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V04-31, V04-32, V04-33, V04-34

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V04-31, V04-32, V04-33, V04-34  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Sep 2014, 02:02
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Two new commentaries on the life and work of early twentieth century short story writer Katherine Mansfield may be aimed at completely different audiences, but each uses well-known facts in new ways. The first, a popular biography by Virginia Smith, nods at Mansfield’s origins at the edge of the British empire – she was born in 1888 in Wellington, New Zealand – but is ultimately much more interested in the ways Mansfield’s simultaneously defiant and needy personality made her one of the most important, though often overlooked, groundbreakers of literary modernism.Mansfield’s relationships with fellow writers D.H. Lawrence and Virginia Woolf, as well as with her critic-husband John Middleton Murray, are examined for evidence of Mansfield’s influence on them, rather than vice versa. Ms. Smith compellingly presents Mansfield as a social chameleon skilled at imitation and adaptation; this innate flexibility, the book argues, is the very trait that made only Mansfield capable of infusing the English literary scene with the influence of Russian writer Anton Chekhov. Though in the end Ms. Smith offers few new biographical details, the truly impressive aspect of this biography is her ability to shift easily between worn fact and compelling narrative.

Whereas the few shortcomings of Ms. Smith’s book may be attributed to lack of publishing experience, a second commentary from long-time professor Jim Jeffries can make no such excuse. Mr. Jeffries’ contribution is an often tedious biographical essay that introduces a new critical edition of Mansfield’s short stories. Jeffries’ work plods point-by-point along Mansfield’s biography, attempting to attribute the inspiration for each sparkling, artfully constructed story to a traumatic event in her life. The result is not so much a portrait of Mansfield’s work as it is an ornate yet overly-simplified timeline. This offense is only compounded by Mr. Jeffries’ shallow interpretations of Mansfield’s most subtle and complex symbolism, and his continuing references to various critics and philosophers make the essay no more interesting than name-dropping at a cocktail party.
1. The passage above is primarily concerned with

(a) establishing an unknown writer as an important literary figure.
(b) comparing and contrasting two recent biographical works.
(c) arguing for a new interpretation of the life of a literary figure.
(d) disputing the credentials of a well-known literary critic.
(e) analyzing different uses of commonly-known biographical facts.


2. Which of the following forms the best conclusion to the second paragraph?

(a) However, Mr. Jeffries does manage to say considerably more about Mansfield’s relationship with Virginia Woolf than does Ms. Smith.
(b) In light of these facts, one can predict that Mr. Jeffries’ book will be far less popular than Ms. Smith’s.
(c) In short, though Mr. Jeffries had at his disposal the same biographical information as Ms. Smith, he manages to do considerably worse with it.
(d) Because of the many shortcomings of Mr. Jeffries’ book, it is likely that Ms. Smith will soon eclipse him as the predominant scholarly authority on Mansfield.
(e) Notwithstanding these many shortcomings, Mr. Jeffries has his long-standing critical reputation to recommend him to readers.


3. With which of the following statements about Mansfield’s relationships with other modernist writers would the author of the passage most likely agree?

(a) Fellow writers such as Lawrence and Woolf learned imitation and adaptation from Mansfield.
(b) The fact that Mansfield was both defiant and needy made her relationships with other writers difficult.
(c) Mansfield preferred her friendship with Chekhov to relationships with English writers Lawrence and Woolf.
(d) Mansfield’s personality was flexible enough to accommodate relationships with critics as well as with fellow writers.
(e) Mansfield’s influence on fellow writers, though often overlooked, is as significant as their influence on her.


4. The author most likely uses the word “plods” in this line in order to

(a) emphasize the tedious nature of the essay.
(b) criticize the essay’s excessive use of detail.
(c) highlight the essay’s method of connecting biography to literary output.
(d) mark a distinction between narrative and factual elements in the essay.
(e) draw attention to a preferred approach to biography.


