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What is the value of x? (1) x^4 = 2,401 (2) x^5 = 16,807

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What is the value of x? (1) x^4 = 2,401 (2) x^5 = 16,807  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Aug 2018, 05:25
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A
B
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D
E

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69% (00:24) correct 31% (01:00) wrong based on 68 sessions

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Re: What is the value of x? (1) x^4 = 2,401 (2) x^5 = 16,807  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Aug 2018, 05:38
Bunuel wrote:
What is the value of x?


(1) x^4 = 2,401
Could be negative square or a positive square
Insufficient

(2) x^5 = 16,807
One value, negative is not possible
Sufficient

Hence, B.
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What is the value of x? (1) x^4 = 2,401 (2) x^5 = 16,807  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Aug 2018, 05:48
1
sudarshan22

GMAT doesn't test negative root, does it?
\(x^2\)=+-x but \(\sqrt{4}\)=2 and never -2


so fourth root of 2401 will always be positive

Am I missing something?
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Re: What is the value of x? (1) x^4 = 2,401 (2) x^5 = 16,807  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Aug 2018, 06:04
LevanKhukhunashvili wrote:
sudarshan22

GMAT doesn't test negative root, does it?
\(x^2\)=+-x but \(\sqrt{4}\)=2 and never -2


so fourth root of 2401 will always be positive

Am I missing something?


You're right, that sounds legit, I missed on that in jiffy :(
Thanks for rectifying the blunder :thumbup:
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Re: What is the value of x? (1) x^4 = 2,401 (2) x^5 = 16,807  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Aug 2018, 06:18
(1) \(x^4\)= 2401= \((7)^4\). It could be +or-7\([Insuff]\)

(2) \(x^5\)= 16,807= \((7)^5\). It is always +7 [Suff]

Answer: B.
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Re: What is the value of x? (1) x^4 = 2,401 (2) x^5 = 16,807  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Aug 2018, 07:02
varun4s wrote:
(1) \(x^4\)= 2401= \((7)^4\). It could be +or-7\([Insuff]\)

(2) \(x^5\)= 16,807= \((7)^5\). It is always +7 [Suff]

Answer: B.



Does GMAT tests negative root?
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Re: What is the value of x? (1) x^4 = 2,401 (2) x^5 = 16,807  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Aug 2018, 07:44
chetan2u Sir
Can you please help us clarify the aforementioned doubt ?
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What is the value of x? (1) x^4 = 2,401 (2) x^5 = 16,807  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Aug 2018, 07:54
1
sudarshan22 wrote:
chetan2u Sir
Can you please help us clarify the aforementioned doubt ?



x^4=2401 is different from √x=2401...
Say x^4=16..
X^2=+-4...
X^2 cannot be -4, so x^2=4
Which means X=+-2..

Also if x=-7, x^2=49 and x^4=49*49....
Nothing wrong in this
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Re: What is the value of x? (1) x^4 = 2,401 (2) x^5 = 16,807  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Aug 2018, 09:43
chetan2u wrote:
sudarshan22 wrote:
chetan2u Sir
Can you please help us clarify the aforementioned doubt ?



x^4=2401 is different from √x=2401...
Say x^4=16..
X^2=+-4...
X^2 cannot be -4, so x^2=4
Which means X=+-2..

Also if x=-7, x^2=49 and x^4=49*49....
Nothing wrong in this


OK..It means in the question under discussion ..For Statement 1) x= +7 & -7 . Since we do not have a unique value of x, Statement 1 is insufficient
This means answer choice B correct ?
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Re: What is the value of x? (1) x^4 = 2,401 (2) x^5 = 16,807  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Aug 2018, 07:31
Bunuel wrote:
What is the value of x?

(1) x^4 = 2,401

(2) x^5 = 16,807


Question stem:- x=?

St1:- \(x^4 = 2,401\)
Here we have 4 values of x, viz, 7, -7, 7i, and -7i.
Note:- GMAT accepts only real solutions/values. So, discard 7i and -7i.
Hence, x=7,-7
No unique value of x.
Insufficient.

St2:- \(x^5 = 16,807\)
Or, \(x= 16807^{\frac{1}{5}}\)
Or, \(x= (7^5)^{\frac{1}{5}}\)
Or, x=7 (\(\sqrt[n]{a^n}=a\))
Unique value of x.
Hence, sufficient.

Ans. (B)
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Re: What is the value of x? (1) x^4 = 2,401 (2) x^5 = 16,807  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Aug 2018, 11:52
PKN wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
What is the value of x?

(1) x^4 = 2,401

(2) x^5 = 16,807


Question stem:- x=?

St1:- \(x^4 = 2,401\)
Here we have 4 values of x, viz, 7, -7, 7i, and -7i.
Note:- GMAT accepts only real solutions/values. So, discard 7i and -7i.
Hence, x=7,-7
No unique value of x.
Insufficient.

