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#Top150 CR: The noise caused by airplanes during takeoff and landing

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#Top150 CR: The noise caused by airplanes during takeoff and landing [#permalink]

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New post 18 Dec 2015, 00:09
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Difficulty:

  95% (hard)

Question Stats:

30% (01:43) correct 70% (04:43) wrong based on 235 sessions

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The noise caused by airplanes during takeoff and landing imposes a large burden on people who live or work near airports. When airports operate late at night or early in the morning, the disturbance can disrupt normal sleeping patterns, even leading to severe sleep deprivation disorders. When the flight paths of airplanes lie too close to the ground, the resulting noise interferes with work performance in nearby businesses and the peaceful enjoyment of life by residents in the proximity. However, the operation of an airport, unlike a neighbor who simply plays music too loudly, provides a valuable benefit to the surrounding community, in the form of convenient transportation for both personal and economic purposes. Thus the only option is to establish standards for the reasonable operation of airports and fine those that violate the guidelines.

The bolded phrase plays which of the following roles in the argument above?

A. It explains why one potential alternative to establishing a system of standards and fines is unacceptable.

B. It provides background information that is not directly related to the conclusion of the argument.

C. It supports a policy of stricter regulations for airports than for neighbors playing of music.

D. It undermines the argument advocating a system of regulations and fines for the unreasonable operation of an airport.

E. It explains why some people choose to live near enough to airports to be affected by the noise.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: #Top150 CR: The noise caused by airplanes during takeoff and landing [#permalink]

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New post 18 Dec 2015, 13:12
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The noise caused by airplanes during takeoff and landing imposes a large burden on people who live or work near airports.
When airports operate late at night or early in the morning, the disturbance can disrupt normal sleeping patterns, even leading to severe sleep deprivation disorders. When the flight paths of airplanes lie too close to the ground, the resulting noise interferes with work performance in nearby businesses and the peaceful enjoyment of life by residents in the proximity. However, the operation of an airport, unlike a neighbor who simply plays music too loudly, provides a valuable benefit to the surrounding community, in the form of convenient transportation for both personal and economic purposes. Thus the only option is to establish standards for the reasonable operation of airports and fine those that violate the guidelines.


The bolded phrase plays which of the following roles in the argument above?

A. It explains why one potential alternative to establishing a system of standards and fines is unacceptable...........if not fines transportation cannot be achieved. so one alternative of removal of airport due to its noise other than fines is unacceptable.

B. It provides background information that is not directly related to the conclusion of the argument............not true as it is related although indirectly.

C. It supports a policy of stricter regulations for airports than for neighbors playing of music.............wrong comparison as the latter is an analogy used to explain the scenario.

D. It undermines the argument advocating a system of regulations and fines for the unreasonable operation of an airport..........It does not undermine fines instead is supportive of it.

E. It explains why some people choose to live near enough to airports to be affected by the noise..........unrelated since no one chose to be affected.
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Re: #Top150 CR: The noise caused by airplanes during takeoff and landing [#permalink]

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New post 19 Aug 2016, 11:01
Can someone please explain what the conclusion here is? I thought the bold text supports the conclusion (which is - establish standards for the reasonable operation of airports and fine those that violate the guidelines.)

How is A the best fit? Is not the text providing a reason for establishing standards?

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Re: #Top150 CR: The noise caused by airplanes during takeoff and landing [#permalink]

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New post 29 Aug 2016, 00:40
dina98 wrote:
Can someone please explain what the conclusion here is? I thought the bold text supports the conclusion (which is - establish standards for the reasonable operation of airports and fine those that violate the guidelines.)

How is A the best fit? Is not the text providing a reason for establishing standards?


Hi dina98,

The noise caused by airplanes during takeoff and landing imposes a large burden on people who live or work near airports. When airports operate late at night or early in the morning, the disturbance can disrupt normal sleeping patterns, even leading to severe sleep deprivation disorders. When the flight paths of airplanes lie too close to the ground, the resulting noise interferes with work performance in nearby businesses and the peaceful enjoyment of life by residents in the proximity. However, the operation of an airport, unlike a neighbor who simply plays music too loudly, provides a valuable benefit to the surrounding community, in the form of convenient transportation for both personal and economic purposes. Thus the only option is to establish standards for the reasonable operation of airports and fine those that violate the guidelines.

The bolded phrase plays which of the following roles in the argument above?

A. It explains why one potential alternative to establishing a system of standards and fines is unacceptable.

Here the conclusion is " only option is to establish standards for the reasonable operation of airports and fine those that violate the guidelines."

Bold face gives reason for not going for any alternative to only option mentioned in the conclusion. It explains why potential alternative to one option mentioned is unacceptable.

Option A is tricky.

Experts please advise if my reasoning is incorrect.
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Re: #Top150 CR: The noise caused by airplanes during takeoff and landing [#permalink]

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New post 29 Aug 2017, 00:35
the question is quite long but it is not too hard, the key word here is "the only option"

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Re: #Top150 CR: The noise caused by airplanes during takeoff and landing [#permalink]

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New post 29 Aug 2017, 05:46
let us understand this as a boy who is not only intelligent (is in bold face) but also naughty. Teacher is saying that boy is naughty but also very intelligent. So rather than dismissal from school , impose a fine whenever he makes nuisance.

I will clarify doubt between D and A answer choices-
D says It undermines the argument advocating a system of regulations and fines for the unreasonable operation of an airport.
means- boldface is actually in support of fine because inspite of dismissal from school , imposing fine is considered better.
A says It explains why one potential alternative to establishing a system of standards and fines is unacceptable.
means- it says alternative to fining student is his dismissal - so since the student is good- his dismissal is unacceptable.

Other options are anyways incorrect.

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Re: #Top150 CR: The noise caused by airplanes during takeoff and landing   [#permalink] 29 Aug 2017, 05:46
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