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Time management techniques have regularly been used to improve

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Time management techniques have regularly been used to improve employee productivity in many organizations. Identifying the time of the day when employees are more efficient helps the management better sequence the work during the week to maximize the productivity throughout the organization. However, when Morigo Inc. enforced a time-tracking software with this intent, it observed a sharp decline in the efficiency levels throughout the organization.

Which of the following, if true, most helps to explain the paradox presented in the passage?

A. To attain maximum benefit from time tracking software, companies need to adapt their work processes to allow for time-based work assignment.

B. The highest improvement in efficiency has been recorded in the R&D department – a department that has the fewest employees in the company.

C. Prior to the implementation of the time-tracking software, employees at Morigo Inc. had a better than industry standards efficiency.

D. In many cases, a drop-in employees’ productivity levels occurs when unplanned activities arise.

E. Increased stress levels due to the perception that their work is being monitored closely has led to a drop in employees’ efficiency levels post the implementation of the time-tracking system.



 

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New post 01 Jul 2019, 08:27
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Moderator kudos are worth 100 GOT points. They will not be given to posts that do not deserve them. So post solid, full explanations and help your team win! Here is an example of what I deem to be a kudos-worthy post:


Time management techniques have regularly been used to improve employee productivity in many organizations. Identifying the time of the day when employees are more efficient helps the management better sequence the work during the week to maximize the productivity throughout the organization. However, when Morigo Inc. enforced a time-tracking software with this intent, it observed a sharp decline in the efficiency levels throughout the organization.

Breakdown: Time management helps productivity, but Morigo's has dropped. Why is this? Too many ways to break this down, so let's see if any answer helps bridge the issue

Which of the following, if true, most helps to explain the paradox presented in the passage?

A. To attain maximum benefit from time tracking software, companies need to adapt their work processes to allow for time-based work assignment. -- OK, and? Who cares about maximum benefit? How does this show us anything? We have to allow for something, but we have to assume that this doesn't already occur. And beyond that, we have to assume that this is the trigger for inefficiency and is happening because of the system. Wrong on so many levels. Out.

B. The highest improvement in efficiency has been recorded in the R&D department – a department that has the fewest employees in the company. -- Who cares about size of a department? And for that matter, who cares about a singular department? This could be a unique set of people. And beyond this, so one set of people has it work for them. But does this help show us anything other than that it could work? No. Out.

C. Prior to the implementation of the time-tracking software, employees at Morigo Inc. had a better than industry standards efficiency. -- OK, cool. This says that we were ahead prior. But does this resolve anything? Nope. It just shows that we are less efficient. This is more of a strengthener. Either way, out.

D. In many cases, a drop-in employees’ productivity levels occurs when unplanned activities arise. -- So unplanned activities occur. But who cares? And how many is many? We want to bridge a gap of how one thing caused another to drop. We would have to assume that the unplanned activities are caused by the new system. This is a ridiculous assumption to make. Out.

E. Increased stress levels due to the perception that their work is being monitored closely has led to a drop in employees’ efficiency levels post the implementation of the time-tracking system. -- Bingo! So people know that the system is watching them. This causes them to become less efficient. Perfect.

Things I do not give kudos for:

1. Saying something is "Out of Scope". Explain Why.
2. Saying something is wrong and not explaining it fully (Example: We are not looking for X).
3. Providing a lengthy explanation that is inaccurate
4. Providing just the answer, sans an explanation
5. Providing an explanation just for the OA


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Re: Time management techniques have regularly been used to improve  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jul 2019, 08:18
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In my opinion option E best explains the reason as to why there could be a drop in efficiency.
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New post 01 Jul 2019, 08:23
This should be E
because it is clearly explaining the idea of stress leading to reduce efficiency

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Re: Time management techniques have regularly been used to improve  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jul 2019, 08:30
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IMO E

Time management techniques have regularly been used to improve employee productivity in many organizations. Identifying the time of the day when employees are more efficient helps the management better sequence the work during the week to maximize the productivity throughout the organization. However, when Morigo Inc. enforced a time-tracking software with this intent, it observed a sharp decline in the efficiency levels throughout the organization.

