GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 20 Aug 2018, 02:10

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Unlike the conviction held by many of her colleagues that genes were

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 28 Mar 2009
Posts: 68
Unlike the conviction held by many of her colleagues that genes were  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 12 Jun 2009, 07:36
9
36
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  5% (low)

Question Stats:

82% (00:51) correct 18% (01:01) wrong based on 3410 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

Unlike the conviction held by many of her colleagues that genes were reatively simple and static, Barbara McClintock adhered to her own more complicated ideas about how genes might operate, and in 1983, at the age of 81, was awarded a Nobel Prize for her discovery that the genes in corn are capable of moving from one chromosomal site to another.

(A) Unlike the conviction held by many of her colleagues that genes were

(B) Although many of her colleagues were of the conviction of genes being

(C) Contrary to many of her colleagues being convinced that genes were

(D) Even though many of her colleagues were convinced that genes were

(E) Even with many of her colleagues convinced of genes being

https://www.technologyreview.com/magazine/1993/01/

Technology Review - Volume 96

https://books.google.com.my/books?id=-5jpAAAAMAAJ
1993 - ‎Snippet view - ‎More editions

The truths discovered in the lab are undeniably true, but their discoverers fail to grasp that other truths might also be true, and that ... who in 1983, at the age of 81, won a Nobel Prize for her discovery that the genes in corn are capable of jumping from one ... For years most of her colleagues dismissed that idea, convinced that genes were relatively simple and static and ... But McClintock adhered to her own more complicated notions about how genes might operate, as well as to her ...
Most Helpful Expert Reply
Retired Moderator
User avatar
D
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 4527
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: Unlike the conviction held by many of her colleagues that genes were  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 01 Jan 2016, 18:49
3
9
If we can realize the futility of using ‘being’ in such contexts, we have a safe way of dumping a few wrong choices in one stroke. In GMAT ‘being’ is acceptable only in cases where it is part of a noun phrase that acts as the subject or when it is part of a passive voice structure preceded by an auxiliary derivative of the base verb ‘be’ such as is, are, was or were etc. Whenever you see, ‘being’, ask what is being or who is being. If you get a positive answer, then ‘being’ is a modifier and that structure is unacceptable in GMAT.

In the given case, ‘being’ definitely modifies the genes in B and E, and her colleagues in C. So, all the three are wrong. A can be removed for improper comparison.

So D.
_________________

you can know a lot about something and not really understand it."-- a quote
No one knows this better than a GMAT student does.
Narendran +9198845 44509

Most Helpful Community Reply
Director
Director
User avatar
Joined: 14 Dec 2012
Posts: 806
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Operations
GMAT 1: 700 Q50 V34
GPA: 3.6
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: Unlike the conviction held by many of her colleagues that genes were  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 01 Jul 2013, 03:28
11
6
pjagadish27 wrote:
What you say is correct. All choices other than A convey the same meaning. Can u please tell me why B and C are wrong? My assumption is that both of them contain 'being' so they can be eliminated. Is this the reason?


hi
Unlike the conviction held by many of her colleagues that genes were reatively simple and static, Barbara McClintock adhered to her own more complicated ideas about how genes might operate, and in 1983, at the age of 81, was awarded a Nobel Prize for her discovery that the genes in corn are capable of moving from one chromosomal site to another.

(A) Unlike the conviction held by many of her colleagues that genes were

(B) Although many of her colleagues were of the conviction of genes being

(C) Contrary to many of her colleagues being convinced that genes were

(D) Even though many of her colleagues were convinced that genes were

(E) Even with many of her colleagues convinced of genes being

that is true B and C is wrong because of the use of BEING in those options.
see being here is in VERB+ING form...which in many cases used to represesnt the continuous tense.

there is difference in meaning context if you use being:
genes were simple and static vs genes being simple and static
now if you read sentence:
colleagues thought genes were simple and static vs colleagues thought genes being simple and static.
clearly the intended meaning can be shown by "colleagues thought genes were simple and static ".
thats the reason being is wrong here.
if we have the sense of continuity we can use being....lets take an official example:
Being heavily committed to a course of action, especially one that has worked well in the past, is likely to make an executive miss signs of incipient trouble or misinterpret them when they do appear.
in this case author is telling about the executives who are heavily commited always to a course of action===>you can sense the continuity of heavily commited here.so use of being here is correct here.

kudos if it helped.
SKM
_________________

When you want to succeed as bad as you want to breathe ...then you will be successfull....

