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A firm that specializes in the analysis of handwriting claims from a

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A firm that specializes in the analysis of handwriting claims from a  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 11 Dec 2018, 05:26
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A firm that specializes in the analysis of handwriting claims from a one-page writing sample that it can assess more than three hundred personality traits, including enthusiasm, imagination, and ambition.


(A) from a one-page writing sample that it can assess

(B) from a one-page writing sample it has the ability of assessing

(C) the ability, from a one-page writing sample, of assessing

(D) to be able, from a one-page writing sample, to assess

(E) being able to assess, from a one-page writing sample,


The Official Guide for GMAT Review 2015

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 122
Page: 694

Good Housekeeping - Volume 191 - Page 236
https://books.google.com/books?id=aQQyAQAAIAAJ
1980

Using a writing sample of from one to three pages, these experts claim to be able to determine a person's social, mental, and emotional traits, as well as goal orientation and even attitudes toward parents and siblings.

Originally posted by sinew on 01 Apr 2004, 00:52.
Last edited by Bunuel on 11 Dec 2018, 05:26, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: A firm that specializes in the analysis of handwriting claims from a  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Feb 2013, 06:55
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This is exactly why the GMAT is reducing the number of idiom-based questions, especially those that don't seem to affect the meaning of the sentence.

For this question, the proper form of the idiom is "claim to be able to assess". The second 'to' in the phrase is essential and idiomatic, even though it might sound a bit awkward or wordy to non-native speakers.

The idiom, "claim the ability to assess" would have been suspect but potentially correct, but in this question you are given the form "claim the ability of assessing", which is not idiomatic.

I believe that on the GMAT today, you wouldn't expect to see a choice between C & D because they both can convey proper meaning. The rest of the options, however, would still be fair game because they include obvious meaning flaws that should be spotted by both native and non-native speakers.

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Re: A firm that specializes in the analysis of handwriting claims from a  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Feb 2013, 04:30
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A firm that specializes in the analysis of handwriting claims from a one-page writing sample that it can assess more than 300 personality traits, including enthusiasm, imagination, and ambition.
(A) from a one-page writing sample that it can assess -
Use of IT is NOT ambiguous, but "from a one-page writing sample" must be separated using comma because relative pronoun THAT is placed next to SAMPLE indicating that sample can assess traits, but it is not the intended meaning of the sentence.

(B) from a one-page writing sample it has the ability of assessing -
Ability must be followed by an Infinitive (To assess). Same error as in option A

(C) the ability, from a one-page writing sample, of assessing-
Ability must be followed by an Infinitive (To assess)

(D) to be able, from a one-page writing sample, to assess - Eliminates all the errors. Thus CORRECT

(E) being able to assess, from a one-page writing sample - This option has 2 errors.
1) BEING should not be used.
2) Placement of "from a one-page writing sample" changes the meaning.
Intended Meaning - Firms claims that it can assess more than 300 personality traits. This claim is based on One page writing sample.
Changed Meaning- Firms claims that it can assess a range of activities, which include
a) One page writing sample
b) more than 300 personality traits


Hope this detailed explanation helps.

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Re: A firm that specializes in the analysis of handwriting claims from a  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Oct 2005, 00:20
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D is the best answer.

A and B sound like the firm's claim is written on a one-page writing sample.

"The ability of assessing" in C is awakard.

"...claims being able to assess" in E is awakard.
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New post 30 Mar 2007, 10:10
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(A) from a one-page writing sample that it can assess
****Incorrect pronoun reference. What is 'it' referring to - sample or firm.***

(B) from a one-page writing sample it has the ability of assessing
*******same as in A. In addition to that, the construction is awkward****
(C) the ability, from a one-page writing sample, of assessing
*****Unidiomatic****
(D) to be able, from a one-page writing sample, to assess
****Correct. claims to be able ..........to assess is idiomatic******
(E) being able to assess, from a one-page writing sample
****Unidiomatic, does not convey the original meaning***
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New post 25 Apr 2008, 20:53
prasannar wrote:
A firm that specializes in the analysis of handwriting claims from a one-page writing sample that it can assess more than three hundred personality traits, including enthusiasm, imagination, and ambition.

(A) from a one-page writing sample that it can assess

(B) from a one-page writing sample it has the ability of assessing

(C) the ability, from a one-page writing sample, of assessing

(D) to be able, from a one-page writing sample, to assess

(E) being able to assess, from a one-page writing sample,


The meaning of this sentence becomes lost in an awkward and ungrammatical construction.
The verb claims may be followed by one of two correct constructions:
1. [i]claims that + a subordinate clause
,
2. or claims + the infinitive.

