GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 20 Aug 2018, 03:47

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Women make up a larger proportion of workers in the

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

VP
VP
avatar
Joined: 21 Jul 2006
Posts: 1447
Women make up a larger proportion of workers in the  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 21 Aug 2008, 09:32
7
36
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  45% (medium)

Question Stats:

63% (01:13) correct 37% (01:28) wrong based on 1500 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

Women make up a larger proportion of workers in the information services industry than they did ten years ago. This is partly shown by the fact that in 1985, only 7 percent of women in the workforce were employed in the information services industry, but in 1995, over 16 percent of women in the workforce were employed in the information services industry.

In evaluating the argument above, it would be most useful to compare 1985 and 1995 with regard to which of the following characteristics?

(A) The percentage of women in the workforce who were not employed in the information services industry
(B) The percentage of women who are now retired who have worked in the information services industry
(C) The percentage of women who have been promoted to managerial positions within the information services industry
(D) The percentage of men in the workforce who were employed in the information services industry
(E) The percentage of men who will soon be eligible for employment in the information services industry



Please explain your answer.
Thanks!
Most Helpful Community Reply
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Status: I rest, I rust.
Joined: 04 Oct 2010
Posts: 104
Schools: ISB - Co 2013
WE 1: IT Professional since 2006
Re: CR: Proportion of women  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 19 Nov 2010, 07:09
5
1
We dont really have to get confused here. The argument TELLS us that:
(a) of all the women there were in workforce in 1985, 7% were in IS (say 21 out of 300).
(b) of all the women there were in workforce in 1995, (atleast)17% were in IS (say 170 out of 1000, or 17 out of 100. Note the argument never said the absolute number of women in workforce increased).

The argument asks us whether this change in headcount actually reflects a change in contribution in IS industry. To answer this we must know whether the number of men in IS increased, decreased, or remained constant.

D is clear winner.
_________________

Respect,
Vaibhav

PS: Correct me if I am wrong.

General Discussion
SVP
SVP
User avatar
Joined: 07 Nov 2007
Posts: 1728
Location: New York
Re: CR: Proportion of women  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 21 Aug 2008, 11:02
tarek99 wrote:
Women make up a larger proportion of workers in the information services industry than they did ten years ago. This is partly shown by the fact that in 1985, only 7 percent of women in the workforce were employed in the information services industry, but in 1995, over 16 percent of women in the workforce were employed in the information services industry.

In evaluating the argument above, it would be most useful to compare 1985 and 1995 with regard to which of the following characteristics?

a) The percentage of women in the workforce who were not employed in the information services industry

b) The percentage of women who are now retired who have worked in the information services industry

c) The percentage of women who have been promoted to managerial positions within the information services industry

d) The percentage of men in the workforce who were employed in the information services industry

e) The percentage of men who will soon be eligible for employment in the information services industry



Please explain your answer.
Thanks!


D.
I will explain if it is correct.
_________________

Your attitude determines your altitude
Smiling wins more friends than frowning

VP
VP
avatar
Joined: 21 Jul 2006
Posts: 1447
Re: CR: Proportion of women  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 21 Aug 2008, 12:20
yap! you're surely correct. The OA is D. So start explaining! :)
SVP
SVP
User avatar
Joined: 07 Nov 2007
Posts: 1728
Location: New York
Re: CR: Proportion of women  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 21 Aug 2008, 13:17
4
2
tarek99 wrote:
yap! you're surely correct. The OA is D. So start explaining! :)


Women: (IS - Information Services)
In 1985 -- 7 % women in IS 93% in other sectors.
In 1995 -- >16% woman in IS <84% in other sectors

Assume Men Proporation can have two possibilities
(Case 1)
In 1985 -- 10 % men in IS 90% in other sectors.
In 1995 -- >35% men in IS <65% in other sectors
(OR)
(Case 2)
In 1985 -- 10 % men in IS 90% in other sectors.
In 1995 -- >15% men in IS <85% in other sectors

Conclucsion :
Women make up a larger proportion of workers in the information services industry than they did ten years ago.

Case 1 Attacks the conclusion: because men make up a larger proporation workers than women.
Case 2 Supports the conclusion: because men smaller proporation workers than women.

