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Once considered the ninth planet in the solar system, Pluto was discov

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Once considered the ninth planet in the solar system, Pluto was discov [#permalink]

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Hi folks! Here’s a new SC question. Try your hand at applying the process to solve this one. We will post the complete solution after we see some of your responses. :-)

Once considered the ninth planet in the solar system, Pluto was discovered in 1930, lost its planetary status in 2006, which prompted the International Astronomical Union (IAU) to create a new definition for the term ‘planet’, and is now categorized as just one out of 70,000 icy objects in the Kuiper Belt measuring 100 kilometers across or more.

A. Once considered the ninth planet in the solar system, Pluto was discovered in 1930, lost its planetary status in 2006, which prompted the International Astronomical Union (IAU) to create a new definition for the term ‘planet’, and is now categorized as just one out of 70,000 icy objects in the Kuiper Belt measuring

B. Discovered in 1930 and once considered the ninth planet in the solar system, Pluto lost its planetary status in 2006, a development that prompted the International Astronomical Union (IAU) to create a new definition for the term ‘planet’, and is now categorized as just one out of 70,000 icy objects in the Kuiper Belt that measure

C. Discovered in 1930, Pluto, once considered the ninth planet in the solar system, lost its planetary status in 2006, a development prompting the International Astronomical Union (IAU) to create a new definition for the term ‘planet’, now categorized as just one out of 70,000 icy objects in the Kuiper Belt to measure

D. Pluto, discovered in 1930 and once considered the ninth planet in the solar system, lost its planetary status in 2006, a development that prompted the International Astronomical Union (IAU) to create a new definition for the term ‘planet’, is now categorized as just one out of 70,000 icy objects in the Kuiper Belt to measure

E. Discovered in 1930 and once considered the ninth planet in the solar system, Pluto lost its planetary status in 2006, prompted the International Astronomical Union (IAU) to create a new definition for the term ‘planet’, and is now categorized as just one out of 70,000 icy objects in the Kuiper Belt that measure


Regards,
The e-GMAT Team :)
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Originally posted by egmat on 12 Jun 2014, 05:00.
Last edited by Mahmud6 on 29 Nov 2017, 02:36, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: Once considered the ninth planet in the solar system, Pluto was discov [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jun 2014, 05:16
egmat wrote:
Hi folks! Here’s a new SC question. Try your hand at applying the process to solve this one. We will post the complete solution after we see some of your responses. :-)

Pluto was discovered in 1930 and once considered the ninth planet in the solar system, losing its planetary status in 2006, which prompted the International Astronomical Union (IAU) to create a new definition for the term ‘planet’, and is now categorized as just one out of 70,000 icy objects in the Kuiper Belt measuring 100 kilometers across or more.

A. Once considered the ninth planet in the solar system, Pluto was discovered in 1930, lost its planetary status in 2006, which prompted the International Astronomical Union (IAU) to create a new definition for the term ‘planet’, and is now categorized as just one out of 70,000 icy objects in the Kuiper Belt measuring

B. Discovered in 1930 and once considered the ninth planet in the solar system, Pluto lost its planetary status in 2006, a development that prompted the International Astronomical Union (IAU) to create a new definition for the term ‘planet’, and is now categorized as just one out of 70,000 icy objects in the Kuiper Belt that measure

C. Discovered in 1930, Pluto, once considered the ninth planet in the solar system, lost its planetary status in 2006, a development prompting the International Astronomical Union (IAU) to create a new definition for the term ‘planet’, now categorized as just one out of 70,000 icy objects in the Kuiper Belt to measure

D. Pluto, discovered in 1930 and once considered the ninth planet in the solar system, lost its planetary status in 2006, a development that prompted the International Astronomical Union (IAU) to create a new definition for the term ‘planet’, is now categorized as just one out of 70,000 icy objects in the Kuiper Belt to measure

