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Young people believe efforts to reduce pollution, poverty

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Young people believe efforts to reduce pollution, poverty  [#permalink]

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Young people believe efforts to reduce pollution, poverty, and war are doomed to failure. This pessimism is probably harmful to humanity's future because people lose motivation to work for goals they think are unrealizable. We must do what we can to prevent this loss of motivation and therefore must enable our children to believe that better futures are possible.

Which one of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

(A) Motivating people to work to solve humanity's problems will enable them to believe that the future can be better and will cause them to be less pessimistic.

(B) Enabling people to believe that better futures are possible will help prevent the loss of motivation that results from pessimistic beliefs about the future.

(C) Optimism about the future is better than pessimism, even if that optimism is based on an illusory vision of what is likely to occur.

(D) If future generations believe that the future can be better, then pollution, poverty, and war will be eliminated.

(E) The current prevalence of such problems as pollution and poverty stems from previous generations' inability to believe that futures can be better.

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Young people believe efforts to reduce pollution, poverty  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Sep 2018, 19:14
A. This gets things backward. The author said we should make people believe in a better future in order to motivate them. The reverse assumption isn’t necessary.

B.CORRECT. The negation wrecks the argument.
Negation: Letting people believe in a better future will not improve their motivation.

C. This is a value judgment. The stimulus was about facts: will young people lose motivation, or will they not lose motivation?

D. This isn’t necessary. The author only wants young people to try. It would be nice if they succeed in ending problems, but the main thing is to make an effort.

E. It doesn’t matter why current problems exist. The stimulus is only about whether we can motivate youth now.
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Young people believe efforts to reduce pollution, poverty &nbs [#permalink] 01 Sep 2018, 19:14
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Young people believe efforts to reduce pollution, poverty

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