in grammar books but must be infered by us.
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There is speculation that increasing cold weather was what  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Feb 2019, 12:27
raghavs wrote:
There is speculation that increasing cold weather was what may have been responsible for the Anasazi move from Mesa Verde to sites in other canyons.

(A) that increasing cold weather was what may have been

(B) whether increasing cold weather was what was

(C) that increasingly cold weather was what had been

(D) whether increasingly cold weather may have been what was

(E) that increasingly cold weather may have been


Main Issues:


1) Adjective vs Adverb: We need an adverb "increasingly" instead of an adjective "increasing" since it is modifying an adjective "cold". Using an adjective to modify "cold weather" distorts the meaning.
2) Concision: Fewer words to imply the same meaning are preferred on GMAT.

(A) that increasing cold weather was what may have been - Wrong: Need "increasingly" instead of "increasing"

(B) whether increasing cold weather was what was - Wrong: Need "increasingly" instead of "increasing"

(C) that increasingly cold weather was what had been - Wrong: Concision

(D) whether increasingly cold weather may have been what was - Wrong: Concision

(E) that increasingly cold weather may have been - Correct
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There is speculation that increasing cold weather was what   [#permalink] 23 Feb 2019, 12:27
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