GIVE VALUE TO OFFICIAL QUESTIONS...



GMAT RCs VOCABULARY LIST: http://gmatclub.com/forum/vocabulary-list-for-gmat-reading-comprehension-155228.html
learn AWA writing techniques while watching video : http://www.gmatprepnow.com/module/gmat-analytical-writing-assessment
: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=APt9ITygGss

General Discussion
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 12 Apr 2009
Posts: 198
Re: Unlike the conviction held by many of her colleagues that genes were  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 13 Jun 2009, 00:53
12
3
skim wrote:
OA is D.

Could anyone highlight the flaws in A please? Thanks.


Unlike the conviction held by many of her colleagues that genes were reatively simple and static, Barbara McClintock adhered to her own more complicated ideas about how genes might operate, and in 1983, at the age of 81, was awarded a Nobel Prize for her discovery that the genes in corn are capable of moving from one chromosomal site to another.

(A) Unlike the conviction held by many of her colleagues that genes were

In SC - one of the most critical things is matching things. The same type of things have to be compared. In "A" it states "Unlike the conviction....Barbara McClintock" the statement incorrectly compares conviction with Barbara MClintock.

I hope that makes sense.
_________________

-talent is the desire to practice-

Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 05 Apr 2007
Posts: 230
Re: Unlike the conviction held by many of her colleagues that genes were  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 13 Jun 2009, 09:36
2
2
(A) Unlike the conviction held by many of her colleagues that genes were --- Comparison error....

(B) Although many of her colleagues were of the conviction of genes being --- passive

(C) Contrary to many of her colleagues being convinced that genes were --- passive

(D) Even though many of her colleagues were convinced that genes were --- Correct Ans IMO....

(E) Even with many of her colleagues convinced of genes being --- Wrong idiom "Even with"
_________________

Choose Life

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 17 Mar 2010
Posts: 59
Location: Hyderabad, India
WE 1: Deloitte 3 yrs
WE 2: Prok going on
Re: Unlike the conviction held by many of her colleagues that genes were  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 03 May 2011, 03:17
1
skim wrote:
Unlike the conviction held by many of her colleagues that genes were reatively simple and static, Barbara McClintock adhered to her own more complicated ideas about how genes might operate, and in 1983, at the age of 81, was awarded a Nobel Prize for her discovery that the genes in corn are capable of moving from one chromosomal site to another.

(A) Unlike the conviction held by many of her colleagues that genes were

(B) Although many of her colleagues were of the conviction of genes being

(C) Contrary to many of her colleagues being convinced that genes were

(D) Even though many of her colleagues were convinced that genes were

(E) Even with many of her colleagues convinced of genes being


A is not proper...if it were something like:
Unlike the conviction held by some people......, the conviction of Barbara...

we may have kept it on hold. Also B, C and E are wrong for their reasons.

Even though all of my friends have gone to Delhi, I have planned to go to Bombay.

Similarly
Even with many of her.................................., Barbara adhered to.....


So E is correct.
_________________

Akhil Mittal

I have not failed. I've just found 10000 ways that won't work. Thomas A. Edison

If my post was helpful to you then encourage me by your kudos :)

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 28 Sep 2011
Posts: 166
Re: Unlike the conviction held by many of her colleagues that genes were  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 08 Mar 2012, 13:50
I picked D for this question:

A. This answer choice has a comparison error. Currently, it is comparing "the conviction" to "Barbara" which is definitely wrong.

B. The only problem I could find with this answer choice was that it was too wordy. "Were of the conviction" could have been reduced to "were convinced" and "of the genes being" is not concise.

C. Again, I couldn't find any grammatical errors with this one. The words "being convinced" seemed too wordy and I felt there was a better way to phrase this clause.

D. This answer choice clearly and concisely states the meaning of the sentence.

E. Again, "convinced" of genes being" seemed too wordy.
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Status: Prevent and prepare. Not repent and repair!!
Joined: 13 Feb 2010
Posts: 219
Location: India
Concentration: Technology, General Management
GPA: 3.75
WE: Sales (Telecommunications)
Re: Unlike the conviction held by many of her colleagues that genes were  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 08 Feb 2013, 02:45
contacttoakhil wrote:
skim wrote:
Unlike the conviction held by many of her colleagues that genes were reatively simple and static, Barbara McClintock adhered to her own more complicated ideas about how genes might operate, and in 1983, at the age of 81, was awarded a Nobel Prize for her discovery that the genes in corn are capable of moving from one chromosomal site to another.

