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Unlike the conviction held by many of her colleagues that genes were

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Re: Unlike the conviction held by many of her colleagues that genes were  [#permalink]

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New post 05 May 2017, 07:03
aeglorre wrote:
skim wrote:
Unlike the conviction held by many of her colleagues that genes were reatively simple and static, Barbara McClintock adhered to her own more complicated ideas about how genes might operate, and in 1983, at the age of 81, was awarded a Nobel Prize for her discovery that the genes in corn are capable of moving from one chromosomal site to another.

(A) Unlike the conviction held by many of her colleagues that genes were

(B) Although many of her colleagues were of the conviction of genes being

(C) Contrary to many of her colleagues being convinced that genes were

(D) Even though many of her colleagues were convinced that genes were

(E) Even with many of her colleagues convinced of genes being


Let's focus on the splits first, Ill start with the ending splits:

Even though the correct answer has this word, "were" in my opinion incorrectly implies that genes had a trait before that they do not have anymore. Because the other options had other, more serious flaws, I picked D anyway but initial assessment of end splits creates uncertainty.. Can we REALLY use "were"?

Beginning splits are all over the place here, we seem to have a 2-1-1-1 split. "Unlike" as an introductionary word sounds weird but AFAIK, is not by default wrong. What makes A wrong is that "conviction held by many of her collegues" implies her collegues are holding conviction.. Wrong.

"Although" is incorrect because it sort of tells us that "even though her collegues believed X, she adhered to her own idea". This is not the intended meaning, the intent is not to tell us what she believes IN SPITE OF the beliefs of her collegues, the intent is to specifically show us that Barbara did not agree with consensus. Therefore B is wrong. Furthermore, "were of the conviction" creates a question mark for us, it isn't necessarily wrong but it sure does sound weird. Since we've already eliminated B for other reasons, we don't need to focus on "were of the conviction".

"Contrary" implies that Barbara does something that her collegues do not do. This is the correct intent of the sentence, however "being" and "were" do not follow logically; "being" should be "were" since "adhered" modifies Barbara.. Notice the tense.

"Even with" implies that "Barbara believes this, even in the cases when her collegues are convinced of".. This is not what the author intends, he or she is not trying to tell us that Barbara adhered to her own ideas in case X, Y and Z. The author is trying to tell us that CONTRARY to her collegues, she believes X.

D uses "were" in a correct way to parallel collegues and genes, and it uses "even THOUGH" correctly which says that "she believed X though her collegues believed Y", this is basically another way of saying "CONTRARY to her collegues, Barbara believes X".

So even though I was unsure of whether "were" is tense-wise correct, there are almost ALWAYS more than one fault with the other options and therefor you should not impulsively eliminate options just because you are not sure if they are correct. Only when you are 100% certain of a split being wrong should you eliminate it.


sorry to contradict my friend . the use of unlike in option a is wrong not because of the fact that the collegues held the conviction but because of the fact that conviction is being compared with barbara which is wrong it should be the collegues that should be compared with barbara.

hope this helps.
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Re: Unlike the conviction held by many of her colleagues that genes were  [#permalink]

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New post 14 May 2017, 11:22
skim wrote:
Unlike the conviction held by many of her colleagues that genes were reatively simple and static, Barbara McClintock adhered to her own more complicated ideas about how genes might operate, and in 1983, at the age of 81, was awarded a Nobel Prize for her discovery that the genes in corn are capable of moving from one chromosomal site to another.

(A) Unlike the conviction held by many of her colleagues that genes were

(B) Although many of her colleagues were of the conviction of genes being

(C) Contrary to many of her colleagues being convinced that genes were

(D) Even though many of her colleagues were convinced that genes were

(E) Even with many of her colleagues convinced of genes being


A "Unlike" is comparing a conviction with a person.
B "Being" is incorrect because it's not part of a noun phrase or a passive voice construction.
C "Being" is incorrect here for the same reasons as above.
D Correct.
E "Being" is incorrect here for reasons previously noted.
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Re: Unlike the conviction held by many of her colleagues that genes were  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jun 2017, 00:31
Unlike the conviction held by many of her colleagues that genes were reatively simple and static, Barbara McClintock adhered to her own more complicated ideas about how genes might operate, and in 1983, at the age of 81, was awarded a Nobel Prize for her discovery that the genes in corn are capable of moving from one chromosomal site to another.

This question prompts to check the correct entities of comparison
The comparing entities are Many of her colleagues and Barbara McCllintoick

Meaning
Bm believes in her own ideas though its not believed by others. Her adherence in herself and ideas lead to win a noble prize.

(A) Unlike the conviction held by many of her colleagues that genes were
Comparing entities are wrong. the conviction is compared with Barabara.

(B) Although many of her colleagues were of the conviction of genes being
The comparing entries are correct but the usage of being is wrong

(C) Contrary to many of her colleagues being convinced that genes were
conviction is replaced with convinced but changes the intended meaning of the sentence as The usage of being is wrong.

(D) Even though many of her colleagues were convinced that genes were
The comparing entities are correct and so the meaning

(E) Even with many of her colleagues convinced of genes being
Meaning ambiguity
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Re: Unlike the conviction held by many of her colleagues that genes were  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Aug 2017, 09:25
In this sentence, can conviction and convinced be used interchangeably?
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Re: Unlike the conviction held by many of her colleagues that genes were  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Aug 2017, 10:48
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Conviction is a noun and convinced is either an action verb or a past participle. How can two different parts of speech be interchanged?
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Re: Unlike the conviction held by many of her colleagues that genes were  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Sep 2017, 14:28
Shiv2016 wrote:
In this sentence, can conviction and convinced be used interchangeably?



