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# 1997 saw the passage of the Kyoto Protocol ...

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Senior Manager
Status: 1,750 Q's attempted and counting
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Location: United States (FL)
Schools: UFL (A)
GMAT 1: 600 Q45 V29
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WE: Accounting (Accounting)
1997 saw the passage of the Kyoto Protocol ...  [#permalink]

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15 Oct 2013, 10:05
2
6
00:00

Difficulty:

45% (medium)

Question Stats:

65% (01:39) correct 35% (01:49) wrong based on 321 sessions

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1997 saw the passage of the Kyoto Protocol, which aims to reduce greenhouse gases
that cause climate change, but also scientists and economists in large numbers began

attacking the effectiveness of the Protocol's reforms.

(A)1997 saw the passage of the Kyoto Protocol, which aims to reduce greenhouse gases
that cause climate change, but also scientists and economists in large numbers began

(B) In 1997 the Kyoto Protocol was passed, aiming to reduce climate change-causing
greenhouse gases, but it was also a year for large numbers of scientists and economists
who began

(C) With the Kyoto Protocol passing and aiming to reduce greenhouse gases that cause
climate change in 1997, it was also a year when a large number of scientists and

(D) Although 1997 saw the passage of the Kyoto Protocol, which aims to reduce climate
change-causing greenhouse gases, it was also a year when a large number of scientists
and economists began

(E) The Kyoto Protocol was passed in 1997, and it aimed to reduce greenhouse gases
that cause climate change, but it was also a year for scientists and economists to begin
in large numbers

GH-12.27.12 - OE to follow
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Joined: 15 Jun 2012
Posts: 1007
Location: United States
Re: 1997 saw the passage of the Kyoto Protocol ...  [#permalink]

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15 Oct 2013, 13:36
3
1
1997 saw the passage of the Kyoto Protocol, which aims to reduce greenhouse gases
that cause climate change, but also scientists and economists in large numbers began

attacking the effectiveness of the Protocol's reforms.

(A)1997 saw the passage of the Kyoto Protocol, which aims to reduce greenhouse gases
that cause climate change, but also scientists and economists in large numbers began
Wrong. "but also" is awkward here. If you use "but also" to link two sentences --> the later sentence should be dependent. However, that's not the case here. The first sentence has a subject "1997", the second has a subject "scientists and economists". Both sentences have their own S and V ==> The two independent sentences can't be simply linked by a preposition ==> Run-on error.

(B) In 1997 the Kyoto Protocol was passed, aiming to reduce climate change-causing
greenhouse gases, but it was also a year for large numbers of scientists and economists
who began
Wrong. "it" should refer to "1997". However, in B, "it" clearly refers to the Kyoto Protocol because "in 1997" is preposition phrase, not a subject.

(C) With the Kyoto Protocol passing and aiming to reduce greenhouse gases that cause
climate change in 1997, it was also a year when a large number of scientists and
Wrong. Same error as in B. "it" refers to "the Kyoto Protocol" ==> wrong.

(D) Although 1997 saw the passage of the Kyoto Protocol, which aims to reduce climate
change-causing greenhouse gases, it was also a year when a large number of scientists
and economists began
Correct.

(E) The Kyoto Protocol was passed in 1997, and it aimed to reduce greenhouse gases
that cause climate change, but it was also a year for scientists and economists to begin
in large numbers
Wrong. Same error as in B. "it" refers to "the Kyoto Protocol" ==> wrong.

Hope it helps.
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Senior Manager
Status: 1,750 Q's attempted and counting
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Posts: 493
Location: United States (FL)
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WE: Accounting (Accounting)
Re: 1997 saw the passage of the Kyoto Protocol ...  [#permalink]

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23 Oct 2013, 06:42
Official Explanation

Typically, the words "but also" are used in a construction following "not only." At the very least, you should expect some kind of signal that a contrast is coming before "but," such as "although." (A) can be eliminated. (B) and (E) are incorrect for the same reason.

The first part of (C) is awkwardly written, but the bigger problem is the verb choice at the end of the underlined portion: "had begun." There is only one point in the past in this sentence: 1997. "Had begun" is past perfect, implying multiple points in the past. Thus, (C) is incorrect. (D), with its use of "began" instead, is the correct choice.

Hope it helps.

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Posts: 3634
Re: 1997 saw the passage of the Kyoto Protocol ...  [#permalink]

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17 Oct 2018, 17:14
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: 1997 saw the passage of the Kyoto Protocol ...   [#permalink] 17 Oct 2018, 17:14
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