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# V05-18

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Math Expert
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 52385

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16 Sep 2014, 01:25
2
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Difficulty:

25% (medium)

Question Stats:

74% (01:15) correct 26% (00:56) wrong based on 53 sessions

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Dr. Nash:Drug addiction/ abuse control programs that guarantee results mislead their customers.No program can ensure that someone who follows it will stop abusing drugs. These programs target dissatisfied and insecure people who are often driven more by emotion than by reason.Furthermore, many people who stop abusing drugs while on a program eventually start consuming drugs and again get addicted within a year.Therefore, while the programs give results for a short period, customers will be disappointed in the long term.

The two boldface portions in the argument above are best described by which of the following statements?

A. The first is a generalization; the second is a consequence of that generalization.
B. The first is Dr. Nash’s position; the second is a consideration in support of that position.
C. The first is an opinion under examination; the second is evidence weighing against that opinion.
D. The first is an assertion that the Dr. Nash questions; the second is evidence in support of that assertion.
E. The first is evidence in support of the Dr. Nash’s main point; the second is his main point.

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16 Sep 2014, 01:25
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Official Solution:

Dr. Nash:[b]Drug addiction/ abuse control programs that guarantee results mislead their customers.
No program can ensure that someone who follows it will stop abusing drugs. These programs target dissatisfied and insecure people who are often driven more by emotion than by reason.Furthermore, many people who stop abusing drugs while on a program eventually start consuming drugs and again get addicted within a year.Therefore, while the programs give results for a short period, customers will be disappointed in the long term.

The two boldface portions in the argument above are best described by which of the following statements?
[/b]

A. The first is a generalization; the second is a consequence of that generalization.
B. The first is Dr. Nash’s position; the second is a consideration in support of that position.
C. The first is an opinion under examination; the second is evidence weighing against that opinion.
D. The first is an assertion that the Dr. Nash questions; the second is evidence in support of that assertion.
E. The first is evidence in support of the Dr. Nash’s main point; the second is his main point.

The conclusion of this argument is the first sentence: “Addiction control programs that guarantee results mislead their customers.” The rest of the stimulus is evidence in support of that conclusion. The correct answer will state the first boldface portion as the conclusion, and the second boldface portion as evidence in support of that conclusion.
1. The first boldface portion is a clear assertion, not a generalization. The second boldface portion is not a consequence of the first.
2. CORRECT. The first boldface portion is Dr. Nash's position, or conclusion. The second boldface portion is a consideration in support of the position stated in the first boldface portion.
3. The second boldface portion is evidence in support of the opinion stated in the first boldface portion, and not weighing against it.
4. The first boldface portion is Dr. Nash’s assertion, not the one that he questions.
5. The first boldface portion is the Dr. Nash’s main point, not evidence in support of it. The second boldface portion is not his main point, but a support for it. This answer choice incorrectly reverses the roles that each of the boldfaced portions play in the argument.

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Joined: 03 Nov 2014
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15 Oct 2016, 14:40
Therefore, while the programs’ give results for a short period, customers will be disappointed in the long term.

Isn't the above last statement in the question stem the position taken by Dr.Nash?
Retired Moderator
Joined: 14 Dec 2013
Posts: 2911
Location: Germany
Schools: German MBA
GMAT 1: 780 Q50 V47
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16 Oct 2016, 07:52
1
ravitejuppu wrote:
Therefore, while the programs’ give results for a short period, customers will be disappointed in the long term.

Isn't the above last statement in the question stem the position taken by Dr.Nash?

The last sentence is an intermediate conclusion, which in turn supports the first sentence, the point of the argument.
Intern
Joined: 27 Jun 2017
Posts: 6
Location: India
Concentration: Sustainability, General Management
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31 Jul 2017, 22:48
sayantanc2k wrote:
ravitejuppu wrote:
Therefore, while the programs’ give results for a short period, customers will be disappointed in the long term.

Isn't the above last statement in the question stem the position taken by Dr.Nash?

The last sentence is an intermediate conclusion, which in turn supports the first sentence, the point of the argument.

Why can't it be reverse? The first sentence is an intermediate conclusion, which in turn supports the last sentence, the point of the argument.
How do yo decide?
Manager
Joined: 23 Jan 2017
Posts: 70

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21 Oct 2017, 10:12
1
The 1st conclusion (1st sentence) is more generalized than the 2nd conclusion(last sentence). The last sentence is specifically comparing short term benefits vs long term disappointment. Hence 1st conclusion must be final conclusion and 2nd conclusion must be the intermediate conclusion.

Lets try to read them together:

Case1: Drug addiction/ abuse control programs that guarantee results mislead their customers. Hence we conclude that while the programs give results for a short period, customers will be disappointed in the long term.

Case2: While the programs give results for a short period, customers will be disappointed in the long term. Hence we conclude that Drug addiction/ abuse control programs that guarantee results mislead their customers.

Case 2 sounds more clearer than case 1. So, 1st sentence (1st boldface) is the final conclusion, and last sentence is the intermediate conclusion that supports the final conclusion. Also the 2nd last sentence (2nd boldface) is the premise to the last sentence, and hence supports it. So we have:

2nd boldface -> supports intermediate conclusion -> which in turn supports the final conclusion (1st boldface). So B is the perfect option!!

Hope it makes sense!!
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Joined: 29 Jun 2017
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31 Dec 2017, 02:14
I think this is a high-quality question. kindly change it to boldface.
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Re V05-18 &nbs [#permalink] 31 Dec 2017, 02:14
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# V05-18

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