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A cyclist bikes x distance at 10 miles per hour and returns [#permalink]

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12 Oct 2009, 13:02

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A cyclist bikes x distance at 10 miles per hour and returns over the same path at 8 miles per hour. What is the cyclist's average rate for the round trip in miles per hour?

18. A cyclist bikes x distance at 10 miles per hour and returns over the same path at 8 miles per hour. What is the cyclist's average rate for the round trip in miles per hour?

A. 8.1 B. 8.3 C. 8.6 D. 8.9 E. 9.0

Let the distance be 40 miles (40 because it's divisible by 10 and 8)

Time for 1st trip=40/10=4 hours Time back =40/8=5hours

Average rate=total distance/total time=(40+40)/(4+5)=80/9=8.9

D.

It's possible to write the formula with variable x for distance but the above way is fastest.

Here is the formula if you need it: Av rate=(x+x)/(x/10+x/8)=80/9=8.9
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total distance = 2x Time on the way there is (x miles)/(10 miles/hour)= x/10 hours Time on the way back is (x miles)/(8 miles/hour)= x/8 hours Total time=(x/10)+(x/8)=(9x/40) hours

Average rate=(total distance)/(total time) x is a dummy variable and will cancel out Average rate=(2x)miles/(9x/40)hour= 80/9 mph=8.9 mph D

Another approach to roundtrip average rates is to conceptually utilize weighting. Because time is a weight here, slightly more time, or weight, is used at 8 mph than 10 mph, so the average rate should be slightly closer to 8 mph than it is to 10 mph. Answer 8.9 mph.

Phew...I finally made my first post.
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Re: A cyclist bikes x distance at 10 miles per hour and returns [#permalink]

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07 Jan 2014, 11:20

Hello from the GMAT Club BumpBot!

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Re: A cyclist bikes x distance at 10 miles per hour and returns [#permalink]

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05 Nov 2016, 15:59

Hello from the GMAT Club BumpBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: A cyclist bikes x distance at 10 miles per hour and returns [#permalink]

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06 Nov 2016, 03:24

timmaxwell8 wrote:

A cyclist bikes x distance at 10 miles per hour and returns over the same path at 8 miles per hour. What is the cyclist's average rate for the round trip in miles per hour?

A. 8.1 B. 8.3 C. 8.6 D. 8.9 E. 9.0

Let x = 40 ( LCM of 10 & 8 )

So, Time taken for onward journey = 4 hrs And, Time taken for return journey = 5 hrs

So, total time taken = 9 hrs

Hence, average speed = 2*40/9 => 8.89 Hrs Thus, answer will be (D) 8.9 hours..

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Thanks and Regards

Abhishek....

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