Which of the following, if true, most helps to explain the paradox presented in the passage?

A. To attain maximum benefit from time tracking software, companies need to adapt their work processes to allow for time-based work assignment.
This does not resolve the paradox of why applying time tracking software led to decline in efficiency.

B. The highest improvement in efficiency has been recorded in the R&D department – a department that has the fewest employees in the company.
This option also does not do the intended purpose and out of scope

C. Prior to the implementation of the time-tracking software, employees at Morigo Inc. had a better than industry standards efficiency.
We are not dealing with the standards.

D. In many cases, a drop-in employees’ productivity levels occurs when unplanned activities arise.
Out of scope information.

E. Increased stress levels due to the perception that their work is being monitored closely has led to a drop in employees’ efficiency levels post the implementation of the
time-tracking system.
This option clearly states the reason why there was a decline in efficiency
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Re: Time management techniques have regularly been used to improve  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jul 2019, 08:38
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Notes from the passage:

Premise:
1. Time mgmt. used -> emp. prod. up
2. identify efficient time to better plan

Counter Premise:
1. Marigo imp. time mgmt. -> sharp decline in emp. prod.

What is the passage talking about?
It says that the time management technique is being used by many organisations and can be a better tool to improve productivity of employees by identifying their most efficient time and assigning work at that slot. But it also states that when Morigo Inc. used the time tracking software, the employee productivity declined steeply.

THOUGHTS on why:
Something negative must have happened for the productivity decline. May be the employees dint like the change or the management did not implement it properly.

Let's go over the answer choices: We want to know WHY the productivity declined.

A. This doesn't answer the WHY. It simply states what the company should do. - Irrelevant
B. We do not want to know about the highest efficiency, we want something negative that will explain the WHY - Opposite tone
C. We do not want to know how Marigo was before. - Irrelevant
D. Seems okayish but how does the unplanned activities relate to time management software implementation - Will keep it in case I don't find E convincing, but kind of irrelevant
E. This answer choice explains the WHY we are looking for. The negative effect the implementation of time tracking software has resulted in higher stress levels and decrease in productivity. This answer choice explains the paradox.

The answer is E


P.S: I am new to this forum as well as explaining concepts. Please give me feedbacks on how to make better explanation posts. :)
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Re: Time management techniques have regularly been used to improve  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jul 2019, 08:44
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Time management techniques have regularly been used to improve employee productivity in many organizations. Identifying the time of the day when employees are more efficient helps the management better sequence the work during the week to maximize the productivity throughout the organization. However, when Morigo Inc. enforced a time-tracking software with this intent, it observed a sharp decline in the efficiency levels throughout the organization.

Type-paradox
Conclusion- when Morigo Inc. enforced a time-tracking software with the intent to improve employee productivity, it observed a sharp decline in the efficiency levels throughout the organization.

A. To attain maximum benefit from time tracking software, companies need to adapt their work processes to allow for time-based work assignment.- Irrelevant- we have no information to support that Morigo did not adapt their work processes to allow for time-based work assignment. Also, this statement talks about the attainment of the max benefit, so even if Morigo did not adapt their work processes to allow for time-based work assignment, even then the effect should not opposite - decline in efficiency

B. The highest improvement in efficiency has been recorded in the R&D department – a department that has the fewest employees in the company.- Irrelevant

C. Prior to the implementation of the time-tracking software, employees at Morigo Inc. had a better than industry standards efficiency.- Irrelevant - the baseline is not relevant. If Morigo had a better than industry standards efficiency, the improvement might be lesser than industry or at worst may be zero, but it should not be negative

D. In many cases, a drop-in employees’ productivity levels occurs when unplanned activities arise.- Irrelevant, we have no idea whether this is applicable to Morigo

E. Increased stress levels due to the perception that their work is being monitored closely has led to a drop in employees’ efficiency levels post the implementation of the time-tracking system.-
The workers were under stress and thus their efficiency plummeted. The decline in efficiency due to stress is larger than improvement in efficiency due to Time management techniques

