GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 12 Dec 2018, 13:10

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel
Events & Promotions in December
PrevNext
SuMoTuWeThFrSa
2526272829301
2345678
9101112131415
16171819202122
23242526272829
303112345
Open Detailed Calendar
  • The winning strategy for 700+ on the GMAT

     December 13, 2018

     December 13, 2018

     08:00 AM PST

     09:00 AM PST

    What people who reach the high 700's do differently? We're going to share insights, tips and strategies from data we collected on over 50,000 students who used examPAL.
  • GMATbuster's Weekly GMAT Quant Quiz, Tomorrow, Saturday at 9 AM PST

     December 14, 2018

     December 14, 2018

     09:00 AM PST

     10:00 AM PST

    10 Questions will be posted on the forum and we will post a reply in this Topic with a link to each question. There are prizes for the winners.

When Nigeria achieved full independence in 1960, they had already esta

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Intern
Intern
User avatar
Joined: 10 Oct 2011
Posts: 47
Location: Korea, Republic of
Concentration: Finance, Strategy
GMAT Date: 08-16-2012
GPA: 3.05
WE: Engineering (Energy and Utilities)
When Nigeria achieved full independence in 1960, they had already esta  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post Updated on: 29 Aug 2017, 22:33
4
8
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  5% (low)

Question Stats:

89% (00:53) correct 11% (01:12) wrong based on 834 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

When Nigeria achieved full independence in 1960, they had already established a federal political structure consisting of three regions based on the three major population clusters that were in its borders.

(A) they had already established a federal political structure consisting of three regions based on the three major population clusters that were in

(B) they already had established a federal political structure consisting of three regions that was based on the three major population clusters inside

(C) they already had established a federal political structure that consisted of three regions based on the three major population clusters in

(D) it had already established a federal political structure that consisted of three regions based on the three major population clusters within

(E) it already had established a federal political structure consisting of three regions being based on the three major population clusters it had within

I couldn't see the difference between 'They' vs 'it' split.

I can rule out E, because of 'being' and 'it', but the others I have no idea.
Please help.
Thanks.

_________________

Luck is the additional surplus on the way to one's constant effort.


Originally posted by uledssul on 05 May 2012, 23:34.
Last edited by hazelnut on 29 Aug 2017, 22:33, edited 1 time in total.
Reformatted the question.
Retired Moderator
User avatar
D
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 4553
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: When Nigeria achieved full independence in 1960, they had already esta  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 06 May 2012, 07:32
1
1
Nigeria is the singular subject and it cannot be referred to as they. That leaves D and E and E is out because of the clumsy being ,as you have pointed out. Therefore, D is the answer. A simple exercise but do you have any difficulty in seeing that Nigeria is third person singular and that singular subjects need singular pronouns such as it or he or she
_________________

you can know a lot about something and not really understand it."-- a quote
No one knows this better than a GMAT student does.
Narendran +9198845 44509

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 19 Oct 2011
Posts: 104
Location: India
Re: When Nigeria achieved full independence in 1960, they had already esta  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 06 May 2012, 08:06
3
uledssul wrote:
21. (25681-!-item-!-188;#058&002107)

When Nigeria achieved full independence in 1960, they had already established a federal political structure consisting of three regions based on the three major population clusters that were in its borders.
I couldn't see the difference between 'They' vs 'it' split.

I can rule out E, because of 'being' and 'it', but the others I have no idea.
Please help.
Thanks.


you could have picked the correct one from they vs it split from the non-underlined part its borders. Hence we require a singular subject it to refer to Nigeria.

(A) they had already established a federal political structure consisting of three regions based on the three major population clusters that were in
(B) they already had established a federal political structure consisting of three regions that was based on the three major population clusters inside
(C) they already had established a federal political structure that consisted of three regions based on the three major population clusters in
(D) it had already established a federal political structure that consisted of three regions based on the three major population clusters within
(E) it already had established a federal political structure consisting of three regions being based on the three major population clusters it had within

E is wrong for incorrect construction "already had" and for wrong tense in "it had within" . it has within changes the meaning.
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 17 Aug 2017
Posts: 1
Location: United States
WE: Advertising (Advertising and PR)
Re: When Nigeria achieved full independence in 1960, they had already esta  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 29 Aug 2017, 11:30
uledssul wrote:
When Nigeria achieved full independence in 1960, they had already established a federal political structure consisting of three regions based on the three major population clusters that were in its borders.


