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Two alloys A and B are composed of two basic elements. The  [#permalink]

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Question Stats: 58% (02:36) correct 42% (02:55) wrong based on 763 sessions

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Two alloys A and B are composed of two basic elements. The ratios of the compositions of the two basic elements in the two alloys are 5 : 3 and 1 : 2, respectively. A new alloy X is formed by mixing the two alloys A and B in the ratio 4 : 3. What is the ratio of the composition of the two basic elements in alloy X ?

(A) 1 : 1
(B) 2 : 3
(C) 5 : 2
(D) 4 : 3
(E) 7 : 9

Edit: Source -> NOVA.

Originally posted by farukqmul on 30 Jun 2012, 21:15.
Last edited by stonecold on 04 May 2017, 22:19, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Two alloys A and B are composed of two basic elements. The  [#permalink]

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1
12
farukqmul wrote:
Two alloys A and B are composed of two basic elements. The ratios of the compositions of the two basic elements in the two alloys are 5 : 3 and 1 : 2, respectively. A new alloy X is formed by mixing the two alloys A and B in the ratio 4 : 3. What is the ratio of the composition of the two basic elements in alloy X ?

(A) 1 : 1
(B) 2 : 3
(C) 5 : 2
(D) 4 : 3
(E) 7 : 9

Responding to a pm:

When you need to find the average, it is better to use the formula in its original form: Avg = (C1*w1 + C2*w2)/(w1 + w2)
Avg = [(5/8)*4 + (1/3)*3]/(4+3) = 1/2
Ratio of the 2 elements in the mixture = 1:1

Obviously the formula will work in the other form too though it is best to use that when you need to find the ratio of the weights. Using the formula in the other form: w1/w2 = (A2 - Aavg)/(Aavg - A1)
element 1 in A = 5/8
element 1 in B = 1/3
element 1 in mixture = x

4/3 = (1/3 - x) / (x - 5/8)
4/3(x - 5/8) = 1/3 - x
(7/3)x = 7/6
x = 1/2
(You made a calculation error)

Ratio of elements in the mixture = 1:1
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Re: Two alloys A and B are composed of two basic elements. The  [#permalink]

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1
3
Ratio of Elements
A - 5:3 / 5x:3x
B - 1:2 / 1y:2y

Ratio of Alloys
A+B - 4:3
ie. A:B = 4:3
(5x+3x):(1y+2y) = 4:3
8x:3y = 4:3
x:y = 1:2 => y = 2x

Ratio of elements in (A+B)
1st element in A and B / 2nd Element in A and B
(5x + y)/(3x + 2y) but y = 2x
ie. 7x/7x = 1:1
Ans A
General Discussion
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GMAT 1: 640 Q50 V26 GMAT 2: 660 Q50 V28 GMAT 3: 730 Q50 V38 Re: Two alloys A and B are composed of two basic elements. The  [#permalink]

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1
4
farukqmul wrote:
Two alloys A and B are composed of two basic elements. The ratios of the compositions of the two
basic elements in the two alloys are 5 : 3 and 1 : 2, respectively. A new alloy X is formed by mixing
the two alloys A and B in the ratio 4 : 3. What is the ratio of the composition of the two basic elements
in alloy X ?

(A) 1 : 1
(B) 2 : 3
(C) 5 : 2
(D) 4 : 3
(E) 7 : 9

Hi,

Proportion of 1st element in A = 5/8
Proportion of 1st element in B = 1/3
let, the proportion of 1st element in mixture = x
using allegations:
Attachment: all.jpg [ 7.83 KiB | Viewed 50220 times ]

$$\frac {x-1/3}{5/8-x}= \frac 43$$
on solving, x=0.5
thus, proportion of two elements in the mixture is 1:1

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Re: Two alloys A and B are composed of two basic elements. The  [#permalink]

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farukqmul wrote:
Two alloys A and B are composed of two basic elements. The ratios of the compositions of the two basic elements in the two alloys are 5 : 3 and 1 : 2, respectively. A new alloy X is formed by mixing the two alloys A and B in the ratio 4 : 3. What is the ratio of the composition of the two basic elements in alloy X ?

(A) 1 : 1
(B) 2 : 3
(C) 5 : 2
(D) 4 : 3
(E) 7 : 9

Mixture A has a total of 5 + 3 = 8 parts. If in the final mixture this represents 4 parts, then the total number of parts in mixture B should be (8/4)*3 = 6.
So, we should take of mixture B a quantity with 2 and 4 parts, respectively.