(A) Unlike the conviction held by many of her colleagues that genes were

(B) Although many of her colleagues were of the conviction of genes being

(C) Contrary to many of her colleagues being convinced that genes were

(D) Even though many of her colleagues were convinced that genes were

(E) Even with many of her colleagues convinced of genes being


A is not proper...if it were something like:
Unlike the conviction held by some people......, the conviction of Barbara...

we may have kept it on hold. Also B, C and E are wrong for their reasons.

Even though all of my friends have gone to Delhi, I have planned to go to Bombay.

Similarly
Even with many of her.................................., Barbara adhered to.....


So E is correct.



I feel E is not constructed properly... Especially 'convinced of genes being' v/s 'convinced that genes were'

Idiomatically I reckon we should use 'convinced that'
_________________

I've failed over and over and over again in my life and that is why I succeed--Michael Jordan
Kudos drives a person to better himself every single time. So Pls give it generously
Wont give up till i hit a 700+

VP
VP
User avatar
Status: Far, far away!
Joined: 02 Sep 2012
Posts: 1096
Location: Italy
Concentration: Finance, Entrepreneurship
GPA: 3.8
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: Unlike the conviction held by many of her colleagues that genes were  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 Jun 2013, 23:30
1
2
pjagadish27 wrote:
Choice D states : Even though many of her colleagues were convinced that ... Barbara McClintock adhered...

The sentence conveys that despite her colleagues conviction, Barbara stuck to her plans! Isn't this a distortion of the meaning conveyed in the original sentence? If option B is being eliminated for the reason that it is wordy, then going by the rule that meaning errors take precedence over concision errors, option B should be preferred to D. Please help !


The meaning of D is perfect, the meaning of A is flawed:

Unlike the conviction held by many of her colleagues that genes were reatively simple and static, Barbara McClintock adhered to her own more complicated ideas about how genes might operate, and in 1983, at the age of 81, was awarded a Nobel Prize for her discovery that the genes in corn are capable of moving from one chromosomal site to another.

(A) Unlike the conviction held by many of her colleagues that genes were

A compares the conviction to Barbara McClintock: not a logic comparison.

(B) Although many of her colleagues were of the conviction of genes being

The main reason to eliminate B is the presence of being: be suspicious whenever you see it, and keep in mind that NEVER an official question starts a modifier with "being".

Hope it helps
_________________

It is beyond a doubt that all our knowledge that begins with experience.

Kant , Critique of Pure Reason

Tips and tricks: Inequalities , Mixture | Review: MGMAT workshop
Strategy: SmartGMAT v1.0 | Questions: Verbal challenge SC I-II- CR New SC set out !! , My Quant

Rules for Posting in the Verbal Forum - Rules for Posting in the Quant Forum[/size][/color][/b]

VP
VP
User avatar
Status: Far, far away!
Joined: 02 Sep 2012
Posts: 1096
Location: Italy
Concentration: Finance, Entrepreneurship
GPA: 3.8
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: Unlike the conviction held by many of her colleagues that genes were  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 01 Jul 2013, 01:24
1
pjagadish27 wrote:
@ Zarrolou : I do agree that being could cause those choices to be wrong. But, does option D modify the intended meaning by saying that
'despite her colleagues' conviction, Barbara stuck to her plans' . Please clarify this.



No, that's the intended meaning of the sentence. If it's still not clear, try to tell me what's the meaning the sentence should express in your opinion...

You want to say that, option A is not logical hence is out (as explained above); the meaning of all the remaining answer choices is the same, some of them are not correct for other reasons
_________________

It is beyond a doubt that all our knowledge that begins with experience.

Kant , Critique of Pure Reason

Tips and tricks: Inequalities , Mixture | Review: MGMAT workshop
Strategy: SmartGMAT v1.0 | Questions: Verbal challenge SC I-II- CR New SC set out !! , My Quant

Rules for Posting in the Verbal Forum - Rules for Posting in the Quant Forum[/size][/color][/b]

e-GMAT Representative
User avatar
G
Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 2622
Re: Unlike the conviction held by many of her colleagues that genes were  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 07 Aug 2013, 07:46
lucasITA wrote:
i'm a non-native english speaker
i've read that even though and although should be used in the following situations:
Even though -- when the condition given is negative but the outcome/result is positive

Although -- when the condition given is positive but the outcome/result is negative


is this example an exception of this rule?


