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2 fewer columns of tiles and 4 more rows of tiles. After the change in

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2 fewer columns of tiles and 4 more rows of tiles. After the change in  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Dec 2014, 08:45
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Tough and Tricky questions: Word Problems.



2 fewer columns of tiles and 4 more rows of tiles. After the change in layout, the patio will still have 70 tiles, and it will still be rectangular. How many rows are in the tile patio before the change in layout?

A. 5
B. 6
C. 10
D. 13
E. 28


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Re: 2 fewer columns of tiles and 4 more rows of tiles. After the change in  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Dec 2014, 09:11
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2 fewer columns of tiles and 4 more rows of tiles. After the change in layout, the patio will still have 70 tiles, and it will still be rectangular. How many rows are in the tile patio before the change in layout?
Solution: Let # of columns = x and # of rows = y
x * y = 70
(x - 2) * (y + 4) = 70
Solving for y we get ==> (y + 2)^2 = 144
Ignoring negative value, y = 10
Answer C
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Re: 2 fewer columns of tiles and 4 more rows of tiles. After the change in  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Dec 2014, 00:48
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Answer = C = 10

...................... Rows .................. Columns ............. Total

Initial ................. x ......................... \(\frac{70}{x}\) ................. 70

Re-arrange ........ x+4 ...................... \(\frac{70}{x} - 2\) .............. 70

\((x + 4)(\frac{70}{x} - 2) = 70\)

\(x^2 + 4x - 140 = 0\)

x = 10
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Re: 2 fewer columns of tiles and 4 more rows of tiles. After the change in  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Dec 2014, 11:52
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Bunuel wrote:

Tough and Tricky questions: Word Problems.



2 fewer columns of tiles and 4 more rows of tiles. After the change in layout, the patio will still have 70 tiles, and it will still be rectangular. How many rows are in the tile patio before the change in layout?

A. 5
B. 6
C. 10
D. 13
E. 28


Kudos for a correct solution.


we should find the combination in which

R * C = (R+4) * (C-2) ---(1)

Combination of R and C that will result in 70 tiles = 1 * 70, 2 * 35, 5 * 14, 7 * 10, 10 * 7, 14 * 5, 35 * 2, 70 * 1

Since 2 columns = 4 rows there should be more number of rows and less number of columns, which will eliminate half of the answers

Remaining options - 10 * 7, 14 * 5, 35 * 2, 70 * 1

Out of this only 10 * 7 will satisfy the condition (1)

so Ans = C
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Re: 2 fewer columns of tiles and 4 more rows of tiles. After the change in  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Dec 2014, 22:58
1
the two equations will be
Xy=70

and (x-2)*(y+4)=xy=70==>xy-2y+4x-8=xy ==>4x+2y=8==> 2x-y=4

This tells us that y is even. a and d are odd so they are out. e is too large. Try plugging in a and c. C will get you the answer.
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Re: 2 fewer columns of tiles and 4 more rows of tiles. After the change in  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jan 2015, 06:41
Bunuel wrote:

Tough and Tricky questions: Word Problems.



2 fewer columns of tiles and 4 more rows of tiles. After the change in layout, the patio will still have 70 tiles, and it will still be rectangular. How many rows are in the tile patio before the change in layout?

A. 5
B. 6
C. 10
D. 13
E. 28


Kudos for a correct solution.


OFFICIAL SOLUTION:

(C) The fastest way to solve this problem is by plugging in the answer choices. If there were 10 rows to to start, then there must have been 7 columns to get 70. If you add 4 to 10 and subtract 2 from 7, you get 5 and 14, which multiplies out to 70.

Another way to solve this problem is by using logic. If a rectangular patio is composed of 70 square tiles, then the original layout, in rows by columns, must be either 70 × 1, 35 × 2, 14 × 5, 10 × 7, 7 × 10, 5 × 14, 2 × 35, or 1 × 70.

Since removing 2 tiles from a row is the same as removing 2 columns, the only way to get a rectangle by removing 2 columns and adding 4 rows is by starting with a 10×7 patio and ending up with a 14×5 patio. So there must be 10 rows.
The correct answer is C.

Alternative Method (Algebraic Solution):
This problem can also be solved algebraically. Let R be the number of rows and C be the number of columns in the tile patio before the change in shape. The patio has 70 tiles, so RC = 70. After the change in layout, there will be 4 more rows, and 2 fewer tiles in each row, and the same total of 70 tiles, so we know that:
(R + 4)(C – 2) = 70.

Using FOIL on this equation, we get:
RC – 2R + 4C – 8 = 70.

Since RC = 70, we can substitute into the second equation to get:
70 – 2R + 4C – 8 = 70.

Combining terms, we get:
-R + 2C – 4 = 0.
R = 2C – 4. Let’s plug it in RC = 70.
(2C – 4)C = 70
C² – 2C – 35 = 0
The solutions are C = -5 and C = 7. C must be positive, so C = 7 is the only option. So R = 10. The correct answer is C.
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Please read this: Ultimate GMAT Quantitative Megathread | All You Need for Quant | PLEASE READ AND FOLLOW: 12 Rules for Posting!!!

Resources:
GMAT Math Book | Triangles | Polygons | Coordinate Geometry | Factorials | Circles | Number Theory | Remainders; 8. Overlapping Sets | PDF of Math Book; 10. Remainders | GMAT Prep Software Analysis | SEVEN SAMURAI OF 2012 (BEST DISCUSSIONS) | Tricky questions from previous years.

Collection of Questions:
PS: 1. Tough and Tricky questions; 2. Hard questions; 3. Hard questions part 2; 4. Standard deviation; 5. Tough Problem Solving Questions With Solutions; 6. Probability and Combinations Questions With Solutions; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 12 Easy Pieces (or not?); 9 Bakers' Dozen; 10 Algebra set. ,11 Mixed Questions, 12 Fresh Meat

DS: 1. DS tough questions; 2. DS tough questions part 2; 3. DS tough questions part 3; 4. DS Standard deviation; 5. Inequalities; 6. 700+ GMAT Data Sufficiency Questions With Explanations; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 The Discreet Charm of the DS; 9 Devil's Dozen!!!; 10 Number Properties set., 11 New DS set.


What are GMAT Club Tests?
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Re: 2 fewer columns of tiles and 4 more rows of tiles. After the change in  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Apr 2016, 10:17
[quote="Bunuel"]

Tough and Tricky questions: Word Problems.



2 fewer columns of tiles and 4 more rows of tiles. After the change in layout, the patio will still have 70 tiles, and it will still be rectangular. How many rows are in the tile patio before the change in layout?

A. 5
B. 6
C. 10
D. 13
E. 28
let x be the no of columns and y be the no rows then: x*y=70
from the given information (x-2)*(y+4)=70
by solving these 2 equation y will be 10 and x will be 7
no of rows is 10
c is the answer.
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Re: 2 fewer columns of tiles and 4 more rows of tiles. After the change in  [#permalink]

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