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What is the remainder when 1! + 2! + 3! + ... + 100! is divided by 7

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What is the remainder when 1! + 2! + 3! + ... + 100! is divided by 7  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Aug 2019, 10:00
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C
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Question Stats:

67% (01:24) correct 33% (01:36) wrong based on 35 sessions

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What is the remainder when 1! + 2! + 3! + ... + 100! is divided by 7?

(A) 0

(B) 3

(C) 5

(D) 6

(E) 7
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Re: What is the remainder when 1! + 2! + 3! + ... + 100! is divided by 7  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Aug 2019, 10:20
7!, 8!, 9!, and so on are all divisible by 7. Since we want the remainder of a sum when we divide by 7, we can just ignore any multiples of 7, since they will only affect the quotient and not the remainder when we divide them by 7. So the question is just asking:

What is the remainder when 6! + 5! + 4! + 3! + 2! + 1! is divided by 7?

There's no especially useful shortcut here faster than just computing the value of that number - we find it equals 720+120+24+6+2+1 = 873. If we want the remainder dividing this by 7, we can now subtract any multiple of 7 we like, so subtracting 700 and 140, we're left with 33, and the remainder when we divide that by 7 is 5, so that's the answer.
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Re: What is the remainder when 1! + 2! + 3! + ... + 100! is divided by 7  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Aug 2019, 14:49
All the factorials of numbers greater than 6 are divisible by 7

If n is a prime number.
1. (n-1)! = -1 mod n
2. (n-2)! = 1 mod n

6! =6 mod 7.
5! =1 mod 7
4!= 3 mod 7
3! = 6 mod 7
2! = 2 mod 7
1! =1 mod 7

6! + 5! + 4! + 3! + 2! + 1!= (6+1+3+6+2+1) mod 7
6! + 5! + 4! + 3! + 2! + 1!= 5 mod 7



Hovkial wrote:
What is the remainder when 1! + 2! + 3! + ... + 100! is divided by 7?

(A) 0

(B) 3

(C) 5

(D) 6

(E) 7
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Re: What is the remainder when 1! + 2! + 3! + ... + 100! is divided by 7  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Aug 2019, 23:13
7!, 8!, 9!...100! will be divisible by 7 because they will contain a 7. Therefore the remainder should be zero for these factorials.

However, for the first six factorials, we need to find the remainder. The easiest way is to add them and then divide it by 7 and find the remainder

(1! + 2! + 3! + 4! + 5! + 6!) = 873
873/7 gives remainder as 5. Hence, the answer should be 5. Option C.
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Re: What is the remainder when 1! + 2! + 3! + ... + 100! is divided by 7  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Aug 2019, 23:38
Hovkial wrote:
What is the remainder when 1! + 2! + 3! + ... + 100! is divided by 7?

(A) 0

(B) 3

(C) 5

(D) 6

(E) 7


Asked: What is the remainder when 1! + 2! + 3! + ... + 100! is divided by 7?

1! = 1mod7
2! = 2mod7
3!= 6mod7
4!= 3mod7
5! = 1mod7
6! = 6mod7
7! = 0mod7
8!= 0 mod7

.....
100! = 0mod7

1! + 2! + 3! + ... + 100! = (1+2+6+3+1+6)mod7 = 19mod7 = 5mod7

IMO C
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What is the remainder when 1! + 2! + 3! + ... + 100! is divided by 7  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Aug 2019, 09:05
Hovkial wrote:
What is the remainder when 1! + 2! + 3! + ... + 100! is divided by 7?

(A) 0

(B) 3

(C) 5

(D) 6

(E) 7


7! onward everything is divisible by 7.

Hence remainders are as follows:


\frac{(1!)}{7} = 1
\frac{(2!)}{7} = 2
\frac{(3!)}{7} = 6
\frac{(4!)}{7} = 3
\frac{(5!)}{7} = 1
\frac{(6!)}{7} = 6

The remainders sum to 19 which leaves a remainder of 5 when divided by 7.

Answer (C)
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Re: What is the remainder when 1! + 2! + 3! + ... + 100! is divided by 7  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Aug 2019, 09:36
5 has to be the answer.
as the factorial greater than 6 will leave zero remainder.
and upto 6! will leave===> 720+120+24+6+2+1==== 5 remainder

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Re: What is the remainder when 1! + 2! + 3! + ... + 100! is divided by 7   [#permalink] 24 Aug 2019, 09:36
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