So Option D most usefull to evaluate the above arugment.
_________________

Your attitude determines your altitude
Smiling wins more friends than frowning

VP
VP
avatar
Joined: 21 Jul 2006
Posts: 1447
Re: CR: Proportion of women  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 22 Aug 2008, 13:29
x2suresh wrote:
tarek99 wrote:
yap! you're surely correct. The OA is D. So start explaining! :)


Women: (IS - Information Services)
In 1985 -- 7 % women in IS 93% in other sectors.
In 1995 -- >16% woman in IS <84% in other sectors

Assume Men Proporation can have two possibilities
(Case 1)
In 1985 -- 10 % men in IS 90% in other sectors.
In 1995 -- >35% men in IS <65% in other sectors
(OR)
(Case 2)
In 1985 -- 10 % men in IS 90% in other sectors.
In 1995 -- >15% men in IS <85% in other sectors

Conclucsion :
Women make up a larger proportion of workers in the information services industry than they did ten years ago.

Case 1 Attacks the conclusion: because men make up a larger proporation workers than women.
Case 2 Supports the conclusion: because men smaller proporation workers than women.

So Option D most usefull to evaluate the above arugment.



but I still have a question regarding your explanation. I don't think that the argument is making any comparison between men and women. the argument is only focusing on women by comparing the proportion of women in 1995 to the proportion of women in 1985. Whether men have increased or decreased, I think that's not relevant. Maybe i'm wrong?? but I honestly don't see the point of looking at men because the number of men can still go either up or down, know what I mean? i'm really sorry for troubling you, but could you elaborate more?
thanks
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 12 May 2006
Posts: 163
Re: CR: Proportion of women  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 22 Aug 2008, 17:09
1
1
Tarek,

This is why i chose D.

The first line of the argument says

"Women make up a larger proportion of workers in the information services industry than they did ten years ago."

One proportion on a whole cannot increase unless the other proportion of the whole is either decreasing or increasing at a slower rate than the first one.

So to find if the proportion of women has increased we need to know about the proportion increase in men.
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 11 Apr 2008
Posts: 198
Re: CR: Proportion of women  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 22 Aug 2008, 21:11
Yes, to find out the proportion among all workers, one need have to have percentage of men along with women workers.
_________________

Nobody dies a virgin, life screws us all.

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 06 Apr 2008
Posts: 390
Re: CR: Proportion of women  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 24 Aug 2008, 00:28
tarek99 wrote:
Women make up a larger proportion of workers in the information services industry than they did ten years ago. This is partly shown by the fact that in 1985, only 7 percent of women in the workforce were employed in the information services industry, but in 1995, over 16 percent of women in the workforce were employed in the information services industry.

In evaluating the argument above, it would be most useful to compare 1985 and 1995 with regard to which of the following characteristics?

a) The percentage of women in the workforce who were not employed in the information services industry

b) The percentage of women who are now retired who have worked in the information services industry

c) The percentage of women who have been promoted to managerial positions within the information services industry

d) The percentage of men in the workforce who were employed in the information services industry

e) The percentage of men who will soon be eligible for employment in the information services industry



Please explain your answer.
Thanks!


IMO D)

We are talking about proportion of women so we need to know what percentage of men were employed
VP
VP
avatar
Joined: 21 Jul 2006
Posts: 1447
Re: CR: Proportion of women  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 24 Aug 2008, 02:24
grepro wrote:
Tarek,

This is why i chose D.

The first line of the argument says

"Women make up a larger proportion of workers in the information services industry than they did ten years ago."

One proportion on a whole cannot increase unless the other proportion of the whole is either decreasing or increasing at a slower rate than the first one.

So to find if the proportion of women has increased we need to know about the proportion increase in men.



But then the argument says that the percentage of ALL women in the workforce. So let's say that, for example, 7 percent of the women in the labor force were employed in the service industry in 1985. Then in 1995, 17 percent of the women in the labor force were employed in the service industry. Notice, the argument never said that 17 percent of the labor force IN THE SERVICE INDUSTRY are women. Rather, it said that 17 percent of ALL the WOMEN in ALL the LABOR FORCE are women. Wouldn't it make sense to see whether the total population of all the women in ALL the labor force increased or decreased? because that can truly determine whether the number of women in the service industry truly increased.
Current Student
User avatar
Joined: 08 Oct 2007
Posts: 167
Location: Berkeley, CA
Schools: Berkeley-Haas MBA
WE 1: Investment Management (fund of funds)
WE 2: Private Equity ($2bn generalist fund)
Re: CR: Proportion of women  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 24 Aug 2008, 06:41
1
tarek99 wrote:
But then the argument says that the percentage of ALL women in the workforce. So let's say that, for example, 7 percent of the women in the labor force were employed in the service industry in 1985. Then in 1995, 17 percent of the women in the labor force were employed in the service industry. Notice, the argument never said that 17 percent of the labor force IN THE SERVICE INDUSTRY are women. Rather, it said that 17 percent of ALL the WOMEN in ALL the LABOR FORCE are women. Wouldn't it make sense to see whether the total population of all the women in ALL the labor force increased or decreased? because that can truly determine whether the number of women in the service industry truly increased.