When the prepositional phrase from a one-page writing sample is placed between claims and that, the result confuses and distorts the meaning by suggesting that the claim is contained in the writing sample. Instead, the firm claims to be able ... to assess. The prepositional phrase should be placed between a pair of commas to show clearly that it is additional information not crucial to understanding the sentence.[/i]

A The prepositional phrase following the verb distorts the meaning of the sentence
B Placing the phrase after claims distorts meaning; that is omitted; the ability of assessing is wordy and awkward
C The ability ... of assessing is not a correct idiom
D Correct. The correct idiomatic construction (claims to be able to assess) is used in this sentence, and the prepositional phrase is set off in a pair of commas to prevent misreading.
E Claims ... being able is not a correct idiom

The correct answer is D.Og11-copyleft :lol:
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New post 09 Jun 2008, 19:02
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D for me.

This is testing the idiom "claim to be".

The use of "assessing" in B and C are incorrect. No need for progressive tense when simple present will work just fine.

C. "claims the ability...of assessing..." -- what exactly does it claim?? The ability of what?Not clear.
D. "claims to be able ...to assess..." is correct. Although I wouldn't say it this way naturally in spoken English, this sentence is correct.
E. "claims being able to assess" -- use of "being" is never good in regards to GMAT.

x2suresh wrote:
A firm that specializes in the analysis of handwriting claims from a one-page writing sample that it can assess more than three hundred personality traits, including enthusiasm, imagination, and ambition.

(A) from a one-page writing sample that it can assess

(B) from a one-page writing sample it has the ability of assessing

(C) the ability, from a one-page writing sample, of assessing

(D) to be able, from a one-page writing sample, to assess

(E) being able to assess, from a one-page writing sample,
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New post 08 Feb 2013, 03:04
Hello,

How in option C, the modifier " from a one page sample" modifies the verb "claims" and in option D, it modifies the verb "assess"?
They both appear to have the same structure.

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Re: A firm that specializes in the analysis of handwriting claims from a  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Dec 2015, 04:44
COMMA+ INCLUDING is an EXCEPTION of COMMA+ VERBING construction . "COMMA+ INCLUDING" is used to serve examples.
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New post 26 Dec 2015, 12:00
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Usually, "comma + -ing" indicates an adverbial modifier. But that can't be the case here: "including" can't modify the previous action. As Aditya said, ",including" is often used to introduce examples. It's very similar to ", such as."
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New post 26 Dec 2015, 12:02
aditya8062 wrote:
COMMA+ INCLUDING is an EXCEPTION of COMMA+ VERBING construction . "COMMA+ INCLUDING" is used to serve examples.


aditya8062
Also, isn't CLAIMS TO a correct idiom from the above given options? Can we declare 'D' as the winner based on this?
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New post 26 Dec 2015, 12:06
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I'd be careful about that. If you choose the right answer on the grounds that the other four have incorrect idioms, you had better be very confident that you are correct. "Claims + noun" can be correct in some cases, and "claims that" is fine. The big problem with the construction in A is that it throws a bunch of distorting text between "claims" and "that."
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Re: A firm that specializes in the analysis of handwriting claims from a  [#permalink]

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New post 22 May 2016, 17:38
anuj4012 wrote:
Hello,

How in option C, the modifier " from a one page sample" modifies the verb "claims" and in option D, it modifies the verb "assess"?
They both appear to have the same structure.

Regards,
Anuj


Your argument is right. In neither case "from a one page sample" modifies "claims".

Option C is wrong not because " from a one page sample" modifies "claims", but because wrong idiom "ability of" is used. Correct usage is "ability to".
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New post 27 May 2016, 13:58
anuj4012 wrote:
Hello,

How in option C, the modifier " from a one page sample" modifies the verb "claims" and in option D, it modifies the verb "assess"?
They both appear to have the same structure.

Regards,
Anuj


Hi Anuj,

Thanks for posting your doubt here. :-)

In both the choices C and D, the prepositional phrase from one page sample modifies the action denoted by able to or ability of. However, Choice C is incorrect as it uses incorrect idiom ability of. The correct idiom is ability to or able to. Also, claim the ability is not the appropriate expression. The expression claim to be able to is better worded.

Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
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Re: A firm that specializes in the analysis of handwriting claims from a  [#permalink]

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New post 22 May 2017, 16:56
sinew wrote:
The Official Guide for GMAT Review 2015

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 122
Page: 694

A firm that specializes in the analysis of handwriting claims from a one-page writing sample that it can assess more than three hundred personality traits, including enthusiasm, imagination, and ambition.