Hello Shiv2016,

The sentence does not use conviction and convinced interchangeably. With the change in the structure of the answer choice, the noun conviction and the verb were convinced has been used to suit the structure so that the choice can express the intended meaning.

But yes, both these words have been used to the same effect.


Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
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Re: Unlike the conviction held by many of her colleagues that genes were  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2018, 01:32
skim wrote:
Unlike the conviction held by many of her colleagues that genes were reatively simple and static, Barbara McClintock adhered to her own more complicated ideas about how genes might operate, and in 1983, at the age of 81, was awarded a Nobel Prize for her discovery that the genes in corn are capable of moving from one chromosomal site to another.

(A) Unlike the conviction held by many of her colleagues that genes were

(B) Although many of her colleagues were of the conviction of genes being

(C) Contrary to many of her colleagues being convinced that genes were

(D) Even though many of her colleagues were convinced that genes were

(E) Even with many of her colleagues convinced of genes being

https://www.technologyreview.com/magazine/1993/01/

Technology Review - Volume 96

https://books.google.com.my/books?id=-5jpAAAAMAAJ
1993 - ‎Snippet view - ‎More editions

The truths discovered in the lab are undeniably true, but their discoverers fail to grasp that other truths might also be true, and that ... who in 1983, at the age of 81, won a Nobel Prize for her discovery that the genes in corn are capable of jumping from one ... For years most of her colleagues dismissed that idea, convinced that genes were relatively simple and static and ... But McClintock adhered to her own more complicated notions about how genes might operate, as well as to her ...



In addition to the beautiful explanations above

IDIOM USAGE HERE

convinced that…is right usage..even with conviction that..not conviction of..
Someone can be convinved of Noun/Noun Phrase or someone can be convinced that Sub+Verb…
Always eliminates ones which use..Convinced of Subj plus verb


Press Kudos if it helps!!
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Re: Unlike the conviction held by many of her colleagues that genes were  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Oct 2018, 16:27
Hello Everyone!

This is a great example of a comparison/contrast sentence you might find on the GMAT! Let's tackle it, one problem at a time, to determine which option is the correct choice! First, here is the original sentence with any major differences between the options highlighted in orange:

Unlike the conviction held by many of her colleagues that genes were relatively simple and static, Barbara McClintock adhered to her own more complicated ideas about how genes might operate, and in 1983, at the age of 81, was awarded a Nobel Prize for her discovery that the genes in corn are capable of moving from one chromosomal site to another.

(A) Unlike the conviction held by many of her colleagues that genes were
(B) Although many of her colleagues were of the conviction of genes being
(C) Contrary to many of her colleagues being convinced that genes were
(D) Even though many of her colleagues were convinced that genes were
(E) Even with many of her colleagues convinced of genes being

After a quick glance over the options, there are some things we can focus on:

1. What subordinate conjunction to begin with: Unlike/Although/Contrary to/Even though/Even with
2. Active vs. Passive Voice
3. Conciseness/Wordiness


Let's start with #1 on our list: subordinate conjunctions. Whenever we're using them to create a contrast, we need to check for 2 things:

1. The two things being contrasted are similar in wording/number/type
2. They are the right conjunction to show the intended meaning


Here is how our options break down when we focus on subordinate conjunctions:

(A) Unlike the conviction held by many of her colleagues that genes were
This is INCORRECT because it's creating a false comparison! It's comparing "conviction" to Barbara McClintock, rather than comparing her colleagues to her (both of which are people).

(B) Although many of her colleagues were of the conviction of genes being
This is OKAY for now, so let's keep it for later.

(C) Contrary to many of her colleagues being convinced that genes were
This is OKAY for now, so let's keep it for later.

(D) Even though many of her colleagues were convinced that genes were
This is OKAY, so let's save it for later.

(E) Even with many of her colleagues convinced of genes being
This is INCORRECT because "Even with" isn't a subordinate conjunction in English. Since this isn't idiomatically correct, let's rule it out.

We can rule out options A & E because they either create a non-parallel comparison or used a conjunction that doesn't exist in English.

Now that we're left with 3 options, let's tackle #2 & #3 on our list. There are two main things we need to focus on here:

1. Are the phrases written using active or passive voice? The GMAT always prefers active over passive voice, so try to rule out any that use passive voice.
2. Are they overly wordy or confusing? The GMAT doesn't like that either!


(B) Although many of her colleagues were of the conviction of genes being
This is INCORRECT because the phrase "of the conviction of genes being" is overly wordy and confusing for readers. It's also passive voice, so let's rule this out.

(C) Contrary to many of her colleagues being convinced that genes were
This is also INCORRECT because the wording is confusing. By adding in the word "being," it created a modifier that needed a comma before the word "being" to even work.

(D) Even though many of her colleagues were convinced that genes were
This is CORRECT! It's clear, concise, and doesn't create any grammatical problems!

There you have it - option D is the correct choice! It creates a strong, clear, and concise contrast between Barbara McClintock and her colleagues! If you pay close attention to trends in the GMAT exam (active vs. passive voice / conciseness vs. wordiness / parallelism), you can easily spot problems and rule out options quickly!


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Re: Unlike the conviction held by many of her colleagues that genes were  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Nov 2018, 14:44
I eliminated A, C, and D on this question because of the "that genes were" construction. I reasoned the following: this must be incorrect because genes ARE relatively simple and static. Using the past tense were suggests that the genes used to be simple and static and now are something else?
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Re: Unlike the conviction held by many of her colleagues that genes were   [#permalink] 11 Nov 2018, 14:44

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