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# V01-21

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Math Expert
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16 Sep 2014, 00:55
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Difficulty:

85% (hard)

Question Stats:

41% (01:03) correct 59% (01:26) wrong based on 82 sessions

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As part of continuing efforts to control illegal immigration, the US government should institute a system of internal passports similar to those in European nations. Drivers’ licenses currently serve a kind of internal-passport function, but this system is severely limited because not all states require the same documentation before issuing photo ID. Illegal workers can get a driver’s license in one state with lax regulations and use it as identification in another state with stricter regulations but better-paying jobs. Internal passports will keep illegal workers from slipping through the cracks by standardizing forms of photo ID.

Which of the following is most similar to the passage above in logical structure?

A. National standardized college entrance exams replace exams written independently by test administration services affiliated with groups of universities.
B. A national association of doctors approves standards for diagnosis and treatment of childhood development disorders, and these standards are used in private clinics across the country.
C. Resale values of used cars are discussed, standardized, and published in an industry manual also available to independent buyers and sellers.
D. The distance between rails of train tracks is standardized across the country, allowing trains built by any manufacturer to travel along any rail line.
E. Employment applications and hiring processes for a national restaurant chain are standardized in order to ensure uniform quality among employees.

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16 Sep 2014, 00:55
Official Solution:

As part of continuing efforts to control illegal immigration, the US government should institute a system of internal passports similar to those in European nations. Drivers’ licenses currently serve a kind of internal-passport function, but this system is severely limited because not all states require the same documentation before issuing photo ID. Illegal workers can get a driver’s license in one state with lax regulations and use it as identification in another state with stricter regulations but better-paying jobs. Internal passports will keep illegal workers from slipping through the cracks by standardizing forms of photo ID.

Which of the following is most similar to the passage above in logical structure?

A. National standardized college entrance exams replace exams written independently by test administration services affiliated with groups of universities.
B. A national association of doctors approves standards for diagnosis and treatment of childhood development disorders, and these standards are used in private clinics across the country.
C. Resale values of used cars are discussed, standardized, and published in an industry manual also available to independent buyers and sellers.
D. The distance between rails of train tracks is standardized across the country, allowing trains built by any manufacturer to travel along any rail line.
E. Employment applications and hiring processes for a national restaurant chain are standardized in order to ensure uniform quality among employees.

Situation: A proposal is made to introduce a system of internal passports to the United States to prevent illegal workers from falsifying identity records.

Reasoning: Which is most like the passage in logical structure? The first sentence introduces the idea of an internal passport system in the US, and the second states the reason that the current system of using drivers’ licenses as photo ID: not all states require the same documentation. The author of the passage worries that illegal workers will use photo IDs gained by taking advantage of lax documentation rules in one state to gain employment in other states. The overall logical structure of the passage has to do with standardizing regulations in order to make sure those given access to certain resources, whether jobs or college admission, are properly certified.
1. College entrance exams that are both national and standardized will unify a certification process in the same way that a system of internal passports would. In the passage, workers can gain employment with ID received in another state, and in this answer choice students can gain admission to a college with scores administered by another university.
2. A standardized list for diagnosis and treatment will not permit the transfer of credentials described in the passage.
3. Even though an industry manual will make it easy for buyers to find the costs and resale values of used cars, this option does not use the word standardized in the same way as the passage.
4. This will actually make movement across boundary lines easier, not more difficult, as is the goal of the argument in the passage.
5. Employment is a topic discussed in the passage, but uniform standards in a national chain will make it simpler for employees to change jobs, not more difficult.

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01 Mar 2016, 04:29
while hiring process being a bar entrance of some kind, exams are differentiators whose result a used for admission purpose. Putting together a national exam does not decide how collages acquire students, while a unified hiring process would do, like the way how DLs are issued according to the same standard. I'm not convinced at all E being a less correct answer than A
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01 Mar 2016, 22:37
There are 2 problems with E.

1. It talks about ONLY one organization and not a system.
2. It also does not compare with the original situations in which members could manipulate the differences of non standard regulations.

P.S: This is not the easiest of questions.
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04 Mar 2016, 06:14
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souvik101990 wrote:
There are 2 problems with E.

1. It talks about ONLY one organization and not a system.
2. It also does not compare with the original situations in which members could manipulate the differences of non standard regulations.

P.S: This is not the easiest of questions.

1. I never knew you need to compare system to system and organization to organization in gmat CR. It wouldn't take much effort to find counter examples.
2. This is indeed a flaw as it did fail to resemble the scenario in question that one can exploit the difference in entrance bar into a system. Problem being answer A also fails for exactly the same reason. As last time I checked, you cant get admitted to random community college and transfer to Harvard free of barrier.

P.S. I'd rather say this is not the most correct one of questions.
P.P.S. I don't do all CR questions right in the first time, but those from reliable source that I've failed ALWAYS convince me with explanations.
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06 Jun 2017, 07:50
The biggest Similarity between Stimulus and A and, hence, the Dissimilarity between A and rest of them IS that Stimulus and A are Proposals or calls for an action while all other options present actions taken to streamline something. B, C, D, & E use simple Present Tense.The biggest Similarity between Stimulus and A and, hence, the Dissimilarity between A and rest of them IS that Stimulus and A are Proposals or calls for an action while all other options present actions taken to streamline something. B, C, D, & E use simple Present Tense.

