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Within 20 years it will probably be possible to identify the genetic

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Within 20 years it will probably be possible to identify the genetic  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 05 Jan 2019, 02:40
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Within 20 years it will probably be possible to identify the genetic susceptibility an individual may have toward any particular disease. Eventually, effective strategies will be discovered to counteract each such susceptibility. Once these effective strategies are found, therefore, the people who follow them will never get sick.

The argument above is based on which of the following assumptions?


(A) For every disease there is only one strategy that can prevent its occurrence.

(B) In the future, genetics will be the only medical specialty of any importance.

(C) All human sicknesses are in part the result of individuals' genetic susceptibilities

(D) All humans are genetically susceptible to some diseases.

(E) People will follow medical advice when they are convinced that it is effective.

Originally posted by MBA2ran on 28 Dec 2006, 03:35.
Last edited by Bunuel on 05 Jan 2019, 02:40, edited 3 times in total.
Renamed the topic, edited the question and added the OA.
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Re: Within 20 years it will probably be possible to identify the genetic  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Feb 2019, 06:25
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MBA2ran wrote:
Within 20 years it will probably be possible to identify the genetic susceptibility an individual may have toward any particular disease. Eventually, effective strategies will be discovered to counteract each such susceptibility. Once these effective strategies are found, therefore, the people who follow them will never get sick.

The argument above is based on which of the following assumptions?


(A) For every disease there is only one strategy that can prevent its occurrence.

(B) In the future, genetics will be the only medical specialty of any importance.

(C) All human sicknesses are in part the result of individuals' genetic susceptibilities

(D) All humans are genetically susceptible to some diseases.

(E) People will follow medical advice when they are convinced that it is effective.


Within 20 years it will probably be possible to identify the genetic susceptibility an individual may have toward any particular disease.
Eventually, effective strategies will be discovered to counteract each such susceptibility.

Conclusion: the people who follow them will never get sick.

It is a conditional conclusion. If one follows these strategies, one will never get sick.

We are concluding that the individual will NEVER get sick. So we are concluding that ALL sickness has some genetic connect.

(A) For every disease there is only one strategy that can prevent its occurrence.

No. The argument talks about strategies. There needn't be only one.

(B) In the future, genetics will be the only medical specialty of any importance.

The argument doesn't assume it. It might imply this indirectly since "people will never get sick" but it is certainly not an assumption.

(C) All human sicknesses are in part the result of individuals' genetic susceptibilities

Correct. Since we are saying that they will never get sick, we are assuming that ALL human sicknesses are in part the result of individuals' genetic susceptibilities.

(D) All humans are genetically susceptible to some diseases.

Not an assumption. All humans needn't get sick. We do not have to assume that all humans are genetically susceptible to some diseases. It is possible that some humans are not genetically susceptible to any diseases. They may not get sick. Out assumption is that all sickness is a result of genetic susceptibilities.

Mudit27021988
Negate (D) - All humans are not genetically susceptible to some diseases.
Conclusion can still hold. Those humans who are not genetically susceptible to some diseases may anyway not get sick. It does not mean that some humans are susceptible to non-genetic diseases. It only means that they are not susceptible to genetic diseases. Why do they have to be susceptible to any diseases?

(E) People will follow medical advice when they are convinced that it is effective.
We don't need to worry about whether people will follow medical advice and when will they follow it. The conclusion is conditional. If they follow, they will not get sick.

Answer (C)
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Re: Within 20 years it will probably be possible to identify the genetic  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Dec 2006, 04:43
I will go with C. The author states genetic susceptibility to any disease.

MBA2ran wrote:
Within 20 years it will probably be possible to identify the genetic susceptibility an individual may have toward any particular disease. Eventually, effective strategies will be discovered to counteract each such susceptibility. Once these effective strategies are found, therefore, the people who follow them will never get sick.

The argument above is based on which of the following assumptions?

(A) For every disease there is only one strategy that can prevent its occurrence.
(B) In the future, genetics will be the only medical specialty of any importance.
(C) All human sicknesses are in part the result of individuals’ genetic susceptibilities
(D) All humans are genetically susceptible to some diseases.
(E) People will follow medical advice when they are convinced that it is effective.
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Re: Within 20 years it will probably be possible to identify the genetic  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Dec 2006, 04:46
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My pick is C.

(C) All human sicknesses are in part the result of individuals’ genetic susceptibilities

If all sicknesses are in part the result of individuals’ genetic susceptibilities, then people who follow the strategies will never get sick.
However, if some sicknesses are a result of something other than genetic susceptibilities, then the argument won't stand.