This will give us in the final mixture (5 + 2) : (3 + 4), which means 7:7, or 1:1.

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Re: Two alloys A and B are composed of two basic elements. The  [#permalink]

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1
Alloy A:
Since F:S = 5:3, and 5+3=8, F/total = 5/8.

Alloy B:
Since F:S = 1:2, and 1+2 = 3, F/total = 1/3.

Mixture T:
A:B = 4:3.
If we mix 8 units of A with 6 units of B, we get:
Amount of F in alloy A = (5/8)8 = 5 units
Amount of F in alloy B = (1/3)6 = 2 units.
(Total F)/(Mixture T) = (5+2)/(8+6) = 7/14 = 1/2.
Since 1/2 of the mixture is composed of F, F:S = 1:1.
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Re: Two alloys A and B are composed of two basic elements. The  [#permalink]

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let the two elements be 1 and 2,element 1 in alloy A =5/8 , element 1 in alloy B=1/3, element 1 in mixture=x, therefore 4/3=(1/3-x)/(5/8-x)= ½ so the answer is (A).
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Re: Two alloys A and B are composed of two basic elements. The  [#permalink]

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Another approach to this problem is by weighted average.

In such problems , it becomes easier if we stick to one metal only. So the compostion of first metal in A is 5/8 and and in B is 1/3.
So when we combine A and B, the compostion will be between 5/8 and 1/3.

Now in the diagram attached:
The "distance" between the compositions of first metal in A and B is 7/24.
The composition of the final mixture is given as 4:3 i.e. A's 4 parts and B's 3 parts. But when we interpret in the distance format, the sequence flips i.e. the distance between final mixture and A will be 3 units and that of between final mixture and B will be 4 units.

Now to calculate the compostion of the first metal in X, add the 4 units to 1/3.
i.e. $$4/7 *$$$$7/24$$ $$+1/3$$ OR
subtract 3 units from 5/8
i.e. $$5/8 -$$ $$4/7$$$$* 7/24$$.
This will come out as 50%.
Therefore the other metal will also constitute 50%.
Hence the ratio is 1:1.
+1A
Attachments solution.png [ 13.08 KiB | Viewed 48425 times ]

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Re: Two alloys A and B are composed of two basic elements. The  [#permalink]

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VeritasPrepKarishma wrote:
farukqmul wrote:
Two alloys A and B are composed of two basic elements. The ratios of the compositions of the two basic elements in the two alloys are 5 : 3 and 1 : 2, respectively. A new alloy X is formed by mixing the two alloys A and B in the ratio 4 : 3. What is the ratio of the composition of the two basic elements in alloy X ?

(A) 1 : 1
(B) 2 : 3
(C) 5 : 2
(D) 4 : 3
(E) 7 : 9

Responding to a pm:

When you need to find the average, it is better to use the formula in its original form: Avg = (C1*w1 + C2*w2)/(w1 + w2)
Avg = [(5/8)*4 + (1/3)*3]/(4+3) = 1/2
Ratio of the 2 elements in the mixture = 1:1

Obviously the formula will work in the other form too though it is best to use that when you need to find the ratio of the weights. Using the formula in the other form: w1/w2 = (A2 - Aavg)/(Aavg - A1)
element 1 in A = 5/8
element 1 in B = 1/3
element 1 in mixture = x

4/3 = (1/3 - x) / (x - 5/8)
4/3(x - 5/8) = 1/3 - x
(7/3)x = 7/6
x = 1/2
(You made a calculation error)

Ratio of elements in the mixture = 1:1

Dear karishma

thanks a lot. that's a great solution but one point is subtle to me. would you please explain which part of the question indicates that we should go with weighted average formula?
thanks again in advance.
Regards

Posted from my mobile device
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Re: Two alloys A and B are composed of two basic elements. The  [#permalink]

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marzan2011 wrote:

Dear karishma

thanks a lot. that's a great solution but one point is subtle to me. would you please explain which part of the question indicates that we should go with weighted average formula?
thanks again in advance.
Regards

Posted from my mobile device

It's a matter of practice. You will never be given 'find the weighted average'. When you have two things (classes, groups, mixtures, solutions) and they talk about the total, average or something, that should give you a hint that weighted average might work here.
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Re: Two alloys A and B are composed of two basic elements. The  [#permalink]

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VeritasPrepKarishma wrote:
farukqmul wrote:
Two alloys A and B are composed of two basic elements. The ratios of the compositions of the two basic elements in the two alloys are 5 : 3 and 1 : 2, respectively. A new alloy X is formed by mixing the two alloys A and B in the ratio 4 : 3. What is the ratio of the composition of the two basic elements in alloy X ?