E. Discovered in 1930 and once considered the ninth planet in the solar system, Pluto lost its planetary status in 2006, prompted the International Astronomical Union (IAU) to create a new definition for the term ‘planet’, and is now categorized as just one out of 70,000 icy objects in the Kuiper Belt that measure


Regards,
The e-GMAT Team :)


Hello,

Option A does not match the underlined part, anyhow I picked A.
I thought that "BElT THAT MEASURE" is wrong, as that I think should refer back to Pluto

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Re: Once considered the ninth planet in the solar system, Pluto was discov [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 12 Jun 2014, 11:15
kassim wrote:

Hello,

Option A does not match the underlined part, anyhow I picked A.
I thought that "BElT THAT MEASURE" is wrong, as that I think should refer back to Pluto

Kassim



Hi Kassim,

You are right. Thanks for bringing that to our notice. The underlined portion should have been the same as option A. We have now corrected this error.

However, option A is incorrect. 'That' can't refer to Pluto since Pluto is singular and the plural verb 'measure' does not agree with the singular subject. Would you like to present your analysis for the rest of the choices? We will provide the complete solution after we see some of your responses. :-)


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Originally posted by egmat on 12 Jun 2014, 05:55.
Last edited by egmat on 12 Jun 2014, 11:15, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Once considered the ninth planet in the solar system, Pluto was discov [#permalink]

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A. Once considered the ninth planet in the solar system, Pluto was discovered in 1930, lost its planetary status in 2006,which prompted the International Astronomical Union (IAU) to create a new definition for the term ‘planet’, and is now categorized as just one out of 70,000 icy objects in the Kuiper Belt measuring which modifies the preceding noun

B. Discovered in 1930 and once considered the ninth planet in the solar system, Pluto lost its planetary status in 2006, a development that prompted the International Astronomical Union (IAU) to create a new definition for the term ‘planet’, and is now categorized as just one out of 70,000 icy objects in the Kuiper Belt that measure - looks fine; read next

C. Discovered in 1930, Pluto, once considered the ninth planet in the solar system, lost its planetary status in 2006, a development prompting the International Astronomical Union (IAU) to create a new definition for the term ‘planet’, now categorized as just one out of 70,000 icy objects in the Kuiper Belt to measure - unsure about the subject of the second clause

D. Pluto, discovered in 1930 and once considered the ninth planet in the solar system, lost its planetary status in 2006, a development that prompted the International Astronomical Union (IAU) to create a new definition for the term ‘planet’, is now categorized as just one out of 70,000 icy objects in the Kuiper Belt to measure - same as C - also missing conjunction

E. Discovered in 1930 and once considered the ninth planet in the solar system, Pluto lost its planetary status in 2006, prompted the International Astronomical Union (IAU) to create a new definition for the term ‘planet’, and is now categorized as just one out of 70,000 icy objects in the Kuiper Belt that measure - the development prompted
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Re: Once considered the ninth planet in the solar system, Pluto was discov [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jun 2014, 07:01
Got it right but took a lot of time ( 2:21). need to seriously pick up speed :(
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Re: Once considered the ninth planet in the solar system, Pluto was discov [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jun 2014, 09:25
Once considered the ninth planet in the solar system, Pluto was discovered in 1930, lost its planetary status in 2006, which prompted the International Astronomical Union (IAU) to create a new definition for the term ‘planet’, and is now categorized as just one out of 70,000 icy objects in the Kuiper Belt measuring 100 kilometers across or more.

A. Once considered the ninth planet in the solar system, Pluto was discovered in 1930, lost its planetary status in 2006, which prompted the International Astronomical Union (IAU) to create a new definition for the term ‘planet’, and is now categorized as just one out of 70,000 icy objects in the Kuiper Belt measuring - Incorrect use of which. We need something to refer to the event “lost its planetary status in 2006”. Also 'lost its planetary status in 2006' should be used with the subject and not used as a modifier.

B. Discovered in 1930 and once considered the ninth planet in the solar system, Pluto lost its planetary status in 2006, a development that prompted the International Astronomical Union (IAU) to create a new definition for the term ‘planet’, and is now categorized as just one out of 70,000 icy objects in the Kuiper Belt that measure - Correct.