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Re V04-31, V04-32, V04-33, V04-34  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Sep 2014, 02:02
Spoiler: :: Question V04-31 explanation
The correct answer choice depends on an understanding of the passage as a whole and must take all parts of the passage into account. The first sentence previews the rest of the passage by stating that the topic is two new commentaries about Katherine Mansfield. Though the author clearly prefers one commentary over the other, the general purpose of the passage is to compare and contrast the two works.
  1. It is not claimed in the passage that Mansfield is an unknown writer.
  2. Virginia Smith’s popular biography is compared and contrasted with Jim Jeffries’ introduction to a critical edition of short stories.
  3. Though the authors of both works being reviewed reinterpret Mansfield’s life, this is not a goal of the author of the passage.
  4. A well-known literary critic is mentioned only in paragraph 2, and his credentials are not disputed.
  5. This is one aspect of the author’s review of each biographical work, but it is not the main goal of the passage.
Spoiler: :: Question V04-32 explanation
Because this question does not deal directly with information from the passage, it can best by answered by making an inference. A review of the second paragraph reminds us that the author of the passage dislikes Jeffries’ work on Mansfield because it is both over-simplified and arrogant. An apt conclusion to the second paragraph will maintain the critical tone of the paragraph and summarize the author’s reasons for dislike.
  1. The positive tone of this option does not fit with the critical tone of the rest of the paragraph.
  2. Popularity of either book is outside the scope of both the second paragraph and the passage.
  3. This option maintains the critical tone of the second paragraph, summarizes the criticism, and refers back to the first sentence of the passage, in which the thread common to both works – biographical information – was discussed.
  4. The second paragraph does not speculate on the relative authority of Smith and Jeffries.
  5. A compliment to Jeffries’ critical reputation does not fit with the critical tone of the second paragraph.
Spoiler: :: Question V04-33 explanation
The phrase most likely agree in the question stem indicates that the correct answer depends on making an inference. First, review these lines, where Mansfield’s relationships with fellow writers are discussed. In this sentence, the author italicizes the word them to emphasize that relationships of influence among modernist writers are assumed to run the other way, with writers such as Woolf and Lawrence impacting Mansfield. The phrase rather than vice versa at the end of the sentence further emphasizes this assumption and reveals the writer’s opinion that Mansfield’s influence on fellow writers was at least as important as their influence on her.
  1. Imitation and adaptation are mentioned as traits possessed by Mansfield, not as traits learned by fellow writers.
  2. This is a distortion of a detail from this line.
  3. The passage does not state that Mansfield had a friendship with Chekhov.
  4. This is a distortion of details from this line, which mentions that Mansfield’s husband was a literary critic, and this line, which applauds the flexibility of her imagination.
  5. This option is a paraphrase of these lines, which make it clear that the author considers Mansfield’s influence on fellow writers to be of often underestimated importance.
Spoiler: :: Question V04-34 explanation
The question requires a consideration of the author’s word choice. The previous two sentences begin a general criticism of Jeffries’ essay that includes the accusation that it is tedious. The next sentence continues this idea, providing more details and further criticizing Jeffries’ work for heavy use of a timeline approach.
  1. The word plods underscores the claim in the previous sentence that Jeffries’ essay is tedious, and prepares the rest of the sentence to argue more specifically that the timeline approach is particularly offensive to the author.
  2. The second paragraph does criticize the essay’s excessive use of detail, but the word plods in this sentence has a more specific function.
  3. Plods does not refer directly to the essay’s method of connecting biography and output.
  4. The word plods does not function this way in the sentence.
  5. The author does prefer a certain approach to biography, but that approach is described in the first paragraph, not the second.

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Re: V04-31, V04-32, V04-33, V04-34  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Sep 2015, 23:22
Anyone can further explain why
(b) criticize the essay’s excessive use of detail.

in Q4 is wrong?
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Re: V04-31, V04-32, V04-33, V04-34  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Oct 2015, 23:53
Please refer to : Q 3....
In my understanding- Mansfield is one of the most important groundbreaker of literary modernism and this fact is often overlooked .
Secondly , influence of Mansfield on fellow writers is stated in passage . But their influence on her is as signifacant as her influence on them ----- this statement seems difficult to buy.

Please refer to the passage excerpts to support my understanding ....
Mansfield’s simultaneously defiant and needy personality made her one of the most important, though often overlooked, groundbreakers of literary modernism.Mansfield’s relationships with fellow writers D.H. Lawrence and Virginia Woolf, as well as with her critic-husband John Middleton Murray, are examined for evidence of Mansfield’s influence on them, rather than vice versa. Ms. Smith compellingly

Hence choice E is wrong.
Please correct my understanding .
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Re: V04-31, V04-32, V04-33, V04-34  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jul 2016, 11:15
I agree with pushkar2014. The passage states that Mansfield's influence on them is 'more' significant and not 'as' significant.
"Mansfield’s relationships with fellow writers D.H. Lawrence and Virginia Woolf, as well as with her critic-husband John Middleton Murray, are examined for evidence of Mansfield’s influence on them, rather than vice versa"
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Re: V04-31, V04-32, V04-33, V04-34  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Feb 2017, 05:38
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Can anyone tell me where "Mr. Jeffries had...the same biographical information" is inferred?

