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A barrel contains only red balls, white balls, and brown balls. If two

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A barrel contains only red balls, white balls, and brown balls. If two [#permalink]

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A barrel contains only red balls, white balls, and brown balls. If two balls are selected at random without replacing each ball, what is the probability that two brown balls will be selected?

(1) The probability that one ball selected at random is either red or white is \(\frac{2}{3}\)

(2) There are nine balls in the barrel.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by Bunuel on 24 Oct 2017, 21:59, edited 3 times in total.
Edited the question.

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Re: A barrel contains only red balls, white balls, and brown balls. If two [#permalink]

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New post 20 May 2014, 20:47
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gauravsoni wrote:
A barrel contains only red balls, white balls, and brown balls. If two balls are selected at random without replacing each ball, what is the probability that two brown balls will be selected?

(1) The probability that one ball selected at random is either red or white is .

(2) There are nine balls in the barrel.




This is an interesting one. The question says we have only red, white and brown balls. And we have to find the probability that both balls drawn with replacement are brown.

Probability of getting 1 brown ball = number of brown balls/ total number of balls = A

Probability that both balls drawn are brown = A.A = A^2. (Note that A is dependent on number of brown balls and total number of balls which are 2 variables)

Statement 1: The probability that one ball selected at random is either red or white is 2/3.

This means probability of not getting a brown ball =2/3
Therefore, A which is probability of getting a brown ball is 1/3

Now since, we want to get A^2, it may seem that we can answer the question. But this is a trap. Lets say, we have only 3 balls. A=1/3 means, we have only 1 brown ball. Thus, probability of getting 2 brown balls become 0. In case it is more than 3 balls, i.e. 6, 9, 12, ans so on, we can predict the probability.
Hence, this is insufficient

Statement 2: There are nine balls in the barrel.

We don't know the number of brown balls and hence can't predict the probability.

Hence insufficient.

Now, let us take both the statement together. After statement 1, if we can assure that the barrel has more than 3 balls, we can definitely tell the probability. Now, we are given 9 balls. Which means we can calculate the probability.

Hence, answer is C.

Hope it helps!!

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Re: A barrel contains only red balls, white balls, and brown balls. If two [#permalink]

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New post 20 May 2014, 21:41
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gauravsoni wrote:
A barrel contains only red balls, white balls, and brown balls. If two balls are selected at random without replacing each ball, what is the probability that two brown balls will be selected?

(1) The probability that one ball selected at random is either red or white is \(\frac{2}{3}\)

(2) There are nine balls in the barrel.


Can someone please explain the working ?



Let there be x red balls, y, white balls and z brown balls .

From st 1 we have that the probability of selection either red or white is 2/3

or (x+y)/ (x+y+z)= 2/3 -----We see that x+y=2z or total no. of balls =3z

So probability of drawing 2 brown balls will be \(zc2/3zc2\) or z(z-1)/(3z-1)*(3z-2)------Thus till we know z we can find the probability

St 2 says that x+y+z=9 so not sufficient

Combining we see that 3z=9 and z=3 so probability will be 3/9 or 1/3.

Ans is C.....
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Re: A barrel contains only red balls, white balls, and brown balls. If two [#permalink]

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A barrel contains only red balls, white balls, and brown balls. If two balls are selected at random without replacing each ball, what is the probability that two brown balls will be selected?

(1) The probability that one ball selected at random is either red or white is \(\frac{2}{3}\). This implies that 1/3rd of the balls in the barrel are brown. If there are only 3 balls in the barrel then the probability of selecting two brown balls is obviously 0 but if there are say 6 balls in the barrel then the probability of selecting two brown balls is greater than 0. Not sufficient.

(2) There are nine balls in the barrel. Clearly insufficient.

(1)+(2) 1/3*9=3 balls out of 9 are brown. We can get the probability. Sufficient.

Answer: C.

Remember, on DS problems, all you need to do is evaluate whether you would be able to arrive at the answer using the information provided in each statement; you don’t need to waste time actually finding the answer.
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Re: A barrel contains only red balls, white balls, and brown balls. If two [#permalink]

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New post 21 May 2014, 02:36
WoundedTiger wrote:
gauravsoni wrote:
A barrel contains only red balls, white balls, and brown balls. If two balls are selected at random without replacing each ball, what is the probability that two brown balls will be selected?

(1) The probability that one ball selected at random is either red or white is \(\frac{2}{3}\)

(2) There are nine balls in the barrel.


Can someone please explain the working ?



Let there be x red balls, y, white balls and z brown balls .

From st 1 we have that the probability of selection either red or white is 2/3

or (x+y)/ (x+y+z)= 2/3 -----We see that x+y=2z or total no. of balls =3z

So probability of drawing 2 brown balls will be \(zc2/3zc2\) or z(z-1)/(3z-1)*(3z-2)------Thus till we know z we can find the probability

St 2 says that x+y+z=9 so not sufficient

Combining we see that 3z=9 and z=3 so probability will be 3/9 or 1/3.

Ans is C.....


We have 3 brown balls out of 9. The probability of selecting 2 brown balls is 3/9*2/8 = 1/12.
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Collection of Questions:
PS: 1. Tough and Tricky questions; 2. Hard questions; 3. Hard questions part 2; 4. Standard deviation; 5. Tough Problem Solving Questions With Solutions; 6. Probability and Combinations Questions With Solutions; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 12 Easy Pieces (or not?); 9 Bakers' Dozen; 10 Algebra set. ,11 Mixed Questions, 12 Fresh Meat

DS: 1. DS tough questions; 2. DS tough questions part 2; 3. DS tough questions part 3; 4. DS Standard deviation; 5. Inequalities; 6. 700+ GMAT Data Sufficiency Questions With Explanations; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 The Discreet Charm of the DS; 9 Devil's Dozen!!!; 10 Number Properties set., 11 New DS set.


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Re: A barrel contains only red balls, white balls, and brown balls. If two   [#permalink] 24 Oct 2017, 19:22
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