(A) 1 : 1
(B) 2 : 3
(C) 5 : 2
(D) 4 : 3
(E) 7 : 9

Responding to a pm:

When you need to find the average, it is better to use the formula in its original form: Avg = (C1*w1 + C2*w2)/(w1 + w2)
Avg = [(5/8)*4 + (1/3)*3]/(4+3) = 1/2
Ratio of the 2 elements in the mixture = 1:1

Obviously the formula will work in the other form too though it is best to use that when you need to find the ratio of the weights. Using the formula in the other form: w1/w2 = (A2 - Aavg)/(Aavg - A1)
element 1 in A = 5/8
element 1 in B = 1/3
element 1 in mixture = x

4/3 = (1/3 - x) / (x - 5/8)
4/3(x - 5/8) = 1/3 - x
(7/3)x = 7/6
x = 1/2
(You made a calculation error)

Ratio of elements in the mixture = 1:1

Hi,

Thanks alot for the great solution, just one quick question, if we are getting the x (which is the amount of A in mixture) = 1/2, then how are we getting to ratio as 1:1?
Is it because 1/2 stands for A/A+B so 1/1+1 and hence A and B are in ration 1:1

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Re: Two alloys A and B are composed of two basic elements. The  [#permalink]

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neeraj609 wrote:
VeritasPrepKarishma wrote:
farukqmul wrote:
Two alloys A and B are composed of two basic elements. The ratios of the compositions of the two basic elements in the two alloys are 5 : 3 and 1 : 2, respectively. A new alloy X is formed by mixing the two alloys A and B in the ratio 4 : 3. What is the ratio of the composition of the two basic elements in alloy X ?

(A) 1 : 1
(B) 2 : 3
(C) 5 : 2
(D) 4 : 3
(E) 7 : 9

Responding to a pm:

When you need to find the average, it is better to use the formula in its original form: Avg = (C1*w1 + C2*w2)/(w1 + w2)
Avg = [(5/8)*4 + (1/3)*3]/(4+3) = 1/2
Ratio of the 2 elements in the mixture = 1:1

Obviously the formula will work in the other form too though it is best to use that when you need to find the ratio of the weights. Using the formula in the other form: w1/w2 = (A2 - Aavg)/(Aavg - A1)
element 1 in A = 5/8
element 1 in B = 1/3
element 1 in mixture = x

4/3 = (1/3 - x) / (x - 5/8)
4/3(x - 5/8) = 1/3 - x
(7/3)x = 7/6
x = 1/2
(You made a calculation error)

Ratio of elements in the mixture = 1:1

Hi,

Thanks alot for the great solution, just one quick question, if we are getting the x (which is the amount of A in mixture) = 1/2, then how are we getting to ratio as 1:1?
Is it because 1/2 stands for A/A+B so 1/1+1 and hence A and B are in ration 1:1

Yes, element 1 in mixture is element 1 in total.
So element 1 is 1 part out of 2 total parts. The other part must be the other basic element.
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Two alloys A and B are composed of two basic elements. The  [#permalink]

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Two alloys A and B are composed of two basic elements. The ratios of the compositions of the two basic elements in the two alloys are 5 : 3 and 1 : 2, respectively. A new alloy X is formed by mixing the two alloys A and B in the ratio 4 : 3. What is the ratio of the composition of the two basic elements in alloy X ?

(A) 1 : 1
(B) 2 : 3
(C) 5 : 2
(D) 4 : 3
(E) 7 : 9

let e=first element's proportion of alloy X
4(5/8)+3(1/3)=7e
e=1/2 of Alloy X
ratio between two elements=1:1
A

Originally posted by gracie on 29 Sep 2015, 13:37.
Last edited by gracie on 19 Sep 2018, 13:48, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Two alloys A and B are composed of two basic elements. The  [#permalink]

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VeritasPrepKarishma wrote:
farukqmul wrote:
Two alloys A and B are composed of two basic elements. The ratios of the compositions of the two basic elements in the two alloys are 5 : 3 and 1 : 2, respectively. A new alloy X is formed by mixing the two alloys A and B in the ratio 4 : 3. What is the ratio of the composition of the two basic elements in alloy X ?

