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When police pull over a driver suspected of operating a vehicle while

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When police pull over a driver suspected of operating a vehicle while  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Mar 2017, 11:25
1
4
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A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  55% (hard)

Question Stats:

65% (01:56) correct 35% (02:04) wrong based on 290 sessions

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When police pull over a driver suspected of operating a vehicle while under the influence of alcohol, they often request that the driver submit to a breathalyzer test, which determines the driver’s blood alcohol content by measuring the alcohol in the driver’s breath. If the driver agrees to the test and it indicates a blood alcohol level higher than the law allows, this evidence leads to a charge of driving while under the influence. However, in many states, refusal to submit to a breathalyzer test is itself a crime.

The statements above most strongly support which of the following conclusions?

A. In many states, a failed breathalyzer test results in a harsher sentence than does the refusal to submit to the test.
B. A driver pulled over on suspicion of driving under the influence will be charged with a crime.
C. Some breathalyzer tests indicate that a driver’s blood alcohol content is above the legal limit when it is in fact not.
D. All drivers pulled over on suspicion of driving under the influence are asked to submit to a breathalyzer test.
E. In some states, a driver whose blood alcohol content is above the legal limit and who is pulled over by the police may be charged with a crime whether the driver submits to a breathalyzer test or not.

Source: McGraw Hill GMAT
Difficulty Level: 650

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Re: When police pull over a driver suspected of operating a vehicle while  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Mar 2017, 13:27
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Let’s rephrase the question.

Police generally pull over a driver driving under the influence and then often request them to take a breathalyzer test. If the blood alcohol limit is found above the legal limit the driver is charged with driving under the influence whether he/she submits to the test or not.

A. In many states, a failed breathalyzer test results in a harsher sentence than does the refusal to submit to the test.- Incorrect. Absolutely nothing in this passage mentions the severity of the sentence. Out of Scope.

B. A driver pulled over on suspicion of driving under the influence will be charged with a crime-Incorrect.
Nothing in the passage justifies this choice. Further avoid answer choices that use extremely strong words such as will be charged with a crime etc as the passage doesn’t support such strong words.


C. Some breathalyzer tests indicate that a driver’s blood alcohol content is above the legal limit when it is in fact not.- Incorrect. Nothing in the passage talks about this. Out of Scope.

D. All drivers pulled over on suspicion of driving under the influence are asked to submit to a breathalyzer test.- Incorrect.
As stated avoid answer choices that use extremely strong words such all drivers pulled over as the passage doesn’t support such strong words. It clearly mentions that police often request. Note: Often is not the same as all.



E. In some states, a driver whose blood alcohol content is above the legal limit and who is pulled over by the police may be charged with a crime whether the driver submits to a breathalyzer test or not. Correct.

This answer clearly captures the conclusion of the paragraph and matches our rephrase.

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Re: When police pull over a driver suspected of operating a vehicle while  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Mar 2017, 18:26
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In some states
Driver agrees to a breathalyzer test + test indicates a higher level than the law allows --> leads to a charge of driving under influence of alcohol.

Some other states
refusal to submit to a breathalyzer test is itself a crime.

Option A - Incorrect.
we do not know anything about the harshness of the punishments.

Option B - Incorrect.
Only if the person refuses to submit to a test (in some states) or if the person fails the test.

Option C - Incorrect.
We cannot infer about the validity of breathalyzer tests.

Option D - Incorrect.
Not true. The paragraph clearly states - "they often request that the driver submit to a breathalyzer test".

Option E - correct answer.
In many other states -
"does not submit" - will be charged with refusal to submit to a test.
"does submit to a test" - will be charged if the legal limit is exceeded.
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Re: When police pull over a driver suspected of operating a vehicle while  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Mar 2017, 10:45
In most CR questions, answer choices with extreme words are mostly wrong.In option D,the word "all" makes it suspicious and D does not make any sense either.So E is the only possible choice.

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Re: When police pull over a driver suspected of operating a vehicle while  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jun 2019, 10:15
SajjadAhmad wrote:
When police pull over a driver suspected of operating a vehicle while under the influence of alcohol, they often request that the driver submit to a breathalyzer test, which determines the driver’s blood alcohol content by measuring the alcohol in the driver’s breath. If the driver agrees to the test and it indicates a blood alcohol level higher than the law allows, this evidence leads to a charge of driving while under the influence. However, in many states, refusal to submit to a breathalyzer test is itself a crime.

The statements above most strongly support which of the following conclusions?

A. In many states, a failed breathalyzer test results in a harsher sentence than does the refusal to submit to the test.
B. A driver pulled over on suspicion of driving under the influence will be charged with a crime.
C. Some breathalyzer tests indicate that a driver’s blood alcohol content is above the legal limit when it is in fact not.
D. All drivers pulled over on suspicion of driving under the influence are asked to submit to a breathalyzer test.
E. In some states, a driver whose blood alcohol content is above the legal limit and who is pulled over by the police may be charged with a crime whether the driver submits to a breathalyzer test or not.

Source: McGraw Hill GMAT
Difficulty Level: 650


1. So, the only "mistake" in option D is the use of extreme language? Should we do the same in the exam as well? That is, if an option has an extreme word, omit it?

2. Option E doesn't make sense to me. How can the driver's blood alcohol content be determined at all without the breathalyzer test being done? So, when the option says ".... submits to a breathalyzer or not.", cannot mean the driver having a blood alcohol content over the legal limit.

Kindly help.

And yes, I chose option D as it made more sense to me.
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Re: When police pull over a driver suspected of operating a vehicle while  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jun 2019, 12:01
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Yes ! you are right, Answer choices which contains extreme words that are not supported by the stimulus should be eliminated. Choice D goes too far; the passage states that officers “often” request a test, but this is not the same as saying they always request it. That is why D is Wrong.

Hope it helps

OhsostudiousMJ wrote:
SajjadAhmad wrote:
When police pull over a driver suspected of operating a vehicle while under the influence of alcohol, they often request that the driver submit to a breathalyzer test, which determines the driver’s blood alcohol content by measuring the alcohol in the driver’s breath. If the driver agrees to the test and it indicates a blood alcohol level higher than the law allows, this evidence leads to a charge of driving while under the influence. However, in many states, refusal to submit to a breathalyzer test is itself a crime.

The statements above most strongly support which of the following conclusions?

A. In many states, a failed breathalyzer test results in a harsher sentence than does the refusal to submit to the test.
B. A driver pulled over on suspicion of driving under the influence will be charged with a crime.
C. Some breathalyzer tests indicate that a driver’s blood alcohol content is above the legal limit when it is in fact not.
D. All drivers pulled over on suspicion of driving under the influence are asked to submit to a breathalyzer test.
E. In some states, a driver whose blood alcohol content is above the legal limit and who is pulled over by the police may be charged with a crime whether the driver submits to a breathalyzer test or not.

Source: McGraw Hill GMAT
Difficulty Level: 650


1. So, the only "mistake" in option D is the use of extreme language? Should we do the same in the exam as well? That is, if an option has an extreme word, omit it?

2. Option E doesn't make sense to me. How can the driver's blood alcohol content be determined at all without the breathalyzer test being done? So, when the option says ".... submits to a breathalyzer or not.", cannot mean the driver having a blood alcohol content over the legal limit.

Kindly help.

And yes, I chose option D as it made more sense to me.

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Re: When police pull over a driver suspected of operating a vehicle while   [#permalink] 26 Jun 2019, 12:01
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