I know it's minor and maybe nitpicky, but doesn't 'in' need to be underlined as well? It throws off all of the answers.
Verbal Forum Moderator
User avatar
V
Status: Greatness begins beyond your comfort zone
Joined: 08 Dec 2013
Posts: 2125
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Strategy
Schools: Kelley '20, ISB '19
GPA: 3.2
WE: Information Technology (Consulting)
GMAT ToolKit User Reviews Badge CAT Tests
Re: When Nigeria achieved full independence in 1960, they had already esta  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 31 Aug 2017, 08:35
When Nigeria achieved full independence in 1960, they had already established a federal political structure consisting of three regions based on the three major population clusters that were in its borders.

(A) they had already established a federal political structure consisting of three regions based on the three major population clusters that were in - Nigeria is singular and usage of the pronoun 'they' is incorrect

(B) they already had established a federal political structure consisting of three regions that was based on the three major population clusters inside - same as A

(C) they already had established a federal political structure that consisted of three regions based on the three major population clusters in - same as A

(D) it had already established a federal political structure that consisted of three regions based on the three major population clusters within

(E) it already had established a federal political structure consisting of three regions being based on the three major population clusters it had within - usage of being

Answer D
_________________

When everything seems to be going against you, remember that the airplane takes off against the wind, not with it. - Henry Ford
The Moment You Think About Giving Up, Think Of The Reason Why You Held On So Long
+1 Kudos if you find this post helpful

Study Buddy Forum Moderator
User avatar
D
Joined: 04 Sep 2016
Posts: 1268
Location: India
WE: Engineering (Other)
Premium Member CAT Tests
When Nigeria achieved full independence in 1960, they had already esta  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 28 Mar 2018, 21:53
GMATNinja VeritasPrepKarishma GMATNinjaTwo


Quote:
(E) it already had established a federal political structure consisting of three regions being based on the three major population clusters it had within


1. Are both usage of 'it' correct? I believe it refers back to Nigeria.
2. Usage of modifier - consisting - modifying political structure is correct where as usage of being is incorrect
3. The clause - it had within - is connected properly.
_________________

It's the journey that brings us happiness not the destination.

Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 24 Mar 2018
Posts: 170
CAT Tests
Re: When Nigeria achieved full independence in 1960, they had already esta  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 23 May 2018, 21:01
daagh

I have a doubt
In option, E, it already had correct?
Is it had already OR it already had the same meaning?
Retired Moderator
User avatar
D
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 4553
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: When Nigeria achieved full independence in 1960, they had already esta  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 23 May 2018, 22:32
1
Top Contributor
teaserbae
'already had established' and ' had already established ' have no material difference as far as I see.
_________________

you can know a lot about something and not really understand it."-- a quote
No one knows this better than a GMAT student does.
Narendran +9198845 44509

Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 06 Mar 2018
Posts: 5
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: When Nigeria achieved full independence in 1960, they had already esta  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 23 May 2018, 22:50
uledssul wrote:
When Nigeria achieved full independence in 1960, they had already established a federal political structure consisting of three regions based on the three major population clusters that were in its borders.

(A) they had already established a federal political structure consisting of three regions based on the three major population clusters that were in

(B) they already had established a federal political structure consisting of three regions that was based on the three major population clusters inside

(C) they already had established a federal political structure that consisted of three regions based on the three major population clusters in

(D) it had already established a federal political structure that consisted of three regions based on the three major population clusters within

(E) it already had established a federal political structure consisting of three regions being based on the three major population clusters it had within

I couldn't see the difference between 'They' vs 'it' split.

I can rule out E, because of 'being' and 'it', but the others I have no idea.
Please help.
Thanks.



Answer is D.
Here, in the subject, Nigeria is a singular noun, so 'they' is incorrect.
This gives us options D & E. Option E has 'consisting' and 'being' along with the past perfect tense whereas option D has correct form.
GMAT Club Bot
Re: When Nigeria achieved full independence in 1960, they had already esta &nbs [#permalink] 23 May 2018, 22:50
Display posts from previous: Sort by

When Nigeria achieved full independence in 1960, they had already esta

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


Copyright

GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.