Answer E
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New post 01 Jul 2019, 08:46
A. To attain maximum benefit from time tracking software, companies need to adapt their work processes to allow for time-based work assignment.Irrelevant, talks about maximum benefit and not reason for fall

B. The highest improvement in efficiency has been recorded in the R&D department – a department that has the fewest employees in the company.Irrelevant, Does not explain the fall

C. Prior to the implementation of the time-tracking software, employees at Morigo Inc. had a better than industry standards efficiency.Irrelevant, Does not explain the fall

D. In many cases, a drop-in employees’ productivity levels occurs when unplanned activities arise.Irrelevant, Does not explain the fall at Morigo

E. Increased stress levels due to the perception that their work is being monitored closely has led to a drop in employees’ efficiency levels post the implementation of the time-tracking system.Correct, gives reason for the fall
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New post 01 Jul 2019, 08:47
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conclusion ; However, when Morigo Inc. enforced a time-tracking software with this intent, it observed a sharp decline in the efficiency levels throughout the organization.
so the reason of this decline could be option E ; Increased stress levels due to the perception that their work is being monitored closely has led to a drop in employees’ efficiency levels post the implementation of the time-tracking system.

Time management techniques have regularly been used to improve employee productivity in many organizations. Identifying the time of the day when employees are more efficient helps the management better sequence the work during the week to maximize the productivity throughout the organization. However, when Morigo Inc. enforced a time-tracking software with this intent, it observed a sharp decline in the efficiency levels throughout the organization.

Which of the following, if true, most helps to explain the paradox presented in the passage?

A. To attain maximum benefit from time tracking software, companies need to adapt their work processes to allow for time-based work assignment.

B. The highest improvement in efficiency has been recorded in the R&D department – a department that has the fewest employees in the company.

C. Prior to the implementation of the time-tracking software, employees at Morigo Inc. had a better than industry standards efficiency.

D. In many cases, a drop-in employees’ productivity levels occurs when unplanned activities arise.

E. Increased stress levels due to the perception that their work is being monitored closely has led to a drop in employees’ efficiency levels post the implementation of the time-tracking system.
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New post 01 Jul 2019, 08:54
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I think E is the answer

1. General message- does not talk about why something happens at Morigo
2. Out of scope- we are talking about the decrease
3. The premise does not mention anything about the software being effective for people with low efficiency only
4. Interesting answer choice- may end up thinking that this is an unplanned activity. Though it is not mentioned
5. E explains it well
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Re: Time management techniques have regularly been used to improve  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jul 2019, 08:59
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first of all, we need to find the paradox here let see whats the paradox
Time management techniques have regularly been used to improve employee productivity in many organizations.
However, when Morigo Inc. enforced a time-tracking software with this intent, it observed a sharp decline in the efficiency levels throughout the organization.

(the organization has employed the technique with the intent to increase productivity but it observed a sharp decline in productivity) this is the paradox
now we need to find the answer choice that explains why in spite of employing the technique there is not increase but rather decrease in productivity

let's see the options

A. To attain maximum benefit from time tracking software, companies need to adapt their work processes to allow for time-based work assignment.
this option says what companies should do but doesnt explain the paradox so this option is irrelevant

B. The highest improvement in efficiency has been recorded in the R&D department – a department that has the fewest employees in the company.
we are not talking about particular department we are talking about company as a whole and highest improvement in r&d doesnt help explain why the productivity of company has declined so out

C. Prior to the implementation of the time-tracking software, employees at Morigo Inc. had a better than industry standards efficiency.
we are talking about post-implementation. Prior to the implementation of the time-tracking software doesn't help explain the paradox so this answer choice is irrelevant

D. In many cases, a drop-in employees’ productivity levels occurs when unplanned activities arise.
we are not talking about some other factors leading to a drop in productivity we are only concerned about this case why in spite of applying the technique there is a decrease in productivity
so this option is out

E. Increased stress levels due to the perception that their work is being monitored closely has led to a drop in employees’ efficiency levels post the implementation of the time-tracking system.
this option is a correct answer choice this answers our question
why there is decrease in productivity post the implementation of the time-tracking system?
Increased stress levels due to the perception that their work is being monitored closely leads to decrese in productivity
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Time management techniques have regularly been used to improve  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 01 Jul 2019, 09:02
The Paradox is Time management techniques were implemented to improve employee's performance by tracking effective hours, but efficiency was down after the implementation.

