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# This picture of Beethoven was sketched by a close friend of

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Re: SC-Pronoun Error  [#permalink]

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08 Dec 2011, 11:35
esledge wrote:
Scrat wrote:
I go for E too but you should probably also look at "by memory" vs "from memory" as well. 'by memory" is not correct here so A and D are out. C completely changes the meaning of the sentence. for B, "from memory" position in the sentence is amiguous so E is the only one that makes sense.

This picture of Beethoven was sketched by a close friend of his by memory a few weeks after his death.
A. was sketched by a close friend of his by memory a few weeks after his death
B. was sketched by his close friend from memory a few weeks after his death
C. on his death bed, was sketched by a close friend of his from memory a few weeks later
D. was sketched by a close friend a few weeks after his death by memory
E. was sketched from memory a few weeks after his death by a close friend of his

I agree that by memory/from memory is useful. However, I disagree that "from memory" placement is ambiguous in B. A prepositional phrase can be either a noun modifier or adverbial modifier:

(1) Adverbial modifiers don't have to touch the modified verb/whatever. So if we mean "sketched by memory," then "sketched by his close friend from memory" is acceptable, especially since "by his close friend" also modifies "sketched," so it's understandable that the modifiers can't both touch "sketched."

(2) If "from memory" is interpreted as a noun modifier, then it must modify "friend." But this is far less reasonable than the interpretation in (1) above. And in any case, (E) has a similar issue: "death by a close friend" is a more common turn of phrase than "friend from memory," and is a more concerning ambiguity (logically). Also, (E) has greater distance between its troublesome modifier and "sketched" than (B) does!

In summary: I'm willing to concede that E may be OK, but I do not agree that B is wrong. In my view, B is somewhat preferable to E. I think we must conclude that this question has two acceptable answers and is therefore flawed.

Very nice explanation. I also confused between B and E. Based on your points, I was really convinced B is the correct one. Thanks.
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Re: This picture of Beethoven was sketched by a close friend of  [#permalink]

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09 Dec 2011, 07:57
+1for E.... after some very good explanations
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Re: This picture of Beethoven was sketched by a close friend of  [#permalink]

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05 Jun 2012, 08:48
E can just not be correct, considering the distortion of meaning it lends itself to.

E. was sketched from memory a few weeks after his death by a close friend of his

E erroneously points out the possibility that Beethoven’s death itself occurred by a close friend of his. How funny!
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Re: This picture of Beethoven was sketched by a close friend of  [#permalink]

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05 Jun 2012, 09:48
2
Woah.. after reading.. the replies.. i am terribly confused. I Went with B though1
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Re: This picture of Beethoven was sketched by a close friend of  [#permalink]

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20 Sep 2013, 09:36
Bumping for review and further discussion*.

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This picture of Beethoven was sketched by a close friend of  [#permalink]

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03 Feb 2015, 08:56
bschooladmit wrote:
Woah.. after reading.. the replies.. i am terribly confused. I Went with B though1

... And after a few years later ... my choices came down to B and E, too.

In the end, as both these questions have their own flaws ... E is just too ambiguous for my taste: " ... after his death by a close friend of his" is definitely not clear.

Choice B, for me...no qualms about the prepositional phrase placement --

This isn't a very a good question for practice, but a good question for learning!
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Re: This picture of Beethoven was sketched by a close friend of  [#permalink]

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06 Feb 2015, 07:59
E is correct as it implies the meaning...
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This picture of Beethoven was sketched by a close friend of  [#permalink]

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06 Feb 2015, 11:42
Another B here. E reads like his friend killed Bethooven to me. Since we have to pick the least worst choice, I'd pick B.
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Re: This picture of Beethoven was sketched by a close friend of  [#permalink]

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17 Feb 2015, 16:44
lionslion wrote:
This picture of Beethoven was sketched by a close friend of his by memory a few weeks after his death.

A. was sketched by a close friend of his by memory a few weeks after his death
B. was sketched by his close friend from memory a few weeks after his death
C. on his death bed, was sketched by a close friend of his from memory a few weeks later
D. was sketched by a close friend a few weeks after his death by memory
E. was sketched from memory a few weeks after his death by a close friend of his

Tricky question and good attempts at explaining the rationale behind the various answers. I think B and E are both grammatically correct, but B is more elegant where as E is somewhat awkward and wordy. There is no pronoun problem with B....both 'his' can only refer to Beethoven for two reasons. One, the antecedent of the first his is well established and the second his must have the same antecedent. If we DID NOT want this to be the case, we'd have to reword the sentence. The second reason is that the friend cannot paint after his own death, so the second his can only refer to the person who has died.
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Re: This picture of Beethoven was sketched by a close friend of  [#permalink]

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22 Jun 2017, 23:08
B is the right answer. It is more clear .
I had a clarification here.In Option E,can a sentence ever end with "a friend of his" in GMAT. We normally use this in spoken English. But is this the right usage in written GMAT English ?
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Re: This picture of Beethoven was sketched by a close friend of  [#permalink]

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24 Jun 2017, 21:08
Quote:
This picture of Beethoven was sketched by a close friend of his by memory a few weeks after his death.

A. was sketched by a close friend of his by memory a few weeks after his death
B. was sketched by his close friend from memory a few weeks after his death
C. on his death bed, was sketched by a close friend of his from memory a few weeks later
D. was sketched by a close friend a few weeks after his death by memory
E. was sketched from memory a few weeks after his death by a close friend of his

MY POE :

A .This picture of Beethoven was sketched by a close friend of his by memory a few weeks after his death .
B. This picture of Beethoven was sketched by his close friend from memory a few weeks after his death .
C. on his death bed - seriously.
D. was sketched by a close friend a few weeks after his death by memory - damn this is great.
E. This picture of Beethoven was sketched from memory a few weeks after his death by a close friend of his - lol that was betrayal.

