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V03-40

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V03-40  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Sep 2014, 02:00
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  65% (hard)

Question Stats:

36% (00:31) correct 64% (00:39) wrong based on 109 sessions

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A proposed law would require people to bring photo ID to polling places when they vote to curb potential fraud.

A. places when they vote to curb potential fraud
B. places when they vote, to curb potential fraud
C. places, when they vote to curb potential fraud
D. places, when they vote, to curb potential fraud
E. places, to curb potential fraud by voting

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Re V03-40  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Sep 2014, 02:00
Official Solution:

A proposed law would require people to bring photo ID to polling places when they vote to curb potential fraud.

A. places when they vote to curb potential fraud
B. places when they vote, to curb potential fraud
C. places, when they vote to curb potential fraud
D. places, when they vote, to curb potential fraud
E. places, to curb potential fraud by voting

The sentence is testing correct placement of modifiers. As the sentence is worded in the question stem, it seems as if a vote is being taken to decide whether or not to curb potential fraud. The meaning of the modifying phrase to curb potential fraud should be clarified.
  1. The phrase when they vote to curb potential fraud is misleading
  2. The comma placed between vote and to curb correctly separates the two ideas, making it clear that photo ID is the item intended to curb potential fraud.
  3. The comma is incorrectly inserted after places and does not sufficiently clarify which part of the sentence to curb potential fraud is intended to modify.
  4. The commas setting off the phrase when they vote are unnecessary and do not help clarify the meaning of the sentence.
  5. The comma in this phrase is incorrectly placed, and gives inadequate sense to the sentence.

Answer: B
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Re: V03-40  [#permalink]

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New post 20 May 2015, 08:24
Bunuel wrote:
Official Solution:

A proposed law would require people to bring photo ID to polling places when they vote to curb potential fraud.

A. places when they vote to curb potential fraud
B. places when they vote, to curb potential fraud
C. places, when they vote to curb potential fraud
D. places, when they vote, to curb potential fraud
E. places, to curb potential fraud by voting

The sentence is testing correct placement of modifiers. As the sentence is worded in the question stem, it seems as if a vote is being taken to decide whether or not to curb potential fraud. The meaning of the modifying phrase to curb potential fraud should be clarified.
  1. The phrase when they vote to curb potential fraud is misleading
  2. The comma placed between vote and to curb correctly separates the two ideas, making it clear that photo ID is the item intended to curb potential fraud.
  3. The comma is incorrectly inserted after places and does not sufficiently clarify which part of the sentence to curb potential fraud is intended to modify.
  4. The commas setting off the phrase when they vote are unnecessary and do not help clarify the meaning of the sentence.
  5. The comma in this phrase is incorrectly placed, and gives inadequate sense to the sentence.

Answer: B


Option D explanation states that commas are unnecessary and do not help clarify the meaning of the sentence. Can you please explain what is the intended meaning assuming these commas are present? How does it change the meaning?
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Re: V03-40  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Aug 2015, 22:32
option D,

A proposed law would require people to bring photo ID to polling places places, when they vote, to curb potential fraud

the bold part act as modifier, so rest of sentence reads as:-

A proposed law would require people to bring photo ID to polling places places to curb potential fraud.

I think meaning is pretty clear. Infact, option B do not seem correct ( to me atleast :) )

to complete potential fraud after comma looks like incomplete sentence. it sounds weird also.

Hope someone can explain. Thanks
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Re: V03-40  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Sep 2015, 10:35
intended meaning :- in order to curb fraud , a law is proposed that would require to bring i card @ voting place when people vote.


Meaning is clear with option D. why this one is wrong? Can anyone explain
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Re: V03-40  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Sep 2015, 10:43
any gmat verbal expert is requested to solve the ambiguity ..Pls validate this question and explain why D is wrong.....also tell whether use of "when" is valid in option B as it is usually used to indicate time...
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Re: V03-40  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Apr 2016, 19:27
Bunuel wrote:
A proposed law would require people to bring photo ID to polling places when they vote to curb potential fraud.

A. places when they vote to curb potential fraud
B. places when they vote, to curb potential fraud
C. places, when they vote to curb potential fraud
D. places, when they vote, to curb potential fraud
E. places, to curb potential fraud by voting


I went ahead with option D too. Please explain GMAT experts.
Thanks
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Re: V03-40  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Sep 2016, 20:40
Hi,

I read from Ron that punctuation is not tested in gmat. In this question, answer choices are distinguished purely by the place of comma. Can I say that it is testing punctuation? Thanks
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Re: V03-40  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Sep 2016, 06:13
ThangLe wrote:
Hi,

I read from Ron that punctuation is not tested in gmat. In this question, answer choices are distinguished purely by the place of comma. Can I say that it is testing punctuation? Thanks


Yes, to my knowledge, GMAT does not distinguish a wrong answer from a right ONLY on the basis of punctuation - there is generally at least one other issue with a wrong answer.
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Re: V03-40  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jul 2017, 09:27
Hi, I guess the question on this post remains unanswered. Why is option D incorrect? Can someone please explain.
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Re: V03-40  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jul 2017, 09:58
IMO "when they vote" is necessary because law states that ID is required when people vote. In option D the phrase is modifying "places"
Hence B is correct.

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Re: V03-40  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jul 2017, 21:41
There is a concept of essential and non-essential modifiers in this question. In option D, placing a comma before "when they vote" makes it a non-essential modifier.
In other words, the sentence should make perfect sense even without the phrase "when they vote" i.e A proposed law would require people to bring photo ID to polling places to curb potential fraud.
But, this statement, alters the meaning in the sense that just bringing the photo ID to polling places is enough to curb potential frauds regardless of whether the person votes or not.
However, in option B removing the comma before "when they vote" makes it an essential modifier, implying that bringing the photo ID to polling places when they vote will help to curb potential fraud.
I hope this explanation clears the air.
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Re: V03-40   [#permalink] 24 Jul 2017, 21:41
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