Pre-thinking: What can cause the down in employee's performance after time management is implemented.
Provided : the intent is to calculate the effective hours for the day and time management system was not ever there before.

May be employees are tensed thinking they are tracked and they try to over perform in stress, and it could actually impact negatively.
Clearly Choice E talks about this.

Originally posted by shwetajena on 01 Jul 2019, 09:00.
Last edited by shwetajena on 01 Jul 2019, 09:02, edited 1 time in total.
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New post 01 Jul 2019, 09:00
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the Whole premise is based upon planning the time slot according to employees most efficient time of working, so that company can assign work to employees at the same time improve efficiency.But still it was observed that after implementing time-tracking software there was sharp decline in the levels of employee's efficiency-

This paradox is correctly explained by option D as unplanned activities came up in employee's nom-efficient hours.
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New post 01 Jul 2019, 09:01
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(A) Doesn’t help explain the paradox, clearly OUT
(B) Out of Scope
(C) Comparison with industry standards – Irrelevant
(D) Not too bad, but in many cases signify that it’s a probable scenario, still doesn’t help explain the paradox
(E) CLEAR explanation of the paradox – employees feel stressed because they think their work is being monitored and the corresponding increase in stress leads to decrease in their efficiency, and enforcement of a time-tracking software eventually lead to a decline in the efficiency levels rather than improving it, and hence, (E) is our answer
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New post 01 Jul 2019, 09:03
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Here’s a possible explanation:

So it is said that if the managers can know the most effective working hours of employees (by, saying, using the time-tracking software), the managers can maximize the productivity of their staff. However, in fact, when M. Inc. actually use the tracking, the productivity decreased.

So there must be some negative impact or so of the tracking system that may reduce the productivity.

Analyse choices:

A. Adapting working process to new tracking system may be good or bad. If good, then the paradox is not explained at all. If bad, this adaption may make the employees feel uncomfortable then work less effective? No, we are not sure about that, no indication of that is presented in the argument and answer choice. A is eliminated.

B. What is the relationship between having fewer employees and being more effective at work? Obviously irrelevant.

C. Out of scope. The effectiveness is examined within the company only.

D. “Many cases” seems not to be reliable :) most importantly, it is not stated in the premises that the company carried out the system with no announcement. Irrelevant.

E. Correct. It stated that the tracking system made the employees feel uncomfortable of being watched —> felt stressed —> less productive. This is definitely the negative impact of time tracking that we need as stated above.

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New post 01 Jul 2019, 09:05
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Plan sees the benefit in improving productivity level with time management techniques. But eventually they see the drop in efficiency level.

A. To attain maximum benefit from time tracking software, companies need to adapt their work processes to allow for time-based work assignment.
in order for plan to work at max, companies have to implement additional procedures. it doesn't explain the above effect.

B. The highest improvement in efficiency has been recorded in the R&D department – a department that has the fewest employees in the company.
some division has done it better, but still doesn't explain the effect.

C. Prior to the implementation of the time-tracking software, employees at Morigo Inc. had a better than industry standards efficiency.
Before these techniques , they used certain other techniques. doesn't explain the effect.

D. In many cases, a drop-in employees’ productivity levels occurs when unplanned activities arise.
this talks about productivity levels to be reduced if there are unplanned activities. so the plan should not be introduced. but as plan is introduced why is the drop in efficiency?

E. Increased stress levels due to the perception that their work is being monitored closely has led to a drop in employees’ efficiency levels post the implementation of the time-tracking system.
this suggests, plan is implemented , stress levels are increased, and that impacts efficiency level. keep the answer

E, it is :)
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New post 01 Jul 2019, 09:08
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We need find an answer which fills in the logical gap between the two:
1.Time management techniques have regularly been used to improve employee productivity in many organizations.
2. when Morigo Inc. enforced a time-tracking software with this intent, it observed a sharp decline in the efficiency levels throughout the organization.