C. Discovered in 1930, Pluto, once considered the ninth planet in the solar system, lost its planetary status in 2006, a development prompting the International Astronomical Union (IAU) to create a new definition for the term ‘planet’, now categorized as just one out of 70,000 icy objects in the Kuiper Belt to measure – Incorrect. Whats the subject and where is the verb?

D. Pluto, discovered in 1930 and once considered the ninth planet in the solar system, lost its planetary status in 2006, a development that prompted the International Astronomical Union (IAU) to create a new definition for the term ‘planet’, is now categorized as just one out of 70,000 icy objects in the Kuiper Belt to measure – Incorrect verbs are not connected properly. Need “and” to separate two verbs.

E. Discovered in 1930 and once considered the ninth planet in the solar system, Pluto lost its planetary status in 2006, prompted the International Astronomical Union (IAU) to create a new definition for the term ‘planet’, and is now categorized as just one out of 70,000 icy objects in the Kuiper Belt that measure – Incorrect. Verb-ed modifier prompted is not used correctly.
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Re: Once considered the ninth planet in the solar system, Pluto was discov [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jun 2014, 10:55
himanshujovi wrote:
Got it right but took a lot of time ( 2:21). need to seriously pick up speed :(


Do not worry :)

This kind of sentence are really tough so you almost never see such question if not in the upper level of the test, even if you pick it wrong doesnt's hurt your score so much.

Still it is good for practice. Me too the question takes a bit more than usual.

I think the key with this kind of question so nested and convoluted is to try to figure out a critical point on which you can choose (too bad if it is wrong, pick an answer and move one the next one)

Here is: " that measure " so B and E

Bur in E i do not see " a development that prompted" and this is essential for the meaning of the same. So B must be the right choice.

At a certain point, whenever you are lost go straight............

Hope this helps.
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Re: Once considered the ninth planet in the solar system, Pluto was discov [#permalink]

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Re: Once considered the ninth planet in the solar system, Pluto was discov [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jun 2014, 13:18
A. Once considered the ninth planet in the solar system, Pluto was discovered in 1930, lost its planetary status in 2006, which prompted the International Astronomical Union (IAU) to create a new definition for the term ‘planet’, and is now categorized as just one out of 70,000 icy objects in the Kuiper Belt measuring which is wrongly modifying the planetary status. which i think is illogical (how can planetary status prompt iau to change the definition)

B. Discovered in 1930 and once considered the ninth planet in the solar system, Pluto lost its planetary status in 2006, a development that prompted the International Astronomical Union (IAU) to create a new definition for the term ‘planet’, and is now categorized as just one out of 70,000 icy objects in the Kuiper Belt that measure looks correct

C. Discovered in 1930, Pluto, once considered the ninth planet in the solar system, lost its planetary status in 2006, a development prompting the International Astronomical Union (IAU) to create a new definition for the term ‘planet’, now categorized as just one out of 70,000 icy objects in the Kuiper Belt to measurecategorized is wrongly modifying the noun definition

D. Pluto, discovered in 1930 and once considered the ninth planet in the solar system, lost its planetary status in 2006, a development that prompted the International Astronomical Union (IAU) to create a new definition for the term ‘planet’, is now categorized as just one out of 70,000 icy objects in the Kuiper Belt to measuresame error as that of option C

E. Discovered in 1930 and once considered the ninth planet in the solar system, Pluto lost its planetary status in 2006, prompted the International Astronomical Union (IAU) to create a new definition for the term ‘planet’, and is now categorized as just one out of 70,000 icy objects in the Kuiper Belt that measurehere prompted is wrongly modifying the planetary status
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Re: Once considered the ninth planet in the solar system, Pluto was discov [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jun 2014, 00:50
My analysis of the sentence:

A. Once considered the ninth planet in the solar system, Pluto was discovered in 1930, lost its planetary status in 2006, which prompted the International Astronomical Union (IAU) to create a new definition for the term ‘planet’, and is now categorized as just one out of 70,000 icy objects in the Kuiper Belt measuring
wrong - "lost its planetary..." has no subject-verb pair. "which" should modify the nearest noun and in this case "which" seems to modify status. We need to emphasize on the description of Kuiper Belt so a clause is required to modify the noun.