(A) from a one-page writing sample that it can assess
(B) from a one-page writing sample it has the ability of assessing
(C) the ability, from a one-page writing sample, of assessing
(D) to be able, from a one-page writing sample, to assess
(E) being able to assess, from a one-page writing sample,


From Ron (Manhattan)

(C)
The correct idiom is 'the ability to assess'. However, that idiom would not work so well in this particular context; it would be used more to discuss the abstract notion of this ability.

(E)
'being' is needlessly wordy here.
This is not a passive voice construction, though. Ironically, the passive-voice constructions (such as Being amused is better than being angered) are the only ones in which 'being' is a CORRECT, non-wordy construction, since passive voice must take some form of 'to be'.

More to the point, 'claims being able...' is an incorrect idiom, so we don't even need to think about wordiness - it's already solidly wrong.

CLAIM

RIGHT:
They CLAIM THAT they CAN read minds.
They CLAIM TO BE ABLE to read minds.

WRONG:
They CLAIM BEING ABLE to read minds

GMATNinjaTwo & GMATNinja, Could you explain the prepositional phrase "from a one-page writing sample" in (D)? Does the prepositional phrase modified "analysis of handwriting"?
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Re: A firm that specializes in the analysis of handwriting claims from a  [#permalink]

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New post 25 May 2017, 18:51
hazelnut wrote:
GMATNinjaTwo & GMATNinja, Could you explain the prepositional phrase "from a one-page writing sample" in (D)? Does the prepositional phrase modified "analysis of handwriting"?

Using choice D, the sentence becomes:

    A firm that specializes in the analysis of handwriting claims to be able, from a one-page writing sample, to assess more than three hundred personality traits, including enthusiasm, imagination, and ambition.

The prepositional phrase "from a one-page writing sample" acts as an adverb, modifying the infinitive "to assess".
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New post 30 May 2017, 10:40
Through trailing chats, I came to know that "claim to be " is a correct idiom to use.
Could you please help whether am on correct path or not?
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New post 30 May 2017, 22:16
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VKat, "claims to be" is certainly one correct form, and it's what we use in the correct answer here, so you know it's valid! However, there are other uses of the word "claim." As my colleague Ron (quoted by hazelnut above) points out, we can also say "claim that." We can also follow "claim" directly with a noun. Let's look at each form:

Claim [noun]: We are directly making a claim on something by saying that it is or should be ours.

To claim a prize, fill out this form.
Is someone going to claim this burrito, or should I throw it away?
Both sides claimed a victory in the debate last night.
Several Russian politicians claim a direct line of descent from the last tsar.

Claim to be: We are saying that we are something. As with the verb "is," this can be followed by a noun or a modifier ("I am the king" or "I am tall"). In the original q, "able to assess" serves as a modifier.

My friend was scammed by someone on the phone claiming to be a Microsoft representative.
I don't claim to be beautiful, but I'm not frightening to look at.
My cousin claims to be able to solve a Rubik's Cube in 12 seconds.

Claim that: We are saying that some statement is true. The part after "that" should always be an independent clause.

Several companies claim that their patents were infringed by the new product.
He claimed that he would get the job done overnight, but I didn't believe him.
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New post 22 Sep 2017, 13:09
A firm that specializes in the analysis of handwriting claims from a one-page writing sample that it can assess more than three hundred personality traits, including enthusiasm, imagination, and ambition.

(A) from a one-page writing sample that it can assess ==> A Firm... claims... from a one-page writing sample.. == After carefully reading, it changes the meaning, A firm does not claim from one page of writing samples, rather A firm claims about their ability to........ assess............. - Hence Out

(B) from a one-page writing sample it has the ability of assessing ==> A Firm... claims... from a one-page writing sample.. == After carefully reading, it changes the meaning, A firm does not claim from one page of writing samples, rather A firm claims about their ability to........ assess............. - Hence Out

(C) the ability, from a one-page writing sample, of assessing ==> "The Ability - Of" is incorrect IDIOM

(D) to be able, from a one-page writing sample, to assess ==> Abe To == Is correct IDIOM

(E) being able to assess, from a one-page writing sample, == Usage of "being able" is incorrect
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New post 18 Jul 2018, 03:13
In choice A, the relative pronoun that refers to the sample, which is not the intended idea of the sentence.
Ability should be followed by an infinitive, hence choice B can be eliminated.
Choice C repeats the error present in choice B
Choice D rectifies all the errors, hence is the right answer.
Choice E changes the intended meaning of the sentence. Also, being is incorrectly used.
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Re: A firm that specializes in the analysis of handwriting claims from a   [#permalink] 18 Jul 2018, 03:13

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