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V02-03  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Sep 2014, 00:56
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Administrators at a local college recently passed a mandatory recycling rule for all faculty and staff. Campus offices will be provided with bins for sorting paper, plastic, and glass, and employees will be subject to reprimand if recyclables are routinely found in their trash bins. The college president said in a statement that he hopes not only to make the campus more environmentally friendly, but also to set a good example for students, so that they will develop a habit of recycling even when they are not on campus.

Which of the following is most like the college president’s stated reasons for the recycling rule in logical structure?


A. Parents punish their children when they fail to brush their teeth because they want the children to begin habits that will lead to healthy teeth and gums.
B. Health departments enforce rules that restaurants must post signs in restrooms reminding employees they are required to wash their hands before returning to work, protecting the public health both by assuring that employees practice good hygiene and by encouraging members of the public to do the same.
C. Library policies state a penalty for returning borrowed books past their due date in order to assure that as many people as possible have access to the books they wish to read.
D. City sanitation crews post notices near sewers that drain rainwater to the local river announcing a penalty for dumping waste or motor oil.
E. A state legislature passes a law requiring local factories to reduce the amount of pollutants released into the atmosphere or the local watershed area in order to prevent damage to wildlife habitats.

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Re V02-03  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Sep 2014, 00:56
Official Solution:


Administrators at a local college recently passed a mandatory recycling rule for all faculty and staff. Campus offices will be provided with bins for sorting paper, plastic, and glass, and employees will be subject to reprimand if recyclables are routinely found in their trash bins. The college president said in a statement that he hopes not only to make the campus more environmentally friendly, but also to set a good example for students, so that they will develop a habit of recycling even when they are not on campus.

Which of the following is most like the college president’s stated reasons for the recycling rule in logical structure?


A. Parents punish their children when they fail to brush their teeth because they want the children to begin habits that will lead to healthy teeth and gums.
B. Health departments enforce rules that restaurants must post signs in restrooms reminding employees they are required to wash their hands before returning to work, protecting the public health both by assuring that employees practice good hygiene and by encouraging members of the public to do the same.
C. Library policies state a penalty for returning borrowed books past their due date in order to assure that as many people as possible have access to the books they wish to read.
D. City sanitation crews post notices near sewers that drain rainwater to the local river announcing a penalty for dumping waste or motor oil.
E. A state legislature passes a law requiring local factories to reduce the amount of pollutants released into the atmosphere or the local watershed area in order to prevent damage to wildlife habitats.


Situation A university has instituted a rule that it hopes will encourage students to recycle even when not on campus.

Reasoning Which argument has the same logical structure as the argument about the recycling rule? The university has issued a recycling rule that will make violators subject to reprimand. The actual goal of the rule, however, has two parts: to make an immediate, positive environmental impact by enforcing a rule on campus; and to exemplify environmentally-friendly habits that students will continue away from campus.
  1. The emphasis here is on reprimand and immediate impact, not example.
  2. A rule intended for one group of people (food service employees) has two goals: to positively impact the immediate public health through good hygiene, and to encourage members of the public to develop the same habits.
  3. The rule about due dates, though it is meant to serve the public, is not intended to be instructive.
  4. Though these signs may be intended to protect the public health, there is no attempt to set an example, nor is a specific group of people targeted for the rule.
  5. Though this rule targets a certain group (factory owners and managers), it is difficult for it to serve as an example to the public, since individuals do not produce industrial wastes.

Answer: B
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Re V02-03  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Sep 2016, 08:58
I think this is a poor-quality question and the explanation isn't clear enough, please elaborate. Answer B does not touch on or mention anything about reprimand or consequence. It doesn't seem parallel in this instance with the premises above.

Can you also explain why A is wrong? Thanks.
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Re: V02-03  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Sep 2016, 10:45
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dpgiii wrote:
I think this is a poor-quality question and the explanation isn't clear enough, please elaborate. Answer B does not touch on or mention anything about reprimand or consequence. It doesn't seem parallel in this instance with the premises above.

Can you also explain why A is wrong? Thanks.


First take option B:
The comparables are as follows:
a. School admin = Health department
b. School employees = restaurant employees
c. School students = members of public.

The comparison is: a wants b to act in such a way that c gets encouraged to behave in the same way.
Thus option b is alright.

Now take option A:
The item b is missing from option A altogether. There are just two parties: a (= parents) wants (directly) c (= children) to act in a certain way.
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Re: V02-03  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Oct 2016, 08:55
I am not totally convinced by the explanation.
The President wants to make examples for students to keep campus tidy ---> they have the habit and keep it tidy outside of the campus
Parents want the children to keep their teeth clean --> they have the habit and keep their teeth clean later on, even without parents' supervision? -->A?
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Re: V02-03  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Oct 2016, 10:15
oldest wrote:
I am not totally convinced by the explanation.
The President wants to make examples for students to keep campus tidy ---> they have the habit and keep it tidy outside of the campus
Parents want the children to keep their teeth clean --> they have the habit and keep their teeth clean later on, even without parents' supervision? -->A?



Please read the post just above yours - the equivalent of school employees is missing in option A.

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Re: V02-03  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jul 2018, 05:58
sayantanc2k wrote:
dpgiii wrote:
I think this is a poor-quality question and the explanation isn't clear enough, please elaborate. Answer B does not touch on or mention anything about reprimand or consequence. It doesn't seem parallel in this instance with the premises above.

Can you also explain why A is wrong? Thanks.


First take option B:
The comparables are as follows:
a. School admin = Health department
b. School employees = restaurant employees
c. School students = members of public.

The comparison is: a wants b to act in such a way that c gets encouraged to behave in the same way.
Thus option b is alright.

Now take option A:
The item b is missing from option A altogether. There are just two parties: a (= parents) wants (directly) c (= children) to act in a certain way.




what about reprimand mentioned in the argument ?

The deemed correct answer choice nowhere mentions this aspect of the argument. Please explain..

Thanks !
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Re: V02-03 &nbs [#permalink] 16 Jul 2018, 05:58
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