(A) 1 : 1
(B) 2 : 3
(C) 5 : 2
(D) 4 : 3
(E) 7 : 9

Responding to a pm:

When you need to find the average, it is better to use the formula in its original form: Avg = (C1*w1 + C2*w2)/(w1 + w2)
Avg = [(5/8)*4 + (1/3)*3]/(4+3) = 1/2
Ratio of the 2 elements in the mixture = 1:1

Obviously the formula will work in the other form too though it is best to use that when you need to find the ratio of the weights. Using the formula in the other form: w1/w2 = (A2 - Aavg)/(Aavg - A1)
element 1 in A = 5/8
element 1 in B = 1/3
element 1 in mixture = x

4/3 = (1/3 - x) / (x - 5/8)
4/3(x - 5/8) = 1/3 - x
(7/3)x = 7/6
x = 1/2
(You made a calculation error)

Ratio of elements in the mixture = 1:1

Responding to a pm:

Quote:
I don't completely understand your solution. Why did you do Avg = [(5/8)*4 + (1/3)*3]/(4+3) rather than Avg = [(5/8)*4 + (1/3)*4]/(4+3)? The 1/3 also refers to the first part of the ratio doesn't it?

The formula is

$$Cavg = \frac{(C1*w1 + C2*w2)}{(w1 + w2)}$$

The ratios of the compositions of the two basic elements in the two alloys are 5 : 3 (first element is 5/8 of Total) and 1 : 2 (first element is 1/3 of Total)

"A new alloy X is formed by mixing the two alloys A and B in the ratio 4 : 3" - This implies that w1:w2 = 4:3

$$Cavg = \frac{(5/8)*4 + (1/3)*3}{4 + 3}$$
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GRE 1: Q169 V154 Re: Two alloys A and B are composed of two basic elements. The  [#permalink]

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Tremendous Question.
Here is what i did on this one -->

The ratio of two alloys is 4/3

Let A be 4x and B be 3x.

For A --> 5k+3k=4x => k=x/2

Element 1-> 2.5x
Element 2->1.5x

For B --> p+2p=3x => p=x

Element 1->x
Element 2->2x

Hence in the combination -->
Element 1 ->3.5x
Element 2->3.5x
Ratio => 1:1

SMASH THAT A.

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Two alloys A and B are composed of two basic elements. The  [#permalink]

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farukqmul wrote:
Two alloys A and B are composed of two basic elements. The ratios of the compositions of the two basic elements in the two alloys are 5 : 3 and 1 : 2, respectively. A new alloy X is formed by mixing the two alloys A and B in the ratio 4 : 3. What is the ratio of the composition of the two basic elements in alloy X ?

(A) 1 : 1
(B) 2 : 3
(C) 5 : 2
(D) 4 : 3
(E) 7 : 9

Edit: Source -> NOVA.

Alloy A
5:3 or $$\frac{5}{8}$$ of Element 1

Alloy B
1:2 or $$\frac{1}{3}$$ of Element 1

Alloy X
4:3 or $$\frac{4}{7}$$ of Alloy A and $$\frac{3}{7}$$ of Alloy B

Amount of Element 1 in both Alloys (A + B)
$$\frac{4}{7}$$ of the mixture will be $$\frac{5}{8}$$ Element 1 + the remaining $$\frac{3}{7}$$ of the mixture will be $$\frac{1}{3}$$ of Element 1

Math
$$\frac{4}{7}$$ X $$\frac{5}{8}$$ + $$\frac{3}{7}$$ X $$\frac{1}{3}$$ = $$\frac{28}{56}$$ is Element 1 = a 1:1 ratio
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Re: Two alloys A and B are composed of two basic elements. The  [#permalink]

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VeritasPrepKarishma wrote:
farukqmul wrote:
Two alloys A and B are composed of two basic elements. The ratios of the compositions of the two basic elements in the two alloys are 5 : 3 and 1 : 2, respectively. A new alloy X is formed by mixing the two alloys A and B in the ratio 4 : 3. What is the ratio of the composition of the two basic elements in alloy X ?

