Official Solution:

For the first time since influenza vaccines became popular, the number of people expected to want the vaccine exceeds the amount of vaccine available. In order to manage the impact of this shortage on the public health, the governor has issued a directive ordering that the vaccine be made available first to groups most vulnerable to serious complications from the illness. The directive states that all children in the sixth grade and younger, and all people over 68 years of age, be provided the first option of receiving the vaccine through special 2-day "flu clinics" set up in elementary schools and senior citizens' centers.

If all of the above statements are true, it can be most directly inferred from the passage that

A. There will be rioting in the state in reaction to vaccine shortages.

B. The majority of un-vaccinated people will be working adults.

C. Some people in nursing homes will refuse the vaccine, making more available for working adults.

D. Students in the seventh through the twelfth grade will be next in priority for receiving the vaccine.

E. Some residents who are not in either priority group will be unable to find an available dose of vaccine.

Situation:The governor of the state has designated priority groups to manage the impact of an expected shortage of flu vaccine.

Reasoning: What inference can be drawn from information in the passage? The question requires drawing distinctions between groups of people in the state. The two designated priority groups include all children younger than sixth grade and all adults older than 68 years. Vaccine remaining after the "flu clinics" will be distributed among the remaining population, consisting of residents older than sixth grade and younger than 68 years. Because there is an expected shortage of vaccine, it can be inferred that some people in this middle group will not be able to find an available dose.

Choice A - Rioting is not feared nor hinted at in the passage.
- Choice B Older children (grades 7-12), college students, and other adults younger than 68 years are also excluded from priority groups. It may be possible that majority of adults are not working
- Choice C Though this option is possible, it is not a necessary conclusion of the passage.
- Choice D The passage does not discuss secondary priority groups.
- Choice E Since the number of people expected to desire the vaccine is higher than the amount of vaccine available, some residents of the state seeking an available dose will be unable to find one.

Answer: E

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