St2:- \(x^5 = 16,807\)
Or, \(x= 16807^{\frac{1}{5}}\)
Or, \(x= (7^5)^{\frac{1}{5}}\)
Or, x=7 (\(\sqrt[n]{a^n}=a\))
Unique value of x.
Hence, sufficient.

Ans. (B)


PKN
how did you calculate \((7^5)\) in second statement?
Thanks
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What is the value of x? (1) x^4 = 2,401 (2) x^5 = 16,807  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Aug 2018, 19:24
1
dave13 wrote:
PKN wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
What is the value of x?

(1) x^4 = 2,401

(2) x^5 = 16,807


Question stem:- x=?

St1:- \(x^4 = 2,401\)
Here we have 4 values of x, viz, 7, -7, 7i, and -7i.
Note:- GMAT accepts only real solutions/values. So, discard 7i and -7i.
Hence, x=7,-7
No unique value of x.
Insufficient.

St2:- \(x^5 = 16,807\)
Or, \(x= 16807^{\frac{1}{5}}\)
Or, \(x= (7^5)^{\frac{1}{5}}\)
Or, x=7 (\(\sqrt[n]{a^n}=a\))
Unique value of x.
Hence, sufficient.

Ans. (B)


PKN
how did you calculate \((7^5)\) in second statement?
Thanks


Hi dave13,
Nice question indeed!!?
How did I choose \(7^5\)?
GMAT maintains a pattern,i.e, 99% of the times,the test makers set DS questions(value questions with correct option D, such as what is the value of x? ) in such a way that each statement yields the same unique value.

After we are done with st1(we found x to be 7 or -7), on the first sight, our priority is to check statement 2 whether it yields x=7 as a possible value.
Already we have calculated till \(7^4\), hope it is not a cumbersome task to multiply 7 again with \(7^4\).( A quick note in mind:- unit digit of \(7^4\) and 7,when multiplied yield 7 (☺️16807 has units digit 7)).

Hope my thought process helps .

P.S.- An example for you.
Q. What is the value of (a-b)?
1) \((a-b)^4=16\)
2) \((a-b)^5=-32\)

Again ,how did I know 2401=\(7^4\)? Let me answer you before you ask me really. Please apply divisibility rule of 2,3,4,5,6,7 as quickly as possible. I hope you know the divisibility tests.

Another method:- ( without doing anything)
1. You know GMAT lives in real world . So any root(even root or odd root) will always yield a real value.
2.Even roots yield both positive values and negative values when the number is positive. For negative numbers,even root is imaginary. (Here the number is positive,so,from st1 we have two values of x.hence,insufficient)
3. Odd roots yield positive values when the number is positive.Odd roots yield negative values when the number is negative. (Here the number is positive ,so the odd root will yield a positive unique value.Hence sufficient)

If you know the concepts and reasoning, it will hardly take 10s to conclude the answers , subsequently saves 1 minute of your precious time in real exam.
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What is the value of x? (1) x^4 = 2,401 (2) x^5 = 16,807  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Aug 2018, 20:36
chetan2u wrote:
sudarshan22 wrote:
chetan2u Sir
Can you please help us clarify the aforementioned doubt ?



x^4=2401 is different from √x=2401...
Say x^4=16..
X^2=+-4...
X^2 cannot be -4, so x^2=4
Which means X=+-2..

Also if x=-7, x^2=49 and x^4=49*49....
Nothing wrong in this


Dear chetan2u, thanks again for the clarification. So if I understand correctly, you said that (i) could be both - or + so answer is B. Thanks.


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Re: What is the value of x? (1) x^4 = 2,401 (2) x^5 = 16,807  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Aug 2018, 01:49
1
jayantbakshi wrote:
chetan2u wrote:
sudarshan22 wrote:
chetan2u Sir
Can you please help us clarify the aforementioned doubt ?



x^4=2401 is different from √x=2401...
Say x^4=16..
X^2=+-4...
X^2 cannot be -4, so x^2=4
Which means X=+-2..

Also if x=-7, x^2=49 and x^4=49*49....
Nothing wrong in this


Dear chetan2u, thanks again for the clarification. So if I understand correctly, you said that (i) could be both - or + so answer is B. Thanks.


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Yes, you are correct
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1) Absolute modulus : http://gmatclub.com/forum/absolute-modulus-a-better-understanding-210849.html#p1622372
2)Combination of similar and dissimilar things : http://gmatclub.com/forum/topic215915.html
3) effects of arithmetic operations : https://gmatclub.com/forum/effects-of-arithmetic-operations-on-fractions-269413.html


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Re: What is the value of x? (1) x^4 = 2,401 (2) x^5 = 16,807 &nbs [#permalink] 12 Aug 2018, 01:49
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