(A) 1 : 1
(B) 2 : 3
(C) 5 : 2
(D) 4 : 3
(E) 7 : 9

Responding to a pm:

When you need to find the average, it is better to use the formula in its original form: Avg = (C1*w1 + C2*w2)/(w1 + w2)
Avg = [(5/8)*4 + (1/3)*3]/(4+3) = 1/2
Ratio of the 2 elements in the mixture = 1:1

Obviously the formula will work in the other form too though it is best to use that when you need to find the ratio of the weights. Using the formula in the other form: w1/w2 = (A2 - Aavg)/(Aavg - A1)
element 1 in A = 5/8
element 1 in B = 1/3
element 1 in mixture = x

4/3 = (1/3 - x) / (x - 5/8)
4/3(x - 5/8) = 1/3 - x
(7/3)x = 7/6
x = 1/2
(You made a calculation error)

Ratio of elements in the mixture = 1:1

Responding to a pm:

Quote:
I am trying to understand the approach to the solution you posted to the Alloy-composition question above (I know it is quite a while ago..).
I understand how you get to the equation [5/8*4+1/3*3]/3+4 since 4 parts of the new mix need to contain 5/8 of element 1 from alloy A (correct? ) and the solution 1/2 but I don't understand what the 1/2 actually represent and how you the get to a ratio of 1:1.

I unfortunately also do not understand how you get to the equation 4/3 = (1/3 - x) / (x - 5/8) (ie. Why do you subtract x from 1/3 to represent alloy a? )

We have a standard weighted average formula:
Avg = (C1*w1 + C2*w2)/(w1 + w2)
We can rearrange the terms in this formula to give us:
w1/w2 = (A2 - Aavg)/(Aavg - A1)

Both are the same formula. A is the quantity that you need to average. w1 and w2 are the weights in which this quantity is mixed.

We are given the following:
The ratios of the compositions of the two basic elements in the two alloys are 5 : 3 and 1 : 2, respectively.
So we can say that the concentration of the first element is 5/(5+3) = 5/8 of alloy A and the concentration of the first element in alloy B is 1/(1+2) = 1/3 of alloy B.
We need to find the average concentration Aavg.

A new alloy X is formed by mixing the two alloys A and B in the ratio 4 : 3.
The two allows are mixed in the ratio 4:3. So w1/w2 = 4/3

For more, check:
https://www.veritasprep.com/blog/2011/0 ... -averages/
https://www.veritasprep.com/blog/2011/0 ... -mixtures/
https://www.veritasprep.com/blog/2014/1 ... -averages/
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Re: Two alloys A and B are composed of two basic elements. The  [#permalink]

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farukqmul wrote:
Two alloys A and B are composed of two basic elements. The ratios of the compositions of the two basic elements in the two alloys are 5 : 3 and 1 : 2, respectively. A new alloy X is formed by mixing the two alloys A and B in the ratio 4 : 3. What is the ratio of the composition of the two basic elements in alloy X ?

(A) 1 : 1
(B) 2 : 3
(C) 5 : 2
(D) 4 : 3
(E) 7 : 9
Edit: Source -> NOVA.

1. Let the quantity of A and B be 4x and 3x

2. (Quantity of Alloy A *Proportion of element 1 + Quantity of Alloy B * proportion of element 1) / ( Quantity of Alloy A *Proportion of element 2 + Quantity of Alloy B * proportion of element 2) = Quantity of element 1 in mixture / Quantity of element 2 in mixture

3. 4x *(5/8) + 3x*(1/3) / 4x*(3/8) + 3x*(2/3) = 1/1
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Re: Two alloys A and B are composed of two basic elements. The  [#permalink]

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farukqmul wrote:
Two alloys A and B are composed of two basic elements. The ratios of the compositions of the two basic elements in the two alloys are 5 : 3 and 1 : 2, respectively. A new alloy X is formed by mixing the two alloys A and B in the ratio 4 : 3. What is the ratio of the composition of the two basic elements in alloy X ?

(A) 1 : 1
(B) 2 : 3
(C) 5 : 2
(D) 4 : 3
(E) 7 : 9

Edit: Source -> NOVA.

Hi

I am getting the below answer (23/18). Can someone explain me where I am making the mistake.
Attachments

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Re: Two alloys A and B are composed of two basic elements. The  [#permalink]

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CantDropThisTime wrote:
farukqmul wrote:
Two alloys A and B are composed of two basic elements. The ratios of the compositions of the two basic elements in the two alloys are 5 : 3 and 1 : 2, respectively. A new alloy X is formed by mixing the two alloys A and B in the ratio 4 : 3. What is the ratio of the composition of the two basic elements in alloy X ?

(A) 1 : 1
(B) 2 : 3
(C) 5 : 2
(D) 4 : 3
(E) 7 : 9

Edit: Source -> NOVA.

Hi

I am getting the below answer (23/18). Can someone explain me where I am making the mistake.

I understood where did I make the mistake   Re: Two alloys A and B are composed of two basic elements. The   [#permalink] 25 Jun 2017, 05:18

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