Thank you!
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Re: V04-31, V04-32, V04-33, V04-34  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Apr 2017, 20:58
Can someone please tell me how "c" is the right answer for question 2, since in 1 para last line "Though in the end Ms. Smith offers few new biographical details, the truly impressive aspect of this biography is her ability to shift easily between worn fact and compelling narrative."

This means Ms smith had more biographic details than Mr Jim.
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Re: V04-31, V04-32, V04-33, V04-34  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jun 2017, 02:50
why is the use of recent word correct?
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Re V04-33  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jul 2017, 05:11
I think this is a poor-quality question and the explanation isn't clear enough, please elaborate.
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Re V04-34  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Dec 2017, 12:35
I think this is a high-quality question and the explanation isn't clear enough, please elaborate. Can somebody please elaborate why C is incorrect?
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Re: V04-31, V04-32, V04-33, V04-34  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jul 2018, 13:13
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In Question 2:
In para 2, first line the author says that Ms Smith was a newbie and her mistakes can't be pardoned, but that is not the case with Jim Jeffries. He never compared the two pieces of literate. So isn't it far-fetched saying that Jim Jeffries has worsen it?

Please let me know if I've missed anything.
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Re: V04-31, V04-32, V04-33, V04-34  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jul 2018, 05:50
I was wondering the same, glad to know I am not alone in this regard!
deepakgoel wrote:
In Question 2:
In para 2, first line the author says that Ms Smith was a newbie and her mistakes can't be pardoned, but that is not the case with Jim Jeffries. He never compared the two pieces of literate. So isn't it far-fetched saying that Jim Jeffries has worsen it?

Please let me know if I've missed anything.

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Re: V04-31, V04-32, V04-33, V04-34  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jul 2018, 05:51
Even I was wondering the exact same thing! Waiting for an expert to respond.
Atbr1602 wrote:
Can anyone tell me where "Mr. Jeffries had...the same biographical information" is inferred?

Thank you!

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Re: V04-31, V04-32, V04-33, V04-34  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jul 2018, 05:52
I hate to be a pain, but can you shed some more light on this, please?
dgeee wrote:
I agree with pushkar2014. The passage states that Mansfield's influence on them is 'more' significant and not 'as' significant.
"Mansfield’s relationships with fellow writers D.H. Lawrence and Virginia Woolf, as well as with her critic-husband John Middleton Murray, are examined for evidence of Mansfield’s influence on them, rather than vice versa"

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Re: V04-31, V04-32, V04-33, V04-34  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Sep 2018, 07:45
Hi GMATNinja,

Could you please shed some light on Q2?
I fail to understand how option C is the right answer.
How did Mr.Jeffries and Ms. Smith have the same biographical information?
Is it implied from the following line in the first paragraph? ".....but each uses well-known facts in new ways."

Thanks in advance for your help

Regards,
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Re: V04-31, V04-32, V04-33, V04-34  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Sep 2018, 03:57
dgeee wrote:
I agree with pushkar2014. The passage states that Mansfield's influence on them is 'more' significant and not 'as' significant.
"Mansfield’s relationships with fellow writers D.H. Lawrence and Virginia Woolf, as well as with her critic-husband John Middleton Murray, are examined for evidence of Mansfield’s influence on them, rather than vice versa"


I have the same concern. I can't derive to a conclusion that Mansfield's influence on fellow writers is as significant as their influence on her based on the original sentence from the article:

Mansfield’s relationships with fellow writers D.H. Lawrence and Virginia Woolf, as well as with her critic-husband John Middleton Murray, are examined for evidence of Mansfield’s influence on them, rather than vice versa.

Bunuel could you please provide more explanation on this one? Highly appreciated.
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Re: V04-31, V04-32, V04-33, V04-34 &nbs [#permalink] 04 Sep 2018, 03:57
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