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What is the probability that a student randomly selected

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What is the probability that a student randomly selected [#permalink]

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What is the probability that a student randomly selected from a class of 60 students will be a male who has brown hair?

(1) One-half of the students have brown hair.
(2) One-third of the students are males.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by Bunuel on 08 Aug 2012, 04:37, edited 1 time in total.
OA added.

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New post 03 Feb 2005, 09:53
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"E" for me.....even after combining.....the 20 mals student might belong entirely to the gp of 30 brown hair students or may be 10, 5...etc....so insuff.

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New post 03 Feb 2005, 15:27
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Vijo,
your answer cannot be right. We have 4 options of people:
P(A)=Male with brown hair
P(B)=Male with not brown hair
P(C)=Female with brown hair
P(D)=Female with not brown hair
By calculating P(A)=2/3, you are saying that P(B)+P(C)+P(D)=1/3 and that's when we have 2/3 female students and only 1/3 male students.
I believe we would need to know any of these four probabilities (P(A), P(B), P(C) , P(D) ) to answer the question, thus the answer is E?

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New post 25 Apr 2006, 15:25
E, as kook said there is no relationship

1) says nothing about males or females.

2) says nothing about hair color.

and

if 1 and 2 are taken together you could have all 30 brown hair as females and 0 brown hair males, or all brown hair males (20 of them) and 10 brown hair females. so NS

E

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New post 26 Apr 2006, 19:21
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St1:
Insufficient. All we can gather is that 20 students have brown hair, and 40 students do not have brown hair.

St2:
Insufficient. All we can gather is that 20 students are male and 40 students are female.

Using both St1 and St2, we still cannot solve because we do not have breakdown of how many male students from the 20 males have brown hair.

Ans E

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Re: Male with brown Hair-probability [#permalink]

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New post 21 Mar 2008, 19:37
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notahug wrote:
Could you exlain further?


Probability is given by (no of male students with brown hair)/60

1 - Gives no information about students' gender. we just know that 30 students who have brown hair. Say this is n(B).
2 - Gives no information about students who have brown hair. we just know that 20 are male. Say this is n(M)

Combined - what we need is n(B∩M) = n(B) + n(M) - n(BUM). So we can't calculate n(B∩M) unless we know n(BUM) OR any other information that leads us to this information.

Hope this helps.

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Re: Male with brown Hair-probability [#permalink]

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New post 21 Mar 2008, 20:52
Thank you. Now I got it.

I remind that I once studied this:

p(MB)=probability of Male that is Brown hair
p(M)= probability of Male
p(B/M)= Probability of Brown hair person that is Male among group of brown hair people

What we need is p(MB), and p(MB)= p(M)*p(B/M) --> all we need is p(B/M) but both (1) and (2) give no information about it --> E

But I am not so sure its right.

Tks

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Re: math--probablity [#permalink]

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New post 07 Oct 2008, 22:39
albany09 wrote:
What is the probability that a student randomly selected from a class of 60 students will be a male who has brown hair?
(1) One-half of the students have brown hair.
(2) One-third of the students are males.

A. Statement (1) ALONE is sufficient, but statement (2) alone is not sufficient.
B. Statement (2) ALONE is sufficient, but statement (1) alone is not sufficient.
C. BOTH statements TOGETHER are sufficient, but NEITHER statement ALONE is sufficient.
D. EACH statement ALONE is sufficient.
E. Statements (1) and (2) TOGETHER are NOT sufficient


Should be (E)

(1) Insufficient
(2) Insufficient

(1) & (2) => 30 students have brown hair, while 20 students are male. No way of determining overlap. There can potentially be 20 male students with brown hair, or none at all. Insufficient.
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Re: math--probablity [#permalink]

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New post 08 Oct 2008, 06:23
Hello,

IMO: C

I used the following matrix:
Code:
               Brown     Not brown    Total
Male         
Female
Total

Obviously, 1 and 2 alone are not suff. therefore, the point is if we can solve the problem with 1+2 (C or E)

With 1:

Code:
               Brown     Not brown    Total
Male         
Female
Total          30              30


Adding 2 to the matrix above:

Code:
               Brown     Not brown    Total
Male                                          20
Female                                       40
Total          30              30


Let's define the unknows:

Code:
               Brown     Not brown    Total
Male           x                 y           20
Female        z                 w          40
Total          30              30


We can get the following eqs:

x+y=20
z+w=40
x+z=30
y+w=30

4 eqs and 4 unknows -> we can solve the problem

C

OA?

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Re: math---boy and hair [#permalink]

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New post 08 Oct 2008, 14:08
I agree that statement 1) and 2) are both insufficient. That leaves us w/ either C or E.
But if you multiply 1/2 * 1/3, doesn't that give you a probability for brown haired male (1/6)?

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Re: math---boy and hair [#permalink]

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New post 08 Oct 2008, 20:35
A: One-half of the students have brown hair : 30 students have brown hair and 0 has black hair

B:One-third of the students are males. 20 are males ,

Now this 20 can have black or brown hair..