Image


Hi lucasITA,

A very simple thing to remember about "although" and "even though" is that they present contrast.

This what "even though" in the correct answer choice is doing. It's presenting the contrast. Now, what is the contradiction? The contradiction is that Barbara McClintock's colleagues thought that genre were simple and static. But Barbara McClintock did not think this way. She thought that genes worked in a very complicated way.

"Even though" in the correct answer choice presents the contrasting ideas that McClintock and her colleagues held.

Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha
_________________












| '4 out of Top 5' Instructors on gmatclub | 70 point improvement guarantee | www.e-gmat.com

Director
Director
avatar
Joined: 03 Aug 2012
Posts: 822
Concentration: General Management, General Management
GMAT 1: 630 Q47 V29
GMAT 2: 680 Q50 V32
GPA: 3.7
WE: Information Technology (Investment Banking)
Premium Member
Re: Unlike the conviction held by many of her colleagues that genes were  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 09 Sep 2013, 21:01
(A) Unlike the conviction held by many of her colleagues that genes were
Conviction compared to Barbara, you can compare only similar things =>WRONG
(B) Although many of her colleagues were of the conviction of genes being
Convinced would be preferable over Conviction as per (Verb>Adject(Adverb)>Noun Rule)
(C) Contrary to many of her colleagues being convinced that genes were
Being as a participle phrase is wordy when colleagues WERE definitely convinced
(D) Eventhough many of her colleagues were convinced that genes were
No Issues
(E) Even with many of her colleagues convinced of genes being
With many of her colleagues convinced V/S Barbara adhered to
Wrong

_________________

Rgds,
TGC!
_____________________________________________________________________
I Assisted You => KUDOS Please
_____________________________________________________________________________

Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 12 Jan 2013
Posts: 185
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: Unlike the conviction held by many of her colleagues that genes were  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 04 Jan 2014, 08:58
1
skim wrote:
Unlike the conviction held by many of her colleagues that genes were reatively simple and static, Barbara McClintock adhered to her own more complicated ideas about how genes might operate, and in 1983, at the age of 81, was awarded a Nobel Prize for her discovery that the genes in corn are capable of moving from one chromosomal site to another.

(A) Unlike the conviction held by many of her colleagues that genes were

(B) Although many of her colleagues were of the conviction of genes being

(C) Contrary to many of her colleagues being convinced that genes were

(D) Even though many of her colleagues were convinced that genes were

(E) Even with many of her colleagues convinced of genes being


Let's focus on the splits first, Ill start with the ending splits:

Even though the correct answer has this word, "were" in my opinion incorrectly implies that genes had a trait before that they do not have anymore. Because the other options had other, more serious flaws, I picked D anyway but initial assessment of end splits creates uncertainty.. Can we REALLY use "were"?

Beginning splits are all over the place here, we seem to have a 2-1-1-1 split. "Unlike" as an introductionary word sounds weird but AFAIK, is not by default wrong. What makes A wrong is that "conviction held by many of her collegues" implies her collegues are holding conviction.. Wrong.

"Although" is incorrect because it sort of tells us that "even though her collegues believed X, she adhered to her own idea". This is not the intended meaning, the intent is not to tell us what she believes IN SPITE OF the beliefs of her collegues, the intent is to specifically show us that Barbara did not agree with consensus. Therefore B is wrong. Furthermore, "were of the conviction" creates a question mark for us, it isn't necessarily wrong but it sure does sound weird. Since we've already eliminated B for other reasons, we don't need to focus on "were of the conviction".

"Contrary" implies that Barbara does something that her collegues do not do. This is the correct intent of the sentence, however "being" and "were" do not follow logically; "being" should be "were" since "adhered" modifies Barbara.. Notice the tense.

"Even with" implies that "Barbara believes this, even in the cases when her collegues are convinced of".. This is not what the author intends, he or she is not trying to tell us that Barbara adhered to her own ideas in case X, Y and Z. The author is trying to tell us that CONTRARY to her collegues, she believes X.

D uses "were" in a correct way to parallel collegues and genes, and it uses "even THOUGH" correctly which says that "she believed X though her collegues believed Y", this is basically another way of saying "CONTRARY to her collegues, Barbara believes X".