B. Discovered in 1930 and once considered the ninth planet in the solar system, Pluto lost its planetary status in 2006, a development that prompted the International Astronomical Union (IAU) to create a new definition for the term ‘planet’, and is now categorized as just one out of 70,000 icy objects in the Kuiper Belt that measure
correct - modifiers are placed correctly.


C. Discovered in 1930, Pluto, once considered the ninth planet in the solar system, lost its planetary status in 2006, a development prompting the International Astronomical Union (IAU) to create a new definition for the term ‘planet’, now categorized as just one out of 70,000 icy objects in the Kuiper Belt to measure
incorrect- incorrect placement of modifiers. The intended meaning is distorted.


D. Pluto, discovered in 1930 and once considered the ninth planet in the solar system, lost its planetary status in 2006, a development that prompted the International Astronomical Union (IAU) to create a new definition for the term ‘planet’, is now categorized as just one out of 70,000 icy objects in the Kuiper Belt to measure
incorrect - intended meaning is distorted. modifiers are not placed correctly.

E. Discovered in 1930 and once considered the ninth planet in the solar system, Pluto lost its planetary status in 2006, prompted the International Astronomical Union (IAU) to create a new definition for the term ‘planet’, and is now categorized as just one out of 70,000 icy objects in the Kuiper Belt that measure
incorrect - distorted meaning. It seems that Pluto prompted the IAU to create new definition. Instead the intended meaning is that Pluto lost its status and this development prompted the IAU to create a new definition.

Please correct me if I am wrong.
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Re: Once considered the ninth planet in the solar system, Pluto was discov [#permalink]

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Hi Folks,

Thank you for such analytical responses. Some of your explanations are pretty close to the official explanation. Now, here comes the detailed solution of this question.


Once considered the ninth planet in the solar system, Pluto was discovered in 1930, lost its planetary status in 2006, which prompted the International Astronomical Union (IAU) to create a new definition for the term ‘planet’, and is now categorized as just one out of 70,000 icy objects in the Kuiper Belt measuring 100 kilometers across or more.

SENTENCE STRUCTURE

• Once considered the ninth planet in the solar system, Pluto
o was discovered in 1930,
o lost its planetary status in 2006,
which prompted the International Astronomical Union (IAU) to create a new definition for the term ‘planet’,
o and is now categorized as just one out of 70,000 icy objects in the Kuiper Belt measuring 100 kilometers across or more.


Image

• This sentence tells us three things about Pluto, which was once considered the ninth planet in the solar system. These three things are:
1. Pluto was discovered in 1930.
2. It lost its planetary status in 2006.
a. This event prompted the IAU to create a new definition for the term ‘planet’.
3. And it is now categorized as just one out of 70,000 icy objects in the Kuiper Belt measuring 100 kilometers or more.

Image

Error Analysis

Modifier Error
1. The modifier ‘which’ seems to modify the clause “Pluto lost its planetary status in 2006”. This is incorrect since ‘which’ can modify only a noun not a clause.
2. The verb-ing modifier ‘measuring’ can modify either of the two nouns:
a. Kuiper Belt
b. 70,000 icy objects (the verb-ing modifier can jump over the prepositional phrase ‘in the Kuiper Belt’ to modify the preceding noun.)


PoE

A. Incorrect for the reasons stated above.

B. Correct Answer.
1. “A development…… the term ‘planet’” is a noun + noun modifier. In this modifier:
a. A development- Noun (refers to the Pluto losing its planetary status)
b. That prompted….. term ‘planet’- Noun Modifier (Provides additional information about the noun)
2. The plural verb ‘measure’ ensures that the relative pronoun ‘that’ unambiguously refers to the plural noun ’70,000 icy objects’.

