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# VERBAL QUERY

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Intern
Joined: 20 Oct 2017
Posts: 3

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08 Jan 2018, 01:02
PROFITS PAY FOR A COMPANY'S RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT, WHICH IS THE COMPANY'S PRIMARY SOURCE OF INNOVATION THAT HELPS THE COMPANY MAINTAIN ITS POSITION IN THE MARKET.

IN THIS SENTENCE- THAT HELPS THE COMPANY MAINTAIN ITS POSITION IN THE MARKET, WHAT DOES THAT REFER TO? INNOVATION OR RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT.

Intern
Joined: 05 Jan 2018
Posts: 6

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08 Jan 2018, 01:37
Hi sushmita,

",which" always refers to the noun or noun phrase that comes before it...this is a grammatical rule.
Therefore, "that" refers to "Innovation".
Moreover, it's innovation that helps a company maintain it's position in the market. Profit is just a variable metric.

Hope the reasoning helped,
Cheers

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Intern
Joined: 05 Jan 2018
Posts: 6

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08 Jan 2018, 01:39
"That" would've referred to profits if there was a comma before it.

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Intern
Joined: 20 Oct 2017
Posts: 3

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08 Jan 2018, 02:05
[quote="idjevin"]"That" would've referred to profits if there was a comma before it.

Intern
Joined: 05 Jan 2018
Posts: 6

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08 Jan 2018, 02:17

The books, which are red in color, need to be packed.

Here < , which are red in color, > is extra information. The main idea is that the books need to be packed.

Similarly in your question if there was a comma and a conjunction(editing previous reply...conjunction is required after comma) before "that", it'll render the part described after "which" as extra information.

gmatclub forum
Intern
Joined: 05 Jan 2018
Posts: 6

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08 Jan 2018, 02:40
idjevin wrote:
"That" would've referred to profits if there was a comma before it.

Sent from my ASUS_Z00ED using GMAT Club Forum mobile app

Correction: "That" would've referred to "Research & Devpt"

GMAT club forum
Re: VERBAL QUERY &nbs [#permalink] 08 Jan 2018, 02:40
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# VERBAL QUERY

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