So even though I was unsure of whether "were" is tense-wise correct, there are almost ALWAYS more than one fault with the other options and therefor you should not impulsively eliminate options just because you are not sure if they are correct. Only when you are 100% certain of a split being wrong should you eliminate it.
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 27 Mar 2014
Posts: 3
Re: Unlike the conviction held by many of her colleagues that genes were  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 02 Sep 2014, 01:16
1
Hi e-gmat team,

I have read your article on the usage of being, and still this question (OG 13 Q31) has baffled me.
I have read your explanation for this answer. But use of being is not clear in it.
Please explain me why the usage of being is wrong in choice C?

Is not this usage the same as first usage explained in the article, Being used as noun??

OG Question 31

Unlike the conviction held by many of her colleagues
that genes were
relatively simple and static, Barbara
McClintock adhered to her own more complicated
ideas about how genes might operate, and in 1983,
at the age of 81, was awarded a Nobel Prize for her
discovery that the genes in corn are capable of
moving from one chromosomal site to another.

(A) Unlike the conviction held by many of her
colleagues that genes were

(B) Although many of her colleagues were of the
conviction of genes being

(C) Contrary to many of her colleagues being
convinced that genes were


(D) Even though many of her colleagues were
convinced that genes were

(E) Even with many of her colleagues convinced of
genes being

Thanks
Smriti Kumar
e-GMAT Representative
User avatar
G
Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 2622
Re: Unlike the conviction held by many of her colleagues that genes were  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 04 Sep 2014, 13:22
Hi Smriti,

In choice C, "being" acts as a modifier and not a noun. "Being" should be used as a Subject with a Verb to be correct. Just being a noun will not make the use of "being" correct.

Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
SJ
_________________












| '4 out of Top 5' Instructors on gmatclub | 70 point improvement guarantee | www.e-gmat.com

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 23 Jan 2014
Posts: 5
Location: India
Concentration: Finance, Entrepreneurship
GMAT Date: 04-01-2015
GPA: 3.3
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Re: Unlike the conviction held by many of her colleagues that genes were  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 25 Jan 2015, 05:00
Unlike the conviction held by many of her colleagues that genes were reatively simple and static, Barbara McClintock adhered to her own more complicated ideas about how genes might operate, and in 1983, at the age of 81, was awarded a Nobel Prize for her discovery that the genes in corn are capable of moving from one chromosomal site to another.

(A) Unlike the conviction held by many of her colleagues that genes were

(B) Although many of her colleagues were of the conviction of genes being

(C) Contrary to many of her colleagues being convinced that genes were

(D) Even though many of her colleagues were convinced that genes were

(E) Even with many of her colleagues convinced of genes being

CHOICE A:
Incorrect:
The sentence has the comparison error as pointed out in error analysis.

CHOICE B:
Incorrect:
This choice incorrectly uses “being”. To learn about the correct usage of “being”, please read this article.

CHOICE C
Incorrect:
This choice again repeats the error of “being” and fails to communicate the intended meaning clearly.

CHOICE D
Correct:
This choice corrects the idiom error and presents the intended logical contrast.

CHOICE E
Incorrect:
Use of “being” is incorrect.
The phrase “even with many…” fails to convey the intended contrast precisely.
Director
Director
User avatar
G
Joined: 27 Mar 2010
Posts: 977
Location: Bangalore, India
Re: Unlike the conviction held by many of her colleagues that genes were  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 12 Feb 2015, 22:09
Ptting wrote:
Is there anything wrong with "convinced of" ?
Isnt it cannot express what her colleagues' conviction was?

Hi! You ask a very good question, something that is quite frequently tested on GMAT, and comes under stylistic preference/meaning clarity.

Am assuming you are talking about option E. With E, the sentence would be:

Even with many of her colleagues convinced of genes being relatively simple and static, Barbara McClintock adhered to her own more complicated ideas about how genes might operate, and in 1983, at the age of 81, was awarded a Nobel Prize for her discovery that the genes in corn are capable of moving from one chromosomal site to another.

From a meaning perspective, the question we should be asking is:

(i) Were many of her colleagues convinced of genes (this is what option E states) or
(ii) Were many of her colleagues convinced about some property of genes.

Clearly, many of her colleagues were convinced about some property of genes (that genes were relatively simple and static).