C. Incorrect
Meaning Error
1. Since there is no helping verb associated with the verb ‘categorized’, it acts as a verb-ed modifier in this option and incorrectly modifies ‘planet’. Now the sentence conveys the meaning that the term ‘planet’ is categorized as something.
2. This option conveys the meaning that Pluto was categorized as something to measure 100 kilometers. This is illogical since the original sentence states that it was categorized as one of the objects that measure 100 kilometers.

D. Incorrect.
1. Sentence Structure Error: The two verbs ‘lost’ and ‘is categorized’ are not connected properly.
2. Meaning Error: This option has the same meaning error as pointed out in the second part of option C.

E. Incorrect.
Meaning Error: The meaning conveyed by the verb ’prompted’ is illogical. This option conveys the meaning that Pluto prompted the IAU to create a new definition for the term ‘planet’. This is illogical, since Pluto did not prompt the IAU; the action of Pluto losing its planetary status did.



Thanks. :)
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Re: Once considered the ninth planet in the solar system, Pluto was discov [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jun 2014, 23:35
For me, the testing point was "...that measure", so C and D were out. In A, "measuring" is a modifier but it is not clear what it was modifying (the Kuiper belt or the icy objects), so A is Out.

Between B & E, E is out because of it's distorted meaning where it suggests that Pluto is prompting the IAU. so by POE, B is the answer.
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Re: Once considered the ninth planet in the solar system, Pluto was discov [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jun 2016, 03:47
I was shuttling between A & B and then chose A following the below reasoning :

@e-gmat

Wouldnt the clauses in bold act as independent clauses joined by comma and not by FANBOYS/other conjunction option? Considering this as an error, I opted A.

Discovered in 1930 and once considered the ninth planet in the solar system, Pluto lost its planetary status in 2006, a development that prompted the International Astronomical Union (IAU) to create a new definition for the term ‘planet’, and is now categorized as just one out of 70,000 icy objects in the Kuiper Belt that measure
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Re: Once considered the ninth planet in the solar system, Pluto was discov [#permalink]

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aditi2013 wrote:
I was shuttling between A & B and then chose A following the below reasoning :

@e-gmat

Wouldnt the clauses in bold act as independent clauses joined by comma and not by FANBOYS/other conjunction option? Considering this as an error, I opted A.

Discovered in 1930 and once considered the ninth planet in the solar system, Pluto lost its planetary status in 2006, a development that prompted the International Astronomical Union (IAU) to create a new definition for the term ‘planet’, and is now categorized as just one out of 70,000 icy objects in the Kuiper Belt that measure


Option B is correct. It uses an Absolute Phrase. The construction of an absolute phrase is as follows:
NOUN + NOUN MODIFIER.

Here, the absolute phrase is: a development that prompted the International Astronomical Union (IAU) to create a new definition for the term ‘planet’
noun: a development
modifier: that prompted the International Astronomical Union (IAU) to create a new definition for the term ‘planet’

The main subject of the sentence is "Pluto" and it has two parallel main verbs "lost" and "is".

The basic structure of the sentence is:

Pluto lost its status and is now categorized.

Within this main structure a non-essential modifier (Absolute phrase) is inserted and hence separated by comma.

Pluto lost its status, a development that ........ 'planet', and is now categorized.

The comma after 'planet' does not indicate end of a main clause but end of an absolute phrase. Therefore a new main clause is not required after 'planet'.
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Re: Once considered the ninth planet in the solar system, Pluto was discov [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jun 2016, 22:17
aditi2013 wrote:
Wouldnt the clauses in bold act as independent clauses joined by comma and not by FANBOYS/other conjunction option? Considering this as an error, I opted A.