Tarek, while I choose D first, I agree with you that the answer D does need an extra assumption.

The "proportion" here relates to the mix of men and women:

Women make up a larger proportion of workers in the IT sector (than men do).

Assumption: the number of female workers and male workers did not decrease (at least stayed the same) from 1985 to 1995

1985: 7% of women workers were in IT (say 7 of all 100 female workers)
1995: 16% of women workers were in IT (say 16 of all 100 female workers)

1985: 10% of men workers were in IT (say 10 of all 100 male workers)
1995: 34% of men workers were in IT (say 34 of all 100 male workers)

1985: 7female, 10male - 35% of workers in IT were women
1995: 16female, 34male - 32% of workers in IT were women.


You need the % of men in the industry to get the above red portion

Now for ALL of this to make sense, the assumption needs to be made that the general number of female and male workers was on an upward trend.
Verbal Forum Moderator
avatar
Joined: 31 Jan 2010
Posts: 433
WE 1: 4 years Tech
Re: CR: Proportion of women  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 20 Nov 2010, 00:04
4
tarek99 wrote:
Women make up a larger proportion of workers in the information services industry than they did ten years ago. This is partly shown by the fact that in 1985, only 7 percent of women in the workforce were employed in the information services industry, but in 1995, over 16 percent of women in the workforce were employed in the information services industry.

In evaluating the argument above, it would be most useful to compare 1985 and 1995 with regard to which of the following characteristics?

(A) The percentage of women in the workforce who were not employed in the information services industry
(B) The percentage of women who are now retired who have worked in the information services industry
(C) The percentage of women who have been promoted to managerial positions within the information services industry
(D) The percentage of men in the workforce who were employed in the information services industry
(E) The percentage of men who will soon be eligible for employment in the information services industry
Please explain your answer.
Thanks!

It is a straightforward application of mathematics / Data sufficiency. If someone were to tell you
Q)Is it possible to calculate the percentage of women in the Information service sector?
1)7 % of women in all the sectors work in the information service in 1985
2) 16% of women in all the sectors work in the information service 1995
If u were to combine the two premises,

To calculate the percentage of women in the Information services sector, you have to use the formula,
portion of women in information services= no. of women in information services/(no. of women in information services + no. of men in information services)
_________________

My Post Invites Discussions not answers
Try to give back something to the Forum.I want your explanations, right now !
Please let me know your opinion about the Chandigarh Gmat Centrehttp://gmatclub.com/forum/gmat-experience-at-chandigarh-india-centre-111830.html

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 23 Oct 2010
Posts: 70
Location: India
Re: CR: Proportion of women  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 22 Nov 2010, 05:14
D.
The allocation of women within working women might have increased in last 10 years to information services industry I.e. Other industries might have a lower proportion of women now. However the overall % of women in this industry may or may not have changed. Thus can only be ascertained by getting the proportion of men employed in this industry.

Posted from my mobile device
Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor
User avatar
B
Joined: 26 Jul 2010
Posts: 261
Re: CR: Proportion of women  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 22 Nov 2010, 13:33
3
2
Great work on this question, everyone. I'll agree wholeheartedly that D is the correct answer, and add this:

When statistics are used in CR questions, the statistic given almost always fails to meet the conclusion directly, so focus your attention on the conclusion:

Women make up a higher proportion OF THE INDUSTRY

And see how that conclusion differs from the statistic given:

16% OF WOMEN employees are in that industry

Here, there is a clear distinction. We're looking for the ratio Women-in-the-Industry/Industry, but they give us Women-In-Industry/Total Women. The denominators are off, and we need something that better fits the correct denominator "out of the entire industry".


Train yourself to sniff out those subtle distinctions in wording when you're given statistics on CR problems, because almost always the stats that they provide are just a few degrees off of the statistic needed to draw that conclusion.
_________________

Brian

Save $100 on live Veritas Prep GMAT Courses and Admissions Consulting

Enroll now. Pay later. Take advantage of Veritas Prep's flexible payment plan options.

GMAT self-study has never been more personalized or more fun. Try ORION Free!

