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Which of the following integers has the greatest number of factors?

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Which of the following integers has the greatest number of factors?  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Aug 2018, 10:07
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A
B
C
D
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Question Stats:

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Which of the following integers has the greatest number of factors?

1. 8

2. 51

3. 75

4. 118

5. 121

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Which of the following integers has the greatest number of factors?  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 17 Aug 2018, 09:26
1
AkshdeepS wrote:
Which of the following integers has the greatest number of factors?

1. 8

2. 51

3. 75

4. 118

5. 121


The no of factors of a number depends upon the power of the prime factors of that number on prime factorization.
\(75=3^1*5^2\)

No of factors=(1+1)*(2+1)=6, so no of factors is the highest.

Ans. (C)

P.S:-
\(8=2^3\); Sum of powers=3
\(51=17^1*3^1\); Sum of powers=2
\(118=2^1*59^1\); Sum of powers=2
\(121=11^2\); Sum of powers=2
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Originally posted by PKN on 15 Aug 2018, 10:14.
Last edited by PKN on 17 Aug 2018, 09:26, edited 1 time in total.
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Which of the following integers has the greatest number of factors?  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Aug 2018, 10:41
Prime factorizing all the options.
1) 8 = \(2^3\). Number of factors = 4.
2) 51 = \(3^1\) x \(17^1\). Factors = 2*2 = 4.
3) 75 = \(3^1\) x \(5^2\). Factors = 2*3 = 6.
4) 118 = \(2^1\) x \(59^1\). Factors = 2*2 = 4.
5) 121 = \(11^2\). Factors = 3.

C is the answer.
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Which of the following integers has the greatest number of factors?  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Aug 2018, 09:07
1
AkshdeepS wrote:
Which of the following integers has the greatest number of factors?

1. 8

2. 51

3. 75

4. 118

5. 121

To find the number of factors of an integer

I will use answer (D) 118 as an example
Find the prime factorization of the integer:
\(118 = 2^159^1\)
(1) List the exponents -- in this case {1,1}

(2) add \(1\) to each number in the list -- here, then, those exponents become {2,2}

(3) MULTIPLY the results: \((2*2)=4\)

The integer \(118\) has \(4\) factors including 118 itself and 1

A) \(8=2^3\)
Add 1 to the exponent of 3. \((3+1)=4\)
-- In the case of a single exponent, Step 2 is the answer
-- # of factors in 8, including 1 and 8 = 4

B) \(51\) = \(3^117^1\)
Total # of factors including 1 and 51 itself is
\((1+1)*(1+1)=(2*2)\) = 4

C). \(75=3^15^2\)
Total number of factors is
\((1+1)*(2+1)=(2*3)\) = 6

D)\(118=2^159^1\)
Total # of factors is
\((1+1)*(1+1)=(2*2)\) = 4

E) \(121=11^2\)
--Add 1 to each exponent: \((2+1)=3\). Stop. (Only one exponent, like A)
-- Total # of factors is (2+1) = 3

Answer C

PKN , not sure how you got that \(75=2^3*5^1\)

Theory from Bunuel , link below

"First make prime factorization of an integer \(n=a^p*b^q*c^r\), where \(a\), \(b\), and \(c\) are prime factors of \(n\) and \(p\), \(q\), and \(r\) are their powers.

The number of factors of \(n\) will be expressed by the formula \((p+1)(q+1)(r+1)\). NOTE: this will include 1 and n itself."

HERE, scroll down to Finding the Number of Factors of an Integer

Example: \(360=2^33^25^1\)

Total number of factors including 360 itself and 1 is
\((3+1)*(2+1)*(1+1)=(4*3*2)=24\)

**You can also just "muscle" each answer's factors. List them. Listing for large numbers is difficult.
A. 8: 1, 2, 4, 8 = 4 factors
B. 51: 1, 3, 17, 51 = 4 factors
C. 75: 1, 3, 5, 15, 25, 75 = 6 factors
D. 118: 1, 2, 59, 118 = 4 factors
E. 121: 1, 11, 121 = 3 factors

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Re: Which of the following integers has the greatest number of factors?  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Aug 2018, 09:23
generis wrote:
AkshdeepS wrote:
Which of the following integers has the greatest number of factors?

1. 8

2. 51

3. 75

4. 118

5. 121

To find the number of factors of an integer

-- using answer (D) 118 as an example
-- find the prime factorization of the integer: \(118 = 2^159^1\)

(1) List the exponents -- in this case {1,1}

(2) add \(1\) to each number in the list -- here {2,2}

(3) MULTIPLY the results: \((2*2)=4\)

The integer \(118\) has \(4\) factors including 118 itself and 1

A) \(8=2^3\)
Add 1 to the exponent of 3. \((3+1)=4\)
-- In the case of a single exponent, Step 2 is the answer
-- # of factors in 8, including 1 and 8 is 4

B) \(51\) = \(3^117^1\)
Total # of factors including 1 and 51 itself is
\((1+1)*(1+1)*=(2*2)\) = 4

C). \(75=3^15^2\)
Total number of factors is
\((1+1)*(2+1)*=(2*3)\) = 6

D)\(118=2^159^1\)
Total # of factors is
\((1+1)*(1+1)*=(2*2)\) = 4

E) \(121=11^2\)
--Add 1 to each exponent: \((2+1)=3\). Stop. (Only one exponent, like A)
-- Total # of factors in 75 is (2+1) = 3

Answer C

PKN , not sure how you got that \(75=2^3*5^1\)

This was a typo error..did correctly in worksheet. Thank you.

Posted from my mobile device
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PKN

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Re: Which of the following integers has the greatest number of factors?  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Aug 2018, 18:19
answer - 75.

number of factors = PFs raised to power. Add 1 and multiply

75=5^2*3 so, 3*2=6
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Re: Which of the following integers has the greatest number of factors?  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Aug 2018, 11:02
AkshdeepS wrote:
Which of the following integers has the greatest number of factors?

1. 8

2. 51

3. 75

4. 118

5. 121


We can determine the total number of factors of a number by breaking a number into primes, adding 1 to the exponent of each unique prime and then multiplying. Let’s follow the same process for each answer choice:

A) 8 = 2^3

So 8 has 3 + 1 = 4 factors.

B) 51 = 17^1 x 3^1

So 51 has (1 + 1)(1 + 1) = 4 factors.

C) 75 = 5^2 x 3^1

75 has (2 + 1)(1 + 1) = 6 factors.

D) 118 = 2^1 x 59^1

118 has (1 + 1)(1 + 1) = 4 factors.

E) 121 = 11^2

121 has 2 + 1 = 3 factors.

Answer: C
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Re: Which of the following integers has the greatest number of factors? &nbs [#permalink] 20 Aug 2018, 11:02
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