Discovered in 1930 and once considered the ninth planet in the solar system, Pluto lost its planetary status in 2006, a development that prompted the International Astronomical Union (IAU) to create a new definition for the term ‘planet’, and is now categorized as just one out of 70,000 icy objects in the Kuiper Belt that measure

Hi Aditi, following is not an independent clause:

a development that prompted the International Astronomical Union (IAU) to create a new definition for the term ‘planet’

In fact, it is not a clause at all. The structure of this portion is: Phrase (a development) + a Dependent clause (that prompted the International Astronomical Union (IAU) to create a new definition for the term ‘planet’). Grammatically, such structures always function as phrases.

As sayantanc2k has mentioned in the post above, this portion is an Absolute Phrase. A good understanding of Absolute Phrases is important for SC. Our book EducationAisle Sentence Correction Nirvana discusses Absolute Phrases, their application and examples in significant detail. If someone is interested, PM me your email-id, I can mail the corresponding section.
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Re: Once considered the ninth planet in the solar system, Pluto was discov [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jun 2016, 12:47
egmat wrote:
Hi folks! Here’s a new SC question. Try your hand at applying the process to solve this one. We will post the complete solution after we see some of your responses. :-)

Once considered the ninth planet in the solar system, Pluto was discovered in 1930, lost its planetary status in 2006, which prompted the International Astronomical Union (IAU) to create a new definition for the term ‘planet’, and is now categorized as just one out of 70,000 icy objects in the Kuiper Belt measuring 100 kilometers across or more.

A. Once considered the ninth planet in the solar system, Pluto was discovered in 1930, lost its planetary status in 2006, which prompted the International Astronomical Union (IAU) to create a new definition for the term ‘planet’, and is now categorized as just one out of 70,000 icy objects in the Kuiper Belt measuring

B. Discovered in 1930 and once considered the ninth planet in the solar system, Pluto lost its planetary status in 2006, a development that prompted the International Astronomical Union (IAU) to create a new definition for the term ‘planet’, and is now categorized as just one out of 70,000 icy objects in the Kuiper Belt that measure

C. Discovered in 1930, Pluto, once considered the ninth planet in the solar system, lost its planetary status in 2006, a development prompting the International Astronomical Union (IAU) to create a new definition for the term ‘planet’, now categorized as just one out of 70,000 icy objects in the Kuiper Belt to measure

D. Pluto, discovered in 1930 and once considered the ninth planet in the solar system, lost its planetary status in 2006, a development that prompted the International Astronomical Union (IAU) to create a new definition for the term ‘planet’, is now categorized as just one out of 70,000 icy objects in the Kuiper Belt to measure

E. Discovered in 1930 and once considered the ninth planet in the solar system, Pluto lost its planetary status in 2006, prompted the International Astronomical Union (IAU) to create a new definition for the term ‘planet’, and is now categorized as just one out of 70,000 icy objects in the Kuiper Belt that measure


Regards,
The e-GMAT Team :)


Lengthy one but reading the whole sentence is a must to grasp the entire meaning.
The first thing i noticed was the last word 'measure'. We have 'to measure' , 'that measure' and 'measuring' to chose from. Clearly 'to measure' is wrong. Pluto is not in kuiper belt for the purpose of measuring 100 km thus C and D are eliminated.

In choice A 'pluto was discovered...' is not the main clause, pluto losing the title is . The discovery of pluto must be written as a modifier and B, E are doing a great job there.

Now that we are left with two choices only, we can spend time to read the whole sentence to see which one makes sense in terms of meaning and grammar. 'prompted' in E is wrong since it is referring back to pluto instead of 'losing the status'. Prompted should have been prompting but B actually makes the effort of putting a correct reference in the sentence itself, which is absolutely fine. This process takes around 90 secs for a trained mind.
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Re: Once considered the ninth planet in the solar system, Pluto was discov [#permalink]

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New post 12 Dec 2017, 04:55
Great question to test the placement of modifiers in lengthy sentences. E-gmat always comes up with great stuff.
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Re: Once considered the ninth planet in the solar system, Pluto was discov   [#permalink] 12 Dec 2017, 04:55
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Once considered the ninth planet in the solar system, Pluto was discov

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