Hence, the usage of that becomes important from a meaning clarity perspective. So, the correct sentence would be:

Even though many of her colleagues were convinced that genes were relatively simple and static, Barbara McClintock adhered to her own more complicated ideas about how genes might operate, and in 1983, at the age of 81, was awarded a Nobel Prize for her discovery that the genes in corn are capable of moving from one chromosomal site to another.

p.s. Our book EducationAisle Sentence Correction Nirvana discusses this particular usage of that, its application and examples in significant detail. If someone is interested, PM me your email-id, I can mail the corresponding section.
_________________

Thanks,
Ashish
EducationAisle, Bangalore

Sentence Correction Nirvana available on Amazon.in and Flipkart

Now! Preview the entire Grammar Section of Sentence Correction Nirvana at pothi.com

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 26 Feb 2016
Posts: 24
Re: Unlike the conviction held by many of her colleagues that genes were  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 17 Mar 2016, 01:33
egmat wrote:
lucasITA wrote:
i'm a non-native english speaker
i've read that even though and although should be used in the following situations:
Even though -- when the condition given is negative but the outcome/result is positive

Although -- when the condition given is positive but the outcome/result is negative


is this example an exception of this rule?


Image


Hi lucasITA,

A very simple thing to remember about "although" and "even though" is that they present contrast.

This what "even though" in the correct answer choice is doing. It's presenting the contrast. Now, what is the contradiction? The contradiction is that Barbara McClintock's colleagues thought that genre were simple and static. But Barbara McClintock did not think this way. She thought that genes worked in a very complicated way.

"Even though" in the correct answer choice presents the contrasting ideas that McClintock and her colleagues held.

Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha



There are two theories circulating around regarding the usage of Even Though and Although.


1) 'Even though' when the condition given is negative but the outcome/result is positive (Even though Ram hadn't studied, he passed the exam).
'Although' when the condition given is positive but the outcome/result is negative (Although Ram had studied very hard, he did not score well).

But, it's not always possible to identify whether which between the condition and the outcome is more positive/negative (just like 'convinced that genes were simple' vs 'complicated ideas' in this question).

2) Even though is more emphatic than though and although.

This is even more vague, since the degree of emphasis that candidates perceive might not be the same as what GMAT perceives. On what ground can we conclude that either 'even though' is underused or "although' is overused in a sentence?
Retired Moderator
User avatar
G
Joined: 14 Dec 2013
Posts: 3186
Location: Germany
Schools: HHL Leipzig
GMAT 1: 780 Q50 V47
WE: Corporate Finance (Pharmaceuticals and Biotech)
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member Reviews Badge
Re: Unlike the conviction held by many of her colleagues that genes were  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 05 Jul 2016, 04:50
jjindal wrote:
Can anyone please explain why 'E' is wrong here?


In GMAT, it is generally observed that using a clause with a noun and a verb is preferred to using a phrase with noun and a present participle / past participle modifier .

I am convinced that you are the murderer.... better - clause: noun (you) + verb (are )
I am convinced of you being the murderer..... awkward - phrase: noun (you) + present participle (being)

In option E 2 such awkward usages are there:

colleagues convinced (noun + past participle)
genes being (noun + present participle)

Better would be: colleagues were convinced that genes were.... (clause1 : colleagues were convinced, clause 2: genes were....) This is how option D is constructed and is the correct option.
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 17 Nov 2013
Posts: 132
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: Unlike the conviction held by many of her colleagues that genes were  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 09 Oct 2016, 14:10
Split1) Avoid comparing convictions to McClintock. A is out.
Split2) Dependent Clause, + Independent Clause construction. How do you determine that the first part is a dependent clause? 1) you have the subordinate conjunction "Even though" placed in front of the clause. Also, the first part of the sentence is not complete, you know that the listener is expecting some extra material coming after the comma. B, C and E are out.
Split3) the word "being" in B and C. Whenever I see the word "being" I get the feeling that the whole sentence is wrong. The use of "being" makes the sentence long/wordy/awkward and it also changes the meaning. That's why i did not like B and C.
Re: Unlike the conviction held by many of her colleagues that genes were &nbs [#permalink] 09 Oct 2016, 14:10

Go to page    1   2    Next  [ 27 posts ] 

Display posts from previous: Sort by

Unlike the conviction held by many of her colleagues that genes were

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  

Events & Promotions

PREV
NEXT


GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.