Veritas Prep Reviews

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 21 Nov 2010
Posts: 96
Re: Women make up a larger proportion of workers in the  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Nov 2011, 13:00
This one was hard. After reviewing replies, D makes sense.
Retired Moderator
avatar
Status: Flying over the cloud!
Joined: 17 Aug 2011
Posts: 750
Location: Viet Nam
Concentration: International Business, Marketing
GMAT Date: 06-06-2014
GPA: 3.07
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member Reviews Badge
Re: Women make up a larger proportion of workers in the  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 10 Dec 2011, 03:28
tarek99 wrote:
Women make up a larger proportion of workers in the information services industry than they did ten years ago. This is partly shown by the fact that in 1985, only 7 percent of women in the workforce were employed in the information services industry, but in 1995, over 16 percent of women in the workforce were employed in the information services industry.

In evaluating the argument above, it would be most useful to compare 1985 and 1995 with regard to which of the following characteristics?
(D) The percentage of men in the workforce who were employed in the information services industry

Please explain your answer.
Thanks!


Choice D is correct because if the percentage of men in the workforce who were employed in the information services industry INCREASE/DECREASE the remain percentage (women) will changes according to the indirect factor. If the percentage of men in workforce remains, the conclusion above is validity.
_________________

Rules for posting in verbal gmat forum, read it before posting anything in verbal forum
Giving me + 1 kudos if my post is valuable with you :)

The more you like my post, the more you share to other's need

CR: Focus of the Week: Must be True Question

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 09 Jul 2014
Posts: 35
Re: Women make up a larger proportion of workers in the  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 16 Oct 2014, 06:15
mikemcgarry / egmat
Will you please explain this question. and how to proceed with these statistic type questions !
NUS Thread Master
User avatar
Affiliations: Oracle certified java programmer , adobe certified developer
Joined: 14 Jul 2013
Posts: 93
GMAT Date: 02-12-2015
GPA: 3.87
WE: Programming (Telecommunications)
Re: Women make up a larger proportion of workers in the  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 05 Dec 2014, 06:08
tarek99 wrote:
Women make up a larger proportion of workers in the information services industry than they did ten years ago. This is partly shown by the fact that in 1985, only 7 percent of women in the workforce were employed in the information services industry, but in 1995, over 16 percent of women in the workforce were employed in the information services industry.

In evaluating the argument above, it would be most useful to compare 1985 and 1995 with regard to which of the following characteristics?

(A) The percentage of women in the workforce who were not employed in the information services industry
(B) The percentage of women who are now retired who have worked in the information services industry
(C) The percentage of women who have been promoted to managerial positions within the information services industry
(D) The percentage of men in the workforce who were employed in the information services industry
(E) The percentage of men who will soon be eligible for employment in the information services industry



Please explain your answer.
Thanks!



Conclusion : Women percentage as a whole has increased in IS from 7 % to 16 %
Issue - but there is high possibility that men percentage also increased because author says its the number of women that diverted to IT services.
To evaluate check the men based reasoning, straight D .
_________________

IF IT IS TO BE , IT IS UP TO ME

Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 02 Nov 2014
Posts: 208
GMAT Date: 08-04-2015
GMAT ToolKit User Reviews Badge
Re: Women make up a larger proportion of workers in the  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 11 Dec 2015, 13:19
Women make up a larger proportion of workers in the information services industry than they did ten years ago. This is partly shown by the fact that in 1985, only 7 percent of women in the workforce were employed in the information services industry, but in 1995, over 16 percent of women in the workforce were employed in the information services industry.

In evaluating the argument above, it would be most useful to compare 1985 and 1995 with regard to which of the following characteristics?

(A) The percentage of women in the workforce who were not employed in the information services industry
(B) The percentage of women who are now retired who have worked in the information services industry
(C) The percentage of women who have been promoted to managerial positions within the information services industry
(D) The percentage of men in the workforce who were employed in the information services industry
(E) The percentage of men who will soon be eligible for employment in the information services industry


D is the clear winner given the choices. BUT it is not possible to establish the conclusion based only on the percentage of men in the workforce who were employed in IS.
Again, it's clearly understood that we don't need to prove the conclusion. Our task is to choose the BEST answer that MAY be useful in making the conclusion more believable.

Thanks.
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 03 Jan 2015
Posts: 83
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: Women make up a larger proportion of workers in the  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 15 Dec 2015, 17:51
I chose answer D. It was the only one that seemed quite logical to me.
Re: Women make up a larger proportion of workers in the &nbs [#permalink] 15 Dec 2015, 17:51

Go to page    1   2    Next  [ 24 posts ] 

Display posts from previous: Sort by

Women make up a larger proportion of workers in the

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  

Events & Promotions

PREV
NEXT


GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.