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A cancer drug that shows positive results in early laboratory tests ca

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A cancer drug that shows positive results in early laboratory tests ca  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Aug 2018, 04:22
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Difficulty:

  95% (hard)

Question Stats:

45% (01:37) correct 55% (01:44) wrong based on 162 sessions

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A cancer drug that shows positive results in early laboratory tests can generate a great deal of interest from cancer patients. Because of this interest, and the desire to make a profit early in the development cycle, many pharmaceutical companies rush the new drug to market as quickly as possible. But positive early results are often misleading, meaning that the effort to bring the drug to market was largely wasted. Consequently, the strategy to maximize long-term profit from a new cancer drug is to bring the drug to market only after its positive effects are more thoroughly tested and established.
In the argument above, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

(A) The first is a consideration that has been raised to argue that a certain strategy is counterproductive; the second presents an alternative strategy.
(B) The first is a consideration raised to support the strategy that the argument recommends; the second presents that strategy.
(C) The first is a consideration raised to explain the appeal of a certain strategy; the second presents an alternative strategy.
(D) The first is an assumption, rejected by the argument, that has been used to justify a course of action; the second presents that course of action.
(E) The first is a consideration that has been used to justify pursuing a goal that the argument rejects; the second presents a course of action that has been adopted in pursuit of that goal.
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Re: A cancer drug that shows positive results in early laboratory tests ca  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Aug 2018, 11:53
Bismarck wrote:
A cancer drug that shows positive results in early laboratory tests can generate a great deal of interest from cancer patients. Because of this interest, and the desire to make a profit early in the development cycle, many pharmaceutical companies rush the new drug to market as quickly as possible. But positive early results are often misleading, meaning that the effort to bring the drug to market was largely wasted. Consequently, the strategy to maximize long-term profit from a new cancer drug is to bring the drug to market only after its positive effects are more thoroughly tested and established.
In the argument above, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

(A) The first is a consideration that has been raised to argue that a certain strategy is counterproductive; the second presents an alternative strategy.
(B) The first is a consideration raised to support the strategy that the argument recommends; the second presents that strategy.
(C) The first is a consideration raised to explain the appeal of a certain strategy; the second presents an alternative strategy.
(D) The first is an assumption, rejected by the argument, that has been used to justify a course of action; the second presents that course of action.
(E) The first is a consideration that has been used to justify pursuing a goal that the argument rejects; the second presents a course of action that has been adopted in pursuit of that goal.



(A) The first is a consideration that has been raised to argue that a certain strategy is counterproductive; the second presents an alternative strategy. Correct
(B) The first is a consideration raised to support the strategy that the argument recommends; the second presents that strategy.
(C) The first is a consideration raised to explain the appeal of a certain strategy; the second presents an alternative strategy.
(D) The first is an assumption, rejected by the argument, that has been used to justify a course of action; the second presents that course of action.
(E) The first is a consideration that has been used to justify pursuing a goal that the argument rejects; the second presents a course of action that has been adopted in pursuit of that goal.

Ans A
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Re: A cancer drug that shows positive results in early laboratory tests ca  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Sep 2018, 10:51
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Bismarck wrote:
A cancer drug that shows positive results in early laboratory tests can generate a great deal of interest from cancer patients. Because of this interest, and the desire to make a profit early in the development cycle, many pharmaceutical companies rush the new drug to market as quickly as possible. But positive early results are often misleading, meaning that the effort to bring the drug to market was largely wasted. Consequently, the strategy to maximize long-term profit from a new cancer drug is to bring the drug to market only after its positive effects are more thoroughly tested and established.

In the argument above, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?




Lets break down the argument

1. A cancer drug that shows positive results in early laboratory tests can generate a great deal of interest from cancer patients. (Premise)

2. Because of this interest, and the desire to make a profit early in the development cycle, many pharmaceutical companies rush the new drug to market as quickly as possible (Minor Conclusion)

3. But positive early results are often misleading, meaning that the effort to bring the drug to market was largely wasted. (Premise - Counter)

4. Consequently, the strategy to maximize long-term profit from a new cancer drug is to bring the drug to market only after its positive effects are more thoroughly tested and established (Main Conclusion)

Quote:
(A) The first is a consideration that has been raised to argue that a certain strategy is counterproductive; the second presents an alternative strategy.


Although the second bold face does present an alternate strategy, the first bold face doesn't really say anything about productivity of the strategy. Eliminate.

Quote:
(B) The first is a consideration raised to support the strategy that the argument recommends; the second presents that strategy.


The first boldface does not support the main conclusion of the argument. Eliminate

Quote:
(C) The first is a consideration raised to explain the appeal of a certain strategy; the second presents an alternative strategy.


Yes. The first boldface does explain the appeal by stating the reason why pharma companies rush the new drugs to markets so quickly, and the second boldface suggests implementing a different strategy to maximize long term profit. Correct Answer!

Quote:
(D) The first is an assumption, rejected by the argument, that has been used to justify a course of action; the second presents that course of action.


While the argument does counter the first boldface, indicated by use of transitional "but", the argument in its scope does not reject the first boldface. Eliminate.

Quote:
(E) The first is a consideration that has been used to justify pursuing a goal that the argument rejects; the second presents a course of action that has been adopted in pursuit of that goal.


The second boldface, at its best, suggests a course of action. We dont know if the course was adopted. Eliminate.
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Re: A cancer drug that shows positive results in early laboratory tests ca  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Sep 2018, 01:47
1

Original Explanation



Try to grasp the structure of the passage before looking to the choices. The first sentence is one approach, along with the reasoning behind those who choose
it. The second is a different method that the passage suggests is better.

Choice (A) has the phrase "alternative strategy" to describe the second bold sentence, but the description of the first sentence is wrong. There is nothing
in that sentence about why it might be counterproductive.

(B) has better reflects the first sentence except that it says the argument recommends the first strategy, which it does not.

(C) is better: it characterizes the second sentence as an alternative strategy, and describes the first as the reasoning behind the first strategy, which aptly describes most of that sentence.

Choice (D) is wrong: it suggests that both bold sentences are related to the same course of action, which they are not.

(E) has the same problem, characterizing both sentences as describing aspects of the same strategy.

Choice (C) is correct.
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Re: A cancer drug that shows positive results in early laboratory tests ca  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Sep 2018, 10:53
A is little hard to block out. Only because it says
The first is a consideration that has been raised to argue that a certain strategy is counterproductive;

Since the choice says that first is a consideration, it makes sense. Consideration has been raised that strategy is counterproductive. I don't think that this part needs to be in bold face.

Although i know that C is better choice because A is not mentioned to argue over productivity but to share why people chose it in first place.
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Re: A cancer drug that shows positive results in early laboratory tests ca &nbs [#permalink] 16 Sep 2018, 10:53
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