Therefore the argument is based on C
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Re: Within 20 years it will probably be possible to identify the genetic  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Dec 2006, 08:33
C.
argument assumes that all diseases are a result of susceptibilities. Otherwise they would not be able to prevent all people from getting sick.
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Re: Within 20 years it will probably be possible to identify the genetic  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Dec 2006, 17:15
One more for C. To infer that people will never get sick, we need an assumption stating that all diseases are in fact the result of genetic susceptibilities.
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Re: Within 20 years it will probably be possible to identify the genetic  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Sep 2018, 12:40
Conclusion: the people who follow them(effective strategies) will never get sick.

But effective strategies are developed only for susceptible diseases. So if a person only gets diseases to which he/she is susceptible then the conclusion is true.

So the inherent assumption for conclusion to be true is: a person only gets diseases to which he/she is susceptible

Option C represents the same assumption in different words.

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Re: Within 20 years it will probably be possible to identify the genetic  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Dec 2018, 12:10
Hi,

Can anyone explain why is D wrong?
Thanks.
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Re: Within 20 years it will probably be possible to identify the genetic  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Dec 2018, 12:25
PAVANIJOSHI374 wrote:
Hi,

Can anyone explain why is D wrong?
Thanks.




Conclusion: Once these effective strategies are found, therefore, the people who follow them will never get sick.

(D) All humans are genetically susceptible to some diseases.

negate D: Few human are genetically susceptible to some disease. ....Now does this statement breaks the conclusion
It does not affect the conclusion in anyway..therefore, it is not the answer

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Re: Within 20 years it will probably be possible to identify the genetic  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jan 2019, 05:31
Dear experts,

Please have a look.

Option C states that All human sicknesses are in part the result of individuals' genetic susceptibilities. Does it mean people who follow those effective strategies will never get sick? Isn't there a possibility that people will get sick because of other than genetic deficiencies?
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Re: Within 20 years it will probably be possible to identify the genetic  [#permalink]

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New post 26 May 2019, 22:29
VeritasKarishma wrote:
MBA2ran wrote:
Within 20 years it will probably be possible to identify the genetic susceptibility an individual may have toward any particular disease. Eventually, effective strategies will be discovered to counteract each such susceptibility. Once these effective strategies are found, therefore, the people who follow them will never get sick.

The argument above is based on which of the following assumptions?


(A) For every disease there is only one strategy that can prevent its occurrence.

(B) In the future, genetics will be the only medical specialty of any importance.

(C) All human sicknesses are in part the result of individuals' genetic susceptibilities

(D) All humans are genetically susceptible to some diseases.

(E) People will follow medical advice when they are convinced that it is effective.


Within 20 years it will probably be possible to identify the genetic susceptibility an individual may have toward any particular disease.
Eventually, effective strategies will be discovered to counteract each such susceptibility.

Conclusion: the people who follow them will never get sick.

It is a conditional conclusion. If one follows these strategies, one will never get sick.

We are concluding that the individual will NEVER get sick. So we are concluding that ALL sickness has some genetic connect.

(A) For every disease there is only one strategy that can prevent its occurrence.

No. The argument talks about strategies. There needn't be only one.

(B) In the future, genetics will be the only medical specialty of any importance.

The argument doesn't assume it. It might imply this indirectly since "people will never get sick" but it is certainly not an assumption.

(C) All human sicknesses are in part the result of individuals' genetic susceptibilities

Correct. Since we are saying that they will never get sick, we are assuming that ALL human sicknesses are in part the result of individuals' genetic susceptibilities.

(D) All humans are genetically susceptible to some diseases.

Not an assumption. All humans needn't get sick. We do not have to assume that all humans are genetically susceptible to some diseases. It is possible that some humans are not genetically susceptible to any diseases. They may not get sick. Out assumption is that all sickness is a result of genetic susceptibilities.

Mudit27021988
Negate (D) - All humans are not genetically susceptible to some diseases.
Conclusion can still hold. Those humans who are not genetically susceptible to some diseases may anyway not get sick. It does not mean that some humans are susceptible to non-genetic diseases. It only means that they are not susceptible to genetic diseases. Why do they have to be susceptible to any diseases?

(E) People will follow medical advice when they are convinced that it is effective.
We don't need to worry about whether people will follow medical advice and when will they follow it. The conclusion is conditional. If they follow, they will not get sick.

Answer (C)


@vertaskarishma - i agree with the OA but in your reasoning you mentioned - "So we are concluding that ALL sickness has some genetic connect."
My question is that how did you conclude that ALL sickness has some genetic connect?
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Re: Within 20 years it will probably be possible to identify the genetic   [#permalink] 26 May 2019, 22:29
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