(Black + brown = 20+0 or 10+10 or 5+15)

so E

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Re: DS 2 [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jan 2009, 14:42
x2suresh wrote:
ConkergMat wrote:
What is the probability that a student randomly selected from a class of 60 students will be a male who has brown hair?
(1) One-half of the students have brown hair.
(2) One-third of the students are males.



E.

we don't the how many males have brown hair and how many females have brown hair.


I agree.
Sentence one tells us nothing about the sex, Sentence two tells us nothing about the hair, so neither is sufficient on its own. Together, the info about males with brown hair and females with brown hair is still lacking. All we know is that the answer is between 0 and 1/3.

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What is the probability that a student randomly selected [#permalink]

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New post 29 Dec 2009, 05:47
What is the probability that a student randomly selected from a class of 60 students will be a male who has brown hair?

(1) One-half of the students have brown hair.
(2) One-third of the students are males.

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Re: class of 60 [#permalink]

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New post 29 Dec 2009, 11:15
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kirankp wrote:
What is the probability that a student randomly selected from a class of 60 students will be a male who has brown hair?
(1) One-half of the students have brown hair.
(2) One-third of the students are males.


We have four goups of students:
M(b) - Males with brown hairs;
M(n) - Males with non-brown hairs;
F(b) - Females with brown hairs;
F(n) - Females with non-brown hairs;

\(\frac{M(b)}{M(b)+M(n)+F(b)+F(n)}=\frac{M(b)}{60}=?\)

(1) \(\frac{M(b)+F(b)}{M(b)+M(n)+F(b)+F(n)}=\frac{1}{2}\) --> \(M(b)+F(b)=M(n)+F(n)\). --> \(\frac{M(b)}{M(b)+F(b)+M(b)+F(b)}=\frac{M(b)}{2M(b)+2F(b)}=\frac{M(b)}{60}\) --> Not sufficient.

(2) \(\frac{M(b)+M(n)}{M(b)+M(n)+F(b)+F(n)}=\frac{1}{3}\) --> \(2M(b)+2M(n)=F(b)+F(n)\) --> \(\frac{M(b)}{M(b)+M(n)+2M(b)+2M(n)}=\frac{M(b)}{3M(b)+3M(n)}=\frac{M(b)}{60}\). Not sufficient.

(1)+(2) Basically we have two equations with three variables. We can not express variables so that to get the numerical value of the fraction asked. Not sufficient.

Answer: E.
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What is the probability that a student randomly selected [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jul 2010, 22:56
What is the probability that a student randomly selected from a class of 60 students will
be a male who has brown hair?
(1) One-half of the students have brown hair.
(2) One-third of the students are males.

Is'nt this straightforward independant events probability:
(1/2)* (1/3) ??

That would get the answer as (C) but the correct answer is given as (E) ??
I know there's something really fundamental I am missing here!?

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Re: Probability [#permalink]

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Samarth0711 wrote:
What is the probability that a student randomly selected from a class of 60 students will
be a male who has brown hair?
(1) One-half of the students have brown hair.
(2) One-third of the students are males.

Is'nt this straightforward independant events probability:
(1/2)* (1/3) ??

That would get the answer as (C) but the correct answer is given as (E) ??
I know there's something really fundamental I am missing here!?


It's that they aren't 'independent events' - there's only one 'event' in the question, since we are only picking one student.

From the definition of probability, the probability of selecting a male with brown hair must be equal to:

(the number of males with brown hair) / (total number of students)

We know we have 60 students, so we just need to find the number of males with brown hair. This is really a Venn diagram question disguised as a probability question. We have 30 students with brown hair, and 20 males, but we don't know how these groups overlap. The people with brown hair might all be female, in which case we have 0 males with brown hair, or all 20 males could have brown hair, to take just the two extreme possibilities. So while we can find that the answer is somewhere between 0 and 1/3, we can't determine it exactly.
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Re: Probability [#permalink]

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New post 01 Aug 2010, 23:10
I would draw a simple box here such as this one;

males | no males | total
brown | x | | (1)
no brown | | | (1)
total (2) (2) 60

x is asked here.
"One-half of the students have brown hair." will help us find (1)s. Not enough.
"One-third of the students are males." will help us find (2)s. Not enough

Using them together wont help us find x. Hence, E.

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Re: Probability [#permalink]

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New post 09 Aug 2010, 02:37
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Spoiler of this question seems to be
well when we say 1/3 of 60 ie 20 are boys....it is actually not that all those 20 have brown hair....so we actually dont know actual numbers of boys who have brown hair....so E
(but i confess i was fooled at first glance...)

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Re: What is the probability that a student randomly selected [#permalink]

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New post 28 Apr 2014, 02:55
Hi Bunuel/Karishma,

can you please shed some light on the solution of this one.

Thanks.

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Re: What is the probability that a student randomly selected [#permalink]

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New post 28 Apr 2014, 03:39
honey86 wrote:
Hi Bunuel/Karishma,

can you please shed some light on the solution of this one.

Thanks.


Check here: what-is-the-probability-that-a-student-randomly-selected-13843.html#p667894 or here: what-is-the-probability-that-a-student-randomly-selected-13843.html#p667894

Hope this helps.
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