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When a married couple has frequent emotionally satisfying

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When a married couple has frequent emotionally satisfying  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Sep 2015, 04:37
1
5
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A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  5% (low)

Question Stats:

83% (00:57) correct 17% (01:10) wrong based on 174 sessions

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When a married couple has frequent emotionally satisfying conversations, they tend in overwhelming percentages to remain married throughout their lives. Queen Melinda and Prince Jonathan, Duke of Westphalia, have been married for over sixty years, so clearly they must have emotionally satisfying conversations all the time.

This argument is most vulnerable to what criticism?

A) It takes a condition to be the effect of something that has happened only after the condition already existed.
B) It makes a distinction that presupposes the truth of the conclusions that is to be established.
C) It takes one possible cause of a condition to be the actually cause of that condition without considering any other possible causes.
D) It offers a conclusion that is no more than a paraphrase of one piece of the pieces of information provided in its support.
E) It presents as evidence in support of a claim information that is inconsistent with other evidence presented in support of the same claim.

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Re: When a married couple has frequent emotionally satisfying  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Sep 2015, 08:24
satisfying conversations lead to remaining married
one example of remaining married
so satisfying conversations must have occurred and lead to remaining married.

Flaw question

A) It takes a condition(Marriage) to be the effect of something(Conversations) that has happened only after the condition(Marriage) already existed. This a not the actual reason
B) It makes a distinction that presupposes the truth of the conclusions that is to be established.(I could not explain this :cry: but could understand that this is wrong choice)
C) It takes one possible cause of a condition to be the actually cause of that condition without considering any other possible causes.
This correctly explains the flaw)
D) It offers a conclusion that is no more than a paraphrase of one piece of the pieces of information provided in its support.(Conclusion is not a paraphrase of one of the two pieces but a claim with an assumption)
E) It presents as evidence in support of a claim information that is inconsistent with other evidence presented in support of the same claim. There is no evidence only a fact of being married is mentioned.
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When a married couple has frequent emotionally satisfying  [#permalink]

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New post 17 May 2018, 08:25

MAGOOSH OFFICIAL SOLUTION:



This is a weak argument. Yes, frequent emotionally satisfying conversations might be one cause of long marriages, but it can't be the only one. In particular, with royal couple who presumably hold some kind of national significance, there may well be some public pressures to maintain a marriage even if the queen & prince are no longer personally madly in love.

(C) is the credited answer. The argument takes one cause (frequent emotionally satisfying conversations) to be the only cause of a long marriage, without considering other possible causes.

(A) is bizarre: the effect here is a long marriage, and they have been married for over sixty years, so the effect of getting married didn't happen after the reputed cause.

(B) is wrong because, essentially, no distinction is drawn.

(D) is wrong because the evidence (the first sentence) is general, and the conclusion (about the royal couple) is specific. Nothing is paraphrased.

(E) is wrong because nothing is inconsistent with anything else in this argument.
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When a married couple has frequent emotionally satisfying &nbs [#permalink] 17 May 2018, 08:25
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