A. To attain maximum benefit from time tracking software, companies need to adapt their work processes to allow for time-based work assignment. - This option doesn't tell why efficiency is reduced in case of 2.

B. The highest improvement in efficiency has been recorded in the R&D department – a department that has the fewest employees in the company. - Doesn't deal with the problem at all

C. Prior to the implementation of the time-tracking software, employees at Morigo Inc. had a better than industry standards efficiency. - Ok, but what happened later that is what we are concerned about.

D. In many cases, a drop-in employees’ productivity levels occurs when unplanned activities arise. - But we are concerned about all the employees in general.

E. Increased stress levels due to the perception that their work is being monitored closely has led to a drop in employees’ efficiency levels post the implementation of the time-tracking system. - Yes, this tells us though 1 is true but what happened in case of 2. Hence, this is the answer.
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New post 01 Jul 2019, 09:08
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What to take from the argument to explain the paradox presented in the passage : Morigo Inc. enforced a time-tracking software which led to a sharp decline in the efficiency levels throughout the organization. : why ? : the employees are probably more concerned now by the fact that they are being monitored. Since the decline is throughout this possibility makes most sense.
Therefore E option
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New post 01 Jul 2019, 09:10
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What is the paradox here
Time management is supposed to improve the productivity
But using a Time tracking tool led to a sharp decline in productivity.

Let us look at an option which connects this gap and helps resolve our paradox

Quote:
A. To attain maximum benefit from time tracking software, companies need to adapt their work processes to allow for time-based work assignment.

Does no way resolve the paradox. Just an adhoc suggestion. This is out

Quote:
B. The highest improvement in efficiency has been recorded in the R&D department – a department that has the fewest employees in the company.
This is just an exceptional case and in no way helps us find the reason for the paradox

Quote:
C. Prior to the implementation of the time-tracking software, employees at Morigo Inc. had a better than industry standards efficiency.
We are not worried about what happened before. We need a reason that explains why the current paradox exists. This too is out

Quote:
D. In many cases, a drop-in employees’ productivity levels occurs when unplanned activities arise.
We have no information if this was planned or unplanned and does not help either

Quote:
E. Increased stress levels due to the perception that their work is being monitored closely has led to a drop in employees’ efficiency levels post the implementation of the time-tracking system.
This seems more than perfect explanation to explain why this paradox exists. THis is the answer
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Re: Time management techniques have regularly been used to improve  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jul 2019, 09:13
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Pre thinking:
Company named Morigo INC implemented a time-tracking software with the intent to increase the productivity of employees even there were time management activities followed by company.
But company observed the sharp decline in productivity,

So we need the falsification condition under which we can say that implementation of time tracking software has reverse effects
1. Due to stress and fear, employees become more conscious productivity declined
2. Due to overtime, employees tend to stay in office late

Lets look at answer choices in detail
A. To attain maximum benefit from time tracking software, companies need to adapt their work processes to allow for time-based work assignment. - It strengthen the conclusion and do not solve discrepenancy

B. The highest improvement in efficiency has been recorded in the R&D department – a department that has the fewest employees in the company.

Little out of scope as discussion is not limited to any department
C. Prior to the implementation of the time-tracking software, employees at Morigo Inc. had a better than industry standards efficiency

In discussion we are concerned about after effects of time tracking software enforcement, so it goes out

D and E were close

D. In many cases, a drop-in employees’ productivity levels occurs when unplanned activities arise.

Even if unplanned activities arise, employees can easily prioritise them using time tracking software , also many is used, so it is way too outside argument

E. Increased stress levels due to the perception that their work is being monitored closely has led to a drop in employees’ efficiency levels post the implementation of the time-tracking system.
It is aligned with our pre thinking and is correct answer
Due to stress of time tracking software can lead to drop in efficiency levels
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Re: Time management techniques have regularly been used to improve   [#permalink] 01 Jul 2019, 09:13

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