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Manager  Joined: 11 Jul 2016
Posts: 78
Train X is travelling at a constant speed of 30 miles per hour and Tra  [#permalink]

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6 00:00

Difficulty:   25% (medium)

Question Stats: 75% (01:27) correct 25% (02:18) wrong based on 160 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics Train X is travelling at a constant speed of 30 miles per hour and Train Y is travelling at a constant speed of 40 miles per hour. If the two trains are travelling in the same direction along the same route but Train X is 25 miles ahead of Train Y, how many hours will it be until Train Y is 10 miles ahead of Train X?

A. 1.5
B. 2.0
C. 2.5
D. 3.0
E. 3.5
Manager  Joined: 29 Aug 2008
Posts: 106
Re: Train X is travelling at a constant speed of 30 miles per hour and Tra  [#permalink]

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1
4
Train x is 25 miles ahead and we want to calculate the time by which Train y will be 10 miles ahead.

So total distance to be covered by Y is = 25+10 = 35 miles

Relative speed of Train y = 40-30 = 10 miles per hour (Relative speed concept)

Total time taken = Total Distance/Speed = 35/10 = 3.5 hrs.

Option E.

HTH
##### General Discussion
Senior SC Moderator V
Joined: 22 May 2016
Posts: 3063
Train X is travelling at a constant speed of 30 miles per hour and Tra  [#permalink]

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Manonamission wrote:
Train X is travelling at a constant speed of 30 miles per hour and Train Y is travelling at a constant speed of 40 miles per hour. If the two trains are travelling in the same direction along the same route but Train X is 25 miles ahead of Train Y, how many hours will it be until Train Y is 10 miles ahead of Train X?

A. 1.5
B. 2.0
C. 2.5
D. 3.0
E. 3.5

This is a "chase" question. One approach is the "gap" method.

The distance between Trains X and Y is the gap.

In "chase" problems (one traveler is behind another and needs to catch up), the relative rate, R used is (Faster - Slower)

Distance here?
Y is 25 miles behind X, and
Y needs to get 10 miles ahead of X
25 + 10 = 35 miles (= gap)

Relative rate (speed)?

Y is faster than X. Y catches and passes X.
Use relative speed (Faster - Slower) = (Y - X)
Rate = (40 mph - 30mph) = 10 mph = $$R$$
That's the rate (speed) at which the gap closes.*

Time required to cover that distance/close the gap?

$$R * T = D$$, and $$T=\frac{D}{R}$$
$$Time = \frac{D}{R}=\frac{35mi}{10mph}=3.5$$ hours

*Y actually closes the gap. X and Y both move. Y moves faster. The rate at which Y closes the gap is Y's speed - X's speed.
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Non-Human User Joined: 09 Sep 2013
Posts: 11662
Re: Train X is travelling at a constant speed of 30 miles per hour and Tra  [#permalink]

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_________________ Re: Train X is travelling at a constant speed of 30 miles per hour and Tra   [#permalink] 11 Apr 2019, 12:10
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