Manonamission wrote:

Train X is travelling at a constant speed of 30 miles per hour and Train Y is travelling at a constant speed of 40 miles per hour. If the two trains are travelling in the same direction along the same route but Train X is 25 miles ahead of Train Y, how many hours will it be until Train Y is 10 miles ahead of Train X?

A. 1.5

B. 2.0

C. 2.5

D. 3.0

E. 3.5

This is a "chase" question. One approach is the "gap" method.

The distance between Trains X and Y is the gap.

In "chase" problems (one traveler is behind another and needs to catch up), the

relative rate, R used is (Faster - Slower)

Distance here? Y is 25 miles behind X,

andY needs to get 10 miles ahead of X

25 + 10 = 35 miles (= gap)

Relative rate (speed)?Y is faster than X. Y catches and passes X.

Use relative speed (Faster - Slower) = (Y - X)

Rate = (40 mph - 30mph) = 10 mph = \(R\)

That's the rate (speed) at which the gap closes.*

Time required to cover that distance/close the gap?

\(R * T = D\), and \(T=\frac{D}{R}\)\(Time = \frac{D}{R}=\frac{35mi}{10mph}=3.5\) hours

Answer E

*Y actually closes the gap. X and Y both move. Y moves faster. The rate at which Y closes the gap is Y's speed - X's speed.
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