Check out the tense of words underlined below.

Bunuel wrote:
As part of continuing efforts to control illegal immigration, the US government should institute a system of internal passports similar to those in European nations. Drivers’ licenses currently serve a kind of internal-passport function, but this system is severely limited because not all states require the same documentation before issuing photo ID. Illegal workers can get a driver’s license in one state with lax regulations and use it as identification in another state with stricter regulations but better-paying jobs. Internal passports will keep illegal workers from slipping through the cracks by standardizing forms of photo ID.

Which of the following is most similar to the passage above in logical structure?

A. National standardized college entrance exams replace exams written independently by test administration services affiliated with groups of universities.
B. A national association of doctors approves standards for diagnosis and treatment of childhood development disorders, and these standards are used in private clinics across the country.
C. Resale values of used cars are discussed, standardized, and published in an industry manual also available to independent buyers and sellers.
D. The distance between rails of train tracks is standardized across the country, allowing trains built by any manufacturer to travel along any rail line.
E. Employment applications and hiring processes for a national restaurant chain are standardized in order to ensure uniform quality among employees.

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16 Jan 2018, 00:07
umg wrote:
The biggest Similarity between Stimulus and A and, hence, the Dissimilarity between A and rest of them IS that Stimulus and A are Proposals or calls for an action while all other options present actions taken to streamline something. B, C, D, & E use simple Present Tense.The biggest Similarity between Stimulus and A and, hence, the Dissimilarity between A and rest of them IS that Stimulus and A are Proposals or calls for an action while all other options present actions taken to streamline something. B, C, D, & E use simple Present Tense.

Check out the tense of words underlined below.

Bunuel wrote:
As part of continuing efforts to control illegal immigration, the US government should institute a system of internal passports similar to those in European nations. Drivers’ licenses currently serve a kind of internal-passport function, but this system is severely limited because not all states require the same documentation before issuing photo ID. Illegal workers can get a driver’s license in one state with lax regulations and use it as identification in another state with stricter regulations but better-paying jobs. Internal passports will keep illegal workers from slipping through the cracks by standardizing forms of photo ID.

Which of the following is most similar to the passage above in logical structure?

A. National standardized college entrance exams replace exams written independently by test administration services affiliated with groups of universities.
B. A national association of doctors approves standards for diagnosis and treatment of childhood development disorders, and these standards are used in private clinics across the country.
C. Resale values of used cars are discussed, standardized, and published in an industry manual also available to independent buyers and sellers.
D. The distance between rails of train tracks is standardized across the country, allowing trains built by any manufacturer to travel along any rail line.
E. Employment applications and hiring processes for a national restaurant chain are standardized in order to ensure uniform quality among employees.

In that case, A does not guarantees that such a standardized test has been proposed. 'A' simply tells what the test is supposed to do. No offence, but the criteria that you have mentioned does not work on this question.
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04 Apr 2018, 13:19
Bunuel wrote:
As part of continuing efforts to control illegal immigration, the US government should institute a system of internal passports similar to those in European nations. Drivers’ licenses currently serve a kind of internal-passport function, but this system is severely limited because not all states require the same documentation before issuing photo ID. Illegal workers can get a driver’s license in one state with lax regulations and use it as identification in another state with stricter regulations but better-paying jobs. Internal passports will keep illegal workers from slipping through the cracks by standardizing forms of photo ID.

Which of the following is most similar to the passage above in logical structure?

A. National standardized college entrance exams replace exams written independently by test administration services affiliated with groups of universities.
B. A national association of doctors approves standards for diagnosis and treatment of childhood development disorders, and these standards are used in private clinics across the country.
C. Resale values of used cars are discussed, standardized, and published in an industry manual also available to independent buyers and sellers.
D. The distance between rails of train tracks is standardized across the country, allowing trains built by any manufacturer to travel along any rail line.
E. Employment applications and hiring processes for a national restaurant chain are standardized in order to ensure uniform quality among employees.

The first sentence introduces the new idea of an internal passport system in the US.
Quote:
A. National standardized college entrance exams replace exams written independently by test administration services affiliated with groups of universities.

Option A intends to introduce an idea by replacing the old one.
Other options never tries to introduce an idea in their context.
souvik101990
Correct me if my reasoning go awry
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20 Sep 2018, 07:49
If we follow the process of elimination, it will be easy to eliminate choices (B), (C), (D) and (E) using the reasoning given in the official solution but if we start thinking about the right answer choice (i.e. choice (A)), I believe, there is a clear distinction between the given argument and this choice. The given argument makes it lucid that the licenses obtained in one state are valid in other states, but choice (A) doesn't make this clear. We have to make a strong assumption in (A) that the tests administered by a certain group of universities will be accepted in other group of universities too. If we don't make this assumption then certainly this choice won't qualify as a good parallel reasoning (though it is still better than other choices).

Correct me if I am wrong in my reasoning!
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