My answer: No answer.
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Re: This picture of Beethoven was sketched by a close friend of  [#permalink]

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24 Jun 2017, 21:10
This question is a typical example of the statement - KILL HIM NOT LEAVE HIM. by a judge. The pauses you make drastically changes the sentence. daagh , GMATNinja. What is your view on this question.
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Re: This picture of Beethoven was sketched by a close friend of  [#permalink]

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24 Jun 2017, 21:55
Imo B
I think placement of from memory is not so good in B.

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Re: This picture of Beethoven was sketched by a close friend of  [#permalink]

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14 Dec 2017, 08:56
1
I used a meaning/S-V/ humor based to think out loud the sentence as an approach for this, in the style of GMATNinja [Really appreciate the explanations]

This picture of Beethoven was sketched by a close friend of his by memory a few weeks after his death.

A. was sketched by a close friend of his by memory a few weeks after his death - 'memory' cannot sketch. OUT
B. was sketched by his close friend from memory a few weeks after his death - 'his close friend from memory' - very inception like, it seems the friend was from 'memory' too. OUT
C. on his death bed, was sketched by a close friend of his from memory a few weeks later same issue as C. Inception! OUT
D. was sketched by a close friend a few weeks after his death by memory memory cannot sketch. OUT
E. was sketched from memory a few weeks after his death by a close friend of his CORRECT. 'Picture was sketched from memory a few weeks later'
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Re: This picture of Beethoven was sketched by a close friend of  [#permalink]

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17 Dec 2017, 06:20
Can anyone please tell me which one is the correct answer? I got lost after reading all comments
I chose B btw
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Re: This picture of Beethoven was sketched by a close friend of  [#permalink]

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06 Jul 2018, 19:30
This picture of Beethoven was sketched by a close friend of his by memory a few weeks after his death.

A. was sketched by a close friend of his by memory a few weeks after his death
B. was sketched by his close friend from memory a few weeks after his death _ 2nd MOST SORTED
C. on his death bed, was sketched by a close friend of his from memory a few weeks later
D. was sketched by a close friend a few weeks after his death by memory
E. was sketched from memory a few weeks after his death by a close friend of his - PROPOSED OA

In B
The picture was painted by a DEAD friend ?
In E
Bets Death was caused by a close friend of his ?

I find both options funny and ambiguous.
Hi daagh Sir, abhimahna, Is there a way you can frame the sentence such that the sentence removes all ambiguities ?
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Re: This picture of Beethoven was sketched by a close friend of  [#permalink]

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07 Jul 2018, 04:57
Hello mikemcgarry, GMATNinjaTwo, GMATNinja

I couldn't find even single option correct. As per my understanding, every option has error. Could you advise.

A. was sketched by a close friend of his by memory a few weeks after his death-- close friend of his by memory
B. was sketched by his close friend from memory a few weeks after his death-- friend from memory
C. on his death bed, was sketched by a close friend of his from memory a few weeks later --friend of his from memory
D. was sketched by a close friend a few weeks after his death by memory-- death by memory
E. was sketched from memory a few weeks after his death by a close friend of his-- death by a close friend --really :(
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Re: This picture of Beethoven was sketched by a close friend of  [#permalink]

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07 Jul 2018, 05:07
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This picture of Beethoven was sketched by a close friend of his by memory a few weeks after his death.

A. was sketched by a close friend of his by memory a few weeks after his death
B. was sketched by his close friend from memory a few weeks after his death
C. on his deathbed was sketched by a close friend of his from memory a few weeks later
D. was sketched by a close friend a few weeks after his death by memory
E. was sketched from memory a few weeks after his death by a close friend of his

The take away from this question is to make the most of it for some useful tips.

1. 'Of his' is double possessive and therefore remove A, C, and E.
2. 'Sketched by memory' and 'death by memory' are both illogical in D

His death in B cannot refer to his friend's death; If he was dead, how did he sketch? Please apply logic. B is the best of the lot.
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Re: This picture of Beethoven was sketched by a close friend of  [#permalink]

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07 Jul 2018, 05:25
daagh wrote:
This picture of Beethoven was sketched by a close friend of his by memory a few weeks after his death.

A. was sketched by a close friend of his by memory a few weeks after his death
B. was sketched by his close friend from memory a few weeks after his death
C. on his deathbed was sketched by a close friend of his from memory a few weeks later
D. was sketched by a close friend a few weeks after his death by memory
E. was sketched from memory a few weeks after his death by a close friend of his

The take away from this question is to make the most of it for some useful tips.

1. 'Of his' is double possessive and therefore remove A, C, and E.
2. 'Sketched by memory' and 'death by memory' are both illogical in D

His death in B cannot refer to his friend's death; If he was dead, how did he sketch? Please apply logic. B is the best of the lot.

daagh,

In B option, does "Friend From Memory" make sense ?
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Re: This picture of Beethoven was sketched by a close friend of  [#permalink]

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07 Jul 2018, 06:01
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It is illogical to take 'a friend from memory.' Can memory produce friends?

But the sketches can be from memory, especially if the person being sketched is no more.
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Re: This picture of Beethoven was sketched by a close friend of &nbs [#permalink] 07 Jul 2018, 06:01

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# This picture of Beethoven was sketched by a close friend of

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