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When sold at a 40% discount, a sweater nets the merchant a 20% profit

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When sold at a 40% discount, a sweater nets the merchant a 20% profit  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Feb 2016, 18:51
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When sold at a 40% discount, a sweater nets the merchant a 20% profit on the wholesale cost at which he initially purchased the item. By what % is the sweater marked up from wholesale at its normal retail price?

A) 20%

B) 40%

C) 50%

D) 80%

E) 100%
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Re: When sold at a 40% discount, a sweater nets the merchant a 20% profit  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Feb 2016, 19:17
zxcvbnmas wrote:
When sold at a 40% discount, a sweater nets the merchant a 20% profit on the wholesale cost at which he initially purchased the item. By what % is the sweater marked up from wholesale at its normal retail price?

A) 20%

B) 40%

C) 50%

D) 80%

E) 100%


Hi,
easy Qs.. yes
got to be Careful... YES
we should be careful about what are we measuring % on/what is the base..

let the Marked up price =100..
Selling price= 100-40%of 100=60..
profit= 20%..
therefore the wholesale purchase cost= x.... 1.2x=60
or x=50...
marked price was 100 so 50 over 50...
so answer is 100%..

E
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Re: When sold at a 40% discount, a sweater nets the merchant a 20% profit  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Feb 2016, 22:35
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zxcvbnmas wrote:
When sold at a 40% discount, a sweater nets the merchant a 20% profit on the wholesale cost at which he initially purchased the item. By what % is the sweater marked up from wholesale at its normal retail price?

A) 20%

B) 40%

C) 50%

D) 80%

E) 100%


Sale Price = Cost + Profit = Marked Price - Discount

Sale Price = Cost * (1 + 20/100) = Marked Price * (1 - 40/100)

Marked Price = 2 * Cost

Marked Price is twice the Cost so this is a 100% mark up.

Answer (E)
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Re: When sold at a 40% discount, a sweater nets the merchant a 20% profit  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Feb 2016, 23:07
Let C.P. (Cost Price) = c
Let M.P. (Marked Price) = x
=> S.P. (Sale Price) = 0.60x

c + 0.20c = 0.6x
=> c = x/2
=> x = 2c

So, Cost price = c
Marked Price = 2c

Hence, the sweater was marked up 100%
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Re: When sold at a 40% discount, a sweater nets the merchant a 20% profit  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jan 2018, 19:55
Hi All,

I'm a bit fan of using a combination of TESTing VALUES here (as chetan2u has shown) and that's exactly how I would have solved this problem. It can also be approached with algebra though:

X = wholesale cost of the sweater.

[1 + (N/100)]X = retail price --> N/100 is the percent markup in price

We're told that the sweater is sold at a 40% discount of the retail price, which means that the discount price is 60% of the original retail price. The discounted price of the sweater is:

.6{1 + (N/100)]X

We're told that this price nets the merchant a 20% profit on the wholesale cost, so we have one big equation….

.6[1 + (N/100)]X = 1.2X

Now we can cancel out the Xs:

.6[1 + (N/100)] = 1.2

And do algebra….

[1 + (N/100)] = 2

N/100 = 1

N = 100

Meaning that the original percent markup was 100%

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Re: When sold at a 40% discount, a sweater nets the merchant a 20% profit  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Sep 2018, 19:41
An easy way to solve:

Let wholesale cost price = $x
Assume selling price = $100
Discounted selling price = $60

Profit = (60-x)
It's given that he makes 20% profit on wholesale cost price, which means:

(60-x) / x = 0.20
solving the equation, we get x = wholesale cost price = $50
Since normal retail price is $100, this gives us a markup of 100%.

Answer (E)
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Re: When sold at a 40% discount, a sweater nets the merchant a 20% profit  [#permalink]

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New post 29 May 2019, 12:30
chetan2u I understand your explanation up until how to set up the equation for the wholesale cost, if you could explain a little more on how you set that equation up that would be great!
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Re: When sold at a 40% discount, a sweater nets the merchant a 20% profit  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jun 2019, 06:30
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zxcvbnmas wrote:
When sold at a 40% discount, a sweater nets the merchant a 20% profit on the wholesale cost at which he initially purchased the item. By what % is the sweater marked up from wholesale at its normal retail price?

A) 20%

B) 40%

C) 50%

D) 80%

E) 100%


Let’s assume that the wholesale cost of the sweater is $100; thus, the profit on the sale of the sweater is 0.20 x 100 = $20.

If we let x = the original selling price of the sweater, we know that its sale price will be 0.60x, and this sale price will earn for the merchant the original wholesale price of $100 plus the profit of $20. Thus, we have:

0.60x = 120

x = $200

Thus, we see that the original wholesale price was $100, and the original selling price was $200. Therefore, its markup was

(200-100)/100 x 100 = 100%.

Answer: E
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Re: When sold at a 40% discount, a sweater nets the merchant a 20% profit   [#permalink] 01 Jun 2019, 06:30
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