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Whether the languages of the ancient American peoples were [#permalink]
26 Mar 2008, 10:06
Whether the languages of the ancient American peoples were used for expressing abstract universal concepts can be clearly answered in the case of Nahuatl. Nahuatl, like Greek and German, is a language that allows the formation of extensive compounds. By the combination of radicals or semantic elements, single compound words can express complex conceptual relations, often of an abstract universal character. The tlamatinime (“those who know”) were able to use this rich stock of abstract terms to express the nuances of their thought. They also availed themselves of other forms of expression with metaphorical meaning, some probably original, some derived from Toltec coinages. Of these forms the most characteristic in Nahuatl is the juxtaposition of two words that, because they are synonyms, associated terms, or even contraries, complement each other to evoke one single idea. Used as metaphor, the juxtaposed terms connote specific or essential traits of the being they refer to, introducing a mode of poetry as an almost habitual form of expression. It can be inferred solely from the information in the passage that (A) there are many languages that, like Greek or German, allow extensive compounding (B) all abstract universal ideas are ideas of complex relations (C) some record or evidence of the thought of the tlamatinime exists (D) metaphors are always used in Nahuatl to express abstract conceptual relationships (E) the abstract terms of the Nahuatl language are habitually used in poetry
There is no support for A,B,D :also B (all), D (always)- extreme>>>>>avoid them E- distraction: "Used as metaphor, the juxtaposed terms connote specific or essential traits of the being they refer to, introducing a mode of poetry as an almost habitual form of expression". But E says habitually, not almost.
My vote for C.
Support from text: "The tlamatinime (“those who know”) were able to use this rich stock of abstract terms to express the nuances of their thought." HOW AUTHOR KNOWS THEY WERE ABLE TO USE: IT IS CERTAIN THAT THERE EXISTS SOME RECORDS OR EVIDENCE.
I diagree. The question is Is there evidence in the passagage to prove option C. Here you are assuming that there should have been evidence based on which the author comes to a conclusion but its not explicitly stated in the passage. Though you poin on option E is taken I would still go for E for its the closest here
Re: RC : difficult
24 May 2008, 18:33